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GIFT OF 
JANE KcSATHER 



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BlOGRAPHlA HALIFUXIENSIS : 

OB, 

Halifax Jfamilus anb Mortljus. 

A 

BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY 
OF HALIFAX PARISH. 

COMPILED BY J. HORSFALL TURNER. 
Vol I. 



Printed for the Compiler. 



BINGLEY : 

T. HARRISON, PRINTER, BOOKBINDER, PUBLISHER, ETC., QUEEN STREET. 



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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Page 
Eev. J. Watson's Portrait, Frontisiiiece. 

Plate I. — Waterhouse's Brass - - . . 175 

Lacy's Arms 165 

Lacy's Gravestone - - - - 165 

Savile's ,, - - - - 172 

,, II. — Dr. Favour's Monument - - - 157 

Waterhouse's Gravestone - - I74 

Sunderland's „ - . . 173 

,, III. — Savile's Monument at Elland 

Waterhouse's „ at Halifax - - I75 
,, IV. — Savile's ,, at ^lland 

'> >» »> ■ - 

„ V. — Slater's Token - . . . 6 

Learoyd's ,, 5 

Dolliffe's ,, - . . . 5 

Seal of Syon - - - - - 

Halifax Seal, 1662 

Urn found at Halifax 

IHC — Jesus, a "charm" carved on old 

HOUSES 

British Celt found at Skircoat 

. Gibbet Axe 

Gibbet Scaffold - - - - 

*** Tlie Pages engraved on the Plates refer to " Watso7i'$ 
Halifax:' 



Tntroductio 



N 



[N this volume, the reader has presented before him 
one half of Mr. Watson's "Halifax," (that is the 
Biographical Portion), a book that is seldom found 
in the market, and fetches over four guineas when one is 
offered for sale. More than a hundred years have passed 
since the book was printed, and, as might be expected, 
many of the pedigrees require amplifying and correcting, 
and a large number of others, representing the leading 
families of the parish to-day, — the yeomanry of the past 
six centuries, demand admittance. Even some of Mr. 
Watson's "Worthies " require re-writing, as, for example, the 
Memoir of General Guest ; and equally worthy " Worthies " 
have honoured the parish since his days, not to mention 
such as Capt. Hodgson, Bishop Horsfall, and others, that 
escaped the notice of our indefatigable historian. It was 
deemed just to leave Mr. Watson's collection as far as 
possible as he printed it, and thus build on his foundation. 
The Editor has promises of new pedigrees, revised ones, and 
original biographical sketches for the next volume, and 
respectfully solicits further assistance. 



J. H. T. 



Idel, Bradford, 

Dec. 2nd, 1882. 



CONTENTS 



Tradesmen's Tokens ... 
Lords Halifax : Montagu and Savile 
Charitable Donations : Barkisland 
EUand 
Halifax 
Biographical History of Parish 
Coats of Arms 
Halifax: Vicars 

Lecturers ... 

Epitaphs 

Testamentary Burials 
Elland: Epitaphs ... 

Curates 

Testamentary Burials 
Heptonstall : Curates 

Testamentary Burials 
Eastrick: Curates 
EippoNDEN : Epitaphs. 

Curates 
LuDDENDEN : Curatcs 
CoLEY : Epitaphs 

Curates 
Illingworth : Curates 
SowERBY Bridge : Curates 
Lightcliffe : Epitaphs, Curates 
St. Ann's, Southowram : Curates 

Sowerby: Curates 

Crostone : Curates 



pages. 

5— 6 

7— 8 

8—19 

20— 39 

39— 73 

73 — 139 

139 — 141 

141 — 152 

152 — 153 

153 — 176 

177 — 178 

178 — 183 

183 
184 
184 
185 

185 — 186 

186 — 187 

187 — 188 

188 

188 — 189 

189 — 190 

190 
190 
191 

191 — 192 

192 — 193 

193 





CONTENTS. 












pages. 


Manorial Survey, 1314 




193- 


-198 


Earl Leicester's Lands 




198- 


-199 


Census, 1763, &c., 




200- 


-201 


Pedigrees, Alphabetically arranged... 




202- 


-276 


Halifax: Chantries 




276- 


-283 


1 Fountain's ... 




284- 


-290 


Lands 


St. John's, Jerusalem 


290- 


-292 


belonging 
to 


Lewis Priory ... 
^ Kirklees 


... 




292 
293 


Elland: Chantry 


... 


294- 


-297 


Heptonstall: Chantries 


... 




298 


Longevity 


... 




298 


Gibbetted Persons ... 


,.. 


299- 


-300 


Benefactors: Halifax 


... 


300- 


- 307 


Heptonstall ... 


... 


307- 


-815 


Hipperholme 


... 


315- 


-328 


Midgley 


... 


328- 


-332 


Northouram ... 


... 


332- 


-335 


Norland 


... 


335- 


- 836 


Ovenden 




336- 


-338 


Eastrick 


... 


338- 


-342 


Kishworth 


... 


342- 


- 346 


Stansfield 


... 


346- 


-349 


Skircoat 


... 


349- 


-351 


Sowerby 


... 


352- 


-362 


Soyland 


... 


362 - 


- 366 


Southowram 


... 




866 


Warley 


... 




867 


Wadsworth 


... 




867 


Bishop Copley 


... 


... 




868 



!8i00raplljia ^alifasunsts. 



-$- 



[From Watson's "Halifax," 4to, 1775, and Jacob's 
Beprint (with abridgements) of the same, 8vo.] 



We''' shall now give some account of such tradesmens 
tokens as have been coined within this i3arish, and come to 
our knowledge. 

First.— EICHARD DOLLIFFE. In the center a swan. 
Rev. round the edge, IN HALLIFAX. 1666. In the center, 
HIS HALFE PENNY. The DoUiffes were owners of the 
Swan inn, in Hahfax, and if they had any arms this might 
belong to them. 

Second,— EDWARD. NOVBLE. AT. YE. In the center, 
a Cock. Rev. IN. HALLIFAX. 1668. In the center, HIS 
HALFE PENY. 

Third,— GABRIELL. LEAROYD. In the center, 
THEIR HALF PENY. Rev. HOLLIFAX. GL. 68. In 
the center, a full blown rose. These three were in the 
possession of the Rev. Mr. Watson, late rector of Stockport. f 

Fourth,— On one side, JOHN. DEANE. 1667. In the 
center, IN. HALLIFAX. On the other side, GABRIELL. 
LEAROYD. In the center, THEIR HALF PENY. This 
belongs to Mr. Benjamin Bartlet, of London, late of Brad- 
ford, in Yorkshire, F. S. A. 

* Jacob's Edition, page 42. Mr. Watson writes, at page 70, — " I shall 
conclude this chapter with an account of such tradesmen's tokens as have 
been coined within this parish, and come to my knowledge." Jacob un- 
graciously ignores Mr. Watson's labours, omits the Author's name from 
the title-page, hides himself invariably in the editorial "We," and yet 
gives almost a literatim copy. He re-arranges some of the chapters, and 
omits the pedigrees and Latin sentences. He substitutes ' says ' for ' sais,' 
' uncle ' for ' unkle,' ' Eland ' for ' Ealand.' 

t These are in my possession, Watson. 



6 BIOGRAPHIA 

Fifth,— JOHN. EXLEY. In the center, a crown over a 
cross patee. Rev. IN HALLIFAX. 1667. In the center, 
HIS HALFE PENNY. 

Sixth,— JOHN. PARKER. 1667. In the center, on a 
shield, the Drapers arms. These two also belong to Mr. 
Bartlet. 

Seventh,— TIMOTHY OLEAROID. In the center, A 
PENNY. Rev. OF. HALLIFAX. 1670. In the center, a 
Dolphin. 

Eighth,— HVGH. RAMSDEN IN. In the center, a full 
blown rose, seeded. Rev. STAINLAND. 1670. In the 
center, HIS PENNY. — These two last from copies in the 
hands of John Wilson, Esq ; of Broomhead, in Yorkshire. 

Ninth, — JOHN RHODES. In the center, a lion rampant. 
Rev. IN. HALLIFAX. In the center, ^f^* This, by its 
size, must have gone for a farthing. The lion rampart was 
probably part of a coat of arms, for Guillim, in his Heraldi-y, 
page 364. edit. 1724. says, "that Rodes of New Halifax, as 
he calls it, bore Argent on a cross engrailed between four 
lions rampant, gules five besants." 

Tenth,— lOHN. CLAYTON. In the center, a swan. 
Rev. OF RIBONDIN. 1668. In the center, HIS HALF 
PENY. N.B. This John Clayton, was buried at Ripponden 
April 15, 1688, as appears by the register. 

Eleventh,— ABRAHAM SLATER. In the center, a fleur 
de lis. Rev. OF EALAND. ... In the center, HIS 
HALF PENY. These three'^ last were in the possession of 
the late Rev. Mr. Watson aforesaid. 

Snelling, in his View of the copper coin and coinage of 
England, page 27, in the list of places where he has found 
these tradesmens tokens to have been made, mentions Light- 
cliff, near Halifax, and at page 28, Stainland, in Yorkshire, 
both in this parish. At page 30, is the following coin en- 
graved, ROBERT. WATMOVGH. 1667. In the center, 
A loaded horse. Rev. CARRIER FOR HALLYFAX. In 
center, HIS HALFE PENNY. 

On the subject of these [" numinorum famuli" I] we shall 
only observe, that private persons, especially those in trade, 
found themselves under a necessity of assuming this power 
of coinage, owing to the want of copper money coined by 
authority; they first made their appearances about 1648, 

* These three are in my own possession, Watson. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 7 

and kept gradually increasing till 1672, when they were 
cried down by proclamation. [A few of the above (1, 3, 11,) 
are engraved by way of specimen in the Miscellaneous Plate. 
Watson.] 

The town of Halifax has the honour to give title to the 
noble family of MONTAGU, of Horton, in the county of 
Northampton. — The first person on whom the dignity was 
conferred, was Charles Montagu, who, on the 4th of December, 
1700, was made baron Halifax, in the county of York, with 
limitation of that honour to George Montagu, esq ; eldest 
son and heir of Edward Montagu, esq; his eldest brother, 
and the heirs male of his body ; the reasons for this royal 
act of favour are copied from the preamble to the patent in 
CoUins's Peerage, Vol. III. page 694. and are such as reflect 
the highest lustre on his character. His merit employed the 
pens of the best writers of the time, amongst the rest, the 
author of a poem in the Spectator, Vol. VIII. No. 620. to 
this purport. 

Whom shall the muse from out the shining throng 

Select, to heighten, and adorn her song ? 

Thee, Hallifax. To thy capacious mind, 

man approv'd, is Britain's wealth consign'd. 

Her coin (while Nassau fought) debas'd and rude, 

By thee in beauty, and in truth renew'd. 

An arduous work ! Again thy charge we see, 

And thy own care once more returns to thee. 

! form'd in ev'ry scene to awe and please, 

Mix wit with pomp, and dignity with ease : 

Tho' call'd to shine aloft, thou wilt not scorn 

To smile on arts thyself did once adorn : 

For this thy name succeeding time shall praise, 

And envy less thy garter," than thy bays. 

* He ivas knight of the garter. 

October 26, 1714, he was advanced to the dignity of earl 
of Halifax and viscount Sunbury, with limitation of those 
honours to his nephew above-mentioned, who succeeded to 
them on the death of his uncle. May 19, 1715. Previous to 
this, the town had given title to George Savile, who, in the 
10th year of the reign of Charles II. was created baron 
Savile of Eland, and Viscount Halifax ; and in 1682, farther 



8 BIOGRAPHIA 

advanced to the title of marquis of Halifax, which continued 
till August 31, 1700, when, at the death of William, son of 
the above George, without issue male, the title became 
extinct. [The Savile pedigree here follows in Watson's 4to 
History.] 



AN ACCOUNT OF THE 

OHAEITABLE DOlSTATIOlsrS 

WITHIN THE 

VICAKAGE OF HALIFAX. 



BENEFACTIONS IN THE TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF THOMAS GLEDHILL, 

Of BARKISLAND, 

Dated March 23, 1056. 

" T GIVE and bequeath the sum of one hundred and 
— I twenty pounds, of lawful money of England, to be 
-^ bestowed upon lands, to the uses following, that is 
to say, to and for the only use of a lawful preaching minister 
of the word of God at Kipponden Chapel, that shall be 
settled there from time to time ; my will and mind is, that 
the profits of the same lands, from year to year, to succeed- 
ing ages, shall come and be paid to the hand of such 
Minister, or Ministers, for ever; which said sum of one 
hmidred and twenty pounds I have given in my life time 
into the hands of my uncle, Joshua Horton, of Sowcrby, in 
the said county, Esq; in treating him to bestow, or cause to 
be bestowed, the said moneys upon lands, in some convenient 
* Jacob, p. 98 ; Watson, p. 649. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 9 

place, to the best profit he can, and to put it into feoffees 
estate, himself being one, the profits whereof to be collected 
to the use of the abovesaid Minister of Ripponden. And in 
commemoration whereof, or for which gratuity of augment- 
ation, the said minister or mmisters, shall preach one 
Sermon yearly, upon the first day of May, if it be not of the 
Lord's day, and if so, then in the week following, at the 
Minister's choice of the day. 

And if there fall out any time of vacancy that there be no 
preaching Minister of the Gospel at the place aforesaid, my 
will and mind is, that at the time or times of such vacancy, 
the profits of the same lands shall go and be paid to the 
most needful poor people of the township of Barkisland, 
especially to such as are laborious, and endeavour to keep 
themselves from being chargeable to the said town. 

And also I have given into the hands of my uncle, Joshua 
Horton, the sum of fifty pounds, by him to be bestowed on 
lands as aforesaid, at his best discretion; the profits of which 
lands shall be vested by feoffees as aforesaid, and yearly 
paid to the most needful poor of the township of Barkisland, 
from time to time to succeeding ages for ever, especially to 
such as labour to keep themselves from being chargeable to 
the said town." 

In consequence of the above donation, the said Joshua 
Horton, of Sowerby, Esq ; Thomas Horton, of Barkisland ; 
Richard Firth, of the Height, in Barkisland; and John 
Ramsden, of Bowers, in Barkisland, as trustees, purchased 
an estate in Gleadchff, in Northouram, of one Nathan Hoile, 
of Halifax, for the sum of 170L the original purchase Deed 
of which is at the seat of Sir Watts Horton, at Chaderton, 
in Lancashire, with other papers, &c. respecting the title. 
The present rent is SI. 10s. per annum, of which 61. yearly 
is paid to the Minister of Ripponden, and the rest to the 
poor of Barkisland. There has not, that we'^ know of, been 
any conveyance of this trust since the above purchase. 

Where the original Will is to be met with we* cannot tell, 
for there are no wills in the office at York from 1652 to 
1660. 

• I. [Watson.] 



10 BIOGRAPHIA 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF SARAH GLEDHILL, 

Of LONDON, 
LATE OF BARKISLAND, 

Dated October 13, 1657. 



-I 



do give and bequeath the sum of two hundred 
pounds current EngHsh money, unto the use of a School- 
master, for teaching such poor children of the township of 
Barkisland, whose parents are, or shall not be able, to bring 
them up in learning ; and I do will that my Executors, here- 
after named, bestow the said sum of two hundred pounds in 
some convenient place, in the purchase of lands, and put 
the same in feoffees estate, the profits whereof to be yearly 
gathered by such feoffees, and their heirs, to succeeding 
ages for ever, and paid by them, from time to time, to such 
Schoolmaster, or Schoolmasters, as shall be by them in their 
discretions placed or appointed in the town or township 
aforesaid ; for which said yearly profit the said Schoolmaster 
shall teach such a competent number of poor children of the 
said town and township of Barkisland, to read English, and 
to write, or cast account, or farther learning, as the said 
feoffees shall think meet and convenient, and as the said 
money so raised will extend." 

In pursuance of the above, an indenture was executed, 
July 10, 1658, between John Walker, of the Closes, in Great 
Gomersal, in the parish of Burstal, yeoman, of the one 
party, and Joshua Horton, of Sowerby, Esq; Elizabeth 
Horton, of Barkisland, (Executors of the last will and testa- 
ment of the above Sarah Gledhill,) and Thomas Horton, of 
Barkisland, Gent, of the other party, wherein, for the con- 
sideration of the sum of 200/. paid by the said Joshua and 
Elizabeth Horton, the said John Walker sold to Joshua and 
Thomas Horton, aforesaid, and their heirs, a messuage or 
tenement in Great Gomersal aforesaid, with several closes 
of land thereto belonging, three of which were known by the 
name of Brookhouses, near adjoining to the said messuage 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 11 

or tenement, one whereof lay on the east part of the said 
messuage, and the other two on the west and south parts of 
a bam belonging to the said messuage ; also three other 
closes of land, called by the said name of Brookhouses, 
described in the said indenture, by the lands on which they 
abutted. 

In 1763, the heirs of the above named Executors agreed 
to have a new trust deed executed, and the Trustees therein 
appointed were William Horton, of Chaderton, Esq ; (after- 
wards Sir Wilham Horton, Bart.) Joshua Horton, of 
HowToyd, John Lloyd, (then) of Holme, Richard Beaumont, 
of Whitley, and Thomas Patten, of Bank, near Warrington, 
Esqrs. 

The School has lately been repaired, the estate surveyed, 
and the yearly rent fixed at sixteen pounds per annum. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ELIZABETH HOKTOIST, 

Of BARKISLAND, 

Bated July 13, 1670. 



I 



give and devise unto the poor people of Barkisland, 
the sum of five pounds per annum for ever, to be paid forth 
of the rents, issues, and profits of one messuage, and the 
lands and tenements therewith used in Barkisland, called 
Pearce-hey, to be distributed amongst them at the discretion 
of the owners for the time being, for ever, of Barkisland-hall. 
Item, I give and devise to the Minister of the Gospel of 
Ripponden Chapel, five pounds per annum for ever, he 
preaching a Sermon there on every Good Friday yearly for 
ever, to be paid forth of the rents, issues, and profits of the 
said messuage and lands called Pearce-hey, in Barkisland 
aforesaid, provided such Minister for the time being be an 
orthodox person, and such as the owner of Barkisland-hall 



12 



BIOQRAPHIA 



for time being for ever shall approve of, and in case of non- 
approbation, and so long as such dislike shall continue, then 
the said five pounds per annum shall be paid and distributed 
to the poor people of Barkisland aforesaid." 

The above sums are paid agreeable to the intention of the 
donor by the present owner of Barkisland-hall. This extract 
was made from an attested copy out of the Office at York, 
[in my own possession, Watson.] 

Thomas Horton, Esq. who died about 1698, left by Deed 
the one half part of a farm or tenement called the Hill-top, 
near Steel-lane, in Barkisland, to the Minister of Ripponden 
Chapel, who, in consideration and commeration thereof, is 
to preach yearly for ever, a Sermon upon St. Thomas's Day. 

This account is taken from the copy of an old terrier 
without date, in the Register Book belonging to Ripponden 
Chapel. The whole is regularly fulfilled ; and the rent paid 
yearly to the Minister of Ripponden is four pounds five 
shilhngs. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF WILLIAM HORTON, 

Of HOWROYD, Esq. 

Dated October 8, 1718. 



I 



give unto my Executors and Trustees aforesaid, the 
sum of sixty pounds of lawful money, which I order them 
to put out at interest, until that they, or the survivors of 
them, or the heirs of the survivors of them, can purchase a 
small estate or annuity therewith ; and I do further will and 
order, that my said Executors and Trustees, and the owners 
of Howroyd aforesaid, shall, for ever, pay, imploy, and dis- 
pose of the growing interest thereof, until such purchase be 
made, and of the rents, issues, and profits of such estate or 
annuity, so to be purchased as aforesaid, from the time of 
Buch purchase, to such use and uses as are herein after 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 18 

mentioned, that is to say, one moiety, or half part of such 
yearly interest as aforesaid, and of the said yearly rents, 
issues, and profits of the said annuity, or purchase, unto 
the Curate of Kipponden for the time being, to be paid on 
every twenty-fourth day of June, for ever, to him, to preach 
a Sermon in Ripponden Chapel, on every the said twenty- 
fourth day of June for ever. And the other moiety, or half 
part of the said interests, and of the said rents, issues, and 
profits, to be yearly, on every Easter Monday for ever, paid 
and distributed unto and amongst the poor people of Barkis- 
land, at the discretion of my said Executors, and the owners 
of Howroyd aforesaid, or the major part of them. — And in 
default or want of preaching such Sermon as aforesaid, that 
then, and so often as such default shall happen to be made, 
I order that such interest, or rents and profits, as should 
have been paid unto the said Curate of Ripponden, to preach 
such Sermon or Sermons, shall be paid and distributed unto 
and amongst the poor people of Barkisland aforesaid, as 
aforesaid. 

A quit-rent of three pounds per annum was purchased 
with the above money, out of a farm in Blackwood, within 
Sowerby, called Jackson Ings, and it is regularly paid as 
directed, the land tax being first deducted by the owner of 
the farm. 

Mrs. Mary Horton, of Howroyd, widow of the above 
William, did, by an indenture, executed Sept. 27, 1749, 
make an addition of thirty shillings yearly, for preaching the 
above Sermon, but not living twelve calendar months after 
the date thereof, as the last Mortmain Act requires, the 
money is not paid. 




14 BIOOBAPHIA 

EXTRACT FEOM THE 

WILL OF JAMES EILEY, Clerk, 

Dated May G, 1723. 



A. 



FTEE giving to Joseph Eiley, of Kirkcliffe, in 
Soyland, his brother, and to his heirs, a tenement situate on 
the common, or waste, called High-Moor, in the township 
of , in trust, to pay out of the rents thereof, 

yearly, the sum of five pounds, to the several persons and 
uses therein mentioned ; the last benefaction in the Will 
runs thus: — "Item, I will that one pound, part of the 
residue of the said five pounds, payable out of tiie said 
yearly rents and profits, be paid by the said Joseph Eiley, 
and his heirs, upon the second day of February yearly, and 
every year, for ever, to the Overseer or Overseers of the poor 
for the township of Barkisland, in the said county of York, 
for the time being, and to their successors. Overseers of the 
poor of the same township, for the use of, and to be distri- 
buted to seven poor widowers, or widows, and for want of 
such, to the most necessitous persons of the said town of 
Barkisland, at the discretion of the aforesaid master or 
owner of Kirkcliffe, and of the said Overseers, and one or 
more of the chief inhabitants of Barkisland aforesaid, which 
said several yearly payments of one pound, (alluding to 
other payments named in the Will, besides this to Barkis- 
land,) to be made by the said Joseph Eiley and his heirs, as 
abovesaid, I will that the same be respectively made and 
paid at the times above-mentioned, the time and space of 
full three months intervening betwixt the times that the 
said yearly rents and profits of the abovesaid tenement or 
dwelling house shall become due and payable to the said 
Joseph Eiley, and his heirs, and the respective times of 
payment of the several and respective sums of one pound 
above-mentioned." 

The above James Eiley was Curate of Hartshead, and 
Domestic Chaplain to Sir John Armitage, of Kirklees. 

The charity is regularly distributed. 



T 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 15 

BOUNTY MONEY TO 

RIPPONDEN CHAPEL. 



HIS Chapel (which is situated in the township of 
Barkisland) has received Queen Anne's bounty once, as 
appears by the following account : 

On the 9th of June, 1726, an agi'eement was made and 
executed between Richard Nayler, of Hepton-bridge, in the 
parish of Hahfax, and William Sunderland, Clerk, Curate 
of Ripponden, wherein the former sold to the latter, and his 
successors in the said Curacy, for the sum of three hundred 
pounds, one messuage in Soyland, called Crosswells, and 
another messuage also in Soyland, called Blackshaw-clough, 
with lands, &c. to each of them belonging. 

These farms lie together, and have upwards of thirty days 
work of land belonging to them. The rest of the money was 
laid out in the purchase of a croft adjoining to the Curate's 
house at Ripponden, and two cottages by the said croft, in 
value about six pounds a year. 

The clear yearly value of this Chapel, as given by the 
Governors of Queen Ann's Bounty, in their Return, printed 
in 1736, pursuant to an order of the House of Lords, of the 
16th of April in that year, at page 218, was twenty-two 
pounds, thirteen shillings and four-pence ; and we beg leave 
to observe, once for all, that at the same page of this book, 
which is in folio, is contained the clear yearly value, as it 
stood in the second and third years of Queen Anne, when 
the Act was passed for makinfj more pjf'ectual her Majesty's 
gracious intentions for the augmentation of the maintenance of the 
poor Clergy, by enabling her Majesty to grant in perpetuity the 
revenues of the first fruits and tenths, and also for enabling any 
other persons to make grants for the same purpose. 

It is said in Ecton's Thesaurus, that the above Bounty 
was obtained by means of Mrs. Mary Horton, and others, 
in the year 1724. 

Since writing the above, we''" have met with a Deed bearing 
date the 23rd day of September, 1730, between Nathan 
Fielden, of Soyland, of the first part, and the Governors of 
the Bounty of Queen Anne, Mary Horton, of Howroyd, 
widow, Charles Radcliffe, Elkana Hoyle, and Samuel Hill, 
* I have met with a Deed indented. Watson. 



16 BIOGRAPHIA 

of the second part ; wherein, for the sum of 400L the said 
Nathan Fielden did sell, for the use of the Curates of 
Ripponden, Blackshaw-clough, and the customary or copy- 
hold messuage or tenement called Crosswells, both in Soy- 
land; also the houses and little croft which he had at 
Ripponden. [A Memorial of this Deed was registered at 
"Wakefield, October 16, 1730, in Lib. 200, p. 126, and No. 
173, Watson.] 

RIPPONDEN CHAPEL- YARD. 

Ann Horton, of Barkisland-hall, spinster, William Horton, 
of Coley-hall, Esq ; Richard Horton, of Howroyd, brother to 
the said William, Thomas Horton, of Chaderton, Esq; 
Susanna Beaumont, of Whitley, widow, and Peter Bold, of 
Bold, Esq; sold by indenture, dated July 10, 1729, one 
hundred and seventy square yards of a close called the 
Holme, and ninety square yards of a garden, for enlarging 
the Chapel-yard at Ripponden, and removing the old chapel 
there, in order to rebuild it on higher ground, at a greater 
distance from Ripponden-brook, to prevent such damages as 
it had some time before sustained, by the flooding of the 
said brook. 

The Archbishop's Licence for rebuilding Ripponden 
Chapel was dated April the sixth, 1729. 

The sum got by Brief was 541/. Os. 4d. besides the sub- 
scriptions of the neighbouring Gentlemen. 



COPY OF A CLAUSE IN THE CODICIL 
ANNEXED TO THE 

WILL OF THOMAS HOLROIDE, 

OF HALIFAX, 

The Will is dated May 29, 1729, and the Codicil 
March 8, 1729-30. 



''JL RV 



give a rent-charge of five pounds per annum out of 
my two farms in Bottomley, in the township of Barkisland, 
now or late in the occupation of Susan Whiteley, to the 
Curate of Ripponden Chapel, for the time being, for ever, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 17 

for reading the Prayers according to the Liturgy of the 
Church of England, every Wednesday and Friday, in the 
morning, throughout the year." 

These Farms are called by the name of Wormald, and the 
money is regularly paid as directed. 



PART OF A DEED CONTAINING 

Mrs. MARY HORTON's CHARITY 

TO THE POOR 

Of BARKISLAND. 

" _1_HIS Indenture, made February 16, 1743, between 
Mrs. Mary Horton of Howroyd, in Barkisland, in the county 
of York, widow of the one i)art, and Tho. Horton, of Chader- 
ton, in the county of Lancaster, Esq ; of the other part, 
witnesseth, that the said Mary Horton, in consideration of 
five shillings to her now in hand paid by the said Tho. 
Horton, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, and 
for the charitable uses, intents and purposes herein after 
mentioned, and for divers other good causes and consider- 
ations her thereunto moving, she, the said Mary Horton, 
hath given, granted, bargained, sold, and confirmed, and by 
these presents doth give, gi-ant, bargain, sell, and confirm 
unto the said Thomas Horton, his heirs and assigns, one 
annuity, or clear yearly rent of thirty shillings, of lawful 
money of Great Britain, to be yearly issuing and payable, 
without any manner of deduction whatsoever, at the Feasts 
of Pentecost, and St. Martin the Bishop in winter, by equal 
proportions, for ever, out and forth of all that one messuage 
or tenement on Stainland Green, in Stainland, in the county 
of York aforesaid, called or known by the name of the New 
Laith, and three closes of land, arable, meadow, or pasture, 
thereto belonging, or therewith used or enjoyed, called the 
Lath Croft, the Kiln Croft, and the Town Ing, or by what 
other name or names soever the same, or any of them are, 
or have been called or known, containing together, by esti- 
mation, three days work and a half, be the same more or 
less. To have and to hold the annuity or yearly rent of 



18 BIOGRA.PHIA 

thirty sliillings aforesaid, unto the said Thomas Horton, his 
heirs and assigns, to the use and behoof of him the said 
Thomas Horton, his heirs and assigns, for ever ; In trust, 
nevertheless, that he, the said Tho. Horton, his heirs and 
assigns, and the owners of the capital messuage of her the 
said Mary Horton, at Howroyd aforesaid, shall yearly, for 
ever, -pay, distribute, and dispose of the said annuity, or clear 
yearly rent of thirty shillings, on every Easter Monday, for 
ever, unto and amongst such of the poor people of Barkis- 
land aforesaid, as the said Thomas Horton, and his heirs, 
and the owners of Howroyd aforesaid, for the time being, 
shall judge do best deserve the same, in such proportions as 
they shall think lit." [The rest of the Deed gives power to 
Thomas Horton, and his heirs, to enter upon the premises 
in case of non-payment; and concludes with a covenant 
relating to Mary Horton's title to the estate. It was regis- 
tered at Wakefield, March 9th, 1743, in Book S. S. p. 106, 
Number 154, and inroUed in Chancery, April 6th, 1744. 
Watson.] 

The money is yearly distributed by the present owner of 
Howroyd. 

The original Deed is at the seat of Sir Watts Horton, at 
Chaderton, in Lancashire, from whence the above was 
€opied. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF Mrs. ANN HORTON. 

Dated August 2, 1745. 



I 



give and devise unto Peter Bold, Esq ; and his heirs 
for ever, all my messuages, lands, tenements, and heredita- 
ments whatsoever. — But my earnest desire is, and I do 
hereby signify it to the said Peter Bold, Esq ; that he or his 
heirs do, so soon as he or they can, after my decease, gi-ant, 
or settle in trust, or otherwise, a rent charge of four pounds 
a year, to be for ever issuing out of all that my messuage 



HALIFAXIBNSIS. 19 

situate in Barkisland, and now in the tenure of Timothy 
Turner, and the lands thereto belonging, by two equal 
portions, at Michaelmas and Lady-day in every year, and to 
be by the Overseer or Overseers for the time being, of the 
poor of Barkisland aforesaid, with the advice and assistance 
of six of the chief inhabitants thereof, distributed, from 
time to time, within the space of ten days next after 
Michaelmas-day and Lady-day, yearly for ever, amongst 
such of the poor inhabitants, for the time being, of Barkis- 
land, as shall belong to, and not have public relief of or 
from that town. 

And it is also my earnest desire, that the same rent 
charge may be settled firmly according to law, so as not to 
be defeated by any of the Mortmain Laws, or otherwise, 
however, save by the death of the Granter or Grantees 
within twelve calendar months next after such grant or 
settlement made, and so as the same may be well recovered 
by the said Overseers for the afore mentioned use and pur- 
pose, from time to time, as the same shall become due, for 
ever, by distress and sale of goods in like manner as afore- 
said. 

The messuage from whence the above rent charge arises is 
called Steel-lane. The premises have not yet been settled 
in trust, or otherwise, but the money is regularly distributed 
ev^ery year, by order of the owner of Barkisland-hall. The 
original Will is at Bold, in Lancashire, from whence the 
above was copied. 

RICHARD FIRTH, of Ripponden, gave (but whether by 
Will or Deed is uncertain) two messuages, or cottages, with 
appurtenances, at Ripponden, for which the Minister of the 
Chapel there was to preach five Sermons upon the first 
Wednesday in the several months of April, May, June, July, 
and August, in the said Chapel at Ripponden successively, 
and annually for ever. [This account is taken from the 
copy of an old terrier, without date, in the Register Book 
belonging to Ripponden Chapel. Watson.] 

The intention of the Donor, as expressed above, is regul- 
arly fulfilled. This account is taken from the Register Book 
at Ripponden Chapel. 



20 BIOGRAPHIA 

E A L A N D . 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ROBERT INMAN, 

OF EALAND, 

Bated April 12, 1638. 



-I 



give, devise, and bequeath unto my brother George 
Eamsden, of Greetland, and Joseph Kamsden, of the same, 
my nephew, their heirs and assigns, one annuity or yearly 
rent of twenty shillings, of lawful money of England, to be 
issuing forth of those messuages or tenements, called the 
Lee, with the appurtenances, in Old Linley, within the 
township of Stainland, in the county of York, and forth of 
all the lands, tenements, closes, and hereditaments, to the 
same belonging, or with the same now or commonly demised, 
used, or occupied, and forth of all other my lands and tene- 
ments in Old Linley aforesaid, which I late bought and 
purchased of William Holdsworth, payable yearly on the 
Feasts of Pentecost, and St. Martin the Bishop in winter,, 
by equal portions, to have, hold, levy, and take the said 
annuity, or yearly rent of twenty shillings, in form aforesaid, 
to be paid unto them the said George Eamsden and Joseph 
Bamsden, their heirs and assigns, for ever. 

Nevertheless, in trust and confidence, and to the intent 
and purpose that they, the said George Kamsden and Joseph 
Eamsden, and their heirs, and the survivor of them and his 
heirs, shall dispose of the same yearly rent of twenty 
shillings, and all the profits thereof, from time to time, to 
and for the use and better maintenance of a Preacher, who 
shall preach the word of God at the parochial Chapel of 
Eland aforesaid, from time to time, to succeeding ages for 
ever, the first payment thereof to be made at the Feast of 
Pentecost, or St. Martin the Bishop, in winter, which shall 
next ensue the day of my decease." 

Then follows a clause, impowering the said George 
Eamsden and Joseph Eamsden, their heirs and assigns, to 
make distress on the premises in case of non payment of the 
said sum of twenty shilHngs, or any part thereof, for the 
space of twenty days next ensuing either of the said Feasts 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 21 

whereon it became payable, being lawfully demanded. 
The above was copied from the Eegister-book at Eland. 



EXTRACT FEOM THE 

WILL OF HENRY WILSON, 

OF ELAND, 

Dated June 28, 1052. 

" JL give, devise, and bequeath unto Gilbert Savile, of 
Greetland, Gentleman, and to Abraham Dyson, Jeremy 
Bentley, and to John Whittel, of Whittel Place, in Eland, 
Yeoman, and to their heirs for ever, five closes of new land 
in the Broad Car, which my father purchased of Sir William 
Savile, Bart, as also one house, or cottage, with the ap- 
purtenances in Eland aforesaid, and one backside thereunto 
belonging, now in the tenure or occupation of Joseph 
Whxteley, or his assigns ; and also one ruinated house, or 
house-stead, and one backside thereunto adjoining, with the 
appurtenances, in Eland aforesaid, between the smithy now 
in the tenure of John Gillot, and the house now m the occu- 
pations of Jonas Clay and Brian Eawnsley there ; and also 
all my parts and purports of the said smithy, and the two 
houses now in the tenures of the said John Gillot, Jonas 
Clay, and Brian Kawnsley, or their assigns ; and also one 
whole chamber now or late in the tenure of Sarah Hinch- 
lifi'e, or her assigns, and one whole shop, with the aj)purten- 
ances, in Eland aforesaid, now in the tenure or occupation 
of John Hanson, or his assigns, with all other ways, pass- 
ages, waters, watercourses, easements, and hereditaments 
whatsoever, to the above granted premises, or any part 
thereof belonging or appertaining, or to, or with the same 
now or commonly demised, used, or occu^^ied, with all their 
rights, members, and appurtenances, in Eland aforesaid, as 
they are severally mentioned in one deed of sale past to me 
from Elias "Wilson, lying near the Cross, in Eland, which 
he, the said Elias Wilson, lately purchased of Mr. John 
Farrar, of Brearly, to have and to hold the said five closes, 



BIOGRAPHIA 



with one house and appurtenances, and one house or house- 
stead and backside with appurtenances, and part of the 
smithy, and two houses, and one chamber, and one shop, 
with appurtenances, unto the said Gilbert Savile, Abraham 
Dyson, Jeremy Bentley, and John Whittel, and to their 
heirs and assigns for ever, yielding therefore unto me, and 
my heirs, the rent of one red rose, in the time of roses, if it 
be asked, of intent, and confidence and trust, that they the 
aforesaid Gilbert Savile, Abraham Dyson, Jeremy Bentley, 
and John Whittel, shall first pay out of the same all such 
rents as now are accustomed to be paid by me the above- 
said Henry Wilson, and the profits of the said five closes, 
homes, backsides, and part of the smithy, and two houses, 
and over chamber, and one shop, with the appurtenances 
above-mentioned, my will and mind is, shall be used and 
employed by my said Trustees, Demisees, and their heirs 
for ever, to and for him and his use, benefit, and commodity, 
who from time to time, to succeeding generations for ever, 
shall be stipendiary Preacher or Minister of God's word, at 
and in the parochial Chapel of Eland aforesaid, the said 
Minister or Preacher having the consent of the said Trustees 
beforenamed, or their heirs or assigns, or any three of them. 

Item, I give to the aforesaid Gilbert Savile, Abraham 
Dyson, Jeremy Bentley, and John Whittle, fifty pounds, to 
be paid by my Executors to them, or any two of them, 
towards building of an house upon the ground I lately 
bought of Elias Wilson, near the Cross, in Eland, to be 
paid when the foundation of the house shall be laid, which 
house, my mind and will is, shall be used and employed by 
my said Trustees, and their heirs for ever, to and for the 
use of the Minister of God's word, at the parochial Chapel 
of Eland aforesaid, and chiefly for the said Minister to live 
in if he be married, or otherwise, if he shall desire it, he 
having the consent of my said Trustees, or their heirs or 
assigns, as abovesaid." 

"Memorandum. It is Henry Wilson's will and mind, 
that during that time that there is not such a Minister at 
Eland, as his aforesaid Trustees, their heirs or assigns, shall 
approve of, that then the said profits, formerly given to a 
Minister, shall be disposed of by them to such a Minister as 
the aforesaid Trustees, their heirs, or any three of them. 



HALIFAXIBNSIS. 5SO 

shall think fit, the said Minister officiating and doing service 
for the same in the parochial Chapel of Eland aforesaid." 

This Memorandum was added to the Will before it was 
sealed and signed. The whole was transcribed from the 
Eegister Book at Eland. 

Jeremy Bentley, one of the Trustees, took upon him the 
care of building the house, and laid out, besides the fifty 
pounds left by the above Will ( including the purchase of an 
old smithy, &c. on which part of the house was built,) of his 
own money, forty-five pounds, for which he had a quit rent 
of three pounds per annum out of the house and land left 
by Henry Wilson, granted him by the rest of the trustees, 
till he should be satisfied some other way. At this time 
the interest of money was eight per cent. 

This yearly quit rent of three pounds was paid till about 
1676, after which there were only forty shillings per annum 
received till 1689, when Jeremy Bentley, of Woodhouse, 
grandson and heir of Jeremy Bentley, one of the Trustees 
above mentioned, coming to his age, did eject the tenants on 
the Minister's house, in order to recover the arrears due to 
him ; but by the mediation' of friends, he agreed to abate the 
14/. in arrear, also SI. spent in law, together with 2L of the 
principal money, which was 45/. and in consideration of 43/. 
paid by John Savile, of Methley, Esq ; Brian Thornhill, of 
Fixby, Esq; Thomas Horton, of Barkisland, Esq; Thomas 
Eamsden, of Crowstone, and Robert Whittel, of Eland, 
Gent, he did resign over, and confirm the said premises 
wholly to them and their heirs, and to the survivor or 
survivors of them, and his heirs for ever, to the intent that 
they may be fully possessed of them, in trust for the Minister 
of Eland. 

The five closes above named contain about four acres of 
land. 



^^zJks"^ 



24 BIOGBAPHIl. 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF Mrs. FRANCES GRANTHAM, 
Who died March 12, 1692. 



■" X gr 



give and bequeath to the poor of Eland and Fikesby^ 
to be paid on Christmas day yearly for ever, as followeth, to 
twenty poor men one shilling a piece ; and to twenty poor 
women one shilling a-piece, and to twelve boys one shilling 
a piece ; and to secure the payment of this money, my will 
and mind is, that fifty -two pounds be put into such hands as 
my sister Thornhill shall think meet, that the interest there- 
of may yearly pay the same." 

It is also said that Mrs. Grantham gave ten shillings 
yearly to the poor of Eland, and the same sum to the poor 
of Kastrick and Fixby. 

JOSEPH BEOOKSBANK, 

Citizen and Haberdasher of London, did by indenture, 
executed Oct. 4, 1712, convey to- Trustees, a messuage or 
tenement, with a barn, an orchard, a yard, and a croft, con- 
taining one acre, in or near a street in Eland, called the 
Westgate, and also four selions of land in a field at Eland, 
called Longmanslands, or Lowmost-town-field, one land 
being in number the thirteenth, another the thirty-fifth, 
another the thirty-fourth, and another the forty-fifth ; and 
also four lands in the middle or Stainland-steel-field, one 
land lying in the lower shutt there from the footway, in 
number the thirty-third land, and two lands lying in the 
upper shutt from the marshes, in number the sixteenth and 
seventeenth lands, and from the footway to Stainland the 
sixty-second land ; and also four lands lying in the High- 
town-field ; one land lying from the Lidgate, in number the 
eleventh land, ranging clear through the field, and commonly 
accounted for two lands ; and two other lands, lying from 
Oyl Mabb-top, in number the fifteenth and sixteenth land. 

Also six messuages or tenements at the west end of the 
town of Eland, in a street or place there called the Town- 
end. Also a messuage or tenement called the Little Upper 
Harper Boyd, in the township of Norland, containing by 
estimation ten days work : 



HAIilFAXIENSIS. 25 

In trust, that the said Trustees, and such other person or 
persons on whom the said trust from time to time should 
devolve, and the survivors and survivor of them, and the 
heirs and assigns of such survivor, should permit a certain 
messuage or tenement in E aland, (mentioned in the ahove 
indenture to have been late in the occupation of one Law- 
rence Manknowles, School-master, and intended by the said 
Joseph Brooksbank to be settled as for a free school, for the 
educating and teaching forty poor children, boys and girls, 
belonging to the town of Ealand,) to be from time to time, 
for ever hereafter, used and enjoyed as and for the school- 
house of the said free-school. 

And should yearly out of the clear rents and profits of the 
above granted messuages, lands, and premises (after the 
necessary charges in repairing and supporting the same 
should be from time to time deducted) pay, or cause to be 
paid, by equal quarterly payments, unto a School-master, 
for teacliing the\aid forty poor children to read the English 
tongue, till such time as they can readily read the Bible, 
and repeat without book the Catechism, (commonly called 
the Assemblies Catechism) the clear sum of ten pounds, 
without deduction of or for any manner of taxes. And upon 
farther trust yearly to expend the sum of thirty shillings in 
buying of ten Bibles and twenty Catechisms, (commonly 
called the Assemblies Catechisms) to be yearly distributed and 
divided amongst the said forty poor children, in such manner 
as the major part of the Trustees, for the time being, shall 
think fit. — And if, after the above mentioned trusts should 
be fully satisfied and discharged, there should, out of the 
clear yearly rents, issues, and jirofits of the above granted 
premises, remain in the hands of the said Trustees, more 
monies than were sufficient to discharge the said trusts, and 
such necessary charges of repairs as aforesaid, and after 
incident charges in execution of the said trusts, then upon 
farther trust to pay yearly the overplus, if any, unto such 
School-master, for the time being, as an addition to his 
allowance, or salary, for teaching the forty poor children 
above-mentioned, and for no other use, intent or purpose 
whatsoever. And to the end the trusts mentioned in the 
said indenture might be the better performed, it was there- 
in declared, that the School-master of the said free-school 
should be, from time to time, chosen by the said Trustees, 



BIOGKAPHIA 



or the major part of them ; and that upon every vacancy of 
the School-master's place, or office, by death or otherwise, 
another School-master should by them be elected, within 
three calendar months next after such vacancy. Also, that 
the said Trustees, or the major part of them, for the time 
being, should have the sole power, of nominating and elect- 
ing the said forty poor children, to be taught to read as 
aforesaid, and of removing or displacing the same, or any 
of them, from time to time, and of putting others in the 
room of those who die, or are dismissed, or go away from 
the said School. And also, that in case the said School- 
master should be negligent or careless in the discharge of 
his duty, or otherwise misbehave himself in his said office, 
it should be lawful for the said Trustees, or the major part 
of them, for the time being, from time to time to remove 
and displace such School-master, and to elect and place 
another in his room. The said School-master also, for the 
time being, was not at any time to receive or take any fee or 
reward from the parents, relations, or friends of all, or any 
of the said poor children, for or in respect of their being 
taught to read as aforesaid, (the wages, or salary thereby 
allowed him only excepted,) under the pain of forfeiting and 
losing his place or office of School-master. 

"When the Trustees were reduced to two, or under, the 
survivor or survivors, were to convey to others ; and if at 
any time the Trustees for the time being, or any of them, 
should not be suffered to perform the trusts in them reposed, 
or the said School-master should in any wise be obstructed 
in the performance of his office, then, and in either of the 
said cases, the said Trustees for the time being might, and 
they were directed and enjoined, to reconvey and assure the 
above messuages, lands, and premises to the use of the said 
Joseph Brooksbank, his heirs and assigns for ever." 




HALIFAXIENSIS. 27 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF Mrs. FRANCES THORNHILL, 

Dated the last Day of July, 1718. 



I 



give and bequeath the sum of nine hundred pounds 
to be laid out to pious and charitable uses in manner follow- 
ing, viz. I devise and give the sum of one hundred and 
fifty pounds, and the interest thereof, into the hands of the 
heir and chief of our family of Fickisby, my nephew, Thomas 
Thornhill, Esq. to be the first Trustee. And my will and 
mind is, that his heirs, being the principals of our name and 
family of Fickisby aforesaid, shall successively for ever be 
Trustees to see the said one hundred and fifty pounds laid 
out in a purchase, for building or making a proper habit- 
ation for teaching and improving ten poor girls in spinning 
wool, knitting, sewing, reading, and writing, and to be 
taught the Catechism of the Church of England, and private 
prayers for them every morning and night. 

And for the continuance of this my good intention for 
ever, I devise four hundred pounds of lawful money of Great 
Britain, being further part of the said nine hundred pounds, 
to rest in the heir of Fickisby's hands for the time being, 
whom I desire to consult with the Minister of Eland afore- 
said for the time being, to chuse a proper Master and 
Dame to teach and instruct the said ten poor girls as is 
above mentioned, and pursuant to the intent and meaning 
of this my last will, the interest of which said sum of four 
hundred pounds, my mind is, shall be annually laid out and 
paid for the salaries of the said Master and Dame, and 
maintenance of the said poor girls, in such manner and pro- 
portion as the said heir of Fickisby, or Trustee for this my 
charity for the time being, shall see proper and convenient. 

And my desire is, that the said poor girls may, from time 
to time, be chosen out of the greatest objects of charity 
which shall then be living in Fickisby, and the town and 
parish of Eland, so as the said school may be preserved and 
kept up for ever for the purposes aforesaid, 

And my will and mind is, that the heir and owner of 
Fickisby for the time being, take great care in his choice of 



28 BIOGBA.PHIA 

a Master and Dame as aforesaid, for the good teaching and 
lookmg after these ten poor girls, so that they may have all 
necessaries provided for them, and that the said Master may 
read unto them the prayers of the Church of England, every 
night after the girls give over work. 

And also I devise two hundred pounds more, part of the 
said nine hundred pounds, to rest in the heir or owner of 
Fickisby land for the time being, for ever, to the end that 
the Minister of Eland, for the time being, may receive the 
interest thereof, as an augmentation for his better subsist- 
ence. 

And my will and mind is, in consideration of the said 
interest to be paid to the said Minister, that he do and shall 
read every morning, in the Church of Eland, the common 
prayers of the Church of England, at six of the clock in the 
morning in summer, and at eleven o'clock in the morning in 
winter, and the charity girls, with their Master and Dame, 
may attend and be present at the said times and hours of 
prayer and devotion. 

And my will and mind is, that if in case the Minister of 
Eland refuse to attend and read prayers, according to this 
request and intent, that then the said interest of the said 
two hundred pounds, designed for the Minister aforesaid, I 
desire, and my mind is, that the same may go to the said 
poor girls, for their better maintenance and subsistence. 
Item, my will and mind is, that that part of my will only 
that relates to the charity-school of Eland, and the Minister 
of the same, be read every Christmas-day in the morning, 
between prayers and sermon, in the Parish-church of Eland." 

The above was copied from the Eegister-book at Eland. 

THOMAS CHAMBEKLAIN, 

Of Skipton in Craven, who died October 29, 1721, gave by 
will twenty shillings per annum, for ever, to be distributed 
amongst four poor widows in Eland, by the Minister and 
Churchwardens, on the 6th day of June yearly ; the pay- 
ment whereof is charged on a house at the south end of 
Eland, belonging, in 1727, to William Chamberlain, Salter, 
in Halifax. 

The above account was taken from the Eegister-book at 
Eland. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 29 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF GRACE RAMSDEN, 

OF HAWKSWORTH, 

IN YORKSHIRE, 

Dated Dec. 13, 1734. 



A. 



.FTER leaving to the Trustees named in her Will, one 
clear annuity or yearly rent of three i)ounds ten shillings, 
and after the decease of several persons mentioned in the 
said AVill, and failure of issue, as there at large is expressed, 
one other annuity or yearly rent of thirteen pounds, issuing 
out of several tenements in the parish of Bingley, the Will 
proceeds thus : 

— " And whereas my sister (Mrs. Susannah Ramsden) had 
it in intention to found a school in Eland, in this county, 
for the instruction of poor boys in the English tongue, but 
died without founding the same, now I do hereby give and 
devise to Sir John Lister Kay, Richard Richardson, the son 
of W^illiam Richardson, Gregory Rhodes, John W^ilkinson, 
the Reverend Thomas Hudson, Samuel Hill, Elkanah Hoyle, 
Gilbert Brooksbank, John Dyson, and William Wilkinson, 
(her Trustees), and their heirs, to the use of them, their 
heirs and assigns, all those my several farms, lands, tene- 
ments, and hereditaments, situate, lying, and being in the 
parish of Bingley, and now or late in the several occupations 
of William Jennings, and Thomas Laycock, or their assigns, 
with the appurtenances, and of the yearly value of thirty- 
two pounds, upon special trust and confidence, that they, 
my said devisees, and their heirs and assigns, at all times, 
after my decease, shall and may receive and take the rents, 
issues, and in'ofits of ihe* same to them demised promises, 
and order and dispose thereof in manner following : 

First, I will, that in case I shall not in my life-time pur- 
chase a convenient house or building in Eland aforesaid, 
and settle the same in trust, to be made use of as a school 
for the instruction of such poor children as are hereinafter 
described, then, that my said devisees of the said tenements 
and premises, raise money, not exceeding forty pounds in 
the whole, and shall apply the same, or so.much thereof as 



30 BIOGRAPHIA 

to my said Trustees shall seem requisite, to the purchase of 
one house or building, or of a plot or parcel of ground, 
situate in Eland aforesaid, and near to the church there, 
such tenements so to be purchased to be of the nature of 
freehold, and the estate therein to be purchased to be an 
absolute fee-simple in possession. 

And if an house or building, which I would rather have to 
be purchased if it conveniently may be, cannot be purchased 
in convenient time, then that my said Trustees, having pur- 
chased such plot of ground as aforesaid, shall apply the 
residue of the said money, remaining after payments of the 
consideration of such purchase, to the erecting an house or 
buildings thereon, convenient for the purpose herein after 
mentioned. 

And I will, that such building, so purchased or erected as 
aforesaid, all which I would have done within the space of 
one year next after my decease, shall at all times thence- 
forth be made use of as a school-house for the teaching of 
poor boys of the township of Eland with Greetland, the 
children of such parents lawfully settled there, who in the 
judgment of my said Trustees shall not be of ability to pay 
for teaching of their children. 

And to that intent I will that my said Trustees, devisees 
of my said tenements in the occupation of William Jennings 
and Thomas Laycock, shall, immediately after the purchase 
or erecting of the said school-house, elect a grave man of 
good life and conversation, a true member of the Church of 
England as by law established, a good Grammar Scholar, 
and an expert Writer, and Arithmetician, and shall appoint 
the person so elected to be master of the said school ; and at 
all times thenceforth, so long as he shall continue Master of 
the said school, shall pay to him, out of the rents and profits 
of the said devised tenements, yearly and every year, the 
sum of twenty pounds, of lawful British money, without any 
deduction thereout, on any account whatsoever, at two usual 
Feasts in the year, that is to say, the Feasts of the Annun- 
ciation of the Blessed Virgin, and St. Michael the Archangel, 
by equal portions, the first payment to be at such of the 
said Feasts as shall first happen next after his being insti- 
tuted Master as aforesaid. 

And I will, that, upon the death or removal of the said 
Master, or his ceasing to be Master of the said school, the 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 81 

Trustees of the said school-house and devised tenements last 
mentioned, for the time being, assemble at the said school- 
house, or the greater number of them who shall there 
assemble, on public notice of the vacancy of such school, or 
place of Master, to be given in the church or church-yard, 
on a Sunday, immediately after the Morning Service is 
ended, and within fourteen days after such vacancy, of the 
time of meeting at such school-house, for a choice of a new 
Master, which time of meeting shall not be within less than 
fourteen days after such notice, shall and may elect and 
appoint another fit person, so qualified as aforesaid, to be 
Master of the said school, and so from time to time, and as 
often as the place of Master of the said school shall be 
vacant, a new Master so qualified as aforesaid, shall and 
may be elected and appointed, in the manner, and by the 
Trustees of the said tenements, for the time being, as is 
herein before directed touching the election and appointing 
of a Master, upon the first vacancy of the school or place of 
Master. 

And that my said Trustees and Devisees, and their heirs 
and assigns, shall, out of the rents and profits of the said to 
them devised tenements, as aforesaid, pay to the Master of 
the school, for the time being, such annuity or salary of 
twenty pounds, as is herein before directed to be paid to the 
first Master of the said School, and at the same days herein 
before provided for payment thereof. 

And if any Master of the said school shall die, remove, or 
be disx^laced by my said Trustees, as is herein after provided, 
then I will, that my said Devisees and Trustees, their heirs 
and assigns, shall and may apportion the salary to become 
payable at such of the said Feasts as shall happen next after 
such vacancy of the said school or place of Master, between 
or amongst the said Master so removing, or being displaced, 
or the Executors or Administrators of such Master by whose 
death the school shall become vacant, and the person or 
persons by whom the office or place of Master of the said 
school shall be supplied, till the appointment of a new 
Master by my said Trustees as aforesaid, and such succeed- 
ing Master as they, my said Trustees for the time being, or 
the major number of them, in their discretions shall think 
meet. And forasmuch as I would have the said school duly 
attended, I will and recommend to the Minister of the 



82 BIOGRAPHIA 

church of Eland, for the time being, that immediately upon 
the vacancy of the said school, or place of Master, so often as 
such vacancy shall happen, the said Minister shall provide 
a fit person to teach and instruct the poor children therein, 
until a Master shall be appointed by my said Trustees and 
Devisees to supply the vacancy of the said school, or place 
of Master. And I will, that the person so provided by the 
said Minister shall have a share, or part of the said twenty 
pounds yearly salary, proportioned to the time he shall so 
serve the said school. 

And my will and mind also is, that my said Devisees, 
their heirs and assigns, of the said tenements in the 
possession of the said Thomas Laycock and William 
Jennings as aforesaid, or the major number of them, at all 
times after erecting of the said school -house, and electing 
and appointing a Master thereof, shall and may, at their 
will and pleasure, to be expressed in writing, signed by 
them, or the major number of them, and to be notified to 
the Master of the said school for the time being, remove or 
displace not only such first appointed Master, but any other 
person or persons who thereafter shall be appointed Master 
or Masters, or to serve as Master or Masters, either by my 
said Trustees for the time being, or by the Minister of the 
said church of Eland, and in manner herein before directed 
for the appointment of a new Master upon a vacancy, elect 
and appoint another fit person to supply the place of Master 
of the said school, in the place and stead of the Master so 
by my Trustees amoved or displaced. 

And my will and mind is, that the Master of the said 
school, for the time being, shall, on every day of the week 
throughout the whole year, (not being the Lord's Day, or 
other day appointed by the Church or State to be observed 
as a Holy Day, except the last ten days of the Month of 
December, and except three days before and three days after 
either of the great Festivals of Easter Sunday and Pentecost, 
and except also the afternoons of every Saturday in the 
year,) both the forenoons and afternoons of such days, (ex- 
cept as before excepted,) diligently apply himself at the said 
school to the teaching of poor boys, the children of such 
poor persons lawfully settled in Eland with Greetland, as 
aforesaid, which boys I would have to be twenty-four in 
number, to read the English language, and write a plain, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 33 

legible hand or character, and to understand common arith- 
metic, so as the said children may be thereby better qualified 
to gain a livelihood than the children of such poor parents 
usually are. 

And I will, that the poor boys to be first admitted after 
erecting the said school-house, and so taught there, shall be 
nominated by my said Trustees of the said school, or the 
greater number of them, and that all other the said boys to 
be therefore admitted to be taught there, shall be nominated 
thereunto by the Trustees for the time being, or the greater 
number of them, or in case of default of such nomination by 
the space of one month next after the said boys there taught 
shall not be in number twenty-four, then by any two or 
more of such Trustees. 

And I will that the Master of the said school, for the time 
being, shall also faithfully instruct the said poor children in 
the Principles, Doctrines, and Precepts of the Christian 
Keligion, and shall particularly oblige them to learn the 
Catechism of the Church of England, and to repeat the same 
to him without book, at least once in every week, after they 
have so learned that they shall be able to repeat the same to 
him, and that on such occasions he shall explain the same, 
or some parts thereof, to the said children, in a manner 
suited to their capacities ; and that at all times whilst the 
said children are under his care, he shall watch their be- 
haviour, and in a proper manner, by gentle means if it may 
be, and if not, by modern punishment, restrain them from 
all immoralities and indecencies. 

And my will and mind also is, that the Master of the said 
school, for the time being, on every day of the week in which 
the Morning Service, according to the Liturgy of the Church 
of England, shall be read in the said church of Eland, shall 
devoutly attend the same Service there, and oblige his said 
scholars to attend there with him, and take care that they 
behave themselves there decently, and with due reverence, 
as their respective ages will admit. 

And I will that my said Trustees shall ap]3ly the residue 
of the rents and profits of the said tenements, in the 
possession of the said William Jennings and Thomas Lay- 
cock, after satisfying thereout the Master's said salary, to 
the buying of books as shall be requisite' for the learning of 
the said boys, till they can read well the English Bible, and 



34 BIOGRAPHIA 

for the buying of paper, quills, and ink, for such of them as 
shall be taught writing and arithmetic, which writing and 
arithmetic I would have taught to every of the said boys, 
after he can read well in the Bible, for the space of six 
months next after. 

And I will also, that there be given to every one of the 
said boys that shall be taught and instructed at the said 
school till he can read well in the Bible, besides his Bible, a 
new Common Prayer Book, and a Whole Duty of Man, at 
his quitting the said school, which books my Trustees, for 
the time being, shall also provide out of such residue of the 
said rents and profits of the said farms so to them devised, 
after payment of the said salary to the said Master, as afore- 
said. 

And as for and concerning the said annuity of three 
pounds ten shillings, herein before devised to my said 
Trustees, the same is to them devised upon trust, that so 
much of tlie sum of fifty shillings, part thereof, as shall be 
requisite, shall be yearly, and every year, expended in pro- 
viding and laying in coals for a fire to be kept in the said 
school-house, during the winter season, for the benefit of the 
said Master and scholars there ; and that the residue of the 
said fifty shillings, or so much of such residue as shall be 
needful, be laid out, as occasion shall require, in the support- 
ing and keeping in repair the said school-house. 

And as to the sum of twenty shillings, residue of the said 
annuity of three pounds ten shillings, I will that the same 
shall and may be expended by my said Trustees, for the 
time being, at any meeting or meetings to be had by them, 
or the greater number of them, in Eland aforesaid, touching 
the said school, or the trust thereof, which I desire may be 
at the least once in every year, and as often as my said 
Trustees in theii* discretion shall see meet. 

And I recommend to them, and every of them, that at 
such their meetings, or on any other occasion, they, or any 
one or more of them, do visit the said school, and enquire 
into the conduct of the Master of the said school, and the 
proficiency of the poor boys there, in their learning and 
knowledge. 

And for the encouragement of the said poor boys, I will 
that so much of the said annuity of three pounds ten 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 35 

shillings as shall not be expended in any year, shall be dis- 
tributed to and amongst such of the said boys, as in the 
judgment of my said Trustees, or the major number of them, 
shall appear to have best behaved themselves. 

And as for and concerning the said annuity of thirteen 
pounds, herein before devised to my said Trustees, in case 
the same shall become payable, I will that the same be ex- 
pended and disbursed for the benefit of the poor children 
thereafter to be taught and instructed at the said school, in 
such manner as to my Trustees for the time being shall 
seem meet, only I will that from and after such annuity of 
thirteen pounds shall take place, the number of poor boys to 
be taught in the said school-house shall be increased, and 
that such additional boys shall be children of like poor 
parents, and be in like manner nominated, taught, in- 
structed, governed, and provided for, as is herein before 
limited, of and concerning the poor boys to be admitted to 
the said school, before the falling of the said last mentioned 
annuity. 

And for the better continuance of the said trust, my will 
is, that my said Devisees and Trustees of the said farm and 
school-house, within three months next after the decease of 
any two of them, shall elect two other honest men, of good 
real or personal estate, and, if to my said Trustees shall 
seem meet, residing in or near Eland aforesaid, to be with 
such survivors co-trustees of the said school-house, farms, 
and annuities, and shall convey the same school-house, 
farms, and annuities, to the use of themselves, and such like 
new elected Trustees, and their heirs and assigns on the 
trusts herein thereof before limited ; and that in the like 
manner, from time to time, and at all times, so often as any 
two of the Trustees of the said school-house, farms, and an- 
nuities, for the time being, shall die, the survivors of them 
shall, within three months next after, elect two such other 
honest men of good estate, (and if to such survivors it shall 
seem meet), residing in or near Eland aforesaid, to be with 
them co-trustees of the said trust premises, and convey the 
same to the use of such survivors and new elected Trustees, 
and their heirs and assigns, on the said trusts herein before 
thereof limited. 

And I also will that the Trustees for the time being, of 
the said school-house and premises, or any two or more of 



86 BIOGEAPHIA 

them, shall have power and authority, at their will and 
pleasure, to turn out, and remove from the said school, and 
from all benefit and advantage thereof, any poor boy there 
admitted to be taught and instructed, on complaint to them 
made of the misbehaviour of such poor boy. 

And my will and mind further is, that the Master and 
scholars of the said school shall at all times conform them- 
selves to such rules and orders as the Trustees of the said 
school-house and premises shall institute and appoint, so as 
the same rules and orders be not repugnant to what I have 
here directed. 

Provided further, and my will is, that it shall be lawful to 
and for all and every the Trustees of the said tenements 
herein before devised to be sold, and Trustees of the said 
school-house, farms, and annuities, for the time being, to 
deduct and retain to themselves by and out of the rents and 
profits of the said tenements devised to be sold, and farms, 
or either of them, and by and out of the said annuities, or 
either of them, so to my said Trustees respectively devised, 
all such sum or sums of money, .damages, costs and charges, 
as they shall or may respectively reasonably expend, sustain, 
bear, or be put unto in or about the executing of the trusts 
hereby in them reposed, or any of such trusts or in defence 
thereof, or of the titles of the said to them respectively de- 
vised premises, or any part thereof, and that such Trustees 
shall not be answerable one for another, or one for the acts, 
receipts, deeds, or defaults of the other, but every of them 
severally for his proper acts, receipts, deeds, or defaults 
only, and none of them for more money than they shall 
respectively actually receive. 

JOSEPH BKOOKSBANK, 

Of Hackney, in the county of Middlesex, Esq ; did, by 
Indenture, executed June 5, 1756, convey to the Kev. Joseph 
Brooksbank, of London, Joseph Hulme, of Halifax, M.D. 
the iiev. John Smith, of Bradford, John Gream, of Heath, 
near Halifax, Gent. Richard Taylor, of Norland, Clothier, 
and the Rev. Joshua Dodson, of Cockey Moor, near Bolton, 
in Lancashire, all that messuage, or tenement, and one 
cottage, called by the name of Cinder-hills, in the township 
of Southouram, and also eight closes of land to the same 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 37 

belonging, known by the names of the Upper Ing, the 
Lower Ing, the Long Field, two Coal-pit Brows, the Little 
Steass Mires, the Sough Mires, and the Small Long Close, 
in trust that they, and such other person and persons on 
whom the trust therein mentioned should, from time to 
time, devolve, and the survivors and survivor of them, and 
the heirs and assigns of such survivor, shall yearly out of 
the clear rents and profits of the above granted messuage 
and cottage, and lands, (after the necessary charges of re- 
pairing and supporting the said messuage and cottage, and 
of the execution of the trusts thereby created were, from 
time to time, deducted), in the first place pay, or cause to be 
paid, by two equal half yearly payments, as the said rents 
shall come in and be received, the clear yearly sum of ten 
pounds of lawful money of Great Britain, without deduction 
of or for any manner of taxes, to the Minister, for the time 
being, of the Congregation of Protestant Dissenters meeting 
or assembling for the worship of God, in the present 
Meetmg-house made use of for that purpose at Eland, in the 
county of York, so long as there shall be such a Minister, 
and the exercise of divine worship by Protestants dissenting 
from the Church of England shall be permitted therein by 
the laws of this realm, and no longer. 

And on this further trust, that the said Trustees, for the 
time being, shall yearly out of said rents expend the sum of 
forty shillings, in the purchase of such books of piety and 
devotion as they shall think fit, to be by them given and 
distributed amongst the forty poor children taught at the 
free-school in Eland, which was formerly founded and en- 
dowed by Joseph Brooksbank, deceased, grandfather of the 
above named Josej)h Brooksbank, owner of Cinder-hills 
aforesaid. 

And upon trust, to pay, or cause to be paid, all the re- 
mainder of the said clear rents and profits of the said 
premises yearly unto the School-master, for the time being, 
of the said school, as an addition to his allowance, or salary, 
for teaching and instructing the said children in manner 
directed by the said Joseph Brooksbank, founder of the said 
school, and to and for no other use, intent, or purpose what- 
soever. 



38 • BIOGRA,PHIA 

When the Trustees are, by death, reduced to two, or 
under, the survivor or survivors are to convey to as many as 
are necessary to make the number seven. 

Provided always, and the w^hole agreement was on this 
express condition, that if the Trustees for the time being, or 
any of them, shoukl not be i^ermitted to perform all or any 
of the trusts in them reposed, or if the exercise of divine 
worship by Protestants dissenting from the Church of Eng- 
land, shall not be permitted in the said Meeting-house by 
the laws of this realm, or if the said School-master, for the 
time being, shall be in any wise obstructed in the perform- 
ance of his office, pursuant to the resolution and intention 
of the said Joseph Brooksbank, founder of the said school, it 
should be lawful to and for the said Trustees, for the time 
being, and they were directed and enjoined to reconvey, and 
assure the above granted premises to the use of the said 
Joseph Brooksbank, his heirs and assigns for ever. 

Ealand Chapel, (which has parochial rights), was, in 1736,. 
returned by the Governors of Queen Ann's Bounty, to have 
had, 3d of Ann, a clear yearly value of twenty- six pounds 
ten shillings. 

BOUNTY AT EALAND CHAPEL. 

The money for this purpose was subscribed about the year 
1724, by means of Mr. John Lancaster, and others, but no 
purchase was made with it till after the year 1733, when a 
farm was bought by the then Curate, Mr. Thomas Alderson, 
called Blean Farm, in the parish of Askarth, near Askrig, 
containing about thirty days work of land, with liberty of 
thirteen cattle gates, in four different pastures, and a common 
right for an hundred sheep. 

This farm was let, in 1764, for twenty-one years, at the 
clear yearly rent of seventeen pounds. 

A ME. WHITTLE, 

Of Marshall-hall, is said to have left twenty shttlings 
yearly out of that estate, to the Curate of Ealand ; but this 
only appears from old Terriers in the Office at York, not 
from either Will, or Deed, therefore the Curate's title to it 
is uncertain, for nothing of this sort is recoverable at law, 
unless the lands out of which it is issuable, can be ascer- 
tained. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 39 

As for the Terriers, they seem to have been made on the 
supposition that the money was fixed upon those lands, 
because paid by the owners of them ; but there ought to be a 
better assurance than this. 

For this reason there was an intermission of payment for 
some years in Mr. Petty' s time, till he acknowledged it a 
bounty, and not a right. 

THE EEV. MR. STOCKS, 
Eector of Kirkheaton, is likewise said to have given to the 
Curates of Ealand, a close in Stainland, worth ten or twenty 
shillings a year ; but we can give no particular account of 
this, any more than we can of six pounds a year, said to be 
bequeathed to the poor of Ealand, by a Mrs. Preston, of 
Methley. 

HALIFAX. 

BRIAN OTES, 

Of Halifax, surrendered, by copy of court-roll, into the 
hands of the Lord of the Manor, bearing date 2 Henry VIII. 
(1511), one cottage, and two closes of land, containing by 
estimation three acres, with appurtenances, in Halifax, to 
the use of certain feoffees, and their heirs, in trust, as 
appears by his Will, dated April 28, 1529, to the use of the 
said Brian for life, and after his decease, to the Church- 
wardens of Halifax, and theii* successors for ever, they 
paying six shillings and eight-pence yearly, for ever, to the 
amending of an highway between Halifax and Shipden 
Brook, six shillings and eight-pence for a dirge or mass, in 
the Parish Church of Halifax, to be sung or said, and the 
rest of the profits to the Morning priest there. 

Mr. John Brearclifie says in a manuscript, writ in 1651, 
that these closes were called Lister Lands, and belonged to 
one John Exley, of Halifax." 

The above land lay below Goldsmith's grave, in the way 
from thence towards the Bull Close ; the cottage is taken 
away, and the charity was detamed by the said John Exley, 
who had the land at that time. None of the above charity 
is now paid, except that for repairing the Highway. [Mr. 
Wright, page 105, says, none of the charity was paid in 
1738, except that for repairing the highway.] 

* From a manuscript, wrote by Mr. John Brearclifie, an Apothecary in 
Halifax, called by him, " Halifax Inquiries for the finding out of several 
gifts, given to pious uses, by divers persons, deceased Dec. 22, 1651. 



40 BIOGRAPHIA 

By an inquisition taken at Guisley, April 10, 1667, it was 
found, that at the court of John Waterhouse, late of Shibden, 
Gentleman, deceased, and Kobert Waterhouse, son and heir 
of the said John Waterhouse, holden of the Manor of Hali- 
fax, October 12, in the 4th and 5th year of the reign of 
Philip and Mary, that Brian Bates, of Wakefield, and Eliz- 
abeth his wife, surrendered int(j the hands of the Lord, the 
reversion, after the decease of the said Elizabeth, of one 
messuage, four closes of land, and a yearly rent of twelve 
shillings, issuing out of certain lands in Halifax, to the use 
of Thomas Lister, William Lister, and James Lister, and 
their heirs for ever ; and that after the decease of the said 
Brian and Elizabeth, the said Thomas Lister, William 
Lister, and James Lister, did surrender into the hands of 
the Lord of the said Manor, one annuity, or yearly rent of 
twenty shillings, issuing out of the said messuage and four 
closes of land, unto certain other Trustees, to the use of the 
poor people within the town of Halifax, yearly, to be dis- 
tributed for ever upon Good Friday, by the discretion of the 
Lord of the said Town of Halifax, and his heirs, and of the 
Churchwardens of the church there, with liberty to the said 
Lord and Churchwardens to make distress upon the pre- 
misses, in case of non-payment of the said yearly rent. 

And it was farther found, by the said inquisition, that the 
said messuage and closes of land, after the death of the said 
Elizabeth Bates, came to the possession of Elizabeth Blyth- 
man, of the city of York, widow, who had received the whole 
rents and profits thereof for several years, and converted the 
same to her own use, without paying the said sum of twenty 
shillings yearly to the poor of Halifax, as directed ; where- 
upon the Commissioners, after a due hearing, did decree, 
that the said Elizabeth Blythman should, within twenty 
days after notice of the said decree, pay to the Church- 
wardens and Overseers of the Town of HaUfax, for the time 
being, and others named in the said decree, the sum of 
thirty-three pounds, being the arrears then due ; and that 
the said Elizabeth Blythman, and the heu-s, owners, and 
occupiers of the said messuage and closes, chargeable with 
the said charitable use, should for ever after yearly pay the 
said twenty shillings, according to the direction of the Don- 
or. And to the end the said charity might the better be 
secured and kept up, Samuel Mitchel, John Brearciiffe, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 41 

Joshua Dunn, Samuel Greenwood, Thomas Eigg, Joseph 
Fourness, and Thomas Hinde, were hy the said Commission- 
ers appointed Trustees thereof, with power, in case of death, 
to the survivors, to make new election. 

To which decree the said Elizabeth Blythman and Jasper 
Blythman, Esq. did exhibit their exceptions in the Court of 
Chancery, Nov. 28, 1667, to which an Answer was filed, on 
behalf of the poor of Halifax, Nov. 28, 1668 ; and Nov. 27, 
1669, the cause being heard before the Eight Honourable 
Sir Orlando Bridgman, Lord keeper of the Great Seal of 
England, the exceptions were over-ruled, and the Decree of 
the Commissioners confirmed by a Decree of that Court, the 
Exceptants to pay the Eespondent costs of suit. 

The above messuage and lands are said in Brearcliffe's 
Manuscript, to go by the name of Yeathouse, and to lie at 
Blackledge Steel ; they are also called by the same name in 
the Eegister-book at Halifax. 

This charity both Mr. Brearcliffe and Mr. Wright have 
attributed to one widow Pymond, who was no other than 
Elizabeth Bates above-named. — She married to her first 
husband Eichard Pymond, Citizen and Merchant Taylor of 
London, who lived in Wakefield, and left by his Will, dated 
May 20, 1547, many legacies, but none to Halifax.''' 

In the above manuscript of Mr. Brearclifte, are the in- 
formations of two evidences, to prove that the sum payable 
out of Yeathouse, to the i^oor of Halifax, was forty shillings 
yearly ; and one of them, the wife of one Eobert Dean, of 
Priestley, said she had gone with her sister-in-law, Mrs. 
Blythman, who was buried at Eland, March 7, 1633, to help 
her to distribute the same. This is a difiiculty not easily to 
be solved ; it is, however, we think, safer to follow the words 
of the above Inquisition, and particularly the surrender 
therein quoted, which makes it only twenty shillings. 

The premises belong, at present, to Sir Watts Horton, of 
Chaderton, Baronet, who pays the money as directed. The 
original Decree relating to the above, was in the hands of 
the late Mr. Valentine Stead, of Nottingham, who permitted 
us to take a co]3y of it, and whose sudden death deprived us 
of the benefit of many valuable papers, relating to the 
charities in this parish. 

* Nov 7, 1547, she married Brian Bates, and was buried Jan. 20, 1552. 



42 BIOGRAPHIA 

EICHAED CLARKE, 

Of Halifax, gave to the poor of that town, six shillings and 
eight-pence, yearly for ever, to be paid out of his house near 
Loveledge-lane, in Halifax, as appears from the copy of a 
court-roll, in the time of Robert Waterhouse, Esq. dated 
April 15, 1597. 

In Mr. Brearcliffe's Manuscript, from whence this account 
is taken ; it is said, that Richard Clarke gave this house to 
one Robert Cunliife, who either sold or mortgaged it to 
Humphry Drake, and that in 1651 it was in the hands of 
John Drake, Minister, son of Humphry, who paid the six 
shillings and eight-pence yearly, since which we have seen 
no account of it. This John Drake was Sub-dean of Rippon, 
Prebendary of York, and Rector of Dunnington. 

SIR RICHARD SALTONSTALL, 

Knight, Alderman of London, (who was Sheriff there in 
1588, and Lord Mayor in 1597,) left by will, about the year 
1600, one hundred pounds to buy rents with ; which rents 
were yearly to be distributed in the Parish Church of 
Halifax, to the poor of the said town and parish, in money 
or bread, at the discretion of the Clmrch-'wardens for the 
time being. 

All this (as Mr. Brearcliffe observes) was confirmed by an 
Award, made July 8, 43 Eliz. also by the consent of Dame 
Susan Saltonstail, Samuel Saltonstall, and others, her 
children ; and the said Dame Saltonstall and Samuel being 
Executors to the said Sir Richard, were to bestow the said 
hundred pounds to the most profit, before the 25th day of 
March next after the said Award. 

It could not, however, be found, by the Inquisition taken 
at Halifax, in 1651, in whose hands the money arising from 
this charity remained, nor whether the same had been dis- 
posed of or not ; and Mr. Wright thought it was long since 
lost, or converted to private uses. 

HUGH ATWELL, 

Parson of St. Tewe, in Cornwall, gave, March 10, 1605, 
one pound thirteen shillings and four-pence, to the use of 
the poor of Halifax town, to be lent to some poor man for 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 43 

year, to be disi^osed of by the Magistrates and Officers of 
Halifax, which money was for a time lent accordingly. 

In 1608, it was lent by Symon Binns and Thomas Taylor, 
Constables, to one Allan Pennington ; and Jane Crowther, 
the Benefactress, gave her word for it. This is Mr. Brear- 
■cliffe's account ; but in Halifax Register, under the year 
1605, it is said to have been given to keep the poor in work, 
the stock to remain for ever, the gain to be the poor's ; to be 
at the disposition of the Magistrates and Officers of the town 
of Halifax, or else such as they shall think fit, for the true 
-disposition thereof. I have seen no farther account of this. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF BRIAN CROWTIIER, 

OF HALIFAX. 

Dated September \)lh, ICOG. 



I 



do will, give, devise and bequeath to John Favour, 
Doctor of Laws, and Vicar of Halifax, Robert Law, of the 
same, &c. and their heirs for ever, to the use of tHe poor of 
the town of Halifax, one annuity, or yearly rent of ten 
pounds of lawful English money, yearly issuing, and to be 
received in the Feasts of St. Martin and Pentecost, by even 
portions, of, in, and forth of all and singular the said messu- 
ages, lands, tenements, reversions, possessions and heredita- 
ments in Armin aforesaid, and the first i3ayment thereof to 
begin in whether of the said Feasts shall first and immedi- 
ately happen next after the decease of me, the said Brian 
€rowther. 

And I will and grant, that for want of payment of the said 
yearly rent of ten pounds in the Feasts aforesaid, and by the 
space of twenty days then next following, that it shall be 
lawful for the persons aforenamed, and their heirs, to dis- 
train in and upon the said tenements and premises in Armyn 
aforesaid, till they be of the said yearly rent of ten pounds 
fully satisfied and paid. 

And I will, and my mind is, that the said yearly rent of 
ten pounds shall be distributed to and amongst the said 



44 BIOGEAPHIA 

poor of the said town of Halifax, by and at the discretion of 
six honest and sufficient persons of the said town of Hahfax, 
whereof I will that the said Vicar there, and the Church- 
wardens of the said town for the time being, shall be three." 

This Benefaction, Mr. Brearcliffe observes, was dealt all 
the days of Dr. Favour, who died March 10, 1623, after this 
it remained unpaid till his successor, Dr. Clay, gave it to 
the poor at Christmas in 1627 ; it was then converted to the 
Workhouse. — So far the manuscript. 

On the 16th of August, in the 9th year of the reign of 
Charles the first, an indenture was executed (a copy of which 
is in our possession) between Sir Arthur Ingram, the elder,, 
of the city of York, knight, and Sir Arthur Ingram, the 
younger, Henry Eamsden, Vicar of Halifax, Samuel Crow- 
ther, Nathaniel Waterhouse, and others, reciting, that 
whereas the said Samuel Crowther pretended to have a title 
to a rent-charge of ten pounds a year, issuing out of certain 
lands, &c. in Armine, in the county of York, supposed ta 
have been granted to him, John Favour, Doctor of Laws, 
Vicar of Halifax, and others, by the last will and testament 
of Brian Crowther, deceased, in trust for the poor of Halifax 
aforesaid ; the said Samuel Crowther, vv^ith the consent of 
divers of the best inhabitants in Halifax, and for the con- 
siderations afterwards in the said indenture mentioned, 
released, and for ever quit claimed the same to the said Sir 
Arthur Ingram, the elder, and Sir Arthur Ingram, the 
younger, their heirs and assigns for ever. 

And in lieu thereof, the said Sir Arthur Ingram, the elder, 
and Sir Arthur Ingram, the younger, did for them, and their 
heirs, grant and assign to the said Henry Eamsden, &c., 
their Executors and Administrators, the yearly sum of 
twenty pounds, to arise and be payable out of an annual 
rent of three hundred and forty- six pounds ten shillings, 
which was made payable to the said Sir Arthur Ingram, the 
elder, and Sir Arthur Ingram, the younger, from one John 
Smithson, who held under them certain lands and tene- 
ments in Halifax, Skircoat, Northouram, and Southouram,. 
by lease to him, his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, 
for the term of one hundred years : To have and to hold 
the said yearly rent of twenty pounds to the said Henry 
Eamsden, &c., their Executors, Administrators and Assigns, 
for and during the term of eleven years, from thence next 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 



45 



following the date of this indenture ; and after the expiration 
of the said term of eleven years, the j^early sum of ten 
pounds during the residue of the said term of one hundred 
years in the indenture to the said John Smithson mentioned, 
which indenture was dated August 81, 2 Cha. I. This 
latter sum of ten pounds yearly was made payable out of 
two messuages and two water-cornmills in Siddal, South- 
ouram, and JSldrcoat, or some of them, and out of all houses, 
buildings, lands and tenements to the same belonging, to be 
paid to the said Henry Eamsden, &c. their heirs and assigns, 
in the south porch of the Church of Halifax, at the Feasts 
of St. Michael, and the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary, by 
equal j)ortions, the first payment thereof to begin at the 
Feast of St. Michael, which shall be next after the determin- 
ation of the said term of one hundred years, with power of 
distress in case of non-payment after twenty days, and a 
forfeit of ten shillings for every such default. 

At an inquisition taken at Hahfax, February 16, 1651, it 
was found, that the above yearly rent of twenty pounds was 
paid for eight years and a half next after the date of the 
above indenture ; after which it was received and with-held 
by one Anthony Foxcroft, so that there remained in arrear, 
at the time of taking the said inquisition, the sum of one 
hundred and twenty-five pounds ; the Commissioners, there- 
fore, decreed, that the said Anthony Foxcroft should pay the 
said sum of one hundred and twenty-five pounds to Thomas 
Binns, the surviving Trustee ; twenty-five pounds whereof 
was to be distributed to the poor of Halifax, and the remain- 
ing hundred pounds bestowed upon lands, rents, or heredita- 
ments of inheritance, in fee simple, and the profits thereof 
distributed to the poor of Halifax, in such manner as the 
said yearly rent, or sum of ten pounds, was by the above 
Indenture directed to be disposed of. 

Also Anthony Foxcroft, the younger, of Halifax, Joseph 
Fourness, of Booth's Town, Kichard Blackett, of Halifax, 
John Brearclifle, Kobert Allensou, and Daniel Greenwood, 
of the same, were appointed co-trustees wdth Thomas Binns; 
and to these, Anthony Foxcroft, in obedience to the above 
Decree, did by Indenture, bearing date Jan. 4, 1652, grant 
an annuity of six pounds fifteen shillings, out of four closes 
of land, at Goldsmith's Grave, near Halifax, i)ayable to the 
said Trustees, their heirs and assigns, for ever, at Lady-day 



46 BIOGRAPHIA 

and Michaelmas, to be distributed according to the will of 
Brian Crowther, with a clause of distress in case of non- 
payment for twenty days. 

This annuity is the same which Mr. Wright, page 131, 
says he could procure no particular account of. 

September 17, 1698, seven Trustees were added to the 
above, but how, or by what authority, is uncertain.'-' 

Under an account of the above charity were formerly the 
following lines, on a tablet hanging at the quire door, in 
Halifax Church : 

" Some labour hard to leave their children store, 

Some stir and strive t' advance their stock in blood ! 
Some work for Commonwealth, which are bless'd more, 
And happy they that care for Church's good, 
And leave for poor, for widows, orphans, food. 
Thus he that had no children of his own, 

Hath left for many children to be taught ; 
Who father is to caitifes of this town. 

And hence to Heav'n is gone, with works full fraught, 
Whose gracious deeds shall never come to naught. 
His body now here lies at quiet rest, 
His soul with God shall evermore be blest. 
In hope poor Saints do crave, 
In faith so do, so have. B.C. 

ELLEN HOPKINSON, and JANE, 
Formerly wife of Brian Crowther, built in their life-times 
the alms-houses in Halifax, containing eighteen rooms for 
as many poor widows, and two rooms for a School-master ; 
the former was buried January 15, 1610, [and is said in 
Halifax Begister to have been, '^ Ficmina pia, qucc medictatem 
XenoUochii codijicavit ut vidtiarum domicilium esset in perpetuum"] 
and the latter died about three years after. 

Mr. Wright says, '* Over the Alms-houses door, on a stone 
in the wall is the following inscription " : 

" In favour of Church and Commonwealth, to the glory of 
the Blessed Trinity, these Alms-houses were built by the 
Christian Charity of Ellen Hopkinson, and Jane Crowther, 
of the family of Hemingway, of the Overbrea, sisters, 
widows, for eighteen widows of the town of Halifax, and 
one Master, to teach poor Children the Catechism, whose 

* Mr. Crowther's burial is thus entered in Halifax Begister: — Sepnltus 
est Januarii 12, 1607, Brian Crowther, dc Halifax^ qui legavii SchoUe 
Grammat. Vicar, di'. Halifax viginti libras, et pauperibns ejmdem viU(C 
decern libras annul redditm ex dominin sive manerio de Aniiyn, in comitatu 
Eboru. in perpetuum. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 47 

memory be blessed for ever. — Blessed is he that judgeth 
wisely of the poor ; the Lord shall deliver him in the time 
of trouble, Psalm 41. 1610." 

These Alms-houses being rebuilt, were made to contain 
twenty-four rooms, twenty for twenty widows, three for the 
Master, and one at the time of this information not used. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF RICHARD SOMERSCALES, 

OF HALIFAX. 

Dated March 17, 1012. 



A. 



.FTER leaving certain estates in Ovenden and Halifax 
(no otherwise described than by the names of the tenants 
and occupants ) to his sister, then wife of John Holdsworth, 
for life, and vesting the same in Trustees, it follows : 

" My will, mind, and meaning is, that the said Robert 
Law, Richard Nichol, Humphry Drake, John Hayley, 
Thomas Pighles, and John Crowther, (his Trustees), and 
their heirs, and the survivors of them, and their heirs, shall, 
from and after the decease of the said Alice, my sister, yearly, 
and from year to year, for ever, dispose, distribute, and take all 
the whole rents, issues, and profits of all the said messuages 
or tenements, closes, hereditaments, and in'emises, with the 
appurtenances, in Ovenden and Halifax, to and amongst the 
poor and needy of the said towns of Ovenden and Halifax, 
at the discretion of my said feoffees and their heirs, with the 
assistance and help of the Churchwardens of the said two 
towns, for the time being, save that I will twenty shillings 
shall be given out of the first year's profits of the premises, 
after my said sister's decease, towards the repairing of 
Illingworth Chapel, situate in Ovenden aforesaid ; and I do 
appoint the Vicar of the Parish Church of Halifax, and his 
successors, for the time being, to take an account yearly of 
my said feoffees and their heirs, of the distributing and dis- 
posing of the rents, issues, and profits aforesaid, to the use 
of the poor aforesaid ; and I do hereby charge my said 
feoffees, and every of them, and their heirs, to deal faithfully 
and uprightly in the disposing of the said rents, issues, and 



48 BIOORAPHIA 

profits of my said lands and tenements, according to the 
true meaning of this my last Will and Testament, as they 
will answer me at the dreadful Day of Judgment. 

And, nevertheless, my will and meaning is, that the said 
feoffees, and their heirs, shall, from time to time, have to 
them allowed out of the said rents, issues, and profits, all 
costs and charges by them to be paid or disbursed, in or 
about the repairing of the houses and buildings of the ]3rem- 
ises, or in the defence of the title of the aforesaid lands, 
tenements, and premises, and also all other their reasonable 
costs and charges in or about the performance of this my 
present Will and Testament." 

The abovesaid Eichard Somerscales, got his estate by 
labour, being first a poor Shepherd, and towards his latter 
end a Waller. [Lord Oxford's collection of MSS., British 
Museum, No. 797.] He died April 8, 1613. 

In 1651, one Daniel Greenwood, who was then a feoffee 
in trust, made oath, that the proportion for Halifax town, 
being four pounds thirteen shillings and four-pence yearly, 
had been truly i^aid to that time, and that the lands, from 
whence the said monies came, lay at the Espes, near Mount 
Pellan, in Halifax. The other estate, according to Mr. 
Wright, is at Bradshaw-Lane-Ends, in Ovenden. 

Dec. 26, 1664, the feoffees then in trust, being for Halifax, 
Daniel Greenwood, John Bretcliffe, and Thomas Eigg ; and 
for Ovenden, John Illingworth, James Bates, and Abraham 
Brigg, executed to each other reciprocally, articles of agree- 
ment, that it might be certainly known, how much of 
Eichard Somerscales' charity ought to be distributed to the 
l^oor of Halifax, and how much to the poor of Ovenden ; in 
which it was agreed, that so much of the premises as lay 
•within the township of Ovenden, should belong to the poor 
of Ovenden, and so much as lay within the township of 
Halifax, should belong to the poor of Halifax. 

This agreement, it ought to be observed, divides the body, 
which, according to the donor's Will, should consist of six 
feoffees, seized jointly of all the premises, both in Ovenden 
and Halifax, into two distinct bodies, each acting separately 
from the other ; it remains, therefore, to be considered, how 
far these agreements are valid, and whether they do not 
affect later conveyances, &c., relating to this charity. 

In 1710, Abraham Brigg conveyed to Messrs. Skelton and 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 49 

Stott, as Trustees for Ovenden ; and by deed, dated January 
19, John Batley, Thomas Bigg, John Hoh-oyd, Samuel Steed, 
WilHam Chamberlain, Jonathan Steed, Thomas Holden, and 
Eobert Butterfield, were put in trust ; but why so many 
were appointed, or whether it was for Halifax only, we can- 
not say. 

The estate in Ovenden, belonging to this charity, was, in 
1738, and had been for eighty years before, let for three 
X)ounds a year ; that in Halifax for six pounds. 

The following is on a stone on the west wall of Halifax 
Church. 

"Mr. Eichard Somerscales, of Halyfax, who died April 
the 8th, A.D. 1613, and who, by his last will, gave all his 
lands in Halyfax and Ovenden (after the deceas^of his sister) 
to the poor of the said towns for ever, amongst whom he 
gave forty shillings to his sister's husband for the term of his 
life." 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JANE CEOWTHER, 

OF HALIFAX. 

Dated Jan. 18, 1013. 



I 



give, devise, and bequeath unto John Favour, 
Doctor of Laws, and Vicar of Halifax, Samuel Lister, of 
Southouram, William Slater, George Bentley, William 
Whitaker, and Humphry Drake all of Halifax aforesaid. 
Yeomen, and their heirs, for ever, one annuity or yearly rent 
of eight pounds, of lawful money of England, yearly, issuing 
and to be levied of, in, and forth of all that the manor, lord- 
ship, or grange of Arnforth, or by what other name or names 
soever the same is called, with the appurtenances, in the 
town, township, and parish of Long Preston, and all the 
lands, houses, tenements and hereditaments thereunto 
belonging, which rent I late had and purchased, to me, my 
heirs and assigns for ever, of John Pudsey, of Arnforth, 
Gent, with my whole power and authority to distrain of and 
for the same, and all sums of money and penalties to be 
forfeited nomine poense for non-payment of the same, or any 



60 BIOGRAPHIA 

part thereof, of intent and purpose that they and then- heirs 
shall for ever dispose, bestow, and employ the aforesaid 
annuity, or yearly rent of eight pounds, and every part 
thereof for and towards the maintenance of one School and 
School-master, who shall teach the children of the poorest 
people of Halifax to read and learn their Catechisms, thereby 
to know their duties towards God, and enable them the better 
unto several services in the Church or Common-wealth. 

Item, I do give and devise the sum of ten pounds, to be 
lent from time to time, for ever, to the godliest and poor 
people of Halifax, the securing whereof so to remain for ever 
to the disposition and discretion of my Executors and Over- 
seers." 

Jane Cro■v^ither was buried Jan. 24, 1613. In 1651, fifty- 
two pounds of these rents were behind, and a great deal of 
money spent in suing for the same. 

The Trustees were constrained to release the said annuity, 
and to take an 100 pounds in lieu thereof, which sum of one 
hundred pounds was, by Samuel Lister and Humphrey Drake, 
put to interest to John Greenwood, of Elfabrough-hall, in 
Sowerby, who repaid it, and it was, by the consent of Thomas 
Lister, of Shibden-hall, Executor to the said Samuel Lister his 
father, put out for eight pounds yearly to Joseph Lister, his 
late brother, and one Jonas Peverson, the said Thomas taking 
bond for the same in his own name. 

Joseph, during the life, paid the said eight pounds yearly 
to the School-master, and Thomas paid it also for one year 
after the death of the said Joseph, which happened Dec. 27, 
1644 ; but at the Inquisition taken at Halifax, Feb. 16, 1651, 
it was found that the said Thomas Lister had not paid the 
yearly interest of eight pounds to the then School-master for 
five years last past, but that he had paid the said School- 
master, Thomas Marshal, five pounds yearly, which he said 
was of his own free will, and not any part of the interest of 
the said hundred pounds ; this caused a bill to be filed in 
Chancery against the said Thomas Lister, complaining, that 
the Devisee of the Will of Jane Crowther had sold or conveyed 
away, the yearly rent of eight pounds, by her left to the use 
already mentioned, or had otherwise granted and released the 
same to the tenant of the laud charged with the payment 
thereof, and had accepted of the sum of one hundred pounds 
for the same, which sum had been let out to interest for some 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 51 

time, and the profits thereof iinployed as dh-ected ; but after- 
wards the said Devisees severally dying, and Samuel Lister, 
the survivor of them, before his death, receiving in the said 
hundred pounds, Tho. Lister, his heir and executor, had i3ut 
out the same to interest, and taken security in his own name, 
refusing to re-pay the said hundred pounds, or any interest 
for it, or to secure the same for the charitable use for which 
it was left, and praying for relief. 

To these complaints we have seen no other reply than 
what is contained in an Indenture, dated May 16, 1657, 
between the said Thomas Lister of the one part, and Henry 
Power of Halifax, Doctor in Physic, Samuel Lister, of Sliib- 
den-hall, son and heir apparent of the said Thomas Lister, 
Robert Hall, of Booth-town, and Samuel Mitchel, of Halifax, 
of the other part, wherein it is said that the Trustees of the 
Will of Sarah Crowther, or some of them, did grant away 
their estate, interest, and right in and to an annuity of eight 
pounds a year, by her left for the sum of one hundred pounds ; 
and that Samuel Lister, father of the said Thomas, did put 
out the said sum of one hundred pounds at interest, in the 
name of the said Thomas Lister, as heir to the surviving 
Trustee, and that the said Thomas, endeavoring to have 
put to interest the said sum, for the advantage of the school 
to which it was left, the creditors in whose hands it was, 
died, and their heirs and executors became insolvent, whereby 
the legacy was lost ; in regard, however, that the said sum 
was so let out as aforesaid, and in full satisfaction for the 
same, the said Thomas Lister did, by this Lidenture, for and 
from him, his heirs and assigns, grant and confirm to the 
said Henry Power, &c. one annuity, or yearly rent charge of 
five pounds, out of a messuage, or tenement, in Southouram, 
with lands, &c. thereto belonging, called the Haines, to hold 
to them, their heirs and assigns, in trust for the purposes 
mentioned in the Will of the said Sarah Crowther, and to be 
for ever payable, at, or in, the south porch of Halifax, at the 
Feasts of Pentecost, and St. Martin the Bishop, in winter, 
by equal portions, with power of distress in case of non-pay- 
ment for twenty days ; and in case no distress could be found 
and the said annuity was unpaid for forty days, to enter and 
take the profits of the said tenements, till the arrear was paid. 

At an Inquisition executed at Halifax, May 14, 1719, it 
was found that the above rent had been duly paid and applied 



62 BIOGKAPHIA 

to the charitable use ; that all the Grantees of the said rent 
were dead, and that Samuel Lister survived his said Grantees 
his cousin and heir being James Lister, of Shibden-hall, 
Gentleman, whereupon the Commissioners decreed, that the 
said James Lister, should convey the said yearly sum of five 
pounds to Samuel Stead, John Eamsden, Thomas Butterfield, 
Daniel Whitaker, Thomas Drake, Joseph Ellis, John Hill- 
house the elder, Abraham Milner, and James Edwards all of 
Halifax, and to their heirs and assigns, for the use of the 
said school, according to the Will of Jane Crowther. In 
obedience to which Decree, the said James Lister did, by 
Indenture, dated October 21, 1721, convey the same to the 
Trustees last named, except John Hillhouse and James 
Edwards, who were then dead, with a clause, that when any 
five of them should die, the survivor or survivors should, 
within three months after, at the request of Jonathan Stead 
and John Caygill, of Halifax, (made imrties in the Deed,) 
their Heirs, Executors, and Administrators, and the major 
part of the Governors of the late Nathaniel Waterhouse's 
workhouse in Halifax aforesaid, for the time being, for ever, 
grant and assign over the said yearly rent to such other nine 
l)ersons of Halifax, their heirs and assigns, as the said 
Jonathan Stead and John Caygill, their Heirs, Executors, 
or Administrators, and the major part of the said Governors 
should nominate and appoint, in trust, for the purposes 
mentioned in the Will of Jane Crowther. 

In the year 1761, we were particularly informed, that after 
no application for near thirty years, Jane Crowther's charity 
was then well managed by the acting Trustees ; that the 
School was kept in part of the Alms-houses given by Jane 
Crowther and Ellen Hopkinson, and the Master duly paid 
ten pounds a year, for teaching twenty i)oor children to read, 
write, and say their Catechism. 

ISABEL MAUD, 

, Of Halifax, Widow, gave by Will, dated June 12, 1G14, to 
the School in the Alms-houses in Halifax, ten pounds, for 
the buying of some annuity towards the maintenance thereof, 
to be disposed by the Overseers of her last Will, who were 
Dr. Favour, Samuel Lister, Samuel Mitchel, and John Clough. 
Also to the poor of the town of Halifax eight pounds to be 
lent, from year to year, to four Tradesmen for ever ; and 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 53 

that her Overseers, or the most part of them, should take 
such order th::t the continuance thereof might remain. 

The above is entered in Halifax Kegister. She also gave 
twenty pounds to Coley Chapel, but for what purpose we 
have not seen. Hn/lfax Inqniriea, wrote In/ Mr. BrearcUjf'e. 
Query : if she was not widow of John Maud, of Halifax, who 
gave in 1608, one hundred and twenty one pounds four 
shillings to pious uses, but in what particular manner is 
now unknown. 

RICHARD NICALL, 

Of Halifax, gave by Will, dated March 20, 1017, to Robert 
Law and Thomas Houlden, and their heirs, as feoffees in 
trust, a yearly rent of thirteen shillings and four-pence for 
ever, out of an house and certain lands in Halifax, to be, by 
and with the consent of the Church-wardens for the time 
being, paid to the most needful poor of Halifax town. 

Mr. Wright, p. 114, says this house and lands lie at 
Mount-Pellon, quoting Mr. Brearcliffe for his assertion, but 
I can find nothing of this in his manuscript, which only 
says farther that the money was detained by Richard Nicall, 
the son, who was Executor to his father. 

JOHN BOYES, 

Clerk, Minister of Halifax Church, gave by Will, dated 
July 14, 1G19, the sum of eight pounds, to he lent to the 
poor of Halifax, at the discretion of his Overseers, or the 
greater part of them, viz. Dr. Favour, William Boyes, his 
brother, John Boyes, of Halifax, Humphry Drake, Samuel 
Lister, John Whiteley, and William Whitaker. Halifax 
Register, An. 1620. 

ALICE HAW^ARTH, 

Widow, (as appears from an inquisition taken at Halifax, 
February 16, 1651,) gave by her last Will, dated February 
6, 1622, the sum of twenty pounds to be paid by her Execu- 
tors to Anthony Foxcroft, and others, to purchase lands or 
rents, and with the assistance of the Church- wardens of 
Halifax, to distribute the profits thereof, amongst the poor, 
impotent, and aged people of the said town. 



64 BIOGRAPHIA 

And by the said Inquisition it was found, that Abraham 
Parkinson, and Ellen his wife, were Executors of the said 
Will, which Abraham acknowledged the said twenty pounds 
to be in his hands, also that neither principal nor considera- 
tion had been paid, though the said Alice had been dead 
twenty-eight years : alledging for himself, that he was never 
required by the said Anthony Foxcroft, or others in the Will 
named, to pay in the same ; in respect, however, that the 
same had continued so long in his hands, he was willing to 
pay, in lieu thereof, the sum of twenty-five pounds, or else, 
by good and sufficient assurance, to convey to the said 
Anthony Foxcroft, and such other persons as the Commis- 
sioners should think meet, and their heirs, one annuity or 
rent charge of twenty-five shillings to be issuing out of his 
lands and tenements in Halifax for ever. 

The Commissioners therefore did decree, that the said 
Abraham Parkinson should pay to the said Anthony Foxcroft, 
Richard Blacket, John Brearcliffe, and Robert Allenson, of 
Halifax, or some of them, the sum of twenty-five pounds, 
before the twenty-fourth day of June next following, and 
that they, as Trustees, should purchase with the same, to 
them and heirs, for the use of the poor of Halifax, and 
according to the intent of the last AVill and Testament of the 
said Alice Hawarth, one annuity or rent charge of twent}'- 
five shillings, or else some lands or tenements of the same 
annual value ; or else the said Abraham Parkinson was to 
make to them the like conveyance and assurance. 

In obedience to which Decree, Abraham Parkinson did, by 
his Indenture, executed August 26th, in the year 1652, give 
and confirm to the said Anthony Foxcroft, Richard Blacket, 
John Brearcliffe, and Robert Allenson, their heirs and assigns, 
for ever, as Trustees of Alice Hawarth's charity, one annuity 
or yearly rent of twenty-five shillmgs, issuing forth of all 
that one messuage, or tenement, and of all houses, barns, 
buildings, and gardens thereto belonging, lying on the south 
side of a lane leading from Goldsmith's grave to Brainth- 
waites on the moor ; and also four closes of land, all adjoin- 
ing to the south side of the said lane, some of them adjoining 
on the said house, payable yearl}^ at the Feasts of St. Martin 
and Pentecost. 

This farm is called Parkinson Houses, and was the propei-ty 
of Mr. Samuel Stead, of Rochdale. I have heard of no new 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 65 

deed since that of Parkinson's. The minutes of the above 
Inquisition, wrote by Mr. Brearcliffe, were in the hands of 
the late Mr. Valentine Stead, of Nottingham. 

GODFEEY WALKER 

Gave forty shillings a-year, for ever, to the Vicar of Hali- 
fax, for a sermon to be i3reached in Commemoration of him, 
in the parish church of Halifax, in the month of April, for 
ever. He was buried April 4, 1G33. This account is taken 
from Mr. Wright, p. 114. 

A paper which I met with in the box belonging to the 
Trustees of Crowther and Hopkinson's charity says, that 
Henry Riley, of London, Esq ; by Will, (confinned by Gill's 
bargain and sale), gave forty shillings per annum, for ever, 
to the Vicar of Halifax, for a sermon to be lireached in com- 
memoration of Godfrey Walker, and Catharine his wife, in 
the parish church of Halifax, in the month of April, for 
ever, to be paid on the third Wednesday in April, yearly, 
out of a tenement called Netherhouse, in Hij)perholme-cum- 
Brighouse. 



'O' 



ANN SNYDALL, 

Of Halifax, gave by Will, dated June 23, 1688, twenty 
shillings yearly, for ever, to have a sermon preached in 
Halifax church, every St. Peter's Day, by the Vicar or his 
substitute. 

A manuscript, however, in our i)ossession, on what au- 
thority we know not, says, this sermon was to be preached 
on that day, wherein, in the revolution of the year, it should 
fall out that she should be buried, if it be not on the Lord's 
Day, and if it be, then the day after. She was buried June 
29, 1638. 

The word Substitute, in this Will, seems to mean the 
Vicar's Curate, or any Clergyman whom the Vicar may think 
proper to substitute in his place, to preach the said sermon ; 
but Mr. Brearcliffe says, this substitute, we (the Enquirers 
into Halifax Charities in 1651,) conceive to be none other 
than whatsoever Minister is substituted in the room of the 
Vicar for the Ministry of Halifax, which John Ryall, the 
Executor of the said Testatrix, well knowing, did, in the 
years 1643 and 1644, pay unto Mr. Eoote, then Minister of 



56 BIOGRAPHIA 

the same place, the said sum of twenty shillings, according 
to the true meaning of the said Will and Testament. 

Afterwards, the said John Ryall refused to pay the same, 
because there was no Vicar or Substitute at Halifax resident 
there, but a Stipendiary Minister. 

This explains the passage in Mr. Brearcliffe's manuscript, 
where he says, that the money in 1651, rested in John 
Ryall's hands. Mr. Wright, p. 37, says that with Mrs. 
Ann Snydall's legacy of twenty pounds, and some addition 
of Vicar Hooke's (which was eleven pounds), the close behind 
the Vicarage-house was purchased. 

The inhabitants of Sowerby gave towards this seven 
pounds ten shillings, for Dr. Hooke's consent to their having 
a licence from the Archbishop of York to bury and baptize 
at Sowerby Chapel. 

The close was purchased in 1668, of one Nicholas Elberke, 
of Halifax, as appears by a Deed made by him to Feoffees in 
trust for the Vicars of Halifax. 

NATHANIEL WATERHOUSE, 

Of Halifax, is the next benefactor in order of time, but to 
give a proper account of his charities, we must go back to 
what is called the Corporation Charter of Halifax, or the 
Letters Patent which he obtained of King Charles the First, 
in these words : 

'' Charles, by the grace of God King of England, Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c., to all to 
whom these presents shall come greeting. 

Whereas by the humble petition of our well-beloved and 
faithful Subjects, the inhabitants of the town and parish of 
Halifax, in the county of York, we are given to understand 
that the said town of Halifax being anciently and yet a place 
of great clothing, most of the inhabitants within the same 
town and parish being Clothiers, is now of late much im- 
poverished, and like to be ruined, by reason of the great 
multitude of poor people there daily increasing, which hath 
occasioned many able men within the said town and parish 
to remove from thence to other places, being oppressed with 
the heavy burden of the assessments towards the mainten- 
ance of the poor within the said parisli, there being above 
forty pounds paid monthly to the poor there, and most 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 67 

years eighteen or nineteen months assessments collected for 
one year. 

And for that Nathaniel Waterhouse, Gentleman, one of 
the Petitioners, hath given a large house within the said 
town, to the end the same might be employed for a work- 
house, to set the poor within the said town and parish on 
work, yet in regard the^e are no Justices of the Peace within 
or near the said town, to govern and well order the said 
house, (the poor people in the said town and parish being 
most of them idle and disorderly people, imbezzliug or spoil- 
ing the work brought to them,) the said house is become of 
no use, but is like to return to the donor, it beiug not 
employed according to his intent ; wherefore the inhabitants 
of the said town and parish have humbly besought us, that 
we would be graciously pleased to take the premises into our 
royal and gracious consideration, and to grant unto the 
Petitioners, that the said house may by our Letters Patent 
under the Great Seal of England, be made and established 
a workhouse for ever, for the setting of the poor within the 
said town and parish on work, by the name of a workhouse 
for the said poor within the said town and i)arish of Halifax; 
and likewise to grant unto the Petitioners, that thirteen of 
the most able and discreet persons within the said town and 
parish may be nominated and elected Governors of the said 
house, by the name of the Master and Governors of the 
workhouse for the poor within the said town and parish of 
Halifax, and that the said Master and Governors may be a 
Body Politic for ever, and may have a perpetual succession ; 
and that any of our Subjects may have power to give to the 
said Master and Governors, and their successors, any lands 
or tenements whatsoever, to the yearly value of one hundred 
pounds, towards the maintenance of the said workhouse, and 
that the said Master and Governors, and their successors, 
may have power to take, receive, and purchase any such 
lands, tenements, or possessions, so to be given by any of 
our said subjects, without licence of Mortmain, and that they, 
or the greater number of them, may have power to make 
bye-laws and constitutions for the well ordering and govern- 
ing of the said workhouse, and may have power to search 
any suspected houses within the said town and parish, for 
idle vagabonds, ruffians, and sturdy beggars, and to take 
such idle vagrant persons, and sturdy beggars and ruffians, 



58 . BIOGRAPHIA 

as shall be found witliin any such suspected houses, and to 
place them in the said workhouse, there to be set on work, 
and to be corrected and punished according to the good and 
wholesome laws of this our realm of England. 

And that we would be further graciously pleased to give 
unto the Petitioners such further powers, for the well order- 
ing and governing the said workhouse, and the poor people 
therein to be placed and employed, according to a like Grant 
made by our late predecessor King Edward the Sixth, for 
the government of Bridewell, in the city of London. 

Know ye therefore, that we, for the considerations afore- 
said, graciously inclining and condescending to the humble 
suit of the said Petitioners, and being of our own princely 
inclination willing and desirous to cherish and promote all 
pious and charitable works of that nature, and to establish 
the said house according to the good intent and meaning of 
the said donor, of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and 
mere motion, have made, constituted, ordained, and es- 
tablished, and by these j)resents, for us, our heirs, and 
successors, do make, constitute, ordain, and establish, that 
the said workhouse heretofore given by the said Nathaniel 
Waterhouse as aforesaid, situate within the said town of 
Halifax, shall forever hereafter be, and be called by the 
name of a workhouse for the poor within the town and 
parish of Halifax, in the county of York, and to that use 
shall be for ever hereafter employed. 

And for the better government, ordering, and guiding of 
the said poor in their employment, and punishing of those 
that shall be found obstinate and refractory, we further will, 
constitute, ordain, and appoint, that thirteen of the ablest 
and most discreet persons in the said town and parish shall 
be for ever hereafter a body corporate and politic, by the 
name of Master and Governors of the workhouse for the poor 
within the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of 
York. 

And to the end that this charitable and pious work may 
take the better effect, we will, and by these presents, for us, 
our heirs, and successors, of our like especial grace, certain 
knowledge and mere motion, do grant, ordain, and consti- 
tute, that the said Master and Governors of the said work- 
house, and their successors, for ever hereafter shall be one 
body corporate and politic of themselves, in matter, deed, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 59 

and name, by the name of Master and Governors of the 
workhouse for the i)oor within the town and parish of Hali- 
fax, in the county of York. 

We do for us, our heirs, and successors, incorporate them 
into one body corporate and poHtic, by the same name 
for ever to continue really and fully, we do, for us, our heirs 
and successors, erect, make, ordain, create, constitute, and 
•establish, by these presents, and that by the same name 
they may have perpetual succession : and that they and their 
successors, by the name of Master and Governors of the 
workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of 
Halifax, in the county of York, shall and may, for ever 
hereafter, be able and capable in law to have, purchase, 
receive, and possess, lands, tenements, rectories, tytlies, 
liberties, priveleges, franchises, jurisdictions, and heredita- 
ments whatsoever, to them and their successors, in fee and 
perpetuity, or for term of life or lives, or years, or otherwise 
howsoever, and also goods and chattels, and all other things 
whatsoever, of what kind or quality soever they be ; and also 
to give, grant, lease, assign, and otherwise to dispose the 
same lands, tenements, and hereditaments, goods, and 
chattels, as they please, and to do, perform, fulfil, and 
execute all and other things and matters whatsoever to them 
belonging and appertaining ; and that by the name of 
Master and Governors of the workhouse for the poor within 
the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of Y^'ork, they 
shall and may, for ever hereafter, implead and be impleaded, 
answer and be answered unto, defend and be defended, in 
whatsoever Courts and places, and before whatsoever Judges 
and Justices, or other Officers or Ministers of us, our heirs 
or successors, or other persons whatsoever, in all and 
singular actions, pleas, suits, complaints, causes, matters, 
and demands whatsoever, of what kind, nature, or form 
soever they be, in as ample manner and form as any our 
liege people within this our realm of England, or as any 
other body corporate or politic within the same. 

And that the said Master and Governors of the said work- 
house for the poor, within the town and parish of Halifax in 
the county of York, and their successors, for ever hereafter, 
shall have a common Seal, to serve for the causes and 
business of them and their successors, to be done and 
executed ; and that it shall and may be lawful, to and for 



60 BIOGEAPHIA 

the said Master and Governors of the said workhouse, and 
their successors, for the time being, the same Seal, from 
time to time, to break, change, alter, and make anew, as to 
them shall be thought expedient. 

And further, of our own especial grace, and of our royal 
authority, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we do, for 
us, our heirs and successors, as much as in us lieth, give 
and grant unto the said Master and Governors of the said 
workhouse for the poor, within the said town and parish of 
Halifax, and their successors, for ever, that it shall and may 
be lawful to and for the said Master and Governors, for the 
time being, or the major part of them, at all times, and 
from time to time hereafter, when and so often as they 
please to assemble themselves and meet together at the said 
workhouse in the said town, or in any other convenient 
place within the said town, and in those assemblies and 
meetings (when and so often as to them shall be thought 
expedient, and as necessity shall so require) to ordain, con- 
stitute, and make such fit, wholesome, and honest laws, 
ordinances, statutes, rules, and constitutions, as shall be 
expedient for the right government and well ordering of the 
workhouse, and the poor therein to be maintained and em- 
ployed ; and also full power and authority to examine all 
and singular persons idly wandering within the town and 
parish of Halifax aforesaid, and to compel them to labour 
and work in the said workhouse for their living. 

And we do also, by these presents, give and grant, for us, 
our heirs and successors, unto the said Master and Govern- 
ors of the said workhouse for the poor, within the said town 
and parish of Halifax, and their successors for ever, full 
power and authority for them, or the major part of them, 
from time to time, to nominate, appoint, make, and ordain 
such and so many Officers, Ministers, and Governors under 
them in the said workhouse, as they, or the greater part of 
them, shall think fit and meet, who shall, from time to time, 
oversee and provide, that the poor therein may be well and 
honestly ordered and provided for, and also to order and 
govern them in such manner, as to them shall seem meet 
and convenient, without the impeachment of us, our heirs 
or successors, Justices, Escheators, Sheriffs, Ministers, 
Servants, or other the subjects of us, our heirs or successors 
whatsoever, any statute, law, or ordinance heretofore made 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 



61 



or done, or hereafter to be made or done, to the contrary 
notwithstanding, so as the said ordinances, laws, rules, and 
statutes be not contrary or repugnant to the laws and 
statutes of our realm of England or i^rerogative royal. 

And moreover, we will and grant, for us, our heirs and 
successors, to the said Master and Governors of the said 
workhouse, for the poor within the said town and parish of 
Halifax, and to their successors, for ever, that it shall and 
may be lawful, as well to and for the said Master and Gov- 
ernors of the said workhouse for the time being, and every 
or any of them, as to and for such Officers, Ministers, and 
Governors, as the aforesaid Master and Governors, or the 
major part of them, shall appoint under their common seal, 
from time to time, to be Officers, Governors, or Ministers 
under them, as aforesaid, or any two or more of them, so to 
be ai^pointed as aforesaid, from time to time, and at all 
times hereafter, diligently to find out and search (by all the 
lawful ways and means they can use, whereby they may 
best come to the light thereof, according to their wisdoms 
and discretion) all and all manner of taverns, inns, victuall- 
ing-houses, alehouses, diceing and gaming-houses, within 
the said town and parish of Halifax, as well within liberties 
as without, and also all and singular suspicious houses or 
places whatsoever, within the said town and parish, for the 
discovering and finding out of all and all manner of ruffians, 
vagabonds, sturdy beggars, idle, vagrant, and suspicious 
persons, and to apprehend not only such ruffians, vaga- 
bonds, sturdy beggars, idle, vagrant, and suspicious per- 
sons, but also the tenants, masters, keepers or occupiers of 
such houses or places where such persons shall be found, 
and upon examination, to be taken by the said Master and 
Governors for the time being, or any one or more of them, 
and every of them, into the said workhouse to commit, and 
there to detain and compel them to labour and work as 
aforesaid, or by any other lawful ways or means to punish, 
as to them shall seem meet and expedient, unless the said 
tenants, keepers, or occupiers of such houses and places can 
honestly and justly excuse and discharge themselves before 
the Master and Governors of the said workhouse for the 
time being, wherefore such ruffians, vagabonds, sturdy 
beggars, idle, vagrant, and suspicious persons, be so ui)held 
and cherished by them, or permitted to lie, be conversant, 



©a BIOGRAPHIA 

or to frequent their houses, or unless such men and women 
so suspected, and being vagabond persons as aforesaid, shall 
sufficiently make it appear, that he, she, or they be of honest 
and good conversation, and by what means they do maintain 
themselves, and for what cause they do so wander and daily 
frequent such suspicious houses, and such secret and pro- 
hibited places, and also shall find such sufficient security, 
that they, and every of them, shall afterwards honestly 
demean themselves. 

And furthermore, we do by these presents, for us, our 
heirs and successors, give and grant to the said Master and 
Governors of the said workhouse, and their successors, for 
ever, that it shall and may be lawful, to and for the said 
Master and Governors for the time being, or the major part 
of them, from time to time to appoint such correction and 
order in the premises, as unto them, or the major part of 
them as aforesaid, shall be thought convenient and most 
commodious ; and that it shall and may be lawful, to and 
for every and any of the said Officers, Governors, and 
Ministers under them, from time to time, to execute and 
perform the same accordingly, without the impeachment of 
us, our heirs, and successors. Justices, Escheators, Sheriffs, 
Ministers, Servants, or other the subjects of us, our heirs 
and successors whatsoever, any statute, law or ordinance 
heretofore made or done, or hereafter to be made or done to 
the contrary notwithstanding. 

And for the better execution of our will and i3leasure in 
this behalf, we have assigned, nominated, constituted, and 
made, and by these presents' do, for us, our heirs and 
successors, assign, name, constitute, and make the said 
Nathaniel Waterhouse to be the first and modern Master of 
the said workhouse, willing that the said Nathaniel Water- 
house, in the said office or place of Master of the said work- 
house, shall remain and continue from the time of the 
taking of his oath of Master, as hereafter in these presents is 
expressed, until the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 
which shall be in the year of our Lord God, one thousand 
six hundred thirty and six, and from thence until a new 
election shall be made of another Master, in form hereafter 
mentioned, and he be sworn in form hereafter mentioned in 
these presents ; and that after the said Feast of St. Michael, 



HALIFAXIBNSIS. 63 

which shall be iu the same year of our Lord God one thous- 
and six hundred thirty and six, a new election of another 
Master shall be made, and oath by him taken, as is expressed ; 
the said Nathaniel Waterhouse shall be prime Governor of 
the said workhouse, next in order to the Master thereof for 
the time being, during his natural life, unless for ill aberr- 
ing, or other just cause, he shall be removed from that place 
or office of Prime Governor of the said workhouse as afore- 
said ; and if the said Nathaniel Waterhouse shall happen to 
die before the said Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 
which shall be anno Dom. 1686, then our will and i)leasure 
is, and we do hereby ordain, that the said twelve Governors 
for the time being, or the major part of them, shall elect 
and swear one other of the said Governors to be Master of 
the said workhouse until the said Feast of St. Michael, 
which shall be in the year of our Lord God 1636, and from 
thence until another Master shall be chosen and sworn, as 
in these presents is hereafter mentioned. 

And we do further, by these presents, for us, our heirs 
and successors, give and grant unto the said Master and 
Governors of the said workhouse, and their successors for 
€ver, that it sluill and may be lawful to and for the said 
Master and twelve Governors, or the major part of them for 
the time being, once in every year for ever, that is to say, 
on the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel yearly, (if it be 
not on Sunday, and if Sunday then the next day after,) to 
€lect and choose one of the ablest and discreetest persons of 
the said twelve Governors of the said workhouse, to be 
Master of the same for one year then next following, and 
until another shall be elected and sworn, as hereafter is 
mentioned ; and after every such election made, and before 
the person so elected be admitted to the execution of his 
office, the person so elected, within seven days after, shall 
take his corporal oath before the Master, and the rest of the 
Governors for the time being, (or so many of them as will 
be present), for the due execution of his office of Master of 
the said Workhouse. 

And as often as any Master of the said workhouse shall 
happen to die within and before the expiration of his year 
wherein he shall be Master, we do by these presents, for us, 
.our heirs and successors, give and grant unto the twelve 
Governors, or the Major part of them, for the time being, 



64 BIOGRAPHIA 

full power and lawful authority, from time to time, to elect 
and choose out of themselves another Master, who being so 
duly elected and sworn, as hereafter is expressed, shall con- 
tinue Master of the said workhouse until the next ensuing- 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel next after his election, 
and from thenceforth until another of the said Governors 
shall be duly elected and sworn Master of the said work- 
house as aforesaid ; and as often also as it shall happen any 
Master of the said workhouse, in form aforesaid elected, 
after his election made, and before his oath taken, to die, or 
refuse to take the said place upon him, that then, and so 
often we will, for us, our heirs and successors, that there be 
the like election forthwith made, and that the person so to 
be newly elected, taking his oath as is hereafter mentioned, 
shall execute the place of Master of the said workhouse, in 
form aforesaid. 

And we have also assigned, named, constituted, and. 
appointed, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do assign, name, constitute, and make, our well 
beloved Anthony Foxcroft, Gentleman, Kobert Exley,. 
Thomas Binns, John Power, Thomas Radcliife, Eichard 
Barraclough, Thomas Lister, Simeon Binns, Hugh Currer, 
Samuel Clough, Samuel Mitchel, and John Wade, to be the 
first twelve present and modern Governors of the said work- 
house, to continue in the said place of Governor during 
their several and respective lives, saving when and for such 
time only as they shall be Masters, unless they shall be 
removed as hereafter is mentioned. 

And we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, give 
and grant unto the said Master and Governors, and their 
successors for ever, full power and lawful authority, that 
they, or the major part of them, immediately from and after 
the decease or removal, as hereafter is mentioned, of any of 
the said twelve Governors by these presents constituted, or of 
any other Governor or Governors hereafter to be elected and 
made, may from time to time elect and choose one or more 
Governor or Governors in his or their place or stead, which 
shall so happen to die or be removed, out of the ablest and 
discreetest inhabitants within the said town and parish ; 
who, within convenient time after his or their election, and 
before his or their admission into the place of Governor or 
Governors of the said workhouse, shall take his and their 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 65 

corporal oath before the said Master and surviving Govern- 
ors for the time being, or the major part of them, for the due 
execution and performance of the said place, and after such 
oath taken, shall continue Governor, or Governors, of the 
said workhouse during his and their natural lives respect- 
ively, saving for such time only as he and they shall supply 
the place of Master of the said workhouse, unless for misbe- 
haviour in his or their place, or places, or other just or 
reasonable cause he or they should be removed from the 
same ; and every of them, after the time of his being Master 
ended, shall return again unto his place of G(;vernor, in the 
same rank, order and antiquity as he was before ; and if it 
shall happen that any of the said twelve Governors, by these 
presents constituted, or hereafter to be elected and sworn, 
as aforesaid, shall misbehave, or misdemean him or them- 
selves, in his or their said place, or places, of Governor, or 
Governors, or if there shall be any other just or reasonable 
cause to remove him, or them, then it shall and may be 
lawful to and for the said Master, and the rest of the said 
Governors, or the major of them, for the time being, upon 
or for such misdemeanors, or other reasonable and just 
cause, to remove, displace, and put out, any such Governor 
or Governors, and thereupon in the i^lace and stead of him 
or them so removed, to elect and swear one or more of the 
ablest and discreetest of the inhabitants within the said 
town and parish, as the case shall require, to be Governor 
or Governors of the said workhouse, to continue during his 
or their natural life or lives respectively, unless for misbe- 
haviour, or other just cause as aforesaid, he or they shall be 
removed from the same. 

And so the like course to be held from time to time, when 
as often as occasion shall be, and also when and as often as 
it shall happen any Governor or Governors of the said 
workhouse, after his or their election, and before his or their 
oath taken, shall die, or refuse to take the said place upon 
him or them, that then and so often there be a like election 
forthwith made ; and that the person or persons so to be 
newly elected taking his or their oath as aforesaid, shall 
execute the place of Governor or Governors of tlie said 
workhouse in form aforesaid. 

And to the end that justice may be the better done and 
executed within the said town, and the extents, limits and 



(5b BIOGRAPHIA 

precincts thereof, and that the said workhouse and persons 
therein to he placed and employed may be the better ordered 
and governed, our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby, 
for us, our heirs and successors, constitute and a^^point, that 
the said Nathaniel Waterhouse, named for the present 
Master, and the said Anthony Foxcroft, being the first 
named of those appointed to be present Governors, shall be 
justices of peace, within the said town of Halifax, that is to 
say, the said Nathaniel Waterhouse for the time that he 
shall be and continue Master of the said workhouse, and the 
said Anthony Foxcroft, as Prime Governor, for so long as 
the said Nathaniel Waterhouse shall continue Master, and 
after a new Master chosen and sworn as aforesaid, then the 
said Master for the time being, during his time of being 
Master, and the said Nathaniel Waterhouse, as Prime Gov- 
ernor, during his life, unless he shall be removed as afore- 
said, shall be Justices of the Peace within the said town and 
liberties thereof; and so from time to time for ever, after the 
Master for the time being, during the time of his being 
Master, and the Governor for the time being next in order 
to the Master, according as they are in and by these 
presents named and ranked, and as hereafter they shall be in 
antiquity by election, during the time of being Prime or next 
Governor, to be from henceforth for ever Justices of the 
Peace within the said town of Halifax, and the extents, 
Umits, and precincts of the same, to do and faithfully to 
execute all things whatsoever to the j^lace and office of 
Justice of the Peace belonging, in as ample a manner as any 
Justice of the Peace within the West-Kiding of our said 
county of York, may or ought to do within the said Riding, 
according to the laws and statutes of this our realm of 
England made and provided, and according to the true 
intent and meaning of these presents, and to send or com- 
mit, when there shall be cause, to the common Gaol or 
Gaols aj)pointed, or to be appointed for the said Riding, as 
other Justices of the Peace there. 

And our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby, for us, 
our heirs and successors, will and command the Sheriffs of 
the said county of York, and their Under Sheriffs, Gaolers, 
and others, whom in that behalf it shall or may concern, to 
receive and take all prisoners to be committed by them the 
said Master, and Governor, or cither of them, for the time 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 67 

being, into their charge and custody, and them to detain and 
keep in prison until they shall be discharged by due course 
of law, which said Justices of Peace for the said Town of 
Halifax, and every of them, for the time being, before he or 
they be admitted to execute the office of Justice of Peace, 
shall also for ever hereafter respectively, according to the 
laws and statutes in such cases made and provided, each, and 
every of them take his corporal oath upon the Holy Evange- 
list, (that is to say) the Master for the time being before the 
last Master, and the rest of the Governors for the time being 
or so many of them as will be present, and the Prime Gover- 
nors next in order to the said Master for the time as aforesaid,, 
before the then Master, and the rest of the Governors for the 
time being, or so many of them as will be personally present,, 
for the due execution of the said office of Justices of the Peace 
within the said town, during the several and respective times 
of their being Master and Prime or next Governor respective- 
ly, as aforesaid. 

And we do hereby give and grant full power and authority 
imto our well-beloved Sir William Savile, Baronet, John 
Farrer, Esq; and Henry Eamsden, Clerk, or to any two of 
them, to administer an oath upon the Holy Evangelist unto 
the said Nathaniel Waterhouse, for the due execution of the 
place and office of the Master of the said workhouse, accord- 
ing to the true intent and meaning of these presents, during 
the time he shall continue Master of the same, and also for 
the executing the office or place of Justice of the Peace within 
the said town of Halifax, during the time of his being Master 
there, according to the laws and statutes in that behalf made 
and j)rovided. 

And we do also, by these presents, give like power and 
authority unto the said Nathaniel Waterhouse, to administer 
an oath upon the Holy Evangelist unto every of the said 
twelve modern Governors before particularly named, for the 
due execution of their jDlaces respectively, during the time 
they shall continue in the same, accordmg to the true intent 
and meaning of these x)resents ; and also to administer an 
oath upon the Holy Evangelist unto the said Anthony Fox- 
croft, for the due execution of the office of Justice of the Peace 
within the said town of Halifax, during the time he shall 
continue prime or next Governor, as aforesaid, according to 
the laws and statutes in that behalf made and provided. 



68 BIOGRAPHIA 

And these our Letters Patents, or the enrollment thereof, 
shall be unto the said Sir William Savile, John Farrer, and 
Henry Eamsden, and unto every of them, and unto the said 
Nathaniel Waterhouse, and unto the succeeding Masters and 
Oovei-nors of the said workhouse, for the time being, and 
unto every of them, a sufficient warrant and discharge in that 
behalf. 

And further we will, and by these presents, for us, our 
heirs and successors, do grant unto the Master and Governors 
of the said workhouse, or to their successors, for ever, that if 
any person or persons inhabiting within the same town or 
parish of Halifax, and being unto the offices or places of 
Master or Governor of the said workhouse, in due and lawful 
manner elected and chosen, according to the true intent of 
these presents, and having thereof notice to him or them 
respectively given, shall deny or refuse to have, hold, or take 
upon him, or them, the execution of the said offices or places 
of Master, Governor, or Governors of the said workhouse 
respectively, that then, and so often, and in every such case, 
it shall and may be lawful to and for the Master and Gover- 
nors of the said workhouse for the time being, or the major 
part of them, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, 
to tax, assess, and impose upon all and every ^uch person 
and persons so as aforesaid refusing to have, hold, and take 
upon him or them the execution of such office or place as 
aforesaid respectively, such reasonable fines, for the contempt 
and offence in that behalf, as to them the Master and Gov- 
ernors of the said workhouse, for the time being, or the major 
part of them, shall be thought meet and convenient. 

And further, that it shall and may be lawful to and for the 
Master and Governors of the said workhouse, for the time 
being, the same fines so taken and imposed, to levy, have, 
and receive, from time to time, by distraining of the goods 
and chattels, and cattle of such i)ersons so refusing, to the 
use of the Master and Governors of the said workhouse, for 
the time being, or otherwise to sue for the same by action 
of debt, information, bill, or plaint, in any of our Courts of 
Kecord, or other Courts, in the name and to the only use 
and behoof of the said Master and Governors of the said 
workhouse for the time being, and their successors for ever. 

And further we will, and for us, our heirs and successors, 
do give and grant, by these presents, unto the said Master 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 69 

and Governors of the said workhouse for the poor within the 
town and parish of Halifax, in the county of York, and to 
their successors for ever, special license and free and lawful 
power and authority to have, purchase, and possess to them 
and their successors for ever, in fee and perpetuity, or for 
time of life, lives, or years, or otherwise howsoever, messuages, 
lands, tenements, rectories, tythes, rents, reversions, liberties, 
privileges, franchises, jurisdictions, and other hereditaments, 
as well of us, our heirs and successors, as of any other person 
or persons whatsoever, which are not liolden of us, our heirs 
or successors, in capite, or by Knight's service, or of any 
other person or persons by Knight's service whatsoever, so 
that the said manors, lands, tenements, rectories, tythes, 
rents, reversions, or other hereditaments, do not exceed in 
the whole the clear yearly value of one hundred marks, over 
and above all charges and reprizes, and over and above the 
said workhouse, with the appurtenances. 

And also we will, and for us, our heirs and successors, do 
give and grant by these presents, unto all and every person 
and persons whatsoever, like licence, and free and lawful 
power and authority to give, alien, sell, dispose, and convey 
unto the said Master and Governors of the said workhouse, and 
to their successors for ever, in fee, or perpetuity, or for term 
of life, lives, or years, or otherwise howsoever, messuages, 
lands, tenements, rectories, tythes, rents, reversions, liberties, 
privileges, franchises, jurisdictions, and other hereditaments, 
and also all goods and chattels, of what kind or quality so- 
ever they be, according to the true intent and meaning of 
these presents, the statute of lands and tenements not to be 
put in Mortmain, or any other statute, act, ordinance, or 
provision heretofore had, done, obtained, or provided, or any 
other matter, cause, or thing to the contrary thereof, in any 
wise notwithstanding. 

And we will and grant, by these presents, for us, our heirs 
and successors, to the said Master and Governors, and their 
successors for ever, that these our Letters Patents, or the 
Enrollment thereof, shall be unto all and every the said 
Master and Governors of the said workhouse, for the time 
being, and their successors for ever, a sufficient warrant and 
discharge for the doing, executing and performing of all and 
singular the premises, according to the true intent and 
meaning of these presents, although express mention of the 



^70 BIOGRAPHIA 

true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of them, 
or of any other gifts or grants by us, or by any of our pro- 
genitors or predecessors, to the said Master and Governors 
of the workhouse for the poor within the town and j)arish of 
Halifax, in the county of York, heretofore made in these 
j)resents, is not made, or any statute, act, ordinance, provi- 
sion, proclamation, or restraint to the contrary thereof here- 
tofore had, made, ordained, or provided, or any other thing,, 
cause, or matter whatsoever in any wise notwithstanding. 

In witness whereof we have caused these our Letters to be 
made Patents. 

Witness ourself at Canterbury, the fourteenth day of Sep- 
tember, in the eleventh year of our reign. 

WOLSELEY.'^ 

N.B. — As the original of the above is supposed to be lost, this is printed 
from a careful comparison of several copies. It may be worth remarking 
that the original was produced at Halifax to the Commissioners of Pious. 
Uses in the year 1719, as appears from an Inquisition by them signed 
relating to the workhouse there. 

The Letters Patents thus obtained, the Master, Prime 
Governor, and modern Governors therein named, did quahfy 
themselves for their respective offices, October 9, 1635. 

The form of the Master's oath, used on this occasion, was,. 
"You shall duly execute the office and place of the Master 
of the workhouse for the poor, within the town and parish 
of Halifax, in the county of York, according to the true 
intent and meaning of his Majesty's Letters Patents, during 
the time you shall continue Master of the said workhouse." 

And changing the term Master for Governor, the Govern- 
or's oath the same. 

October 12, 1685, a warrant was granted by Sir William' 
Savile, Baronet, and Henry Kamsden, Clerk, requiring the 
Churchwardens and Overseers within the town and parish 
of Halifax, to assess and gather of the inhabitants within 
the said town and parish, six months assessments for the 
poor, accordmg to the monthly assessment then assessed 
upon the said inhabitants, over and above the assessments 
already then assessed, and to pay the same to the Master 
and Governors of the workhouse, because there wanted a 
convenient stock for the setting on work and maintaining of 
the poor within the said town and parish. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 71 

At the meeting held Oct. li, 1635, Treasurers were 
appointed; and at the Court held October 21, 1635, a Clerk, 
Overseer, and Beadle were chosen, the workhouse ordered to 
be repaired, and a room to be enlarged and made ready 
therein, for the meeting of the Master and Governors; the 
wheels, &c. to be viewed, and the seal of the Castle declared 
to be the Common Seal for all their business about the said 
workhouse, till farther order should be taken for changing 
or altering thereof. 

At other Courts, orders were made for such as were likely 
to become chargeable to the town and parish, to be re- 
moved ; such as kept them in their families contrary to order, 
were fined ; security was taken from all who received any 
stranger to dwell in their houses, that such stranger should 
not be chargeable to the town and parish; such as were 
convicted of swearing, keeping or using gaming-houses, and 
tippling at unseasonable hours, were fined; such as em- 
bezzled, spouted, or spoiled their work, or were idle, or 
unruly, or made a practice of begging, were whipped, set to 
work, or sent to the place of their settlement, and sometimes 
allowed only bread and water for several days : And, in 
short, such strict regulations were made, and put in exe- 
cution for keeping the poor in order, that near seventy 
different persons from December 9, 1635, when this ]3unish- 
ment was first inflicted, to the lOtli of October, 1638, when 
it seems, for a time, to have ceased, were whipped at the 
whipping-stock within this workhouse, and some of them 
repeatedly. 

December 21, 1635, Sir William Savile, of Thornhill, 
Baronet, composed a difference between the Master and 
Governors of the workhouse, and the inhabitants of HaUfax, 
by awarding, first, that every man within the parish, for 
giving of four-pence, should have bond given him by the 
Master and Governors, that neither they, nor any of their 
issue, should be chosen Governors without their own con- 
sent, provided they came in before Candlemas following. 

Secondly, That whereas there was an intention to have 
six months assessment within the parish, they should be 
contented with three months assessment within the whole 
Vicarage; and, thirdly, that if any thing there promised 
could not lawfully be done, the Patent should be mended at 
the charge of the town. 



72 BIOGRAPHIA 

This caused a petition at the next General Quarter 
Sessions of the Peace, that the three months assessment 
appointed by warrant from Sir Wilham Savile, Baronet, 
John Farrer, Esq., and Henry Kamsden, Clerk, three of his 
Majesty's Justices, to be paid throughout the whole Vicarage 
of Halifax, to the Master and Governors, for a stock for the 
poor, might be released to Heptonstall and E aland ; but the 
Court, January 18, 1635, confirmed the warrant, and ordered 
that such as refused to pay, should be apprehended and 
carried before a Justice of the Peace, to be bound to appear 
at the next Sessions. 

At the Court within the workhouse, January 19, 1635, an 
acquittance was given to Mr. Ramsden, for seventy- two 
pounds nine shillings and eight-pence, by him paid towards 
procuring the above Letters Patent. 

This money Mr. Ramsden had received on account of the 
workhouse, after it was agreed by the Overseers, Church- 
wardens, and several inhabitants of the town and parish, to 
procure a government to be established for the setting the 
poor on work within the said town and parish, by Letters 
Patent, and consisting of different benefactions, not left for 
this particular purpose, but to be employed to good uses in 
general. 

Several parishioners excepted against such application 
thereof, but the matter being referred, by joint consent, to 
Sir William Savile, on hearing the allegations on both sides, 
he approved of what had been done. 

At the Court held January 27, 1635, the Master and Gov- 
ernors agreed to divide the town into five precincts, in which 
particular members were to make view every month, and 
give in at the next meeting a particular account thereof, and 
also to keex3 privy watch therein once every fortnight at least. 

The poor in the workhouse, as ordered at the Court held 
March 23, 1685, were to work every year, between Michael- 
mas and Lady-day, from six in the morning till nine at 
night, having fire and candles at the house charge ; and from 
Lady-day to Michaelmas, from five till eight o'clock, save 
only in September, when they were to work from morning to 
night, being allowed half an hour at breakfast time, and an 
hour at dinner. 

Thus was this workhouse regulated and managed, under 
the inspection of him who gave it, as appears from the 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 7B 

original Book of Kules, &c. kept therein, a copy of wliicli was 
in the possession of the late Mr. Watson, taken from the 
original, lent by the late Mr. Stead of Nottingham. 

In this manuscript is a remarkable chasm, from December, 
1638, to October 1682, excepting which, it is a continued 
register of what was done in and about the workhouse, from 
its first institution, to September 29, 1704, at which time the 
last entry was made in it. 

Besides this, there was also a book of accounts, both which 
were produced at the dispute in 1721, this latter marked A, 
and the former B. 

A copy of the will of Mr. Waterhouse next follows. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

OF 

HALIFAX PARISH. 

THE design of the following chapter is to give some 
account, in alphabetical order, of such authors, and 
persons of note, as have been born, or have Hved, in the 
parish of Halifax. 

AIN S WORTH, WILLL\M, 

Curate of Lightcliffe, in this parish, published " Triplex 
memoriale, or the substance of three commemoration 
sermons, whereof the titles are these, viz. 1. The memory of 
the Just. 2. A pattern for pious uses. 3. The fifth beati- 
tude, or the merciful man's blessing. Preached at Halifax 
in remembrance of Mr. Nathaniel Waterhouse, deceased. 
"Whereunto is added, an extract out of the last Will and 
Testament of the said Mr. Nathaniel Waterhouse, containing 
his several gifts and donations for pious and charitable uses. 
By William Ainsworth," late Lecturer at St. Peter's, Chester. 
York, Printed by Thomas Broad, 1650." 

This book, which contains ninety-six pages in octavo, 
begins with an epistle dedicatory to the Eight worshipful 
Sir John Savile, Knight, High Sherift* of the county of York. 

* His " Marrow of the Bible " is not mentioned here. I have searched 
for a copy of the " Triplex " for many years, but have never seen one. 



74 BIOGRAPHIA 

Next follows the Author's Apology to the reverend Dodecasty 
of Ministers within the vicarage of Halifax, especially to Mr. 
Bobert Booth, then Minister there. In this he mentions 
his being related to Mr. Waterhouse. The first of these 
sermons was preached December 1, 1647, from Psalm cxii. 6. 
The second, December 6, 1648, from Nehemiah, xiii. 14 ; 
and the third, December 5, 1649. The two last dedicated 
to the Eight worshipful Langdal^ Sunderland, and William 
Eookes, junior, E&qrs. to whom the Author says " he was 
bound in those days of his under-hand fortune, wherein (as 
every bird will have a peck at an owl) he had suffered very 
foul things from all sorts of hands." This work contains 
several strong complaints of the poverty of the Clergy in 
those days ; particularly at page 78, where he says, " The 
Ministry in this Church of England is, for the most part, 
the poorest trade that any man drives, the inferior sort of 
Ministers having neither a competency while they live, nor 
provision made for their families after their death, contrary 
to the practice of other reformed churches. 

Every man thinks he is at liberty to pay to the Minister 
or forbeare, though he be content to be bound in every thing 
else. 

Men would have Ministers to burn like lamps, but will 
afford them no oyle to keep in the light ; like Pharaoh's hard 
task-masters, they think we should make brick without 
straw." And a little farther, " The poorest Ballad-singer 
and Piper in the country live better of their trades than 
Ministers do." 

We shall only observe, that if this was the case in the 
succeeding reign, it is not to be wondered at that so many 
Curates suffered themselves to be ejected from the Chapels 
in this neighbourhood. — It is said, that Mr. Ainsworth 
taught school, notwithstanding which he declares, that by 
reason of the late civil storms he was as poorly provided of 
accommodations for study, as Cleanthes was for writing his 
philosophical notes, when having wrought all day long in 
the vineyards, lie wrote at night on bare stones instead of 
paper. 

BEEARCLIFFE, JOHN, 

An Apothecary in Halifax, where he was born, and where he 
died of a fever, December 4, 1682, aged 68. He wrote 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 76. 

collections relating to the antiquities of Halifax in Yorkshire, 
a manuscriiDt which the late Mr. Wilson, of Leeds, (Author 
of the manuscript collections of the lives and writings of 
English, Scotch, and Irish Historians, their several editions, 
and where their manuscripts are deposited, now lodged at 
the Free-school in Leeds) says Mr. Thoresby, the Antiquary, 
saw in the library at Halifax Church, but to our own 
knowledge, there has been no such thing there for more 
than twenty years. 

The title of one of these papers was, " A particular survey 
of all the houseinge and lands within the townshippe of 
Halifax, accordinge to the best information that could be 
had, taken the 22nd day of November, 1648." 

This Mr. Brearcliffe seems to have been fond of collecting 
together every thing which fell in his way, relating to the 
affairs of his native town and parish. Amongst the rest, we 
have twenty pages in folio, in his own hand writing, intitled 
" Halifax inquieryes for the findeinge out of severall gifts 
given to pious uses by divers persons deceased. Written 
December 22, 1651." 

BENTLEY, WILLIAM, 

Born in Halifax, and the reputed Author of a book, called 
" Halifax and its Gibbet Law placed in a true light. To- 
gether with a description of the town, the nature of the soil, 
the temper and disposition of the people ; the antiquity of its 
customary law, and the reasonableness thereof; with an 
account of the Gentry, and other eminent persons, born and 
inhabiting within the said town, and the liberties thereof." 

'* To which are added, the unparalled tragedies committed 
by Sir John Eland, of Eland, and his grand antagonists. 
London, printed by J. How, for William Bentley, at Halifax, 
1708." It contains 174 pages in 8vo. 

The son of the above William Bentley caused another to 
be printed at Halifax, by P. Darby, in 1761. 

The first edition is that which Wright, in his History of 
Halifax, quotes by the name of the Old Gibbet-law Book. 

It leads off with a short dedication to the Duke of Leeds, 
signed by William Bentley, from whence many have con- 
cluded, that he was the author of it ; but there is reason to 
believe that it was wrote by one Dr. Samuel Midgley, of 
Halifax. Next follows a preface. 



76 BIOGRAPHIA 

Chapter I. contains a short description of Halifax, and the 
origin of its name ; encomiums on its air, and the church, 
and how, and when the rectory became impropriate, with 
the number of chapels under the said church, and an account 
of the Free Grammar-school near the town, and some 
observations on the trade of Halifax. 

Chapter II. treats of the Gibbet-law. 

Chapter III. contains a narrative of the manner of trying 
felons at Halifax, and executing of them at the Gibbet. 

Chapter lY. gives an account of eminent persons within 
the i)recincts of Halifax, concluding with a catalogue of the 
Yicars of Halifax church. To all which is added a piece, 
called, "Revenge upon Revenge, or an historical narrative of 
the tragical i3ractices of Sir John Eland of Eland, High 
Sheriif of the county of York, committed upon the persons 
of Sir Robert Beamont, and his alliances, in the reign of 
King Edward III, together with an account of the revenge 
w^hich Adam the son of Sir Robert Beamont, and his ac- 
complices, took upon the persons of Sir John Eland, and 
his posterity." 

This William Bentley was Clerk of the i^arish church of 
Halifax. 

BENTLEY, ELI, 

Was born in the township of Sowerby, in this parish, at an 
house called Bentley HoUins. Calamy, vol. ii. page 804, 
says, that he was Fellow of Trinity College, in Cambridge ; 
that in August, 1652, he became assistant to Mr. Booth, at 
Halifax, and after his death continued alone till August, 
1662. He lied before the Five Mile Act, but in 1672 re- 
turned to Halifax, and preached in his own house. He died 
July 31, 1675, aged 49. 

The character which this Author gives of Mr. Bentley, is, 
that he was a man of good parts, a solid, serious Preacher, 
of a very humble behaviour, and very useful in his place ; 
that he lived desired, and died lamented. 

On his death bed he thus expressed himself to a particular 
friend: "God will take a course with these unreasonable 
men, that require such terms of communion, as a man can- 
not with a safe conscience subscribe to." 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 77 

He was Author of aii exx^lanatioii of one of St. Paul'& 
Epistles, whicli was printed, but is now very scarce. It is 
so scarce, that we have some suspicion he has mistaken this- 
name for that of J. Booth, [? Boyse,] mentioned below. 

For the inscription over Mr. Bentley's remains, see the 
epitaphs belonging to Halifax Church. 

BENTLEY, BKIAN, 

Was buried at Halifax, June 9, 1679, where he had lived 
with the character of being a good Poet ; but for our own 
part, we can say little to this, having never seen any com- 
position of his, either in print or manuscript. 

BREEETON, ROBERT, 

Published a Sermon from Ecclesiastes xii. 13. entitled, 
" The great duty of fearing God, and keeping his command- 
ments, with their advantage (if duly observed) to mankind, 
while on earth, preached in the Chapel of Luddenden, May 
24, 1741. — Leeds, printed by James Lister." 

Mr. Brereton (who was, in 1773, one of the joint Rectors 
in Liverpool) was at that time Curate of Luddenden, and 
Chaplain to Colonel Houghton's Regiment. Before the 
Sermon, is a short Address to the inhabitants of Midgley, 
Luddenden and Warley, in which he tells them that his 
sincere desire to promote virtue and holiness, was the reason 
of its being sent amongst them. 

BRIGG, HENRY, 

Was born at an liouse called Daisy Bank, adjoining to W^ar- 
ley Wood, (not as a Wood has expressed it, in an obscure 
hamlet, called Warley Wood.) His life has been wrote in 
Latin by the Reverend Dr. Thomas Smith. Also by the 
late Dr. Ward, in his lives of the Gresham Professors, page 
120, who sets oft' with saying, that the time of his birth is 
uncertain. 

In Halifax Register is the following entry, which we think 
will determine the dispute : " Henricus, filius Thome Bridge 
de Warley, bapt. 23, Feb. 1560." The different spelhng of 
the name will make no alteration, if it be considered how 
little care was used to be taken in this respect, and also that 



78 BIOGRAPHIA 

Bridge is generally here pronounced Brigg, or Briggs. As 
for other particulars relating to this very learned, and useful 
man, we refer the Keader to the Author above-mentioned, 
and to the Biographia Britannica, where he will receive 
ample satisfaction. 

BROWN, SIR THOMAS, 

Is said, in Bentley's History, page 89, to have fixed himself 
in this parish, in his juvenile years, as a Physician, and to 
have wrote here, his Religio Medici. 

Wright, page 152, asserts the same, adding, that he com- 
posed this Piece at Shipden-hall, near Halifax, where he 
lived about the year 1630. Whence these Anecdotes were 
obtained we cannot say, for little or no tradition of this sort 
remains there now. Mr. Watson, late Rector of Stockport, 
had an edition of his Works in folio, printed at London, in 
1686, and Wright quotes another at London, in 1736. The 
first of these has an engraved head prefixed to it, done by 
Robert White, and underneath these arms: — Argent, two 
bendlets sable, between as many ogresses. For crest, on a 
Knight's helmet, with open beaver, a wreath, above all, a 
lion sedant. 

BOSCO, JOHANNES BE SACRO. 

Bentley, page 49, and Wright, page 137, have both mentioned 
this great Mathematician, &c. as a native of this parish. 
The first of these, we believe, depended upon report, and 
the second on what he read in Leland's Commentary de 
Scriptoribus Britannicis, page 353. But the conjecture 
there is certainly built on a wrong foundation, that Sacrobo- 
scus is the same as Halifax ; for this may signify holy face, 
or holy hair, but cannot mean holy wood, nor did we ever 
see this name in any deed relating to Halifax parish. 

We should be glad to shew, that Halifax was really the 
birthplace of this valuable man, for, as ten cities are said to 
have laid claim to Homer, the writers even of three kingdoms 
have contended for this extraordinary genius. Leland, as 
above, that he was an Englishman, and Thoresby, in his 
Topography, page 194, affirming that he lay on his back on 
the hill at Halifax, to observe the motion of the stars, when 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 79 

he wrote his celebrated book, De Sph^era. Dempster assert- 
ing that he was a Scotchman ; and Stanihurst, and others, 
that he was born at Dubhn. 

If Hahfax parish has any right to him, the most Hkely 
place for him to be born at, is, we think, in Southouram, 
where is now the Chapel in the Groves, for we take that to 
have been used as a place for the exercise of Keligion in very 
early times, perhaps as far back as that of the Druids. — If 
Ireland gave him birth, he came from Holy-wood, in the 
county of Dublin ; and if he had his name from any part of 
Scotland, it was from the Monastery called Sacer Boscus, or 
Halywood, mentioned in the Monasticon, vol. ii. page, 1057. 

The Corporation Seal at Halifax, had a virgin hung in a 
tree by her hair, and a man holding up a globe in his hand, 
the first alluding to the common story of the young woman 
being put to death by the Monk ; and the second, to the 
above John's treatise on the Sphere ; it was a little unfortu- 
nate that the first of these is a disputed fact, and that the 
latter lays claim to a man who probably was never in Halifax 
parish in his life. 

BOYSE, JOHN, 

Was Preacher at Halifax Church in the time of Dr. Favour, 
the Vicar there. He was born in or near Halifax, and left a 
legacy to the poor there. It does not appear that any thing 
he wrote was printed, but in Thoresby's Museum ( see Topo- 
graphy, page 539.) was a Manuscript Catechism of his, 
wherein he catechized the congregation at Halifax ; and his 
principles for the i)oor people there. 

BOIS, WILLIAM, 

Born in Halifax, and, according to the custom of the time 
and place, instructed in music and singing, wherein he after- 
ward attained to great proficiency. 

His education was at Cambridge, and having a dislike to 
Popery, he was obliged to retire to some place of safety in 
the reign of Queen Mary, and he seems to have pitched upon 
Nettlestead, near Hadley, in Suft'olk, where, though he was 
in Orders, he took a farm, and lived as a Layman, marrying 
there Mirable Poolye, a Gentlewoman of good family, who 
survived him about ten years. 



80 BIOGRAPHIA 

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Mrs. Bois urged her 
husband to act in the Ministry ; on which account he took 
ui3on him to serve the Cure of Elmesett, near Hadley ; and, 
after the death of the Incumbent, was presented by the Lord 
Keeper, to the Rectory ; and not long after to the Rectory of 
West Stow, at the presentation of his brother-in-law, Mr. 
Poolye. 

He died in the G8th year of his age. He had several 
children by his wife, but none lived any considerable time 
but one, who x3roved an ornament to his country, viz. Dr. 
John Bois, born Jan. 3, 1560, who had a considerable hand 
in the present translation of the Bible, and the sketch of 
wdiose life may be seen in Peck's Desiderata Curiosa, lib. viii. 
page 38. 

In this sketch we are further told, page 40, that the 
Doctor's father was a great scholar, being excellently well 
learned in the Hebrew and Greek, which, considering the 
time he lived in, was almost a miracle. 

BOOTH, ROBERT, 

First Curate of Sowerby Bridge, afterwards Minister of 
Halifax, where he was buried July 28, 1657. 

In Bentley's History of Halifax, page 81, we are told, 
" that this Mr. Booth, was a man of that worth and excel- 
lency in learning and divinity, that he deserved the title of 
another Apollos, and seemed, like Jeremiah, and the Baptist, 
to be separated from the womb to the ministerial office ; so 
temperate and healthful, so industrious and indefatigable in 
the labours of his study, and so divinely contemplative in the 
exercise of his mind, that he appeared to be made up of virtue, 
being a stranger to all things but the service of heaven, for 
when he spoke to his congregation from the pulpit, it was 
with that power of truth, and elegance of style, that he 
charmed his hearers into love and admiration." 

BROOKBANK, JOSEPH, 

Son of George Brookbank, of Halifax, was entered a 
Batler in Brazen Nose College, in Michaelmas Term, 1632, 
aged 20, took a Degree in Arts, went into Orders, and had a 
Curacy. At length retiring to London he taught a school in 
Fleet street, and exercised the Ministry there. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 81 

He published, 1. Breviate of King's whole Latin Grammar, 
vulgarly called Lilly's ; or a brief grammatical table thereof, 
&c. London, 16G0, 8vo. 2. The well tuned Organ ; or an 
exercitation, wherein this question is fully and largely dis- 
cussed. Whether or no instrumental and organical music 
be lawfully in holy public assemblies. Affirmatur, London, 

1660, 4to. in nine sheets and a half. 3. Kebels tried and 
cast, in three sermons, on Romans xiii. 2, &c. London, 

1661, 120- 

BURTON, THOMAS, 

Was M.A. and Vicar of Halifax. He published a Sermon 
preached in the parish church of Halifax, from Psalm xlvi. 
10. on Tuesday July 7th, 1713, being the day appointed by 
her Majesty for a public thanksgivmg for the peace. London, 
1713, containing 16 pages in 8vo. 

The principles advanced in this discourse are something 
extraordinary. At page 7, he says, " Kings receive no 
authority and power from their subjects, and therefore it is 
neither reasonable nor just that they should be accountable 
to them. — Some men are for storming Heaven, and snatch- 
ing God's authority out of His hands, who has declared that 
by Him Princes reign, and yet they will tell you it is by 
them they reign, and the plainest Scriptures in the world 
cannot drive them out of this wicked and blasphemous 
opinion." 

Speaking of the peace, he says, **It is such as our allies 
could reasonably desire ; 'tis a just, and therefore an honour- 
able peace ; a peace that answers all the ends proposed 
when we engaged in a most bloody, and expensive war." 

" We ought thankfully to own, that God overthrew our 
enemies, and reduced a powerful Prince to sue for peace ; 
and it would have been hard measure not to have granted it 
to him on such terms as we, among our little selves, should 
think it hard to be denied it. 

To take from him what was his own, would be nothing 
less than robbery, and to reduce him to such circumstances 
that he shall not be capable of doing us, and his neighbours 
mischief, is as much as any honest and good man ought to 
desire ; and that he is reduced to such circumstances — no 
man can doubt, but such to whom it is natural to find fault 
with every thing, and who are of such a querulous temper 



82 BIOGRAPHIA 

as to complain when they are not hurt, and who, rather than 
to quarrel, will quarrel, even with peace itself, and who 
endeavour to disturb the nation with noise and clamour, 
without either sense or reason." 

CRABTEEE, HENRY, 

Sometimes wrote Krabtree, was born, as some have thought, 
in Norland, as others, in the village of Sowerby, where he 
was initiated in school learning with Archbishop Tillotson. 

He has left behind him the character of being a good 
Mathematician and Astronomer. 

He published '' Merlinus Rusticus, or a Country Almanack, 
yet treating of courtly matters, and the most sublime affairs 
now in agitation throughout the whole world. 

1. Shewing the beginning, encrease, and continuance of 
the Turkish or Ottoman Empire. 

2. Predicting the fate, and state of the Roman and Turk- 
ish Empires. 

8. Foretelling what success the Grand Seignior shall have 
in this his war, in which he is now engaged against the 
German Emperor. 

All these are endeavoured to be proved from the most 
probable, and indubitable arguments of history, theology, 
astrology, together with the ordinary furniture of other 
Almanacks, by Henry Krabtree, Curate of Todmurden, in 
Lancashire. — London, printed for the Company of Station- 
ers, 1685," 

COCKCROFT, WILLIAM, 

Born, as we take it, at Souterhouse, in Wadsworth, where 
his father, and elder brother Thomas lived. He was of the 
family of the Cockcrofts, of Mayroyd, in Wadsworth. 

He was an apprentice in Halifax, and afterwards a Cadet 
in Mark Ker's dragoons ; went to America, and married an 
Indian Lady, and was made Colonel of one of the provincial 
regiments in the province of New York, which regiment he 
commanded under Sir William Johnson, against the French, 
under M. Deskau, when, in the year 1766, the English arms 
were crowned with victory. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 8B 

CEOWTHEE, [ JOSHUA,] 

Was born at E aland, and was first a Dissenting Minister,, 
afterwards he conformed, and being recommended by Lord 
Irwin to Archbishop Herrin, he was, by his mterest with 
the Crown, made Vicar of Otley, in Yorkshire. He pubHshed 
a Sermon, but we can give the Eeader no account of it. 

DEAKE, FEANCIS, 

Lived part of his time in HaHfax, and died there. He took 
the degree of M.A. and pubhshed, '* The nature of lying and 
of moral truth, set forth in two sermons, from Ephes. iv. 25, 
preached in the church of Halifax. Halifax, printed by P. 
Darby, 1760," forty pages in 4to. preceded by a short address 
to the Eeader. The Author has also wrote a practical expo- 
sition on the church catechism, which is still in manuscripts 

DEANE, EICHAED. 

This Eichard was son of Gilbert Deane, of Saltonstall, in 
this parish, by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Edmund 
Jennings, of Silsden, in Craven ; that he was born at Salt- 
onstall, and having been educated in Grammatical in his 
own country, became, at seventeen years old, a Student in 
Merton College, in 1587, where continuing about five years 
as a Portionist he retired to Alban-hall, where he took the 
Degree of Bachelor of Arts, in October, 1592, and that of 
Master three years after, which was the highest Degree he 
took m this University. 

A note, which came from Caermarthen, in Wales, asserted 
that he had taught School there, but we doubt the truth of 
it. 

He was made Dean of Kilkenny, in L-eland, and, in the 
year 1609, succeeded Dr. Horsfall in the Bishopric of Ossory. 
He died on the 20th of February, 1612, and lies buried in 
the Cathedral at Kilkenny, under a marble monument near 
the Bishop's throne. 

DEANE, EDMUND, 

Brother to the above Eichard, entered a Student in Merton 
College, in Lent Term, 1591, aged nineteen, where he took 



64 BIOGRAPHIA 

one Degree in Arts, and then retired to Alban-liall, where 
he became Bachelor and Doctor of Physic. He settled in 
the city of York, and practised there till about the beginning 
of the Civil Wars. 

We have before us a small quarto pamphlet of his, in- 
titled, " Spadacrene Anglica, or the English Spaw-Fountaine ; 
being a brief Treatise of the acide or tart Fountain e, in the 
Forest of Knaresborow, in the West-Riding of Yorkshire. 
As also a relation of other medicinall waters in the said 
forest. By Edmund Deane, Doctor in Physicke, Oxon, 
-dwelling in the city of York." London, 1626. 

The medicinal water at Haregate (commonly called 
Harrowgate) is here described, and recommended, and it 
appears that the first person who discovered it to have any 
quality of this sort, was one Mr. William Slingsby, a Gentle- 
man of a family in this neighbourhood, who, about 1571, 
having drank of this water, found it to have the same virtues 
as those at Spaw, in Germany. 

FAVOUR, JOHN, 

Born at Southampton, where he was educated in grammatical 
learning, but finished for the University at Archbishop 
Wykeham's school at Winchester. He was elected Proba- 
tioner Fellow of New College, in 1576, and two years after 
was made complete Fellow. June 5, 1592, he proceeded 
Doctor of the Civil Law, and, according to Wood's Athenae, 
page 487, was made Vicar of Halifax, January 4, 1593. 
August 1, 1608, he was made Warden or Master of St. Mary 
Magdalen's Hospital at Ripon. March 23, 1616, he was 
collated to the Prebendship of Driffield, and to the Cantor- 
ship of the Church of York. He was also Chaplain to the 
Archbishop, and Residentiary. 

In the late Mr. Thoresby's Museum (Topography, page 
539) were the heads of some Manuscript Sermons, preached 
at the exercise at Halifax by this Vicar. In the same place 
were also Manuscript marginal notes upon a very scarce 
book, called. Fasciculus Temporum, published about 1485, 
in the infancy of the art of i)rinting. But his most con- 
siderable composition was a book printed in London in 1619, 
containing 602 pages in quarto, and intitled, "Antiquitie 
triumphing over Noveltie ; whereby it is proved, that Anti- 
quitie is a true and certaine note of the christian catholicke 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 86 

church and verity, against all new and late ui3start heresies, 
advancing themselves against the religions honour of old 
Rome, whose ancient faith was so much commended hy St. 
Paul's pen, nnd after sealed mtli the hloud of many martyrs 
and worthy lUshops of that See. With other necessarie and 
important questions, incident and proper to the same sub- 
ject." 

It begins with a dedication to Tobie Matthews, Archbishop 
of York, wherein it appears, that the work was begun when 
the author was sixty years old, at the desire, and carried on 
under the encouragement of the said A.rchbishop. Next 
follows an epistle to the readers, wherein, amongst the im- 
pediments to this work, he reckons up preaching every 
Sabbath-day, lecturing every day in the week, exercising 
justice in the commonwealth, practising of j)liysic and 
chirurgery. 

This serves to confirm what is said of him in Halifax to 
this day, that he was a good Divine, a good Physician, and 
a good Lawyer. The Doctor, as an instance of the ignorance 
of the common people, when the Bible was kept from them, 
tells us, at page 834, a story of a woman, who, when she 
heard the passion of Christ read in her own tongue, wept 
bitterly, and tenderly compassloned so great outrage done to 
the Son of God ; but after some pause, and recollection of 
her spirits, she asked, where this was done ? and when it 
was answered, many thousand miles hence, at Jerusalem, 
and about fifteen hundred years ago; ''then (says she) if it 
was so far off, and so long ago, by the grace of God it might 
prove a lie," and therein she comforted herself. 

This learned, useful man died March 10, 1(328, and was 
buried in Halifax church. Thoresby, p. 260, says that he 
married at Leedes, Nov. 12, 1595, Ann, daughter of William 
Power, Rector of Berwick, [in Elmete.] 

See the epitaphs belonging to this church. 

FARRER, ROBERT, 

Bom in Halifax parish, perhaps at Ewood, for Thoi-esby, 
j)age 196, seems to think that he belonged to the family 
settled at Ewood, and Wright, page 140, says positively 
that he was born there. Dr. Johnson, in his Manuscript 
Collections for Yorkshire, says he left lands to his friends, 



56 BIOGBAPHIA 

called Threapliead, within four miles of Halifax, but I know 
not the situation of it. 

He became, when a young man, a Canon regular of the 
Order of ISt. Austin, but in what priory or abbey is uncertain. 
Having partly received his academical education in Cam- 
bridge, he retired to a nursery for the Canons of St. Austin, 
in Oxford, called St. Marie's College, situated in the Bayley, 
where he was in 1526, as also October 14, 1533, when, as a 
Member of the said College, he was admitted to the reading 
of the Sentences, having a little before opposed in Divinity. 

About the same time be became Chaplain to Archbishojy 
Cranmer, after whose example he married, a practice at that 
time disallowed amongst the Popish Clergy. Willis, in his 
Survey of the Cathedrals, vol. I, p. 125, says he was the last 
Prior of Nostel in Yorkshire, to which was annexed the 
Prebend of Bramham, in York Cathedral, and that he sur- 
rendered his Convent in 1540, and had a pension of £100 
per annum allowed him, which he received till his promotion 
in 1547, or 1548, to the Bishopric of St. David's, where, as 
Willis, p. 121, tells us, he became a most miserable dilapi- 
dator, yielding up everything to craving Courtiers. But 
this writer, I think, treats his character too severely; as 
likewise does A. W^ood. 

In the reign of Edward VI. fifty-six articles and inform- 
ations were laid against him, by George Constantine, David 
Walter, his servant, Thomas Young, (after Archbishop of 
York,) Eowland Merick, LL.D. (afterwards Bishop of Bang- 
or,) Tho. Lee, Hugh Eawlins, and others. 

He was, partly on the importunate suit of his adversaries, 
partly on the fall of the Duke of Somerset, by whom he had 
been promoted and maintained, detained in prison till the 
death of King Edward, and the coming in of Queen Mary^ 
when he was involved m fresh trouble ; for he was now 
accused, and examined for his faith and doctrine, as he had 
before been for abuse of the authority committed to him, for 
wilful negligence, superstition, covetousness, and folly. 

February 4, 1555, he was examined before the Bishop of 
Winchester (who was Lord Chancellor) and others, and being 
kept in prison uncondemned till the fourteenth day of the 
same month, he was sent down into Wales, there to receive 
sentence of condemnation ; and being several times brought 
before Doctor Henry Morgan, the Popish Bishop of St. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 87 

David's, and refusing to renounce liis heresies, schisms, 
and errors, as the said Morgan called them, he was degraded, 
condemned, and hurned at Caermarthen, on the south side 
of the Market-cross there, March 30, 1555. 

It was remarkable that one Jones coming to the Bishop a 
little before his execution, lamented the i^ainfulness of the 
death he had to suffer ; but was answered, that if he once 
saw him stir in the i^ains of his burning, he should then give 
no credit to his doctrine. 

And what he said he fully performed, for he stood patient- 
ly, and never moved, till he was beat down with a staff. 

The character of this man, is very differently related, 
Bishop Godwin asserting, that his ruin was owing to his 
own rigid, rough behaviour : A. Wood, that his doings were 
unworthy, and that he was not able to answer the first set 
of articles exhibited against him. 

On the other hand. Fox, in his Book of Martyrs, seems 
clearly of opinion, that the first prosecution against him was 
unnecessary, and malicious ; and that the second was com- 
menced because he was a Protestant. 

It is certain that some of the articles which he was put to 
answer in the reign of Edward VI. were to the last degree 
frivolous, and shewed themselves to be the offspring of a 
revengeful mind, such as riding a Scottish pad, with a bridle 
with white studs and snaffle, white Scottish stirrups, and 
white spurs — wearing a hat instead of a cap — whistling to 
his child — laying the blame of the scarcity of herrings to the 
covetousness of fishers, who, in time of jDlenty, took so many 
that they destroyed the breeders ; and lastly wishing, that 
at the alteration of the coin, whatever metal it was made of, 
the penny should be in weight worth a penny of the same 
metal. 

It is no great wonder, indeed, that malice should shew 
itself on this occasion, for it seems that two of the chief 
managers of this persecution. Dr. Young and Dr. Merick, 
had been removed from their offices by this Bishop, as he 
writes to the Lord Chancellor, "for their covetous respect to 
their own glory, and lucre, not regarding the reformation 
of sin, and especially of shameless whoredom." 

The fall of the Duke of Somerset, then Lord Protector, to 
whom he was Chaplain, seems, in fact, to have been his 
greatest guilt ; it certainly exposed him to the resentment 



88 BIOGRAPHIA 

of those who wished him ill ; and who, we think, got very- 
little credit to themselves as Keformers of religion, by their 
conduct towards him. Amongst the Harleian MSS., (see 
No. 420, of the Catalogue,) are several papers relating to the 
trial of Bishop Farrer, not printed in Fox. The book is 
called the 5th vol. of Mr. John Fox's Papers, bought of Mr. 
Strype. 

FLETCHEE, NATHANIEL, 

A Schoolmaster, in Ovenden, in this parish, wrote 1. A 
Methodist dissected, or a description of their errors. 

2. The tradesman's Arithmetic, in which is shewn the 
rules of common Arithmetic so plain and easy, that a boy of 
any tolerable capacity may learn them in a week's time, 
without the help of a Master. Halifax, printed by P. Darby. 
No date, but it was published in 1761. 

FOE, DANIEL DE, 

Being forced to abscond on account of his political ^vrit- 
ings, resided at Halifax, in the Back-lane, at the sign of the 
Eose and Crown, being known to Dr. Nettleton, the Physic- 
ian, and the Kevd. Mr. Priestley, Minister of the Dissenting 
Congregation there. 

Here he employed hunself in writing his piece, ** De Jure 
divino," amongst other things ; but in particular he is here 
said to have composed " The Adventures of Eobinson Crusoe," 
the subject of which was taken from the papers of Alexander 
Selkirk, who had been left some time on the uninhabited 
island of Juan de Fernandas, and had given his memoirs to 
this Daniel, to methodise, who, instead of doing as his friend 
desired, struck out this entertaining Novel, and by the pub- 
lication of it prevented Alexander's design of making some 
advantage from a recital of his adventures. 

To this, the Author seems to allude in the Preface to the 
8d. vol. called, ** Serious Eeflectious," when he says, " That 
there is a man alive, and well known too, the actions of 
whose life are the just subject of these volumes, and to whom 
all or most part of the stoi*y most directly alludes, which 
may be depended upon for truth." 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 89 

GEAHAM, WILLIAM, 

A Dissenting Minister, living in Halifax, and late Preacher 
at Warley cbapel, in that neighbourhood, took in Scotland a 
Degree in Arts. 

He published a Sermon from Matthew x. 34, which he 
preached in Kingston upon Hull, June 21, 1758, at the 
Ordination of the Eev. Mr. John Beverley. London, 1759. 
The design of it is to vindicate Christianity from the charge 
of promoting disorders in society, whether civil or sacred ; 
and to enquire whence such arose, and to what causes we 
must ascribe them. 

GR^ME, WILLIAM, 

A Gentleman of fortune, who lived at Heath, in Skircoat, 
near Halifax, was the Author of "A short Speech addressed 
to the antient and honourable Society of Free and Accepted 
Masons in a Lodge held at the Rose and Crown, in Halifax, 
uj)on Friday, the 24th of June, 1763." 

Halifax, printed by Brother P. Darby, 1763. — And in the 
year of Masonry, 5763. 

GREENWOOD, DANIEL, D.D. 

Born in the township of Sowerby ; was first Fellow, and 
afterwards made Principal of Brasen Nose College, in Oxford, 
by the Parhament Visitors in 1648, and was Vice Chancellor 
of that University in 1650 and 1651 ; in this latter year he 
was at the head of an association for the Parliament, rais- 
ing, at the charge of the Heads of Houses, &c. 120 horse, 
and allowing the Governor of Oxford to acquaint the Council, 
that they had engaged to raise a regiment of foot out of the 
University and city. 

This place he held no longer than the Restoration, when 
he was ejected from it. 

We find him afterwards called Rector of Studley, in Ox- 
fordshire, though Wood, in his " Fasti," says only, that on 
this event, he and his wife retired to Studley, and continued 
there in a private condition till her death. 

This Author, under the year 1649, tells us, that this 
Daniel then took his Degree of D.D. and that he was a 
severe and good Governor, as well in his Vice Chancellorship 
as Principality. 



90 BIOGRAPHIA 

After his wife's death, he lived in the house of his nephew, 
Mr. Daniel Greenwood, Rector of Steeple-Aston, near Ded- 
ington, in Oxfordshire, where dying Jan. 29, 1673, he was 
buried in the chancel of the church there, and soon after 
had a monument put over his grave with the following in- 
scription, printed in Le Neve's Monumenta Anglicana, vol. 
I, p. 157, "Memorial Reverendi, pii, doctiq; Viri Danielis 
Greenwood, S.T. Professoris, Sowerbiae in Com. Ebor. nati, 
Coll. ^n. Na. apud Oxoniense, primo Socii, dein Principalis, 
et eiusdem Academiae per duos annos Vice Cancellarii ; qui 
obiit 29 Jan., Anno Dni, 1673, aet. suae 71." 

GREENWOOD, DANIEL, 

Son of John, was born in Sowerby abovesaid, became 
Scholar of Christ's College, Camb. and in 1648 was made 
Fellow of Brazen Nose College, in Oxford, by the endeavours 
of his uncle. Dr. Daniel Greenwood, the Principal of the said 
College, several Fellows being that year ejected on account 
of their attachment to the King. 

In 1653, he was presented by the College to the Rectory 
of Steeple Aston, in Oxfordshire. He died of an apoplexy 
at Woodstock, in 1679, and was buried near the grave of his 
uncle above-named. Over his remains was a table of 
marble, fixed to the North wall of the chancel above named, 
with this inscription : " Heic etiam deponuntur reliquiaB 
rev. viri Danielis Greenwood, hujus ecclesiae per annos xxv 
Bectoris, qui smgulari erga Deum pietate, pauperes munifi- 
cente, et omnibus quibus innotuit humanitate feliciter decurso 
huius vitae stadio in cjclest. X3atriam festinans, triste sui 
desiderium moriens reliquit, Oct. xiv. An. Dom. 1679, aet. 
suae 51." He pubUshed, 1. A Sermon at Steeple Aston, at 
the funeral of Mr. Franc. Croke, of that place, Aug. 2, 
1672, on Isaiah l.vii, 1-2. Oxford, 1680, 4to. 2. A Sermon 
at the funeral of Alexander Croke, of Studley, in Oxford- 
shire, Esq., buried at Chilton in Bucks, Oct. 24, 1672, on 2 
Cor. vi, 7-8, Oxford, 1680, 4to. 

GUEST, [JOSHUA.] 

It is said that General Guest, (who bravely defended 
Edenburgh Castle against the Rebels in 1745,) was once a 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 91 

servant at the Angel Inn at Halifax, which greatly redounds 
to his honour, as probably he was j)romoted for his merit. 

His parents lived at Lidgate, in Lightcliffe. — See the 
epitaphs there. [A fuller account will be given in vol. 2.] 

HARTLEY, DAVID, M.A. 
Was born at Illingworth, in this parish. His father was 
Curate there, and married, May 25, 1707, a daughter of the 
Reverend Mr. Edward Wilkinson, his predecessor. This 
Curacy Mr. Hartley afterwards resigned for the Chapel of 
Armley, in the parish of Leeds, where he died, and left be- 
hind him eight children. 

This son David was brought up by one Mrs. Brooksbank, 
near Halifax, and received his academical education at Jesus 
College, Cambridge, of which he was a Fellow. He first 
began to practice physic at Newark, in Nottinghamshire, 
from whence he removed to St. Edmund's Bury, in Suffolk. 
After this, he settled for some time in London, and lastly 
went to live at Bath, where he died September 30, 1757, 
aged 53. He left two sons and a daughter. 

His elder son got a travelling Fellowship, and his younger 
was entered at Oxford in Michaelmas Term, 1757. He pub- 
lished, "A View of the present evidence for and against 
Mrs. Stephen's Medicines as a Solvent for the Stone, con- 
taining 155 Cases, with some Experiments and Observations." 
London, 1739. 

This book, which contains 204 pages in octavo, is dedicated 
to the President and Fellows of the Royal College of Phy- 
sicians, London, wherein the Author informs that body, that 
about a year before, he published some cases and experi- 
ments, which seemed to him sufficient evidences of a dis- 
solving power in the urine of such persons as take Mrs. 
Stephen's medicines, tho' he did not then enter into the 
discussion of that point, but left the facts to speak for them- 
selves ; finding, however, that a quite contrary conclusion 
had been drawn from those instances, and others of a like 
nature, as if the medicines did not dissolve, but generate 
stones ; he therefore republishes the same cases and experi- 
ments, with all cases favourable or unfavourable, perfect or 
imperfect, which he had been able to procure, hoping that 
he had obviated all objections, aud even proved a dissolving 
power in the medicated urine. 



02 BIOGRAPHIA 

At page 175, of this book, are proposals for making Mrs» 
Stephen's medicines pubhc, and a list is annexed of th& 
contributions for this purpose, from April 11, 1738, to Feb- 
ruary 24 following, the amount of which was £1387 13s. 
He was the chief instrument in procuring for Mrs. Stephens 
the £5000 granted by Parliament. His own case is the 
123rd in the above book. He is said to have died of the 
stone, after having taken above two hundred pounds weight 
of soap. 

Mrs. Stephen's medicine was made public in the Gazette, 
from Saturday June 16th, to Tuesday, June 19th, 1739. 

James Parsons, M.D., Fellow of the Koyal Society, 
published an octavo, j)rinted in London, 1742, containing 
*' Animadversions on Lithontriptic medicines, particularly 
those of Mrs. Stej)hens, and an account of the dissections 
of some bodies of persons who died after the use of them." 
In this book are several cases laid down in Dr. Hartley's 
own words, and afterwards critically examined, in order to 
shew (particularly from those in whose bladders stones w^ere 
found after death) that that celebrated medicine had no 
power of dissolving stones in the kidneys or bladder. And 
it must be owned, though with regret, that this Writer has 
succeeded in his proofs. 

Dr. Hartley is said to have wrote against Dr. Warren, of 
St. Edmund's Bury, in defence of Inoculation ; and some 
letters of his are to be met with in the '' Philosophical 
Transactions." He was certainly a man of learning, and a 
reputed good Physician, but too fond of nostrums. 

The Doctor's most considerable literary production, is a 
work intitled " Observations on man, his frame, his duty, 
and his expectations, in two parts." London, 1749, 2 vols, 
octavo. 

The first part contains ** Observations on the frame of the 
human body and mind, and on their mutual connections, 
and influences." 

The work, it seems, took its rise from the Revd. Mr. Gay's 
asserting the possibility of deducing all our intellectual 
l^leasures and pains from association, in a dissertation on 
the fundamental principle of virtue, prefixed to Law's 
translation of King's origin of evil. 

The sentiments in this piece, led our Author to enquire 
into the power of association, and to examine its consequences 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 



99 



in respect of morality and religion, and also its pliysicial 
cause, when by degrees many disquisitions foreign to the 
doctrine of association, or at least not immediately connected 
with it, intermixed themselves; for this reason, he has added 
thereto vibrations, and endeavoured to establish a connection 
between these ; and has taken a great deal of pains to shew 
the general use of these two in explaining the nature of our 
sensations. 

The second part contains "Observations on the duty and 
expectations of mankind," before which is an introduction,, 
in which he says, that the contemplation of our frame and 
constitution appeared to him to have a iDeculiar tendency to 
lessen the difficulties attending natural and revealed religion, 
and to improve their evidences, as well as to concur with 
them in their determination of man's duty and expectations; 
with which view he drew up the foregoing "Observations on 
the frame and connection of the body and mind " ; and in 
prosecution of the same design, he goes on in this part, from 
this foundation, and upon the other liluenomena of nature, 
to deduce the evidences for the being and attributes of God, 
and the general truths of natural rehgion. 

Secondly, Laying down all these as a new foundation 
whereon to build the evidences for revealed religion. 

Thirdly, To enquire into the rule of life, and the particular 
ai:)plications of it, which result from the frame of our natures, 
the dictates of natural religion, and the precepts of the 
Scripture taken together, compared with, and casting light 
upon each other. 

Fourthly, To enquire into the genuine doctrines of natural 
and revealed religion, thus illustrated, concerning the ex- 
pectations of mankind here and hereafter, in consequence of 
their observance, or violation of the rule of life. 

HEYWOOD, OLIVER, 

Son of Richard, was born at Little Lever, in Bolton parish, 
in Lancashire, March 1629, and baptized in Bolton church 
the 15th of the same month. 

He was designed by his parents for the Ministry from his 
birth, and he was also himself inclined that way. 

In 1647, he was admitted Pensioner in Trinity College, 
Cambridge, under the tuition of Mr. Akhurst. Here he took 



S4 BIOGRAPHIA 

the degree of B.A. but was afterwards called home from 
thence, his father not being able to support him there. 
Here for some time he lived retiredly, but at length became 
Sb Preacher, by the advice and solicitation of the neighbouring 
Ministers; and having preached some time about the country 
occasionally, he was invited to Coley Chapel, in this parish ; 
soon after which, viz. Aug. 4, 1652, he was ordained in Bury 
Church, in Lancashire, by the Ministers of the second 
classes there. 

He married to his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Rev. Mr. Angier, of Denton, in Lancashire, in 1655, by 
whom he had several children. 

He had several disputes with part of his congregation ; 
some were displeased with him because he would not admit 
all comers promiscuously to the Lord's Table without dis- 
tinction ; others, because he would not thank God for killing 
the Scots. 

Once he was carried before Cornet Denham, by some of 
Colonel Lilburne's soldiers, and the Cornet told him that he 
was one of the Cheshire rebels ; but by the mediation of 
friends he was dismist. 

His annual income from Coley did not exceed £36 per 
annum ; but he held a Lecture every Thursday, for several 
years, at the house of one Samuel Hopkinson, at the Stubbing, 
in Sowerby, for which he had a consideration : He had also 
a small paternal estate in Lancashire, exclusive of what he 
might receive from Mr. Angler's effects. 

He had a presentation to the vicarage of Preston, in 
Lancashire, worth at that time an hundred pounds per 
annum, sent him by Sir Richard Hoghton, of Hoghton Tower, 
but on some account or other he declined it. 

After the Restoration of King Charles II. he was prosecu- 
ted in the Consistory Court at York for not reading the 
Common Prayer a year before the Act of Uniformity com- 
menced, and suspended ab officio; the susi^ension was 
published at Halifax, June 29, 1662. 

On this he forbore preaching at Coley, but did not attempt 
to get off his suspension, because of the Act of Uniformity, 
which was to take place in Aug. following, and to which he 
could not conform. 

Before it took place, however, he ventured to take leave of 
his flock, by two or three days preaching among them. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 95 

November 2, the same year, an excommunication was 
published against him in Halifax Church ; on which he went 
to York, but found that nothing could be done for him, 
unless he would take the oath " de parendo juri, et stando 
mandatis ecclesiae," which his conscience would not permit 
him to do. 

In 1664 came out the "Writ de excommunicato capiendo," 
but he was not taken, though he ventured to preach to a few 
in his own house, and now and then even officiating in public 
churches, where there was a vacancy, with the leave of the 
Churchwardens. 

On the coming out of the Five-mile Act, he left his family, 
and went into Lancashire and Cheshire, returning home but 
seldom. 

After the edge of that Act was a little worn off, he took 
more liberty, and preached often publickly in the chapels of 
Idle, Bramhup, Bramley, Farnley, Morley, Pudsey, and 
Hunslet. 

In 1669, preaching occasionally in a private house near 
Leeds, he was carried before the Mayor, who sent him to 
prison, but released him the next day at the intercession of 
some friends. 

July, the same year, he preached in Coley Chapel, in the 
absence of Mr. Hoole, the Minister, at the desire of several 
of the people, for which a warrant was issued out to distrain 
upon ten pound's worth of his goods, but Calamy tells us 
that nobody would buy them. 

At last he was restored, by the King's declaration, March 
15, 1672, to ministerial employment in his own house, by 
Licence, as appears from a private register kept by himself. 
He ventured, however, to preach at Alverthorp, Lassel-Hall, 
Sowerby, AVarley, &c. on the week-days. 

On the calling in of those Licences he met with fresh 
troubles ; for August 15, 1680, he was again cited into the 
Consistory Court at York, with his wife and others, for not 
going to the Sacrament at the Parish-church at Halifax ; 
and for contempt in not appearing, they were all excom- 
municated, the sentences being read in Halifax Church, Oct. 
following, but keeping private, the storm soon blew over. 

After this, he was indicted at Wakefield Sessions for a 
riotous assembly in his own house, and fined fifty pounds, 
for non-payment of which, and not finding sureties for his 



96 BIOGRAPHIA 

good behaviour in forbearing to preach, he was committed to 
York Castle, where he had both an expensive and trouble- 
some confinement, and from which he was not freed without 
much difficulty. After a fatiguing, troublesome life, he died 
March 4, 1702, in the 73rd year of his age. 

In a manuscript of his, sent to one Mrs. Hannah Stans- 
feld, in Sowerby, he says, " I have now been above fifty 
years labouring in the Lord's vineyard, studying, praying, 
and preaching, at home and abroad, travelling where Provi- 
dence hath called, and have arrived well towards two years 
beyond the age of a man ; now at last I am incapacitated for 
travel, not only with age, but a very sore shortness of 
breathing, called the asthma, so that I am confined much to 
mine own house, only can study, preach in my chapel, and 
exercise myself in writing books, and sermons, for those 
that desire them." 

Thoresby, page 542, says he had a Diary of this Oliver 
Hey wood's, whereby it appeared, that in one year he preached 
one hundred and five times, besides the Lord's days, kept 
fifty days of fasting and prayer, nine of thanksgiving, and 
travelled fourteen hundred miles in his Master's service. 

In another part of his Diary are the following entries : 
" This year, 1G77, I preached, besides Lord's days, sixty 

times, kej)t fasts, eight days of thanksgiving, and 

travelled eleven hundred and ninety-eight miles. 

" This year, 1678, I preached sixty-four times on week- 
days, have kept fifty fast-days, four days of thanksgiving, 
and travelled one thousand and thirty-four miles. 

" This year, 1679, I preached seventy-seven times on 
week-days, kept fifty-two fast days, seven days of thanks- 
giving, and travelled thirteen hundred and eighty-six miles." 

Under June 2, 1678, is the following remarkable passage : 
*' Lord's day. Preached too long, being under a mistake a 
whole hour. I was employed six hours. Not weary." 

His printed works are these: 1, ''Heart Treasure," 1667. 
2, "Closet Prayer," 1671. 3, "Sure Mercies of David," 
1672. 4, "Life in God's Favour, 1679. 5, "Israel's 
Lamentations," 1681. 6, " Mr. Angier's Life." 7, "Bap- 
tismal Bonds," 1687. 8, "Meetness for Heaven," 1690. 9, 
"Family Altar," 1693. 10, "Best Entail," 1693. 11, 
" A New Creature," 1693. 12, " Job's Appeal," 1695. 18, 
" Heavenly Converse," 1697. 14, " The Two Worlds," 1701. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 97 

15, **A Treatise of Christ's Intercession," 1701. Besides 
which he printed and prefaced several books of others. In 
the above Diary, which I saw in the hands of Mr. Dickenson, 
of Northouram, are these entries : [Jan. 18, 1677 — Aug. 
1670. See Vol. 2, Heywood's Diaries, just printed.— J.H.T.] 
Thoresby had a MS. copy of this [Angier's] Life, with notes 
and additions by Mr. Newcome, of Manchester. 

The following is in Halifax Kegister : "Mr. Oliver Hey- 
wood, of Northouram, Gierke, aged twenty-five years, and 
Mrs. EHzabeth Angier, of Denton, Gentlewoman, aged 
twenty-one years, were published at the public meeting 
place, called Halifax Church, at the close of the morning 
exercise upon three Lord's Days, viz. April the 1st, the 8th, 
the 15th, 1655." Their marriage is not inserted in that 
Eegister. 

I have seen, in the possession of the late Mr. David 
Stansfield, of Halifax, an original three quarters painting of 
this Oliver Heywood. 

HEYWOOD, NATHANIEL, 
Brother to Oliver, was born at Little Lever aforesaid, in 
September, 1683, educated in Trinity College, in Cambridge, 
and afterwards with Mr. Edward Gee, of Eccleston. 

His first preferment was lUingworth Chapel, in this parish ; 
from thence he removed in 1657, to Ormsku-k, in Lancasliire, 
where he continued till he was silenced in 1662. 

This account is from Calamy, page 391 ; but if Mr. Hey- 
wood did not remove from lUingworth till 1657, he had 
ceased to be Curate there in 1656, for a Mr. J^radshaw 
signed a receipt in that year, as Curate of lUingworth, in the 
]3ook of Accounts belonging to Mr, Waterhouse's Trustees, 
at Halifax. On the liberty, in 1672, he licenced Bickerstaff 
and Scaresbrick, both in Ormskirk parish, preaching there 
each week alternately. 

He died December 16, 1677. After his death some 
Sermons of his were printed, entitled, " Christ displayed, as 
the choicest Gift, and the best Master," 8vo. 1679. They 
were published by his brother Oliver, who wrote the Epistle 
Dedicatory thereto. 

Calamy tells us that one of his hearers, when he was 
going to quit his Living, expressing a desire for him still to 
preach in the Church, Mr. Heywood said he would as gladly 



VO BIOGRAPHIA 

preach, as they could desire it, if he could conform with a 
safe conscience ; to which the man replied, " Oh, Sir ! many 
a man, now-a-days, makes a great gash in his conscience, 
cannot you make a little nick in yours ? " 

HOOKE, EICHAED, 

Probably the same who is mentioned in Wood's "Fasti," 
I)age 2G1, as having taken his degree of B.A. from New Inn 
Hall, in Oxford, in 1635, and supposed to be a Northampton- 
shire man ; if so, he took the rest of his Degrees at Cambridge, 
being D.D. 

When he was M.A. he was Minister of Lowdham, in 
Nottinghamshire, and wrote, " The Laver of Kegeneration, 
and the Cup of salvation, in two treatises concerning Baptism, 
and the Lord's Supioer." London, 1653. 

This is Wood's account, and if true, shews that this per- 
formance had a second impression, for we have seen a work 
under his name, entitled, " The Laver of Eegeneratiou, and 
the Cup of Salvation ; two plain and profitable discourses 
upon the two Sacraments, the first laying open the nature of 
Baptism, and earnestly pressing the serious consideration, 
and religions observation of the sacred vow made by all 
Christians in their baptism. 

The other, pressing as earnestly the frequent renewing of 
our baptismal vow at the Lord's holy table ; demonstrating 
the indispensable necessity of receiving, and the great sin 
and danger of neglecting the Lord's Supper, with answers to 
the chief pretences, whereby the absenters would excuse 
themselves." 8vo. London, Printed, 1684, with a dedication 
to the inhabitants of the town and parish of Halifax. 

The first discourse is from John i. 26, the second from 1 
Cor. xi. 28. Wood says, that he also published one or more 
Sermons. 

He was likewise Author of ''The Nonconformist Champion 
his challenge accepted, or an answer to Mr. Baxter's ''Petition 
for Peace," written long since, but now first published, upon 
his repeated provocations, and importunate clamors, that it 
was never answered. 

'• Whereunto is j)refixed, an Epistle to Mr. Baxter, with 
some remarks upon his Holy Common-wealth ; upon his 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 99 

Sermon to the then House of Commons ; upon his Non- 
conformist's plea for peace, and upon his answer to Dr. 
Stilhngfleet." London, 1682, 157 pages in 8vo. Thoreshy, 
in his Museum, (Toi3og. p. 542) had an Bvo. MS. in answer 
to this, entitled "The Duelling Doctor defeated," hy T.J.M.A. 
(The just man's advocate, alias Mr. Thomas Sharp, whose 
mark this was,) heing given hy his widow [to Thoreshy.] 

Dr. Hooke died January 1, 1688-9, having languished for 
some time under great pain of a fistula. See the epitaphs 
at Halifax Church. 

HOYLE, JOSHUA, 

Born at Sowerhy, received his first academical education in 
Magdalene-hall, in Oxford, and heing afterwards invited to 
Ireland, was made Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin ; there 
he took the Degree of D.D. and was elected Divinity Pro- 
fessor in that University. In this office he exi3ounded the 
whole Bible through in daily lectures, and in the chiefest 
books ordinarily a verse each day, "which work held him 
almost fifteen years. 

Some time before he ended that work, he began the second 
exposition of the whole Bible in the Church of Trinity 
College, and within ten years ended all the New Testament 
(excei)ting one book and a piece) all the Prophets, all Solo- 
mon, and Job. He preached also and expounded thrice 
every Sabbath for the far greater part of the year, once every 
holy-day, and sometimes twice. 

To these may be added, his weekly lectures (as Professor) 
in the controversies, and his answers to all Bellarmine's 
writings. On the breaking out of the Irish Eebellion, in 
1641, he came into England, and was made Vicar of Step- 
ney, near London, but being too scholastical, he did not 
please the parishioners. 

He was constituted about this time, one of the Assembly 
of Divines, and furnished evidence against Archbishop Laud, 
on his trial, as to matter relating to the University of Dublin, 
whilst he w^as Chancellor thereof. At length, by the favour 
of the Committee of Parliament for the reformation of the 
University of Oxford, he became Master of University 
College, and the King's Professor of Divinity. 

He was respected by Dr. Usher, the learned Primate of 
Ireland, in whose vindication he wrote, "A Eejoinder to 



100 BIOGRAPHIA 

William Malone, Jesuit, his reply concerning the real pre- 
sence." Dublin, 1641, in a thick quarto. 

Dr. Hoyle died December 6, 1G54, and was buried in that 
little old Chapel of University College, which was pulled 
down in 1668, and which stood in that place which is now 
the middle part of the present quadrangle, in that College. 

HULME, NATHANIEL, M.D. 

Lived for some time in Halifax with his uncle, . . . Hulme, 
M.D. He wrote, " Libellus de natura, causa, curationeque 
Scorbuti. To this is annexed a i)roposal for preventing the 
Scurvy in the British Navy, octavo." London, 1768. 

KNIGHT, TITUS, 

A Collier in this parish, who turned Preacher, published a 
Discourse, printed at Leeds, entitled, " The Faith of the 
Saints, being the substance of a Sermon preached at the 
opening of the New Meeting House, belonging to the Inde- 
pendents, in Blanket-row, Hull, on Sunday, April 9, 1769." 
By Titus Knight, Minister of the Gospel at Halifax, in 
Yorkshire. [A clever Collier too, Mr. Watson, and father of 
a Vicar of Halifax.] 

LAKE, JOHN, 

Was born, as I have been several times credibly informed, 
in that part of Halifax called Petticoat-lane ; his father's 
name was Thomas, and he was baptised at Halifax, Decem- 
ber 5, 1624, as appears from the Register there. — His first 
education was at the Grammar- scbool near Halifax, from 
whence he was sent to St. John's College, Cambridge, before 
he was complete thirteen years of age, and put under the 
care of the famous Mr. Cleveland, whose Poems, Orations, 
E]3istles, &c., he and. his friend Dr. Drake, Vicar of Ponte- 
fract, collected into one volume, to which they prefixed his 
Life and Parentalia, and dedicated them to Bishop Turner, 
then Master of the College, octavo. London, 1687. 

When he was B.A. he was made prisoner in College with 
the royal party, but escaping from thence, he fled to Oxford, 
and continued four years in the King's army. He was at 
Basing-house when it was taken, as also at Wallingford. — 



^ HALIFAXIENSIS. 101 

Wlieii the royal cause was at the lowest, he refused the 
Engagement, as he had done the Covenant hefore, and 
entered into Episcopal Orders. — July 26, 164:7, he preached 
his first Sermon, as Lecturer, at Halifax, but continued not 
long in that employment on account of his principles. In 
1652, he went, as t take it, to Oldham, in Lancashire. 

May 21, 1660, he was made Vicar of Leeds, but met with 
so much opposition from those who were for introducing Mr. 
Bowles, of York, that the Church doors were barred against 
him, and they were under a necessity of sending for a party 
of soldiers to secure his induction. 

Being appointed to preach the lirst Synod Sermon at 
York, he performed it with so much applause, that Dr. Hitch, 
then Kector of Guiseley, and his great friend, desired a copy 
of it, which, without his knowledge, he shewed to Dr. Sheldon, 
Bishop of London, who soon after gave Mr. Lake the llectory 
of St. Botolph's without Bishopsgate, London. 

Here began (what he esteemed the principal honour and 
felicity of his life) his friendship with Dr. Sancroft, then 
Dean of St. Paul's, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, 
who had a particular esteem for him. 

He returned, for some reason or other, to his native soil, 
and having, October 17, 1668, been instituted to the Rectory 
of Prestwich, in Lancashire, he was collated, July 16, 1670, 
to the Prebend of Fridaythorp at York, and on the same day 
to the Prebend of Halloughton, in Southwell, and to the 
Rectory of Carlton, in Lindrick, both in Nottinghamshire. 

He was now Residentiary at York, and endeavouring to 
break the bad custom of walkmg in the body of the Cathedi*al 
during the time of divine service, he was insulted by the 
rabble, who, after breaking open the south door of the 
Minster, followed him home, assaulted him in his own house, 
and even took off a great part of the tiling, so that he was 
obliged to be rescued from them by Capt. Honeywood, the 
Deputy Governor. 

May 7, 1671, he was collated to the Mastership and 
custody of the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene, near Bautry ; 
and October 9, 1680, installed Archdeacon of Cleveland. 

Being nominated by William Earl of Derby to the Bishop- 
ric of Sodor in Man, he was consecrated December, 1682. 
And thence, by King Charles II, he was translated to Bristol 



10^ BIOGRAPHIA 

August 12, 1684, with liberty to liold Lis Prebend in com- 
mendam. 

In the time of Monmouth's Eebellion, he went down to 
reside at Bristol, by order of King James II. though he was- 
at that time much afflicted with the gout, and narrowly 
escaped being taken by the Duke's forces. 

His conduct on that occasion was so pleasing to the King, 
that, before his return, he nominated him to the Bishopric 
of Chichester, in which he was confirmed October 19, 1685. 

April 27, 1688, King James II. having renewed the Dec- 
laration he had set out the year before, for liberty of 
conscience, to favour the cause of Popery, was resolved to 
oblige the. Clergy to read it in all their Churches ; but Dr. 
Lake having first prevented the sending down the Declar- 
ations into his Diocese, went up to London, and after con- 
sultation with Archbishop Bancroft, and five other Bishops,, 
at Lambeth, they agreed to petition the King, and therein 
to lay before him their reasons which inclined them to dis- 
obey the Order of Council which had been sent to them. 

This Petition was delivered accordingly on the 18tli day 
of May ; and for this, such as had signed it were cited to 
appear before the Council; where refusing, on account of 
their Peerage, to give bonds to appear in the Court of King's 
Bench, the Archbishop, and six other Bishops, (amongst 
whom was Lake) were committed to the Tower by a warrant 
signed June 8th, and on the 15th were brought to the King's 
Bench Bar, arraigned, tried, and acquitted on the 29th, to 
the great joy of the generality of the people. 

At the Kevolution he refused to take the Oaths of Allegi- 
ance and Supremacy to King William and Queen Mary, for 
which he was suspended ab officio, and would have been 
deprived had he lived a little longer. 

August 27, 1689, he made the following Declaration 
(which, no doubt, was meant as a vindication of this last act 
of his conduct) before Dr. Green, the Parish Minister, Dr. 
Hicks, Dean of Worcester, Mr. Jenkins, his Chaplain, Mr. 
Powell, his Secretary, and Mr. Wilson, his Amanuensis. 

*' Being called by a sick, and I think a dying bed, and the 
good hand of God upon me in it, to take the last, and best 
viaticum, the Sacrament of my dear Lord's body and blood, 
I take myself obliged to make this short recognition and 
profession. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 103 

"That whereas I was baptised into the Eeligion of the 
Church of England, and sucked it in with my milk, I have 
constantly adhered to it through the whole course of my life, 
and now if it so be the will of God, shall die in it, and I had 
resolved, through God's grace assisting me, to have died so, 
though at a stake. 

"And whereas that Eeligion of the Church of England 
taught me the doctrine of non-resistance and passive obedi- 
ence, which I have accordingly inculcated into others, and 
which I took to be the distinguishing character of the Church 
of England, I adhere no less firmly, and steadfastly to that, 
and in consequence of it, have incurred a suspension from 
the exercise of my office, and expected a dein-ivation. I find 
in so doing much inward satisfaction, and if the oath had 
been tendered at the peril of my life, I could only have 
obeyed by sufi'ering. 

"I desire you, my worthy friends and brethren, to bear 
witness of this upon occasion, and to believe it as the last 
words of a dying man ; and who is now engaged in the most 
sacred and solemn act of conversing with God in this world, 
and may, for ought he knows to the contrary, appear with 
these very words in his mouth at the dreadful tribunal. 

Signed, Johan. Cicestrensis." 

This declaration caused many pamphlets to be published 
pro and con ; and may be considered as the beginning of the 
disputes on this subject, which, though but imperfectly at 
that time understood, is now too clear to need a comment. 

Sir John Dalrymple, in his Memoirs, page 396, says, "the 
above was a weak declaration from a weak man, yet as the 
last words of a martyr, it was spread through the nation, 
and at that period of civil and religious ferment, added the 
impulses of religion to those of party in enthusiastic minds." 

On the 21st of August, before the making of the above 
declaration, he had been seized with a trembling fit, which 
was the forerunner of a malignant fever, and convulsions, 
which carried him off. 

On the application of painful remedies, he said, "And is 
life worth all this, at threescore years and five ? " 

He died August 30th, 1689, and was buried in St. 
Botolph's Church, September 3rd. 



104 BIOGRAPHIA 

We cannot find that he published anything except two 
Sermons, viz. 1, **A Sermon preached at Whitehall, May 
29th, 1670, published by his Majesty's command," London, 
1671. 2, "■ The true Christian's Character and Crown, 
preached in St. Botolph's Church, July 15, 1669, at the 
Funeral of Mr. William Cade, Deputy of that Ward." Lon- 
don, 1671, 4to. 

MAESH, EICHAUD, 

Was born at Finhamsted, in Hertfordshire, in 1585, and 
educated at Cambridge, (though some have said that he was 
Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.) He took the Degree 
of D.D. at Oxford, in 1636. In 1614, he was made Vicar of 
Birstall, in the West-riding of Yorkshire ; in 1625, Prebend- 
ary of Southwell; and in 1634, he succeeded Archbishop 
Bramhall in the Prebend of Husthwaite, in the Church of 
York. 

April 17, 1638, he was inducted into the Vicarage of Hali- 
fax, as appears by an entry wrote with his own hand. 

In 1641, the King presented him to the Archdeaconry of 
York, or of the West-riding of Yorkshire ; and in November, 
1644, nominated him to the Deanry, on the death of Dr. 
Scott, the King being then at Oxford ; but the confusions of 
those times would not permit him to be elected, much less 
installed, till the Restoration, when the former of these was 
performed August 17, and the other the 20th, 1660. 

Dr. Peter Heylin made great interest, by his friends, to 
obtain this dignity, but was denied, to make way for Dr. 
Marsh, whom King Charles had so great a value for, that he 
desired him to be one of the Chaplains to attend him, when 
the Parliament had got him into their hands in 1648. 

He was also Prebendary of Rippon, and as Walker, in his 
Sufferings of the Clergy, page 82, says. Vicar of Bourson, in 
Yorkshire, but we know not any such place. 

And as the Doctor had these good preferments, so he was 
a great and very early sufferer for his attachment to the 
King his patron ; for in 1642, he had his living of Halifax 
sequestered, for delinquency, to the use of the forces under 
Lord Fairfax, himself narrowly escaping from the town, but 
taken prisoner at Blackstone-edge, and carried to Man- 
chester, where he was confined for some time, till he made 
his escape from thence, and got to the King at Oxford. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. lOS 

Thus he lost the benefit of his living for eighteen years 
together, and saw Halifax no more till the Restoration, 
when he returned, Sept. 16, 1660, and took possession of his 
Church again. 

An old man, who was present, told Mr. Beckwith, of 
York, ''that the Doctor went into the Church, with his 
Prayer-book under his arm, and finding Eli Bentley officiat- 
ing there, he turned him out of the Desk, and read Prayers 
himself." 

The loss which the Doctor sustained at Halifax (besides 
other i^laces) amounted to more than four thousand i)ounds. 

He did not live long to enjoy his Deanry, for he died Oc- 
tober 13, aged 78, and was buried the 15tli, 1668, in York 
Minster, near the Grave of Matthew Hutton, Arclibishop of 
York, in the south aisle of the choir, and over him was an 
atchievement with his arms, impailing Grice, of Wakefield, 
but that atchievement is destroyed, and there only remained, 
in 1766, an escutcheon hung up near his grave, with his 
arms, viz. Gules, an horse's head couped argent. (That in 
Halifax Church is erased.) 

He had resigned the Vicarage of Halifax some time before 
his death. He had been Chaplain to King Charles I., to 
Archbishop Laud, and to Dr. Matthews, Archbishop of York. 

He was three times married. His first wife was the 
daughter of Mr. Stephens, by whom he had, 1, Tobias, born 
in 1683, (so called, we presume, after his j)atron the Arch- 
bishop) ; 2, Henry, baptized at Birstal, November 16, 1637 ; 
3, Frances, married to Lewis West, father of Captain Richard 
West, of Lnderbank, whose only daughter married Mr. 
Fenton, of Underbank; 4, A daughter, married to Mr. 
Driffield, of Rippon ; 5, Another daughter, married to Mr. 
Wymberley, of Post-Witham. 

The Doctor's second wife was Elisabeth, daughter of 
Robert Batt, of Okewell-hall, near Birstal, and Fellow and 
Vice Master of the University College, Oxford, by whom one 
daughter, Catharine, born in trouble ; for when her mother 
was big with child of her, the soldiers coming into the house 
in search of Dr. Marsh, and not finding him, supposed he 
might be hid in bed, and therefore stabbed their swords into 
the bed where his wife was laid, and so frightened and 
wounded her, that it immediately threw her into labour, and 
she expired almost as soon as she was delivered. 



106 BIOGRAPHIA 

The Doctor fled to save himself, and a trusty servant-maid 
made her escape with the child in the night, with nothing 
but her shift on, carrying it in that condition in the dark, 
for fourteen miles, to a relation of the Doctor's, where it 
remained till the Kestoration, when her father was at liberty 
to return. 

This daughter, Catharine, married Mr. John Kay, of 
Gomersal, near Birstal, and died at Howley-hall, about 1730, 
leaving, by said Mr. Kay, 1, Robert Kay, of Howley-hall, 
whose daughter married Mr. Thomas Beckwith, of York ; 2, 
Martha, wife to Dr. Eobert Tomlinson, Rector of Wickham ; 
which Martha was, in 1766 in her 104th or 105th year, and 
gave part of this account. 

The Doctor's third wife was Frances, daughter of Mr. 
Grice, of Wakefield. She was buried in York Minster, July 
25, 1665. 

Mr. Beckwith, above-named, had, in 1766, an original 
painting of Dr. Marsh in his robes, which seemed to have 
been done when he was about sixty years of age. 

The wives and children of delinquents being, by public 
ordinances, allowed the fifth part of the estate and goods 
which had been seized upon, the following Petition was sent 
in against Dr. Marsh, which we took from a paper, dated in 
1650, containing a set of reasons against their receiving the 
said fifth part ; but what was the effect of it we cannot tell. 

*' 1, Dr. Marsh was long since cast out of the Vicarage of 
Halifax for misdemeanors. 

" 2, As wee conceive the said Dr. Marsh was never actually 
sequestered, or if hee was, never yet made his composition. 

" 3, There was never any yett settled by authoritty in the 
room of the said Viccor to receive the profitts, except Mr. 
Wayte, who was appointed Viccor by the late Lord Fairfax. 

"4, The wholle profitts of the Vicarage doe in a manere 
wholy consist in Easter dewes, and Comunicant two penses, 
which wee conceive in equitty cannot be demanded, seeing 
thatt Easter comunicants have soe longe seased. 

** 5, The people in that Viccarage have beene att greate 
charge in mayntayneing the Ministers, there beeing 12 
chappelreyes in the said Viccarage att which they have had 
for the most part preaching Ministers, and very little or noe 
mayntayneance to most of them. 



HAIilFAXIENSIS. 107 

'* 6, Tlie said Dr. Marsh had, when hee was expelled the 
Viccarage, several other Liveinges, as att Bh-stall, Yorke, 
Eippon, Sussex, hee was the latte Kinges Chai^layen, and 
one of the hie Comishon att Yorke, besides he hath a good 
•estate of his owne in land, to the valeu of £30. per ann. and 
upwards. 

" And whereas itt is declared, tliatt this now demanded 
is for his children, being a fifth part, wee make bold humly 
to certiefie, thatt if itt should bee expected, and the people 
forst to pay itt, the greattest part of itt must come from those 
that are in far greater nesesitie then any of his children is 
likely yett to come too, and from those who have hazerded 
their lives, and laid out their estates in the Parliament's 
servise, and whose sufferings and loses have be^n very 
^eate. 

" The Peticioners unanimously, as well the inhabittants 
within the mother-church whom the said small tithes did 
chiefely concerne, and all the rest of the Vicarage, make it 
theire humble request, that the said Dr. Marshe's order for 
his fifth part may bee called in, and that the same, and all 
the rest of the said tithes or Easter oblacions may either 
wholy bee taken of, or otherwayes that the said tithes may 
be devided amongst the several Chapells and Mother-church, 
as the same was certified by the Com', for the West Eideing 
of the county of Yorke upon an Act or Order of Parliment." 

It must be observed, that the estate of one John Marsh, 
D.D. who was said to have been late of Halifax, in the 
county of York, was declared forfeited for treason, by an Act 
of November 18, 1G52, but this we have reason to think was 
a misnomer. 

Walker, in his Sufferings, &c., page 83, says, that the 
Doctor had one or more Sermons extant, but I have not 
seen any account of them. 

MAKSDEN, GAMALIEL, 

A Student in Trinity College, Dublin, where he continued 
"ten years, and part of the time was Fellow there. 

He was turned out with Dr. Winter, on King Charles' 
Restoration, and came to England. 

He had but five pounds when he landed at Liverpool, and 
inew no relations or friends he could repair to ; but resolved 



108 BIOGRAPHIA 

to go to Coley, in this parish, where his father had been 
minister. There he found friends, and was fixed in St. Ann's 
Chapel, in Southouram, from whence he was ejected by the 
Act of Uniformity. 

He afterwards went into Holland, and, at his return, 
taught Philosophy, &c., to some young Students at Hague- 
hall. He was also Pastor of the Congregational Church at 
Woodkirk. He died May 25, 1681, aged forty seven. 

MIDGLEY, SAMUEL, 

The real Author of the History of Halifax, which goes under 
the name of William Bentley. — This man was a prisoner 
for debt in York Castle, in 1G85, where he was acquainted 
with Oliver Heywood. He was also three times in Halifax 
jayl, for debt. Here it was he wrote the above History; and 
here he died, July 18, 1695. 

His poverty prevented him from printing the Book, which 
he wrote for his own suj)port; and he not only lost the 
benefit of his labours in his life-time, but had another man's 
name put to his Work when he was dead. " Sic vos non 
vobis, &c." 

He xn'actised Physic, and was the son of William Midgley, 
who was buried at Luddenden, August 21, 1695, aged eighty- 
one. 

MILNER, JOHN, 

The second son of John Milner, of Skircoat, near Halifax, 
by Mary, daughter of Mr. Gilbert Ramsden, was baptized 
February 10, 1627-8. The foundation of his great learning 
was laid in the Grammar school there, from whence he was 
sent, at fourteen years of age, to Christ's College, Cambridge,, 
where he took the' Degrees of B.A., M.A. and B.D. He was 
first Curate of Middleton, in Lancashire, but was forced 
thence, on Sir George Booth's unsuccessful attempt to re- 
store King Charles II. a little before the fight at Worcester. 
After this he retired to the place of his nativity, where he 
lived till 1661, when Dr. Lake, then Vicar of Leeds, and his 
brother-in-law, gave him the Curacy of Beeston, in his 
parish. In 1662, he took the Degree of B.D. and the same 
year was made Minister of St. John's, in Leeds. He was 
elected Yicar of Leeds, and was inducted thereto August 4, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 109 

1673, and March 29, 1681, was chosen Prebendary of Eipon. 
In 1688, not being satisfied about the Revohition, he retired 
from his Vicarage, and was deprived of all his Preferments ;tf 
on which he retired to St. John's, in Cambridge, where he 
spent the remainder of his days, continuing a Nonjuror till 
his death, which happened in the said College, February 16, 
1702. He was buried in the Chapel there, on the 19th, 
aged seventy-five, leaving an only son, Thomas Milner, M.A. 
Vicar of Bexhill, in Sussex. 

It is remarkable, that both Bishop Lake and he were born 
in Halifax parish, both educated in Cambridge, were both 
Vicars of Leeds, and both lost their preferments for Non- 
jurancy, in 1688. His Works are these: 1. — Conjectanea 
in Isaiam ix. 1, 2. London, 4to., 1673." This he published 
whilst he was Minister of St. John's, in Leedes. It was 
dedicated to his learned friend. Dr. Duport, Master of Mag- 
dalene College, Cambridge. Dr. Castel, Professor of Arabic 
at Cambridge, called this " a most excellent Essay, wherein 
the Author shewed incredible reading and diligence, in i3er- 
using so many cojues, versions, and various lections, with 
the best interpreters of Sacred Writ. " See Vicaria Leodien- 
sis, p. 114. 

2. — A collection of the Church Histor}^ of Palestine, from 
the Birth of Christ, to the beginning of the Empire of 
Diocletian, London, 1688, 4to. 

3. — A short Dissertation concerning the four last Kings of 
Judah. London, 1689, 4to. 

4. — De Nethenim sive Nethinjeis, &c. Cantab. 1690, 4to. 

6. — An Answer to the Vindication of a Letter from a 
Person of Quality in the North, concerning the Profession of 
John, late Bishop of Chichester, London, 4to. 1690. 

6. — A Defence of the Profession of John, Lord Bishoj) of 
Chichester, made upon his death bed, concerning Passive 
Obedience, and the New Oaths ; with some passages of his 
Lordship's Life. London, 4to, 1690. These two last are 
omitted by Thoresby, in his Vicaria Leodiensis, p. 116. 

7. — A Defence of Archbishop Usher against Dr. Cary and 
Dr. Is. Vossius, &c., Camb. 1694, 8vo. 

8. — A Discourse of Conscience, &c., with Eeflections upon 
the Author of Christianity not Mysterious, &c., London, 
1697, 8vo. 



110 BIOGRAPHIA 

9. — A View of the Dissertation upon the Epistles of 
Phalaris, &c., lately published by the Rev. Dr. Bentley, also, 
of the Examination of that Dissertation, by the Hon. Mr. 
Boyle. London, 1698, 8vo. 

10. — A brief Examination of some Passages in the Chron- 
ological Part of a Letter written to Dr. Sherlock. 

11. — A further Examination of ditto. 

12.— An Account of Mr. Locke's Religion, London, 1700, 
8vo. 

13. — Animadversions upon Mons. Le Clerc's Reflections 
upon our Saviour, &c., Camb. 1702, Bvo. 

He also left the following manuscripts behind him, which 
came to the hands of his son : 

1. — A Translation of the Targum. 

2. — A Chronological History from the Flood to our 
Saviour's Birth. 

3. — Ditto of the five first Centuries, A.D. 

4. — Animadversions on the Historical Account of the 
Jewish High Priests. 

5. — An Answer unto, or Animadversions upon R.H. on 
Controversies. 

6. — Ditto upon T.C's. Labyrinthus Cantuariensis. This 
he lived not to finish. 

7.— Animadversions upon L'enicum. 

8. — A Vindication of the Church of England in reference 
to Antiphones, Responds, &c. 

9. — A Latin Comment on part of Genesis. 

10.. — Ditto upon Psalms 1, 42. 

11. — Diatriba de igne Purgatorio. 

12. — Fax nova Linguae Sanct^e. 

I will only add the character which Dr. Gower, Lady 
Margaret's Professor at Cambridge, gave of this Mr. Milner, 

to Mr. Thoresby. " Great learning and piety made him 

really a great man ; he was eminent in both, and nothing 
but his humility and modesty kept him from being more 
noted for being so. He was a blessing to the whole Society, 
by the example he gave in every good thing. He died 
beloved, and much lamented here, and his memory is hon- 
ourable and precious amongst us, and will long continue so." 



HALIFAXIENSIS. Ill 

MITTON, JOHN, 

Son of Thomas, was born at Geslingroid, in the township of 
Barkisland, in this parish, and died at London about the 
latter end of the year 1736. He turned his thoughts, it 
seems, to natural j)hilosophy, for in Thoresby's Museum 
(Topog. page 543) was a manuscript diar}^ giving an account 
of the rising and falling of the Barometer, the point of the 
compass the wind was upon, and some account of the temper- 
ature of the air, as rain, snow, frost, mist, &c., from Octo. 
1710, till December, 1713, by Mr. John Mitton, of Barkis- 
land, near Halifax. 

NABB, .... 

Wrote a Poem in 4to, called, ** Calista, or. The injured 
Beauty, a Poem founded on fact." London, 1759. It is 
anonymous, and only said to be written by a Clergyman ; 
but the Author, who resided some time at Halifax, being 
dead, I have ventured to give the public as much as 1 knew 
of his name. 

NALSON, ROBERT, 

The Collector of a folio manuscript, intitled, " Miscellanea 
sive Observationes collectanife," and signed Robert Nalson, 
1665. This volume (which is in my own collection,) consists 
of a vast variety of subjects, chiefly transcripts, but inter- 
spersed with original papers, and others so scarce that they 
are nearly as valuable as if they Avere known originals. 
Wright, at page 80 of his history says, this manuscript 
unfortunately fell into ill hands, and had several pages, all 
of them relating to the Gibbet Executions, torn out, before 
the book was returned to the proper owner. Where he re- 
ceived that information I cannot tell, but it appears not 
from the book itself. 

The late Mr. Wilson, of Leeds, in his manuscript account 
of the English Historians, in two volumes folio, now at the 
Free Grammar School 'at Leeds, says, that Mr. Nalson left 
manuscripts to Halifax Library, but nothing of that sort 
appears now, and I judge it to be a mistake. — The Author 
tells us, that he received confirmation from Archbishop 
Freuin in 1664, in his own chapel at Bishopthorpe, and 
that he was then about thirty -nine years of age. 



112 BIOGRAPHIA 

NETTLETON, THOMAS, 

Son of John, born at Dewsbury, settled at Halifax, and 
practised Physic there for several years with great success, 
having taken degree of M.D. at Ley den. He and Mr. West, 
of Under-bank, near Penniston, in Yorkshire, were the first 
who instructed Professor Sanderson in the principles of 
mathematics, and the Doctor used to say, that the Scholar 
soon became more knowing than his Masters. In the Philo- 
sophical Transactions appear several pieces of the Doctor's, 
which were communicated by Dr. Jurin, who was his friend 
and acquaintance, viz. " An account of the height of the 
Barometer at different elevations above the surface of the 
earth." 

We have here the altitude of Halifax Bank determined at 
five hundred and seven feet ; and after some observations on 
the air, follows a table, shewing the number of feet ascend- 
ing, required to make the mercury fall to any given height 
in the tube from thirty to twenty-six inches ; as also the 
number of feet descending, required to make the mercury 
rise from thirty to thirty-one inches ; and also a table shew- 
ing the number of feet required to make the mercury fall one 
tenth of an inch from any given height in the tube from 
thirty-one to twenty-six inches, In Vol. vi. page 121 of the 
" Transactions" abridged by Reid and Gray, is an account 
of inoculation of the small-pox, by the Doctor ; and at page 
129, another treatise by him on the same subject. 

In a paper of Dr. Jurin's, page 131, it appears, that Dr. 
Nettleton had inoculated sixty-one i:)ersons, when all others 
in England (as far as could be gathered) had only inoculated 
one hundred and twenty-one. At page 161, is a discourse 
by the Doctor, shewing that the refractions of the air are 
different at different times. From his observations it like- 
wise appears that Halifax is in the latitude of 53. 47. that 
the height of Blackstone-edge, at Kobin-hood's-bed, is two 
hundred and thirty-nine yards and a quarter ; that Halifax 
Bank bears from this 60° from north to east ; Manchester 
40. 30. from south to west ; Rochdale 70. 20. from south to 
west. 

The Doctor was Author of a i^ami^hlet, intitled, '* Some 
Thoughts concerning Virtue and Happiness, in a Letter to a 
Clergyman." London, 1729, 8vo., which he afterwards much 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 118 

enlarged. It was reprinted in 1736, and 1751, at London, 
both in 8vo. but the former of these is the more valuable, 
because it had the Author's finishing hand. The design of 
this valuable work is to shew that happiness is the end of 
all our actions ; how we deviate from our true happiness ; 
and how these deviations may be prevented. He has also 
given us some excellent rules for the management of our 
several passions, and has undeniably proved, that virtue is 
the best and chiefest good ; that it is not only the support 
and ornament of society, and beneficial to mankind in 
general, but the truest, and most substantial happiness to 
every particular person, as it yields the greatest pleasure, 
both in its immediate exercise, and in its consequences and 
effects ; that it gives a relish to all other pleasures, and 
where it is wanting, there can be no true nor lasting 
j)leasure, but all will be bitterness, horror, and remorse, 
without the least mixture of any thing gentle and agreeable. 

The following story is told of the Doctor : That being in 
company with several Gentlemen, one of them was laying 
great stress on Dean Echard's account of Cromwell's selling 
himself to the Devil before the Battle of Worcester ; affirm- 
ing, that the bargain was intended to be for twenty-one 
years, but that the Devil had put a trick upon Oliver, by 
changing the twenty-one into twelve, and then turning 
hastily to the Doctor, asked him, "What could be the Devil's 
motive for so doing ? " The Doctor, without hesitation, 
answered, '' That he could not tell what was his motive, 
unless he Avas in a hun-y about the Eestoration." 

The Doctor married, March 30, 1708, Elizabeth Cotton, 
of Haigh-hall, by whom he had several children. He died 
January 9, 1741-2, at Halifax, and was buried on the 12th, 
at Dewsbury, wdth the following epitaph on the south wall 
of the Church. 

H.S.E. 
THOMAS NETTLETON, M.D. 

Artis suae Facultate 
Prope singulari insignis ; 

Aliarumque Artium 
Quae ad Humanitatem excolendam 
Et Virtutem promovendam pertinent, 

Laude cumulatus. 



114 BIOGRAPHIA 

Modesta Ingenii Sagacitas vere amabilem, 
Pietas autem nou simulata, 
Comitate condita Gra vitas, 
Ac simplex Morum Candor 
Amabiliorem praestiterunt. 
Nee Fama; celebritati, 
Nee Divitiarum incremento studiiit ; 
Eum ratus uberrimum solertine quasstum, 
Quamplurimus prodesse. 
Indolem banc adprime liberalem 

Natura ingenuit, 
Yitae institutum aluit. 
Studium denique bumanioris Pbilosopbiae, 
Ac diuturna cum Viris maximis 

Sandersono, Halleio, Newtono, 
Consuetudo abunde confirmavit. 
Scriptis Auctor limatissimus, 
Atque boc Monumento perennioribus, 
Elegautem Virtutis, et Felicitatis imaginem 
Mirus Artifex adiimbravit : 
Illustrissimum antem Exemplar 
Nativo colore Yitae expressit. 
Tot, tantisque Dotibus ornatus 
Yixit annos LYIII. 
lY. Id. Jan. MDCCXLI. 

OGDEN, SAMUEL, 

Born, as I take it, in or near Manchester, was Curate of 
Coley, in this parisb, afterward Master of the Free 
Grammar- school near Halifax, and Curate of Eland. He 
was Fellow of St. John's College, in Cambridge, where he 
took the Degree of D.D. and was made Yicar of Damerham, 
in Wiltshire. He published two Sermons, preached before 
the University of Cambridge, in 1758, one from 1 Thess. v. 
13. upon May 29, being the Anniversary of the Restoration 
of King Charles II. the other from Deut. iv. 6. on June 22, 
being the Anniversary of the Accession of his Majesty King 
George II. Both dedicated to his Patron the Duke of New- 
castle, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. He has 
also published some Sermons on the Efficacy of Prayer and 
Intercession, printed at Cambridge. The Doctor was chosen 
Woodwardian Professor of the University of Cambridge. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 115 

PATCHIT, BENJAMIN, 

An inhabitant of Upper Saltonstall, in the higher part of 
Warley, in this parish, pubhshed a pamphlet, intitled, *' A 
short Inquiry into the proper Qualifications of Gospel Minis- 
ters, considered as the Servants, not of Men, but of Jesus 
Christ ; with some Directions, how we, who are Hearers, 
may know whether the Doctrines our Ministers deliver from 
the Pulpit, are according to God's Will and Mind, or not. 
And also how we are to attend on the Word preached in a 
profitable manner." Halifax, 1759, 8vo. 

POWEK, HENRY, 
Took the Degree of M.D. and practised Physic in HpJifax, 
from whence Wright, in his History, page 171, says, he re- 
moved to New Hall, near Eland, and died there; but Wilson, 
in his manuscript account of the English Historians, already 
mentioned, tells us, that he removed from Halifax to Wake- 
field, where he died December 23, 1GG8. He wrote a Treatise, 
intitled, "Experimental Philosophy, in three books, contain- 
ing new Experiments, microscopical, mercurial, and mag- 

netical," 4to. London, 1G64. The Doctor was buried at 

Wakefield, for on a brass plate on the chancel floor in the 
Church there is the following inscription : 

"M.S. 
Desideratissimi Capitis 
HENRICI POWEEI, 
Medicinee Professoris, 
Ingenio, judicio, Moribus excultissimi, 
Qui si vixisset diutius 
Non in Arte solum, verum etiam in Humanitate 
Bene multa Coum ipsum, Pergameumq ; docuisset. 
Si quid dubites, Hospes, si repugnes, Ecce ! 
Non in re microscopica, et hydrargyrica, 
Sed in reliqua philosophica, medicaque 
PowERi singularis eruditio, 
Perennitatis in Larario, 
(Justa cum Doctorum admu'atione) 
Tum ex peremptis hie illic morborum seminibus 
Cum ex editis in lucem Doctrina3 pignoribus 

Jamdudum inclaruit. 
Annos natus XXXV. non major obiit. 
Yir cognitione quam astate grandior. 
Obiit XXIII Decembris, MDCLXVIII." 



116 BIOGRAPHIA 

EAMSDEN, HENRY, 

Was sou of Geoffry Ramsden, of Greetland, in tins parish, 
and was admitted a Commoner of Magdalene Hall, in Oxford, 
in 1610. 

He took the Degrees in Arts, and was elected Fellow of 
Lincoln College, in 1621, and five years afterwards, leaving 
that place, became a Preacher in London, and was much 
resorted to for his edifying and puritanical sermons. 

At length, on the death of Hugh Ramsden, his elder 
brother, he was made Vicar of Halifax, where he continued 
till his death, in 1637, and was buried in the Chancel of 
Halifax Church, with an inscription to his memory, which 
see amongst the Halifax Epitaphs. 

After his death were published, under his name, by John 
Goodwin, with his Epistle before them, four Sermons, viz. 

1. — The Gate to Happiness, on Romans vi. 8. 2. — The 
wounded Saviour, on Isaiah liii. 5. 3. — Epicure's Caution, 
on Luke xxi. 34. 4. — Generation of Seekers, on Coloss. iii. 
1. The book was intitled, '' A Gleaning of God's Harvest." 
London, 1639, 4to. 

The Register at Halifax has this entry: ''Henricus Rams- 
den, filius Galfridi Ramsden, de Greetland, infra Vicariam de 
Hallifax, frater natu minor, M.A., Socius Collegii Lincoln- 
iensis, Oxon. inductus est Vicarius de Hallifax decimo 
calend. Septembris, Anno 1629.' His widow died at Eland, 
May 11, 1682. 

RICHIE, JAMES, - 

Is said to have been M.D. He was a Dissenting Minister at 
Mixenden Chapel, in this parish, and practised Physic in 
that neighbourhood. His publications were : 

A Criticism upon modern Notions of Sacrifices, being an 
Examination of Dr. Taylor's Scripture Doctrine of Atone- 
ment examined, in relation, 1. — To Jewish Sacrifices. 2. — 
To the Sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ. To which is 
added an Appendix, containing an Examination of another 
Notion of Jewish Sacrifices, which is exhibited in an anony- 
mous piece published at London in 1746, and intitled, "An 
Essay on the Nature, Design, and Origin of Sacrifices." 
London, 1761. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 117 

Tliis was intended as a prelude to a larger work afterwards 
printed, and intitled, "The peculiar Doctrines of Kevelation, 
relating to piacular Sacrifices, Redemption by Christ, Faith 
in him, the Treatment of different moral Characters by the 
Deity, under the several Dispensations of Revealed Religion, 
&c., exhibited as they are taught in Holy Scripture, and the 
Rationale of them illustrated, in two Essays, viz. 

1. — On the Rectitude of divine moral Government, in the 
Treatment of Rational Creatures. 

2. — On the Rectitude of divine moral Government, in the 
Treatment of different moral Characters, under the several 
DispensatioDs of Revealed Religion, viz. the Adamical, Patri- 
archal, Hebrew, and Christian. 

To which are subjoined two Dissertations, viz. 

1. — On the Office of Jesus Christ as Mediator, and Surety 
of the New Covenant. 

2. — On the Person of Jesus Christ." "With a Preface to 
the whole. Warrington, 17GG, 2 vols. 4to. 

This Work was posthumous, though the Author had put 
the finishing hand to it, and had even sent the manuscript 
to the press. It was published by subscription, and sub- 
scribers' names were printed. 

ROOKEBY, WILLIAM, 

Bom, as Wilson asserts, in his manuscript account of Eng- 
lish Historians, at Kirk Sandal, in Yorkshire, though Tanner 
says that he was born in Halifax. 

He was educated, says Wood, in his Athenas, vol. i. page 
659, partly in an ancient Hostle for the reception of Canon- 
ists in St. Aldate's parish in Oxford ; he himself being after- 
wards Doctor of the Canon Law. 

He was made Rector of Sandal, where he was born, and 
Vicar of Halifax. In 1498, according to Sir James Ware, 
vol. i. page 153, he was made Lord Chancellor of Ireland 
by King Henry VII., but Wood fixes this to the year 1515, 
not knowing that this was his second election into that high 
office, which he is supposed after this to have held for life. 

In 1507 he was advanced to the Bishopric of Meath, by 
Pope Julius II. and the same year called into the Privy 
Council by King Henry VII. And was afterwards, by the 
same Pope, translated to the See of Dublin, January 28, 



118 BIOGRAPHIA 

1511-12, and on the 22nd of June following had restitution 
of the Temporaries . 

In 1518, he convened a Provincial Synod, the Canons of 
which are yet extant in the Ked Book of the Church of 
Ossory; and were from thence published by Sir Henry 
Spelman, tom. ii. page 726. See also Wilkins, vol. ii. page 
660. 

He died November 29, 1521, and his body was buried 
(says Sir James Ware) in his own Cathedral of St. Patrick's, 
Dublin, only his heart was conveyed into England, and de- 
posited in the monument of his ancestors. 

This may be true, but it is directly contrary to the words 
of his Will, which ordered that he should be embowelled, 
and his bowels and heart buried in the Church of Halifax, 
within the choir, and his body to be buried in the new 
Chapel at Sandal, and thereon a tomb of stone to be made, 
and about the same to be written : 

"Ego Willielmus, Dublin, Archiepiscopus, quondam Rector 
istius EcclesiEe, credo quod Redemptor mens vivit — Qui obiit 
— cujus animae proi3itietur Deus, Amen." 

There is no ]3roof, it must bo owned, that his body was 
conveyed to Sandal. That his heart and bowels were buried 
at Halifax seems certain, for Wright, page 43, says, they 
were buried in the Chancel of Halifax Church, and over 
them was laid a stone, with the figure of an heart engraved 
thereon ; and that when the Chapel, which he had ordered 
to be built on the north side of Halifax Church, was finished, 
they were removed into it, with the stone which lay over 
them, which yet remains, though his heart and bowels may 
not be there, for the earth has been suffered to be opened, 
and once, if not oftener, the little lead box which contained 
them has been dug up. 

The Archbishop beautified and repaired the Vicarage- 
house at Halifax. 

ROOTE, HENRY. 

This was the person whom Mr. Tillotson (afterwards Arch- 
bishop) consulted, in 1649, about taking the Engagement at 
Clare-hall, Cambridge. He published a pamphlet, intitled, 
"A just Apologie for the Church of Duckenfield," 4to. 
This was a defence of one Eatorr, who was at the head of a 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 119 

congregational Assembly there, against the reflections of one 
Edwards, and is dated from Sowerhy, March 2, 1646. 

SAVILE, Sir JOHN, 

Eldest son of Henry Savile, Esq ; of Bradley, in the town- 
ship of Stainland, in this parish, by Ellen, daughter of Mr. 
Eobert Ramsden, was born at Bradley, in 1545, and entered 
a Commoner of Brasen-Nose College about the year 1561 ; 
from whence, before he took any Degree, he was removed to 
the Middle Temple, where, being called to the Bar, he 
became Autumn Reader of that House in 1586, Steward of 
the Seigniory or Lordship of Wakefield, and was called to 
the Degree and Honor of the Coif in 1594, made one of the 
Barons of the Excliequer 1598 ; and about the same time, 
one of the Justices of Assize. When King James came to 
the Crown, he not only continued him in his Baron's place, 
but conferred on him, July 23, 1603, a little before his 
Coronation, the honour of Knighthood, being one of the 
Judges who were to attend that solemnity. 

He died at London, Feb. 2, 1606, aged sixty-one, and was 
buried in St. Dunstan's Church in the West, in Fleet-street ; 
his heart being carried to Methley Church, in Yorkshire, 
and buried in the south aisle there, and a monument erected 
over it, with the figure of the deceased, cut in stone, in his 
Judge's robes, and the following inscription : 

"M.S. Yiri clarissimi et Judicis integerrimi Johannis 
Savile, Equitis Aurati, Scaccarii Regii Baronum unius, ac 
ex speciali gratia Regis in proprio Comitatu suo Justiciarii 
Assiz. Filii et Haeredis Henrici Savile, de Overbradley, in 
Stainland, juxta Eland, in isto agro Eboracen. Armig. ex 
antiqua Savillorum prosapia oriundi. Que sedo die Februarii, 
Anno Dom. 1606, iT?tatis 61. Londini (ubi corpus ejus in 
Ecclesia Sancti Dunstani in Occidente inhumatur, Cor vero 
secundo hie inter Antecessores) placidissime in Domino 
obdormivit. 

" Vir fuit X3ietatis zelo, ingenii perspicatia, morum suavit- 
ate, rerum Principis et Patriae agendarum dexteritate, variis 
et exquisitis animi dotibus undique conspicuus. 

"Ex uxore prima, Jana. filia Richardi Garth, de Morden, 
in Com. Surr. Armigeri, habuit Henricum Savile, i^ostea 
Militem et Baronettum, ia hoc tumulis repositum ; Elizabeth- 
am, uxorem Henrici Gooderick, Militis, modo viventem. 



120 BIOGRAPHIA 

Ex uxore secunda, Elisabetha, filia Thomas "Wentworth, de 
Elmsliall, in Co. Ebor. Armig. liabuit Johannem Savile, 
superstitem, prefati Fratris sui successorem et liaeredem x)ro- 
pinquum, et Helenam, qn^ in minovie aetate obiit. 

"Patri pientissimo filiiis obsequntissimus superstes sup- 
radictus hoc amoris memoraeulo parentavit." 

Camden, vol. ii., page 857, sais, that his work was much 
indebted to the learning of this Sir John Savile, and himself 
to his civility. 

He left behind him at his death several pieces fit for the 
press, of which only the following is made public, " Eeports- 
of divers special Cases, as well in the Court of Common 
Pleas as of the Exchequer, in the time of Queen Elizabeth." 
London, 1675, in a thin folio, printed in old French, in a 
black character, and published by John Eichardson, of the 
Inner Temple. 

SAVILE, Sir HENKY, 

Brother to Sir John, last named, was born at Bradley afore- 
said, November 30, 1549. In the beginning of the year 
1561, he was admitted into Merton College, Oxford, and 
January 14, 1565, took the degree of B.A., soon after which 
he was elected Fellow of Merton. April 30, 1570, he pro- 
ceeded M.A. reading for that degree on the Almagest of 
' Ptolemy, which procured him the reputation of a man 
■wonderfully skilled in the Greek language, and the Mathe- 
matics. In this last he voluntarily read a public Lecture 
in the University for some time. Having now great interest, 
he was elected Proctor for two years together, viz. 1575 and 
1576, an honour not very common, for as the Proctors were 
then chosen out of the whole body of the University, by the 
Doctors and Masters, and the election was not, as now, con- 
fined to particular Colleges, none but men of learning, and 
such as had considerable interest, durst aspire to that honor. 
In 1578, he travelled into France, and other countries, 
where im^n-oving himself in several branches of useful learn- 
ing, and the knowledge of the world, he returned a very 
accomplished gentleman ; and was made Tutor for the Greek 
tongue to Queen Elizabeth, who very much approved of him. 
In 1585, ho was chosen Warden of Merton College, through 
the Queen's favor ; and in 1596, she made him Provost of 
Eaton College. King James I. expressed a particular regard 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 121 

for him, and would have advanced him either in State or 
Church, but he decHned it, and only accepted of the honor 
of Knighthood from him at AVindsor, September 21, 1604. 
About that time, losing his only son, he thenceforth devoted 
his time and fortune to the interests of learning. In 1619, 
he founded two Lectures, or Professorships, in the University 
of Oxford, one for Geometry, and the other for Astronomy, 
which he endowed with a salary of £160 a year each, besides 
a legacy of £600 for purchasing more lands for the same use. 
He also furnished a hbrary with mathematical books, near 
the Mathematical School, for the use of his Professors. He 
gave £100 to the mathematical chest of his own a^ipointing; 
adding afterwards a legacy of £40 a year to the same chest, 
and to the University and his Professors jointly. He gave 
likewise £120 towards the new building of the Schools ; 
several rare manuscripts, and printed books to the Bodleian 
Library, and a good quantity of matrices, and Greek types, 
to the Printing-press at Oxford. Part of the endowment of 
the above Professorships was the manor of Little Hays, in 
Essex, as appears from Morant, vol. i, page 41. Sir Henry 
died February 19, 1621-2, at Eaton College, and was buried 
in the Chapel there, on the south side of the communion 
table, near the body of his son Henry, with tliis inscription 
over him, on a black marble stone : 

*' Hie jacent ossa et cineres Henrici Savill, sub spe certa 
resurrectionis ; natus apud Bradley, juxta Hallifax, in Com- 
itatio Ebor. Anno Dom. 1549, ultimo die mensis Novembris; 
obiit in Collegio Etonensi, Anno Dom. 1621, 19 die mensis, 
Februarii. 

A sumptuous monument was also erected to his memory 
on the south wall, at the upper end of the choir of the 
Church, adjoining to Merton College, with the following 
inscription : 

M.S. 
HENEICUS SAVILE, MILES, 

Colleffii ' Mertonensis Custos, 
^ 1 Etonensis Praepositus. 
Svi 
Exwias corporis frustra sit qui hie quaera. 
Servat praenobile depositum Etona, 
Perennem virtvtvm ac benefactorvm memoriam 



122 BIOGRA.PHIA 

Quibus collegium utrumq ; Q. Academiam imprimis 
Oxouiensem complexus est, Ipsumq ; adeo 
Mvndvm liabet sibi debeiidi revm, 
Affectvs insvper pientissimse Uxoris, 

Possidet iste lapis. 
B.M.P. Margareta, Conjvx obseqventissima, 
In hoc vno qvod posvit pie immorigera. 
Obiit Ac Dni M,DCXXI, Febrvar. xix. 

The works of this learned man, are, 

1. An English translation of part of Tacitus. London, 
1581, fol. He added some notes, which Isaac Gruter trans- 
lated into Latin, and published at Amsterdam, in 1649, 12mo. 

2. A view of certain military Matters, or Commentaries 
concerning Eoman warfare. Folio, London, 1598. Trans- 
lated into Latin by Freherus, Heidelberg, 1601, but having 
become exceeding scarce, was re-printed by Gruter, who 
subjoined it to the notes above-mentioned. 

3. Kerum Anglicarum Scriptores post Bedam prfecipui. 
Fol. London, 1596, 1599, and at Frankfort 1601. This 
collection contains Malmesbury's History, Hoveden's Annals, 
Ethelwerd's Chronicles, &c. Wharton (Pref. Anglia Sacra,) 
sais that Sir Henry printed Malmesbury's History from an 
incorrect manuscript. It seems as if the above Historians 
were expected by Sir Henry to have come from a more 
noble hand than his own, as may be collected from the 
following Letter of his amongst the Harleian MSS. Brit. 
Museum, No. 374, folio 24, directed to his most speciall good 
frend Ma^". John Stowe, in Cornewall, in London. 

" After my most hartie commendacions, being verie glad 
and desirous to lieare from you, trustinge in our Lord that 
you be in good health, or els I might be hertelye sorie, for 
that I have founde at all tymes good favoure of youe since 
our first acquaintance, and other acquaintance in London I 
have none but that I have by your means, as good Master 
Hare, unto whom I pray youe commende me, and desire 
him to let me understande in what towordsnes his good 
workes for the priveleges of Oxforth is ; and forther I besech 
you to certifye me, if Wigornensis is ininted, and wheare I 
may sende to buye it, and the price ; and gladlye of all other 
I woulde understande that your last booke weare forthe, 
that I might sende unto you for one or twoe for my money. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 123 

Forther I woulde understande if my Lord's Grace be aboute 
to print Eoger Howden, Maulbesburie, and Huntingtone, 
and in what forwardnes they be. Good owlde Frend lett me 
have your letter in the premisses, and, God willinge, it shall 
be recompensed or it be longe ; and I must forther desire 
you to have answer e by this bearer at this time. 

From Halifaxe, this first of May, 

By your lovinge Frende, 

Henry Savill. 

The following Letter, taken from the said manuscript. 
No. 530, folio 1, will shew, I think, in what year the above 
was written. 

"Mr. Stowe. 

'* After my hartie commendacions, your letter, dated the 
tenthe of May, I receaved at Halyfax with thanks, and synce 
I am come to Oxford, wheare I made enquirie to knowe 
weare the booke showlde bee that Master Hare showlde 
sende hyther, as your letter dyd ymporte, and as yet I can- 
not heere of the same, thearfore I desyer you to goo unto 
the good Gentleman, Master Hare, in my name, and re- 
qweste hym to let me understande by whome, and abowte 
what tyme, hee sente the booke, and to what place liee made 
his direction, and whoo showlde have the custodie thearof, 
for greate pitie yt weare that so worthie worke showlde be 
embeazeled ; and I pray you with speede to certefy me in 
writynge and delyver your letter at the signe of the Owle, 
that yt maye be delivered unto the Carryer, Richard Barker, 
who commethe homeward on VVensdaye nexte. 

" Further I praye you let me knowe whoo is the Prenter 
of Wygornensis, and wheare he dwellethe, and who is the 
Prenter of your booke. I have heere sente you a mild six- 
pence to dryncke a qwarte of wyne in your travell. Thus 
wisshinge you healthe, I byd you farewell. Oxon, this 
Sonedaye Trinite, 21 Mail, 1592, your lovinge Friend, 

Henry Savill. 

" Directe your letters, I praye, to Master Henrie Shir- 
bourne, over agaynste Merton Colledge, to be delyvered to 
me. 



124 BIOGBAPHIA 

4. Sir Henry next published a fine edition of St. Chrysos- 
tom's Works, with this title in the middle of a well- engraved 
copper-plate " S. Johannis Chrysostomi Opera, Greece, octo 
vohiminibus, Eton®, in Collegio Regali, 1G13." In the pre- 
face he tells the Reader, " that he had visited himself, about 
twelve years before, all the public and private libraries in 
Britain, and copied out from thence whatever he thought 
useful for his design ; and had then sent learned men into 
France, G-ermany, Italy, and the East, to transcribe such 
parts as he had not already, and to collate others with the 
best manuscripts, acknowledging that he had received con- 
siderable assistance from several learned foreigners there 
mentioned." In the 8th volume are inserted Sir Henry's 
own Notes, with those of the learned John Bois, Thomas 
Allen, Andrew Downes, &c. 

The whole charge of this impression cost Sir Henry eight 
thousand pounds. As soon as it was finished, the Bishops 
and Clergy of France employed Fronto Duceeus, a learned 
Jesuit, to reprint it at Paris, with a Latin translation, which 
lessened the price of Sir Henry's edition ; yet we are told, 
that the thousand copies which he printed were all sold. 

This work required such long and close application, that 
Sir Henry's Lady thought herself neglected, and coming to 
him one day into his study, she said " Sir Henry, I would I 
were a Book too, and then you would a little more respect 
me ! " To which one standing by, replied, " You must then 
be an Almanack, Madam, that he might change every year." 
Which answer displeased her. 

The same Lady, a little before Chrysostome was finished, 
when Sir Henry lay sick, said, " If Sir Harry died, she 
would burn Chrysostome for killing her husband." Which 
Mr. Bois hearing, told her, ** that would be a great pity, for 
he was one of the sweetest Preachers since the Apostles* 
times ; with which she was so well satisfied, that she said, 
** She would not do it for all the world." 

6. Thomas Bradwardini, Archiepiscopi olim Cantuariensis, 
de Causa Dei contra Pelagium. Londini, 1G18, fol. This 
book was printed from six MS. copies, carefully collated with 
each other. He has prefixed thereto Bradwardine's Life, 
compiled by himself. It is dedicated to K. James, and con- 
chides with what Sir Henry calls, " Ad suos Mertonenses 
Epistola posterior." 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 125 

6. Nazianzen's Steliteutics, 1610. Towards this, he was 
favoured with the MS. Epistles of Nazianzen out of the 
Bodleian Library, which was a singular courtesy, and done 
because of his affection to the storing, and preserving of the 
Library. Oldys' Brit. Libr. 247. 

7. Xenophon's Listitution of Cyrus, Gr. 1613, 4to. 

8. Pr^lectiones tresdecim in principium Elementorum 
Euclidis, Oxonias habitae. Oxon, 1621, 4to. These were his 
own Lectures ; some of them when he was Junior Master. 

9. Oratio coram Eegina Elizabetha, Oxonife habita An. 
1592, published by Mr. (afterwards Bishop) Barlow, in 1658, 
from the original in the Bodleian Library, and also by Dr. 
John Lamphire, in the second edition of Monarchia Britan- 
nica, Oxford, 1681, 8vo. 

10. Latin Translations of K. James the First's Apology 
for the Oath of Allegiance. 

11. Six Letters of his, -wTote to Hugo Blotius, and 
Sebastian Tengnagelius. Lambecius, vol. 3. 

12. Four Letters of his to Mr. Camden. Camdeni 
Epistolas, &c. 

13. One Letter of his, 4th vol. of Strype's Annals. Be- 
sides these, it should be remembered, that he was concerned 
iji the new Translation of the Bible, now in use, done by 
the command of King James I. being one of the eight 
persons at Oxford who undertook to translate the four 
Gospels, Acts, and Eevelations. 

He also left behind him several manuscripts, some of 
which are now in the Bodleian Library, such as, 1. Orations, 
2. Tract of the Original of Monasteries. 3. Tract concerning 
the Union of England and Scotland, written at the command 
of King James I. He also made several notes with his pen 
in many of his books, particularly in Eusebius's Ecclesias- 
tical History, made use of by Henry Valesius in his edition 
of that History, in 1659. Likewise in those books which he 
gave to the Mathematical Library in the School Tower, in 
Oxford, and in many others. 

Sir Henry is mentioned as a Member of the Society of 
Antiquaries, in the Introduction to the Miscellaneous Tracts, 
relating to Antiquity, published by the Society of Antiquaries 
of London, in 1770, page 21. So well did he deserve the 
character given of him, that he was Musarum Patronus et 
Literarum Maecenas, being an encourager of all sorts of 



126 BIOGRAPHIA 

useful learning, and universally well spoken of by all disin- 
terested Scholars. There is a painting of him in the 
Picture Gallery at Oxford. 

SAVILE, THOMAS, 

Younger brother to Sir John and Sir Henry just mentioned, 
born likewise at Over Bradley, in Stainland, was admitted 
Probationer Fellow of Merton College, in 1580, and after- 
wards proceeding in Arts, he went abroad, and travelling 
through various countries, improved himself in several parts 
of learning. After his return, he became, through the in- 
terest of his brother, one of the Fellows of Eaton College, 
where he did credit to his brother's choice, being reckoned 
amongst the first rate Scholars. He was made Proctor of 
Oxford, April 5, 1592, and died the 12tli of January follow- 
ing, at London ; from whence his body was removed to 
Oxford, and interred with great solemnity in the choir of 
Merton College Church, the following eulogium to his mem- 
ory, being entered in the Kegister of that House: " Fuit 
Sidus lucidissimum, qui apud suos, et exteros, literarum et 
virtutis fama ac morum urbanitate percelebris, &c." 

He wrote, " Epistola3 variie ad illustres viros." Fifteen of 
these were wrote to Camden, and are published by Dr. 
Thomas Smith, of Magdalen College, Oxford, in a book 
in titled, '*V. CI. Gulielmi Cambdeni, et illustrium Virorum 
ad G. Cambdenum Epistola?, etc." London, 1691, 4to. 
This was the reason why Camden, in his Preliminary Dis- 
course to the Brigantes, calls this Thomas his learned friend 
in 1582 ; and it is something strange that Wood, in his 
Fasti, page 127, should have any doubt of this being the 
same person, when, in his A thenar, he had mentioned the 
above fifteen Letters. 

SAVILE, HENEY, 

Of Shaw-hill, in Skircoat, in this parish, commonly called 
Long Harry Savile, was of the Saviles of Bank, near Halifax, 
entered a student of Merton College in 1587, (his kinsman, 
Mr. Henry Savile, being then Warden,) and was soon after 
made one of the Portionists, commonly called Postmasters. 

After he had taken the Degree of B.A. he left Merton 
College, and retired to St. Alban-hall, where, in 1595, he 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 127 

took the Degree of M.A. Being all this time under the 
inspection of his kinsman, he became an eminent Scholar, 
especially in the Mathematics, Physic, (in which faculty he 
was admitted by the University to practise, ) Chemistry, 
Painting, Heraldry, and Antiquities. 

Afterwards for the completing of his knowledge, he 
travelled into Italy, France, and Germany, where he greatly 
improved himself. He wrote several things, but, I think, 
committed nothing to the press. 

He gave Camden the "Antient exemplar of Asser Meneven- 
sis," which he published in 1602, and which contains the 
story of the discord between the new Scholars which Grim- 
bald brought with him to Oxford, at the restoration of the 
University by King Alfred with the old Clerks which Grim- 
bald found there. This Henry Savile lived for some years 
after his return from foreign countries, in the j)arish of St. 
Martin in the Fields, near London, and died there April 
29th, 1617, aged forty -nine years, and was buried in the 
Chancel belonging to the parish Church there, a monument 
being set over his grave on the north wall, with his bust to 
the middle, carved in stone, and painted, the right hand 
resting on a book, and the left on a death's head. The in- 
scription worn out. 

One Henry Savile, Esq ; was Captain of the Adventure 
under Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins, against the 
Spaniards in the West Indies, and wrote a book called, " A 
Libel of Spanish Lies found at the Sack of Cales, discoursing 
the Fight in the West Indies between the English and the 
Spaniards, and of the death of Sir Francis Drake ; with an 
Answer, confuting the said Spanish Lies, &c." London, 
1596. This was an answer to a letter wrote by the Spanish 
General, asserting that Sir Francis Drake died of Grief, 
because he had lost so many barks and men, and that the 
English Fleet fled from the Spaniards in 1695. This Captain 
Savile is supposed to have been a relation of the above. 

In Queen Elizabeth's time, three Henry Saviles of York- 
shire, were matriculated as Members of Merton College, 
Oxford, viz. one, son of Plebeian, in 1588, another, son of an 
Esquire, in 1593, and a third, son of an Esquire, in 1595. 



128 BIOGRAPHIA 

STANSFIELD, ELY, 

Of Sowerby, published a book called " Psalmody eiDitomised ; 
being a brief collection of plain and useful Psalm tunes, both 
■old and new, in four parts, with a plain and familiar intro- 
duction, by way of question and answer." A second edition 
of this was printed in London in 1731. These tunes are 
most of them the old Church tenors, in use above an liundred 
years ago. The contra, medius, and bassus, the Author has 
added. He has likewise intermixed several tunes wholly of 
his own composition. The introduction seems to be a good 
one. Amongst several local tunes, he has given us '^Warley " 
new tune to Psalm c ; and " Sowerby" tune to Psalm xcviii. 

SLADDIN, JOHN, 

Of Ovenden, in this parish, i^rinted a pamphlet intitled, ** A 
brief Description of the Methodists, and a Confutation of 
their dangerous Principles." York, 1749. 8vo. It has a 
short Address to the Archbishop of York, and a Preface to 
the Eeader. 

SMITH, MATTHEW, 

Was born in the city of York, in 1650, and was sent, after 
he had made a sufficient progress in classical learning, to 
the University of Edinburgh, where he took the degree of 
M.A. Soon after his return from thence he began his Min- 
istry amongst the Dissenters, preaching alternately at Warley 
and Mixenden, in this parish. At the last of these places, 
he had only, at the beginning, one person (whose name was 
John Hanson) to encourage his preaching, the Dissenters 
from the establishment in that neighbourhood being then 
chiefly Antimonians. The Civil Magistrates being at that 
time severe with such Nonconformists as held any public 
assemblies, he was obliged to preach privately, often in the 
night, and to hide himself from their resentment; and 
though parties of soldiers were frequently detached to 
secure him, he was always fortunate enough to elude their 
vigilance, and at last when times were more settled, he had 
a flourishing congregation. 

One part of his life he was settled at York, but was forced 
to fly from thence into the parish of Halifax, to avoid the 
opposition which he met with. He was offered a living in 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 12^ 

the Church of £200 per annum, but having some scruples 
about conformity, he decHned it. 

Towards the latter part of his life he was afflicted with 
the palsy, and died April 29, 1736, aged 85, and was buried 
at Mixenden. He wrote a book with this title, " The true 
notion of imputed Kighteousness, and our Justification there- 
by, &c., by the Rev. M. S., a Country Minister, London, 
1700, 8vo., to which is added, "A Defence of the foregoing 
Doctrine, against some glowing Opposition among Neighbors, 
Ministers, and others." Printed in the same year. He also 
wrote a Treatise concerning the Decrees of God, the manu- 
script of which was in the late Mr. Thoresby's Museum. 
See Topog. p. 543. 

There are likewise printed of his, five Sermons : to which 
the Editor, the Rev. Mr. John Smith, first a Dissenting 
Minister at Mixenden, afterwards at Bradford, in Yorkshire, 
and son of the above Matthew, has prefixed his father's life, 
and added three discourses of his own. London, 1737. The 
above John Smith died at Bradford, April 7, 1768, after a 
severe stroke of the palsy, or, as some thought, a disorder of 
the convulsive kind, which carried him off in about four 
days. 

TAYLOR, JOHN, 

Concerning whose birth Dr. Plot, in his History of Stafford- 
shire, page 277, says, "that it seldom falls out that three 
children are born together, either perfect or living, and yet 
this happened at Barton, in Staffordshire ; one Taylor, who 
lived in a little cottage there, having three sons at a birth, 
which being presented as a rarity to King Henry VII. as he 
came that way (perhaps to hunt in Needwood), he ordered 
them to be put to school ; and they all lived to be men, and 
to be Doctors, coming to good preferment." 

At page 296, the same Author tells us, "that this John 
Taylor, who was then Dr. of Laws, Archdeacon of Derby 
and Buckingham, and was Master of the Rolls in the time 
of King Hen. VIII. and the oldest of the three above- 
mentioned, built, in 1517, the Chapel of Barton, on or near 
the place where the cottage stood wherein he was born, as 
appeared from the inscriptions in Saxon characters, in re- 
lieve work, over every other pillar of the north and south 
sides of the Nave of the said Chapel : 



130 BIOGRAPHIA 

Over the first pillar, "J. T. liorum trium^!^ Gemellorum 
natu maximus," 

Over the third, " Decretorum Doctor, et Sacrorum Can- 
onnm Professor ; " 

Over the fifth, " Archidiaconus Derbias et Bukkynham, 
nee non et " 

Over the seventh, '* Magister Rotulorum, illustrissimi 
Regis H.YIII. An. Reg. sui 20." 

On the second, fourth, sixth, and eighth pillars were 
I)laced interchangeably his coat of arms. 

Wood, in his Fasti, vol. i. page 34, informs us, that this 
John Taylor, Dr. of Decrees, and of the Sacred Canons 
beyond the Seas, having been lately incorporated at Cam- 
bridge, desired the same favour at Oxford, which was 
granted ; adding, that he had been Rector of Sutton Cole- 
field, in Warwickshire, Clerk of the Parliaments which sat 
in 1515, (in the seventh year of the reign of Henry VIII.) 
and Prolocutor of the Convocation of the Clergy, which was 
dissolved December 21, the same year; that he was made 
Master of the Rolls in 1528, having before been employed in 
several embassies beyond the seas, and discharged in 1534 ; 
that he succeeded Rokesby, Archbishop of Dublin, in the 
Vicarage of Halifax, and died in 1534. 

Willis, in his Survey of Cathedrals, vol. i , p. 440, sais, 
that this Dr. Taylor was made Prebendary of Litchfield, 
being admitted to the Prebend of Eccleshall there, Jan. 3, 
1508, which he quitted in 1532. His Archdeaconry of Derby 
he resigned in 1528, but his other Archdeaconry he seems to 
have held till his death. 

TILLOTSON, JOHN, 

Born at Haugh-end, in the township of Sowerby, in this 
parish. There is the less reason to be particular about the 
actions of his life, on account of the following publications, 
viz. 

"1. The Life of the most revd. Father in God John 
Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury, compiled from the 
minutes of the revd. Mr. Young, late Dean of Salisbury. 
By F. H. M. A. with many curious memoirs, communicated 
by the late right revd. Gilbert, Lord Bishop of Sarum." 
London, 1717, Bvo. 

'* This should have been Trimelloram. 



HALIFAXIENSIS . 181 

" 2 The Life of the most revd. Dr. John Tillotson, Lord 
Archbishop of Canterbury, compiled chiefly from his original 
Papers, and Letters. — By Thomas Birch, D.D." London, 
8vo. 1753, second edition. 

3. His Life inserted in the Biographia Britannica, page 
3944. "We shall, therefore, only take notice of what these, 
and others have omitted. 

It is very remarkable, that Wright, in his Hist' of Halifax, 
page 154, speaking of the dispute relating to the Archbishop's 
being baptized in the Church, says, " I myself have twenty 
times looked at his name in the register, and to the best of 
my remembrance, there were four others christened the same 
•day with him, whose names were all wrote down in the 
same hand, and same ink, without the least interlineation." 

Such an information as this, one would think, might be 
de]3ended upon as exact ; and yet when we searched the 
same Register, we found his name to be the last of seven, 
who were baptised together, and entered in these words, 
«'Bapt. Octr. 3, 1630, John Kobert Tilletson, Sourb." 

The following original Letter, which is in my possession, 
seems not to have been known to any of the Compilers of 
the Archbishop's Life. 

"For his much respecd. frend Mr. Roote, att Sorbey, are 
these. 

in Yorkeshire. 
" Sir, 

*' To excuse the slownes and infrequency of writeing, is 
growne a tl;iing soe complementall and common in the front- 
ispeece of every letter, that I have made choice rather to put 
myselfe upon your candor to frame an excuse for mee, then 
goe about my selfe to doe it. 

" I cannot but thankefully acknowledge my engagements 
to you for your kindnes showne to mee, both when I was in 
the country, and at other times ; I shall not here let my pen 
run out into complementall lines, gratitude (and that as 
much as may bee) being all that I desire to expresse. 

"As for our University affayres, things are as they was 
[so in original] before I came into the country, only wee 
have lesse hopes of procuring Mr. Thomas Goodwin for our 
Master then we then had. "Wee are in expectation of the 



182 BIOGRAPHIA 

Visitors every day, but what will be done at their cotnming- 
wee cannot guesse. 

*' The Engagement is either comming downe hither, or 
(as I heare) already come, to which how soone wee shall bee 
called upon to subscribe, wee knowe not ; as for my selfe I 
do not (for .present) at all scruple the taking of it, yet be- 
cause I dare not confinde too much to my owne judgement, 
or apprehension of things, and because matters of such 
serious consequence require no little caution and consider- 
ation, therefore I shall desire you (as soone as with con- 
venience you can) to returne mee your opinion of it in too 
or three lines. 

" Mr. Eich. Holbrooke desired me to present his respects 
to you and your wife, to whome alsoe I desire you to present 
my best respects, as alsoe to your son, Joh. Hopkiuson, and 
his wife. Noe more, but your prayers for him who remains, 

Yours whilst 

JOH. TILLOTSON." 
Clare-Hall, Dec. 6, 
1649. 

What sort of answer was given to the above, does not 
appear, but as Mr. Roote, who at that time was Preacher at 
Sowerby Chapel, was one of the Puritans, it is j)robable that 
he would not dissuade Mr. Tillotson from complying with 
that Engagement here mentioned, which was an Act sub- 
stituted in the room of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supre- 
macy, and was ordered to be taken by every one who held 
either Office, or Benefice, " that they would be true and 
faithful to the Government established, without King or 
House of Peers. 

Add to this, that Mr. Tillotson, who at that time was an 
Under-graduate of Clare-hall, and very young, was under 
the care of Mr. Clarkson, a Tutor there, who also was a 
Puritan, and attached to the Government then in being. 

It does not appear however, that Mr. Tillotson long 
adhered to the principles, especially the religious ones, which 
he may have been supposed to have received either from his 
Father, or College Tutor, for his writings breathe a quite 
different spirit from the stiff rigid sentiments of those times ; 
in particular, when Dean of Canterbury, he preached before 
his father at Sowerby Chapel, against the doctrine of Calvin, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 133 

j)robably with an intent to rectify his father's notions ; and 
one Dr. Maud, who had frequent disputes with the Arch- 
bishop's father about predestination, asking him, how he 
Hked his son's discourse ? the old man repHed, in his usual 
way when he asserted any thing with earnestness, *'I pro- 
fess he has done more harm than good." 

The following anecdote was told by the late Kev'd. Mr. 
Tillotson, Sur-master of St. Paul's School, who had it from 
Dr. Seeker, when Bishop of Oxford. — When the famous 
Duke of Buckingham j^resented Dr. Tillotson to King Charles 
II. after saying that he introduced to his Majesty the gravest 
Divine of the Church of England, he stepped forward, and 
in a lower tone said to the King, "And ol so much wit, that 
if he chose it, he could make a better comedy than ever your 
Majesty laughed at." 

But on what grounds the Duke said this we cannot con- 
ceive, for the Doctor has left no specimen of this kind of wit 
behind him. Perhaps he had an inclination to serve the 
Doctor, and knew that this was one effectual way to recom- 
mend him to the King. 

It is commonly said about Sowerby, that Robert Tillotson 
went to London to see his son, then Dean of Canterbury, 
and being in the dress of a plain countryman, was insulted 
by one of the Dean's servants, for enquiring if John Tillotson 
was at home ; his person, however, being described to the 
Dean, he immediately went to the door, and in the sight of 
his servants fell down upon his knees to ask a blessing of the 
stranger. 

TILSON, HENRY, 

Born, as it is said, in the parish of Halifax, but in what 
particular part is uncertain. The name has been common 
in several townships there, especially in Sowerby and Oven- 
den. He was entered a Student at Baliol College, Oxford, 
in 1593, was made B.A. in 1596, soon after which he got a 
Fellowship in University College, and there took his degree 
ofM.A. 

In October 1615, he succeeded R. Kenion in the Vicarage 
of Rochdale, in Lancashire, where, after he had resided 
some years, he went Cha^^lain to Thomas Earl of Strafford, 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, who made him Dean of Christ 



184 BIOGRAPHIA 

Church, in Dublin, Pro Vice-Chancellor of the University of 
Dublin, and Bishop of Eljohin, to which he was consecrated 
September 23, 1639 ; but this he did not long enjoy, on 
account of the rebellion which soon after broke out. 

Sir James Ware, in his History of the Irish Bishops, page 
635, says, that on the 16th of August, 1645, he delivered 
the castle of Elphin into the hands of the Lord President of 
Connaught ; his son. Captain Henry Tilson, who was Gov- 
ernor of Elphin, having just before joined with Sir Charles 
Coot in opposition to the King's interest. 

And about the same time, his library and goods were 
pillaged by Boetius Egan, the titular Bishop of Elphin, his 
damages amounting to the sum of four hundred pounds. 
He himself fled for safety into England, and settled at Soot- 
hill-hall, in the parish of Dewsbury, where some of his 
relations lived, and where he resided three years, intending 
to have returned, but never did. 

Having thirteen persons, however, in his family, and 
being stript of his income, he was obliged to have recourse 
to such means for subsistence as his station in the Church 
put in his power ; for this purpose he consecrated a room in 
the said Hall, called to this day the Bishop's Parlour, where 
he privately ordained, and did weekly the offices of a Clergy- 
man, some of his neighbours being both hearers and bene- 
factors to him ; till Sir William Went worth, of Breton, out 
of compassion to his distressed circumstances, employed him 
to preach at Comberworth, allowing him a salary to support 
him. 

Thus was this Prelate obliged to stoop to become a country 
Curate ! The following extract from the Register belonging 
to Dewsbury Church, shews when and where he was interred. 
*' Henry Lord Bishop of Elphin, buried the 2d day of 
April, 1655." In the south-east corner of the said Church, 
in a Chapel which belonged to the Soothills, of Soothill, is 
a monument on the wall, with this inscription : 

''P.M. 

Beverendi in Christo Patris 
HENRICI TILSON, 

Hen. F. 

Episcopi Elphinensis 

In Hibernia, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 185 

Nati Ao 1576, juxta Halifax, 

In Agro Eboracenci, 

Denati 31 Die Martii, A^ 1655, 

in eodem Agro. 

Viri ob Eruditionem et Pietatem 

Insignis. 

Parentis charissimi 

P. 

Nathan Tilson. , 

Hen. F. Hen. N." 

The Arms on this monument are, Or, a bend cotised be- 
tween two garbs azure, charged with a mitre of the field, 
which are so like the Arms of Tillotson, that one would 
almost imagine that their names, if not their families, were 
originally the same. 

I have credibly been informed, that the late James 
Tilson, Esq., who died at Cadiz, said this Bishop's family 
came originally from Tilston, in Cheshire ; if so, they were 
absolutely the same. 

For a nephew of the Bishop's, see Walpole's Anecdotes of 
Paintings, vol. iii., p. 103, edit. 1763. 

The Tilsons long farmed Soothill-hall ; they were there in 
1748. 

TOPHAM, EDWARD, 

"Was Schoolmaster at the Free Grammar-school, near Hali- 
fax, and published a Sermon, preached at Selby, in Yorkshire. 
Wright, page 25, calls him Matthew. 

WATKINSON, EDWARD, 

Was M.D. Rector of Little Chart, in Kent, and some time 
Curate of Luddenden Chapel, in this parish. Having had 
his house at Little Chart broke open and plundered, he was 
so terrified with what was done, that he durst not live any 
longer in that neighbourhood, but removed to Ackworth, 
near Pontefract, in Yorkshire, where he died, Oct. 19, 1767. 
He published, "An Essay on (Economy," (of which he 
printed four editions, chiefly to give away.) "An Essay 
upon Gratitude." "An Admonition to the younger Clergy;" 
a recommendation of which may be seen in the Christian's 
Magazine for January, 1765, page 29. 



186 BIOGRAPHIA 

WATSON, JOHN, 
The Author of this- book, was the eldest son of Legh "Watson, 
by Hesther, daughter, and at last heiress, of Mr. John Yates, 
of Swinton, in Lancashire. 

He was born in the township of Lyme-cum-Hanley, in the 
parish of Prestbury, in Cheshire, March 26, 1724, O.S. and 
having been brought up at the Grammar-schools of Eccles, 
Wigan, and Manchester, all in Lancashire, he was admitted 
a Commoner in Brazen-nose College, Oxford, April 7, 1742. 

Li Michaelmas Term, 1745, he took the Degree of B.A. 
June 27, 1746, he was elected a Fellow of Brazen-nose 
College, being chosen into a Cheshire Fellowship, as being a 
Prestbury parish man. On the title of his Fellowship, he 
was ordained a Deacon at Chester, by Dr. Samuel Peploe, 
Bishop of Chester, December 21, 1746. 

After his year of Probation, as Fellow, was ended and his 
residence at Oxford no longer required, he left the College ; 
and his first employment in the Church, was the Curacy of 
Runcorn, in Cheshire ; here he staid only three months, and 
removed from thence to Ardwick, near Manchester, where 
he was an Assistant Curate at the Chapel there, and private 
Tutor to the three sons of Samuel Bu-ch, of Ardwick, Esq. 

During his residence here, he was privately ordained a 
Priest at Chester, by the above Dr. Peploe, May 1, 1748, 
and took the Degree of M.A. at Oxford, in Act Term, the 
same year. From Ardwick he removed to Halifax, and was 
licensed to the Curacy there Oct. 17, 1750, by Dr. Matthew 
Hutton, Archbishop of York. 

June 1, 1752, he married Susanna, daughter and heu-ess 
of the late Revd. Mr. Allon, Vicar of Sandbach, in Cheshire, 
vacating thereby his Fellowship at Oxford. 

September 8, 1754, he was licensed by the above Dr. 
Hutton, on the presentation of George Legh, LL.D. Vicar of 
Halifax, to the Perpetual Curacy of Ripponden, in the parish 
of Halifax. Here he rebuilt the Curate's house, at his o's\ti 
expence, laying out above four hundred pounds upon the 
same, which was more than a fourth part of the whole sum 
he there received, notwithstanding which, his worthy suc- 
cessor threatened him with a prosecution in the Spiritual 
Court, if he did not allow him ten pounds for dilapidations,^ 
which, for the sake of peace, he compHed with. 
« Watson's " Halifax," 4to., London, 1775. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 187 

February 17, 1759, he was elected a Fellow of the Society 
of Antiquaries in London, being invited to accept of that 
lionour by the Eight Hon. the Lord Willoughby, of Parham, 
President of that Society. 

July 11, 1761, he was married at E aland, in Halifax 
parish, to Ann, daughter of Mr. James Jaques, of Leeds, 
Merchant. 

August 17, 1766, he was inducted to the Rectory of Men- 
ingsby, in Lincolnshire, being presented thereto by the 
Right Hon. Lord Strange, then Chancellor of the Dutchy 
of Lancaster, which he resigned in the year 1769, on being 
promoted to the valuable Rectory of Stockport in Cheshire. 
His presentation to this, by Sir George Warren, bore date 
July 30, 1769, and he was inducted thereto August the 2d 
following. 

April 11, 1770, he was appointed one of the Domestic 
Chaplains to the Right Hon. the Earl of Dysart. 

April 24, 1770, having received his Dedimus for acting as 
a Justice of the Peace in the county of Chester, he was 
sworn into that office on that day. 

He has published, 1. a Discourse from Philipp. iv. 5. 
preached in Halifax Church, July 28, 1751, in titled. Moder- 
ation ; or, a candid Disposition towards those that differ 
from us, recommended and enforced : with a Preface, con- 
taining the reason of its publication. The first impression 
of this being quickly sold, it passed through a second edition. 

2. An Apolygy for his Conduct yearly, on the 30th of 
January, printed at Manchester, in 8vo. and annexed to 
this, is a Sermon preached in Ripponden-chapel, on the 30th 
of January, 1755, from Romans xiii. 4. intitled, ** Kings 
should obey the Laws." 

3. A Letter to the Clergy of the Church, known by the 
name of Unitas Fratrum, or Moravians, concerning a re- 
markable Book of Hymns used in their Congregations, 
pointing out several Inconsistencies and Absurdities in the 
said Book. — This also was printed at Manchester, in 1756, 
8vo. 

4. Some account of a Roman Station lately discovered on 
the borders of Yorkshire, read before the Society of Anti- 
quaries, Feb. 20, 1786, and printed in the Archteologia, vol. 
•i., p. 215. 



188 BIOGRAPHIA 

5. A mistaken passage in Bede's Eccles. Hist, explained ; 
read Feb. 27, 1766, Arch, i., p. 221. 

6. Druidical Remains in or near the parish of Hahfax, 
discovered and explained; read Nov. 21, 1771. Arch, ii., p. 
853. This last is reprinted in the History of Hahfax, with 
alterations. 

Also several other fugitive pieces of his have been pub- 
lished in different j)eriodical Papers without his name ; and 
he has in manuscript, ready for the press,-- An History of 
the Antient Earls of Warren and Surry, proving the Warrens 
of Poynton, in Cheshire, to be lineally and legally descended 
from them. He is also preparing to publish the Antiquities 
of a part of the County of Chester ; likewise those of a part 
of the County of Lancaster. 

WILKINSON, HENRY, 

Born (sais Wood, Athena^, ii., p. 112,) in the Vicarage of 
Halifax, October 9, 1566 ; entered at Oxford in Lent Term, 
1681 ; elected Probationer Fellow of Merton College, by 
favour of his kinsman, Mr. Henry S a vile, the Warden, in 
1586; i)roceeded in Arts; took the Degree of B.D. and in 
1601 had the Living of Waddesdon, in Bucks. 

In 1643 he was elected one of the Assembly of Divines ; 
and dying March 19, 1647, was buried at Waddesdon. He 
wrote, 1. A Catechism for the Use of the Congi-egation of 
Waddesdon, which has been several times printed in octavo; 
and the fourth impression came out at London in 1637. 2. 
The Debt Book, or a Treatise on Romans xiii. 8., wherein 
is handled the civil debt of money or goods. London, 1625. 
octavo ; and some other things. He had a son Henry, for 
whom see Wood's Athena; ii., p. 543. 

WILKINSON, JOHN. 

In Bentley's History of Halifax, page 81, it is said, that 
"Doctor Wilkinson was born in Halifax parish, and brought 
up in Oxford, where he attained to that eminency in learn- 
ing, as to become Divinity Professor in that University." 

This we take to have been the same who is said in Wood's 
Fasti, vol. i. page 173. to have had the honour, when he 
was B.D. and Fellow of Magdalen College, to be appointed 
* Afterwai'ds printed. 



HAIilFAXIENSIS. 139 

Tutor to Henry Prince of Wales, eldest son of King James I. 
He was afterwards President of Magdalen Hap, and finally, 
President of Magdalen College. It seems that the Doctor 
fled from Oxford to the Parliament, and was deprived of his 
Presidentship. 

WRIGHT, THOMAS, 

Born at Blackburn, in Lancashire, August 12, 1707, was 
educated in the Grammar School there founded by Q. Eliz. 
about 1567 ; took the Degree of B.A. at St. John's College, 
Cambridge ; was several years Curate of Halifax, which he 
left in the year 1750, being then presented to the Curacy of 
Eipponden. 

He died in June 1754, having wrote " The Antiquities of 
the Town of Halifax, in Yorkshire ; wherein is given an 
account of the Town, Church, and twelve Chapels, the Free 
Grammar School, a List of the Vicars and School-masters ; 
the ancient and customary Law, called Halifax Gibbet Law, 
with the names of the Persons that suffered thereby, and the 
Times when ; the public Charities to Church and Poor ; the 
Men of Learning, whether Natives or Inhabitants ; together 
with the most remarkable Epitaphs and Inscriptions in the 
Church and Church Yard. The whole faithfully collected 
from printed Authors, Rolls of Courts, Registers, Old Wills, 
and other authentic Writings." Leeds, 1738. With a Pre- 
face. 

It is remarkable that Mr. Wright was my immediate pre- 
decessor in both the Curacies of Halifax and Eipponden, 
and that we have both wrote the Antiquites of Halifax. 



COATS OF ARMS. 

There is in this [Halifax] church an antient and very 
curious wooden cover to the font, which font the register 
tells us was re-erected in 1660. Also the royal arms, placed 
between the body of the church and the chancel, and facing 
both. On account of these, there is the following entry in 
an old church book : " 1704, paid to John Aked, for Queen's 
arms, in part, ten pounds fifteen shillings." 



iid BIOGRAPHIA 

. This John Aked was an inhabitant of Halifax, and has 
put his name thereon ; it is said, however, that they were 
finished in London ; be this as it will, both the arms and 
supporters are done in a very masterly manner. 

On the roof of this church are painted, in different compart- 
ments, the following arms, (1.) Wilkinson ; ( 2.) Archbishop 
Tillotson ; (3.) Savile, impaled with four others, viz. 1st, 
Gules, three lions passant guardant ; 2dly, Howard ; 3dly, 
Warren ; 4thly, Gules, a lion rampant argent. (4.) Arch- 
bishop Sharp ; ( 5.) Lister ; ( 6.) Farrer, a martlet for differ- 
ence ; (7.) Farrer, no distinction. (8.) Sable, a chevron 
between three escallops argent. — ( 9.) Cockcroft, of Mayroid, 
but the colours, as I apprehend, mistaken ; a martlet for 
difference; (10.) Same arms, crescent for difference; (11.) 
Greenwood, impaled with another coat, forgot. — ( 12.) Pres- 
cot; (13.) Argent, a chevron gules between three elephants 
passant sable. (14.) Argent, a fess between three crescents 
gules. (15.) Savile. (16.) Argent, a lion rampant gules. 

(17.) Argent, on a pale gules between two three towers 

of the first, and in chief, gules, a crescent bet wen two 

escallops (18-) Naylor ; (19.) Argent, on a fess sable, 

between three crescents, as many mullets, gules, or some- 
thing like it ; for this, and two others quartered with it, I 
could not distinctly make out, owing to their great distance 
from the eye, (20.) Midgley, of Midgley. (21.) Argent, a 
plain cross azure. (22.) Argent, two bars gemells gules, 
and in chief three torteauxes. (23.) Argent, three pales 
sable. (24.) Same as the last. (25.) Lister, but wants the 
canton. (26.) Waterhouse. (27 and 28.) The Cloth- 
workers' arms. (29.) Lindley. (30.) Drake, impaled with 

(31.) Or, a chevron gules between three towers argent. 

(32.) Argent, in chief gules, three escallops (33.) Azure, 

on a chevron argent, between three grifiins passant or, three 
escallops gules. (34.) Naylor. (35.) Murgatroyd, as I 
take it. ( 36.) Sable, a fess lozengy, and in base an escallop 
argent, on a chief indented of the second, three escallops of 
the first. (37.) Same as No. 35. (38.) Sable, a chevron 
between three roses argent. ^39.) Midgley of Midgley. 
(40.) Livesey. (41.) Argent, two bars nebule, over all a 
bend gules, quartered with, Argent, a chief indented sable. — 
(42.) Ramsden, of Crawstone. (43.) Argent, three crosses 
forme, five times pierced of the field. (44.) Gules, a griffin 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 141 

passant or. [ Some of these are now left out, and the 
arrangement is totally different. — J.H.T.] 

After these follow the arms of the Yicars, which I shall 
insert in the list of the Vicars, each under his respective 
name. 



LIST OF THE VICARS 

OF HALIFAX CHURCH. 

l.nrNGOLARD TURBARD, or TURBERD, or, as I have 
I seen it wrote, TURBAT, was probahly one of the 
Monks of St. Pancrace, at Lewis. He was the first Vicar of 
this church, being presented thereto by the Prior and Con- 
vent of Lewis, who, by themselves, or assigns, i)resented 
every Vicar to this Church till the time of Dr. William 
Rokeby, inclusive. 

This Vicar's presentation bears date January 25, 1273, 
and he was inducted into the living May 3, 1274, and died 
May 28, 1315. — Arms, Azure, a fess ermine between three 
turbats naiant, proper. 

2. John, called Aaron de Grydinton, instituted 11 calend. 
July (June 21,) 1315. His institution dated at Burton, near 
Beverley, as by Will, de Greenhill's register at York, vol. II. 
folio. 87. — Arms, Gules, a fess or between two frets, argent. 

3. Thomas de Gaytington, or Getingdon, instituted on the 
nones (or 5th) of June, 1321, who died September 10, 1349. 
— Arms, Argent, on a bend sable three goats passant of the 
first. 

4. John de Standford, or Stamford, wrote also Stainforth, 
and Stamforth, was instituted, according to Mr. Wright, 
February 7, but as by other authorities, February 4, 1349, 
and died either on the 20th or 29th of October, 13G2. 

Arms, Barry of six argent and azure, a canton, or. 

It must here be observed, that a Richard de Ovenden is 
put down in one of the manuscripts which I saw at York, 
marked Af 39, as Vicar of Halifax, and said to be instituted 
October 8, 1349, but no notice is taken of him either by Mr. 
Wright, or on the roof of Halifax church, which might be 
owing to his having enjoyed this benefice so very short a 



142 BIOGRAPHIA 

time. If he was Vicar, I take him to have been the first 
parish man who was presented thereto. 

5. EicHARD (son of Henry) de Heton, instituted, according 
to Mr. Wright, November 3, but by a manuscript at York, 
November 10, 1362.— Died March 9, 1389. 

He was of the Hetons of Over Shibden, in Northouram, 
as is evident from the copy of a deed in my possession ; 
whereby he, by the express name of Kic. de Heton, Vicar of 
the church of Hahfax, conveys in trust all his lands, tene- 
ments, &c., in Northouram, in a certain hamlet in the said 
vill, called Overshypden, in the 4th year of the reign of 
Eichard II. 1380. And in 1389, a grant was made, by con- 
sent of sir Ric. de Heton, Vicar of Halifax, to Will. Heton, 
Esq., of Schipden, son of said Richard, by certain trustees, 
of all the lands, tenements, &c., in Over Schipden, in the 
vill of Northouram, called Schipden-hall, and Hyngandrode, 
which they had of the feoffment of the said Richard. 

Arms of this Vicar, Argent, on a bend sable, three bulls 
heads cabossed of the first, half faced looking to the left. — 
This coat is borne by a family in Devonshire, of this name. 

6. John Kynge, inducted March 13, 1389, who died March 
13th, or 14th, 1437. — Arms, sable, three escallops on a 
chevron argent. 

N. B. Here in my manuscript list, occurs Dominus 
Thomas Eland, as Vicar of Halifax, said to be instituted 
May 20, 1438, but he is not noticed either in Wright, or on 
the roof of the church. If he really was Vicar, it is probable 
that he was of the Eland family in this parish, as I take 
his iDredecessor John Kynge to have been of the family of 
that name in Skircoat, for he gave lands, &c., in Skircoat, 
to Henry Savile, and Elen his wife, in the 4tli year of the 
reign of Henry IVth or Vth. 

7. Thomas Wilkynson, born, as tradition informs us, at 
Brackenbed, in Ovenden, within this parish, and instituted, 
says Mr. Wright, page 40, May 16, 1439. 

His will bore date in 1477, as we are told by Dr. Favour, 
in his book intitled " Antiquity triumphing over Novelty," 
page 330 ; and he died, says Mr. W^right, January 25, 1480. 

I cannot but take notice here that I have the copy of 
a deed dated August 5, in the 16th year of the reign of 
Henry VI. which was in the year 1437, wherein express 
mention is made of Thomas Wilkinson, Vicar of the church 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 14B 

of Halifax ; what Mr. Wright says therefore of the time of 
his institution must be false, as must also the account of the 
time of the institution of Thomas Eland. 

It is also remarkable, that amongst the testamentary 
burials at Halifax, inserted in Torr's manuscrix3t, at York, 
it is said that Thomas Wilkinson, Vicar of Halifax, made 
his will June 1, 1481, and left his soul to God Almighty, 
Samt Mary, and all Saints, and ordered his body to be 
buried in the parish church of St. John Baptist, Halifax. 
Arms of this Vicar, Gules, a fess varie, in chief an unicorn 
currant, argent, armed . . . between two roses or, in a 

bordure He made, at his own expence, the great 

™idow in the chancel. 

8. EicHARD SiMMYS, or SiMMs, distinguished in my 
manuscript list, by the title of Magister, as all the Vicars 
before him had been by that of Dominus. 

He was instituted, says Wright, February 11, 1480, (i. e. 
1480-1,) and died November 10, 1496. He seems to have 
been an Halifax parish man, from the institution deed of 
Willeby's Chauntry. 

Arms, Ermine, three increscents gules, wliich coat was 
also granted (as we are told by Guillim, p. 91,) to Edward 
Syms, (or Symmes,) of Daventry, in Northampton shu-e, in 
1592, by Kobert Cook. 

9. Magister Thomas Brent, L.D. instituted November 27, 
1496. He resigned this Vicarage, and it was the first 
instance of its having become vacant any other way than by 
death. 

Arms, Azure, a Fer de Moline argent, pierced of the field. 

10. Magister William Rokeby, instituted 14th of June, 
1502. — Died November 29, 1521. Arms, impaled with the 
Archiepiscopal arms of Dublin, argent, on a chevi'on sable, 
between three rooks closed proper, three mullets of the field. 

An account of him was given in the list of the Halifax 
parish Worthies, as also of Dr. Taylor. 

11. John Taylor, LL.D., instituted some time in the year 
1521. — Mr. Wright thinks he resigned the vicarage before 
his death, which happened in 1534, but of this there is no 
proof. — Arms, Gules, on a chevron between three dolphins 
naiant argent, a fleur de lis, and on each side of it, a grey- 
hound counter current, sable. 



144 BIOGBAPHIA 

These arms do certainly belong to the name of Taylor ; 
but Plot, in his History of Staffordshire, page 296, has given 
ifS the following, from the chapel of Barton, in the said 
county, built by the Doctor himself, viz. Sable, on a chevron 
argent, three violets slipt, the flowers of the second (Q.?) 
the stalks and leaves or, between three children's heads 
€ouped at the shoulders, also of the second haired, and 
vested of the third, in a chief of the same a ® azure, be- 
tween two roses gules, seeded of the chief. 

Now if these were really the Doctor's arms, by what 
authority are the others put up here ? This gives one a 
suspicion about some of the rest. The reader, however, has 
them as I found them. 

12. Dominus Egbert Holdesworth, L.D., the time of 
whose institution is uncertain. He was of the family of the 
Holdsworths, of Astey, (or Ashdale) in Southouram, and 
was possessed of an estate in that township. 

He was murdered in the night time by thieves, in the 
Vicarage-house, which stood on different ground from the 
present one. — An old manuscript says, this event happened 
in the great chamber of the north, and the lower part of the 
house, in a part thereof turning towards the east. 

He was buried at Halifax, May 10, 155G, without any 
inscription, under the great tombstone in the south chapel, 
which he built in his life time at his own expence. — Arms, 
Argent, on the stump of a tree raguled in bend, a crow 
perched near the top, proper. 

It is to be noted, that the inscription relating to Dr. 
Holdesworth, already mentioned in the description of this 
south chapel, makes him to be the twelfth Vicar, thereby 
excluding from the list, both Eic. de Ovenden, and Tho. de 
Eland. 

13. Dominus John Harrison, instituted July 13, 1556, 
Cnot May 3, as in Wright, for that was before the death of 
his predecessor,) being presented thereto by the Lady Ann 
Cleve, as my manuscript list informs me, but other accounts 
say that the benefice of Halifax was not granted to the 
Lady Ann when the manor there was settled upon her for 
life, but that the same was kept in the King's hands ; be- 
sides, we are told that the Lady Ann Cleve died in 1666, 
which was before the date of this presentation. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 145 

He was buried at Halifax, 17th February, 1558, as by the 
Eegister there; but Mr. Wright says, 15th February, 1559. 

Arms, Argent, three lions (or bears) paws erased and 
erected, gules. 

14. — Christopher Ashburn, instituted in the beginning of 
Lent, 1559. — He was the first Protestant Yicar here. — In 
his time the Vicarage of Halifax is said to have offered to 
Queen Elizabeth by address, to raise three or four thousand 
men against the northern insurgents, but she found she had 
no need of them. 

This has been quoted as evidence of the good effects of 
the diligent preaching of the Gospel ; particularly by Arch- 
bishop Gryndall, in his letter to the Queen, to dissuade her 
from abridging the number of Preachers ; the words are 
these : 

*' "What bred the rebellion in the North ? W^as it not 
"Papistry, and the ignorance of God's holy-word, through 
''want of preaching? — And in the time of that rebellion, 
" were not all men of all estates that made profession of the 
'* Gospel, most ready to offer their lives for your defence ? — 
*' Insomuch that one poor parish in Yorkshire, which, by 
** continual XDreaching, had been better instructed than the 
"rest, Halifax I mean, was ready to bring three or four 
"thousand able men into the field, to serve you against the 
" said rebels." 

As this Gentleman was so remarkable for doing good by 
his preaching, it is a pity that he should have been guilty of 
letting the Vicarage-house run strangely out of repair, as 
Mr. Wright has expressed it, page 49, or, as I have seen 
it in a manuscript " of defacing and selling off much of the 
" housing of the Vicarage." 

In Halifax Eegister is the following note. 

" Memorandum, That the yere of our Lorde, 1565, John 
" Eamsden, of Langley, Gentleman, dyd recover of Xpofer 
"Ashburn, Clerk, Vicar of Halyfax, by the lawe, certayn 
" sumes of money for the dett of Sir John Herrison, prede- 
" cessor to the sayd Xpofer, by means of certayn offring days, 
" spent and endyd befor the death of the sayd Herrison, 
" which the sayd Xpofer, at his entrye, recevyd for them for 
"longe tyme after; the four offring dales were only at 
" Ester payable, and neverthelesse provyd by the lawe to be 



146 BIOGRAPHIA 

■*' dewe every several day, and therfore so many of tlie offryng 
** days as were expyrd before the deatlie of the sayd Herrison, 
" were provyd to be hys goods." 

" Wytnes herof, the whole multitude of people then 
^' lyvynge within the sayd vicarage of Halifax, per me, XPo* 
*' Ashburn, tunc ibm Vicar." 

Mr. Wright, page 49, says, he takes this to be the same 
person mentioned in Willis's Survey of Cathedrals, page 
170, as Eector of one of the medieties of Bishop's-hill, York, 
and admitted Prebendary of Tockerington, in the Cathedral 
there, August 27, 1570, which prebend he resigned, as it 
seems he did also the Vicarage of Halifax, in 1573. 

Afterwards, as Willis again informs us, papfe 155, he was 
made Prebendary of North Newbald, in the said Cathedral, 
which place he held till his death. He was buried at Hali- 
fax, December 7, 1584, as by the register there. 

15. — Franci^ Ashburn, son of the above Christoj)her, was 
M.A., and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge; he was 
instituted June 3d. according to Mr. Wright, but my manu- 
script says the last day of June, 1573, having been presented 
by Queen Elizabeth, his father, no doubt, having resigned 
in his favour, whilst he had a friend at Court. 

But this resignation was not of so much benefit to the 
family as was hoped for, because he died soon after his 
father, July 18, 1585. 

Arms of Ashburne, Gules, a fess between six martlets 
argent, born by a family of the name in Worcestershire. 
These arms are repeated on Halifax church roof, on account 
of the father and son. 

16. — Henry Ledsam, or Ledsham, D.D., Fellow of Merton 
College, in Oxford, presented by Queen Elizabeth, and in- 
stituted September 12, 1585. — He resigned the vicarage 
November 29, 1598, and was murdered in London, in 1598, 
by one who afterwards was hanged at Tyburn, and confessed 
the fact just before his execution. 

Arms, Quarterly, sable and argent, four leopards heads 
counter- changed. 

17. — John Favour, L.D., who, according to my manu- 
script, was instituted December 8, 1693, having been pre- 
sented by Queen Elizabeth. Mr. Wright sais he was 
inducted January 4, 1598, which should be, as we reckon 
now, 1594. He died March 10, 1628. 



H ALIFAXIENSIS . 147 

Arms, Parted per pale, argent, three eagles with two heads 
displayed sable and vert, three dolphins naiant proper, two 
and one, each coat dimidiated. — For an account of this 
Vicar, see my list of the most considerable persons belong- 
ing to this parish. 

18. — Robert Clay, D.D. of the family of Clay, of Clay- 
house, in Greetland, in this parish, where he was born, was 
educated in Merton College, Oxford, where he took his 
Doctor's degree, July 19, 1609. 

He was instituted, according to my manuscript, to the 
vicarage of Halifax, March 18, but as Mr. Wright sais, 
March 20, 1623, having been presented thereto by Sir Henry 
Savile, Knight and Baronet. 

He died April 9, 1628, leaving by will to Merton College 
one hundred pounds, for two sermons yearly to be preached 
to the University, by a Yorkshireman, if any such was 
Fellow or Chaplain of that College ; who, in his prayer, was 
to mention Dr. Clay, sometime Vicar of Halifax, as the 
founder of those sermons. See Wood's Fasti, vol. i., p. 184. 

He was buried in the library (which he is said to have 
built) in Halifax church, April 14, 1628, with the following 
inscription on his grave-stone : 

"Robertus Clay, S.T.P. Vicarius de Halifax, obiit Aprilis 
nono die. Anno Domini 1628." 

The Register contains the following entry : 

" Robertus Clay, D.D. Oxoniensis Merton, post quadrinum 
apud Halifax multa cum diligentia et pastorali cura in 
zodiaco animarum cursum attigisset, dulciter et quiete 
placida [this should be placidam] vitam transmisit in 
€elestia. Obiit Aprilis nono, et sepultus decimo quarto 
ejusdem mensis, Anno Dom. 1628." 

This character agrees not with the articles exhibited 
against him by one Smith, and to be found in Godolphin's 
Repertorium Canonicum, page 189. 

" 1. — That he read the holy Bible in an irreverent and 
undecent manner, to the scandal of the whole congregation. 

2. — That he did not do his duty in preaching; but, against 
his oath and the ecclesiastical canon, had neglected for 
sundry mornings to preach. 

8. — That he took the cups, and sundry vessels of the 
church, consecrated to holy use, and employed them in his 
own house, and put barm in the cups', that they were so 



148 BIOGRAPHIA 

polluted, that the communicants of the parish were loth to 
drink out of them. 

4. — That he did not observe the last fast (proclaimed 
upon the Wednesday) but on the Thursday, because it was- 
an holiday. 

6. — That he retained one Stepheson in one of the chapels 
of ease, who was a man of ill-life and conversation, viz. an 
adulterer and a drunkard. 

6. — That he did not catechize according to the parish 
canon, but only bought many of Dr. Wilkinson's catechisms, 
for every of which he paid two-pence, and sold them to the 
parishioners for three-pence, without any examination or 
instruction for their benefit. 

And that he, when any commissions were directed to him 
to compel any person in his parish to do penance, exacted 
money of them, and so they were dismissed, without inflict- 
ing any penalty upon them, as their censure was. 

And that he and his servants used divers menaces to his- 
parishioners, and that he abused himself, and disgraced his 
function, by divers base labours, viz. "he made mortar, 
"having a leathern apron before him, and he himself took a 
"tythe pig out of the pigsty, and afterwards he himself 
gelded it." 

And when he had divers presents sent him, as by some 
flesh, by some fish, and by others ale, he did not spend it in 
the invitation of his friends and neighbours, or give it to the 
poor ; but sold the flesh to butchers, and the ale to ale-wives. 

And that he commanded his curate to marry a couple in 
a private house without any licence ; and that he suflered 
divers to preach, which peradventure had not any licence, 
and which were suspected persons and of evil life. 

But how far these charges were true does not appear, a 
prohibition having been granted in the case. 

Arms, Gules, on a chevron ingrailed between three trefoils 
slipt argent, a mullet sable. 

19. — Hugh Ramsden, B.D. educated likewise at Mei-ton 
College, of which he was Fellow. 

He was baptized at Ealand, March 17, 1594; was inducted 
into the Vicarage of Halifax, Oct. 7, 1628, on the present- 
ation of King Charles I. having been before made Rector of 
Methley, in Yorkshire. He died of fever at York, July 16, 
and was buried in Halifax chancel, July 19, 1629. See the 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 149 

inscription to his memory in the epitajjlis belonging to 
Halifax church. The Eegister there has this: "Hugo 
Kamsden, filius Galfridi Eamsden, de Greetland, infra 
Vicariam de Hallifax, B.D., inductus est Vicaiius de Halli- 
fax, 7° Oct., 1628, primoque anno Vicariatus nondnm 
expleto, febri perperacuta correptiis mortuus est 17° calend. 
Augnsti, 1629. tristi sui apud omnes bones, pacisq; Ecclesiae 
cultores, relicto desiderio." 

Arms, Argent, between three fleiirs de lis on a chevron 
.sable, as many rams' heads of the first. 

20. — Ht:nry Kamsden, brother to Hugh, was instituted to 
this Vicarage at the presentation of King Charles I. accord- 
ing to my manuscript August 15, but after Mr. Wright, 
August 19, and inducted the 23d. 

He died March 23, and was buried March 28, 1638. 
Arms, same as last. 

21. — Richard Marsh, D.D., instituted at the presentation 
of King Charles I. April 12, 1638, and inducted April 17, 
following. 

He was obliged to fly from his living in 1642, to which he 
did not return till after the King's restoration. — Arms, Gules, 
a nag's head erased, argent. 

After the Doctor's departure, I find that one Wayte was 
appointed Vicar by the Lord Fairfax, but how long he offici- 
ated there I cannot tell. 

Mr. Wright, page 61, sais, that Mr. Root was Minister 
here in 1643 and 1644; John Lake, in 1647 and 1649, 
(which is true, see a mem. of his at the end of vol. iii. of the 
Register.) 

Then Robert Booth, in 1650, who was buried at Halifax, 
July 28, 1657. 

Lastly, Eli Bentley, born in Sowerby, who was Assistant 
to Booth, and after his death continued in the place till he 
was turned out for refusing to comply with the Act of 
Uniformity, as we are told by Mr. Wright, who has taken 
his description from Calamy's Account of ejected Ministers, 
vol. ii., page 804, 2d. edit. 

• This writer says, that Bentley was bred at Cambridge, 
and was Fellow of Trinity College there ; that he became 
assistant to Booth in August, 1652— that he fled before the 
five-mile act, but in 1672 returned to Halifax, and preached 
in his own house : and that he died July 31, 1675, aged 49. 

K 



150 BIOGRAPHIA 

The character he gives of him is, that he was a man of 
good j)arts, a solid serious Preacher, of a very humble be- 
haviour, and very useful in his place ; that he lived desired^ 
^ and died lamented. 

I have somewhere seen that after the removal of Mr. 
Eoot, Halifax was served, till the return of Dr. Marsh, by 
stij)endiary Priests, which from several circumstances, I 
believe to be true. 

22. — EicHA-RD HooKE, D.J)., instituted June 10, 1662, at 
the presentation of King Charles II. and inducted the 29th 
or 30th following. 

He died January 1, 1688-9. Being an Author, the farther 
account of him is inserted in the list of Authors. Arms> 
Gules, a fess between six fleurs de lis, argent. 

23. — Edmund Hough, M.A., inducted June 26, 1689, on 
the presentation of King James II. 

From the first edition of Calamy's Account of ejected 
Ministers it appears, that this Mr. Hough was turned out of 
his Fellowship) in Jesus College, Cambridge, by the Act of 
Uniformity ; after this, however, he thought fit to conform, 
and was made Rector of Thornton, in Craven, and Vicar of 
Halifax. 

He died April 1, 1691, and was buried in the chancel at 
Hahfax, with an inscription over him, which see amongst 
the Epitaphs. Arms, Argent, a bend sable. 

Mr. Thoresby had some manuscript sermons of this Vicar 
in his museum. 

In Halifax register is this entry: " Edmundus Hough, 
A.M. inductus erat in Vicar, de Halifax per Jacobum 
Roberts, Vicar, de Bingley, 26° die Junii, 1689. Sepultus 
3° Aprilis, 1691. — Vir de tota ecclesia tarn pietatis quam 
doctrinse ergo optime meritus, industrius Pastor, et efficax 
Evangelii Concionator quondam dignus. Coll. Jesu Cant. 
Socius, et. Ecclesise Thorntonensis doctus et diligens Rector, 
tandem hujus Ecclesiae sedulus per biennium Vicarius." 

24. — Joseph Wilkinson, M.A. instituted Sept. 7th, or 17th 
and inducted October 26, 1691, having been i^resented by 
King William III. 

He was first Vicar of Chapel-izod, near Dublin, and Pre- 
bendary of Casterknock, in the Cathedral of St. Patrick's, 
Dublin, afterwards rector of Wigginton, in Yorkshire. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 151 

He died December 28, 1711, aud was buried in the chancel 
at HaUfax, the 31st following. 

For the inscription over him see the Epitaphs. — Arms, 
Gules, a fess vaire, in chief an unicorn passant or, in a 
bordure. . . . 

25. — Thomas Burton, M.A., Rector of Lofthouse, and 
curate of Yarum, in Yorkshire, was instituted March 28, 
and inducted April 3d. or 4tli, 1712, on the presentation of 
Queen Anne. 

March 1, 1715, he was made Prebendary of the Prebend 
of Gevendale, in the Cathedral of York. He died July 22, 
1731, and was buried in the Chancel at Halifax, without 
any memorial of him, July 25, 1731. 

Arms, Quarterly, first, a fess between three talbots' heads, 
couped or. — 2dly, Azure, a spread eagle and a chief or, first 
as fourth, second as third. 

26. — George Legh, LL.D. inducted, as Mr. Wright sais, 
October 2, 1731, but another account sais, August 2. Pre- 
sented by King George II. 

He has since been made Prebendary of York, in the 
Bottevant-hall there. He was a Cheshire man, and the 
arms of his family are, argent, a lion rampant, gules, 
langued and armed azure, a crescent for difference. 

He died the 6th of December, 1775, in the 82d year of his 
age, and was buried in the Vestry at Halifax, where an 
elegant monument is erected, with the following inscription : 

"Near this place, in the same vault, are deposited the 
remains of the Rev. George Legh, LL.D. and his two beloved 
Wives, Frances and Elisabeth ; to whose joint memory this 
Monument is erected. 

He was Vicar of this Church and Vicarage of Halifax 
above forty four years ; during which time he interested 
himself, with laudable zeal, in the cause of religious liberty 
and sincerity ; being the last survivor of those worthy men, 
who distinguished themselves by their opposition to ecclesi- 
astical tyranny. He defended the rights of mankind in that 
memorable Hoadlian controversy. 

The Bible he considered as the only standard of faith and 
practice. — To the poor and distressed, and public charities, 
he was a generous benefactor. By his Will he ordered 
Bibles to be given for the benefit of the Poor. 



102 BIOGRAPHIA 

He did honour to his profession as a Clergyman and 
Christian. — He was esteemed when hving, and in death 
lamented. — He died composed on the 6th of December, 
1775, in the 82d. Year of his age. His Wife Frances died 
Dec. 9th, 1749.— Elisabeth, Feb. 8th, 1765. 

27. — The Eevd. Henry Wood, D.D. the present Vicar of 
Halifax, was inducted February 14, 1776. 



LIST OF LECTUllERS 

AT HALIFAX CHUKCH. 

J. Booth. — Eli Bentley. — ... Mitchel. — ... Lambert, 
came in 1676. — ... Hanson. — Francis Parrot, above fifty 
years. — John Holdsworth, in 1740. — Samuel Sandford, 
made Vicar of Huddersfield, and afterwards Eector of 
Thornhill. — .... Charlesworth. — .... Meyrick. 

Mr. Wright, p. 165, sais, that John Lake, (afterwards 
Bishop of Chichester) was Lecturer in 1647; but at p. 61, 
he had told us, that he was at that time in possession of the 
living. 

It may not be amiss to insert here the form of a decla- 
ration enjoined in the Act of Uniformity of public prayer, 
14 Cha. II. made by one of these Lecturers, and transcribed 
from the original. 

"I Thomas Hau son, Clerk, and M"* of Arts, now to be 
" admitted Lecturer of the Parish Church of Halifax, in the 
" county and diocese of York, do declare that it is not law- 
** full, upon any pretence whatsoever, to take armes against 
*'the King: And that I do abhorr that trayterous position 
*' of taking arms, by his authority, against his person, or 
*< against those that are commissionated by him. And that 
** I will conform to the Liturgy of the Church of England, 
" as it is now by law established. Tho. Hanson." Then 
*' follows the certificate. 

" This declaration and acknowledgement was subscribed 
*' by the above named Thomas Hanson, Lecturer of Halifax, 
*♦ in the diocese of York, before me. Witness my liand and 
<< seal, this second day of October, in the year of our Lord, 
** 1683." In the margin, the small Archiepiscopal seal, and 
«' under it, "Joh. Ebor." 



HALIFAXIENSIS . 153 

A Mr. Mitchel was hired in 1669, by the consent of the 
town and i3arish, either as Lecturer, or Curate, but probably 
the former ; however the Vicar at present chuses both, by 
custom. 

EPITAPHS IN THE 

CHURCH AND CHURCH-YAKD 

AT HALIFAX. 

THE method I shall observe herein will be to give those 
belonging to each respective family apart, in an alpha- 
betical manner, that they may be sooner found by inspection. 

ALLENSON. 

On a stone of blue marble- in the South Chapel : " Under 
this marble is interred the body of the reverend and learned 
James Allenson, A.M. Rector of Thornton, in Craven, who 
died the 26th and was buried the 29th day of November, 1730. 

ALDERSON. 
On a tomb-stone over Ann Alderson, of Bull-close, in the 
Church-yard: "She was of an admirable, sweet, obliging 
temper, free from censure, passion, and pride, generous, 
charitable, and respectful, a person worthy of imitation.'" 

BROADLEY. 

In the wall of the south-side, over a door, on a brass plate : 
** Mr. Jo. Broadley, late Minister at Sower by Chapp. died 
Feb. 14, 1625, and Mary, his wife, also died March the 2d, 
1625, and here lie buried. 

Here lies interr'd a zealous grave Divine, 

Meek, loving, lov'd, only with sin at strife ; 

Who heard him, saw life in his doctrine shine, 

Who saw him, heard sound doctrine in his life ; 

And in the same cold bed here rests his Wife. 

Nor are they dead, but sleep ; for he ne'er dies 

That waits for his sweet Saviour's word, Arise." 

* I was more than displeased to find that during the 1880 renovations 
this blue stone was deliberately cut in two, and a stone covering Vicar 
Knight had part of the inscription cut off, when half-a-yard at the bottom 
might have been taken instead, without detriment. This was even worse 
than boiling the oak pews ! 



164 BIOGRAPHIA 

BATLEY. 

Near the font, on a marble monument in the north wall : 
" Near this place is interred, the body of John Batley, late of 
this town, Salter. A man just in his dealings, exemplary in 
his life and conversation, a kind and affectionate husband, 
a tender and indulgent parent, a pious and sincere Christian ; 
he finished this life, hoping for a happy immortality. To 
his memory, Susannah, his widow, caused this monument to 
be erected. He departed the 28th day of July, 1717, aged 6Q 
years, and one day. — In the same place lieth the body of 
Thomas, eldest son of the said John Batley, who departed 
this life the 28tli day of March, 1702, aged 19 years, 7 w^eeks 
and 2 days." 

BKEAECLIFFE. 

On a pillar on the south side of the font : An epitaph on 
Ester, late wife of Edmond Beearcliffe, of Halifax, who died 
June 16th, 1629, and on Favour, their son, who died March 
5th, 1628. 

" Here rest three Saints ; the one a little Brother, 
The Favour of his scarce surviving Mother : 
Then she expired, and bore unto her tomb, 
An unborn infant coffin'd in her w^omb." 

This Mr. Brearcliffe, as we are told by Mr. Wright, was, 
October 1, 1623, made Parish Clerk by Dr. Favour, then 
Vicar, and having a son christened the 14th of March follow- 
ing, out of gratitude, called him Favour. 

BENTLEY. 

On a gravestone in the South Chapel : " Eli Bentley, son 
of Richard Bentley, of Sowerby Dene, M.A. some time 
Fellow of Trinity College, iu Cambridge, and late Minister 
of the Gospel at Halifax, departed this life July SOtli 1675, 
in the 45th year of his age." 

On a stone in the Church-yard : " Here were buried three 
children of the Rev. Mr. Daniel Bentley, Curate of Tiling- 
worth, and of Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of John Wads- 
worth, late of Holds worth. Also the Rev. Mr. Daniel 
Bentley, who was Curate of lUingworth above 30 years, died 
the 15th of November, 1748." 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 155 

OAYGILL. 

In the north-east corner of the Quire, is erected a neat 

monument, with the following inscription : 

Sacred to the Memory of 

John Caygill, Esq., 

Who departed this hfe the 22d of May, 1787, 

Aged 79 Years. 

CEOWTHER. 

On a tomb in the Church-yard : " Here lietli the body of 
Henry Crowther, who was born in Norland, died at Ball- 
Oresn, in Sowerby, December 21, Anno Dom. 1635." Round 
the border these lines : 

'* Eighty-four years I liv'd ; wouldst thou so do. 
Be thou, as I, quiet, chaste, and temp'rate too. 
Norland me gave, and Sowerby took my breath ; 
Man knows the place of birth, but not of death." 

DEAN. 

Round the border of a stone near the font : *' Here lieth 
the body of Robert Dean, eldest son of Robert Dean, of 
Exley, who died January 7, 1619." Within the border : 
" Here resteth the body of Ann, the wife of Mr. Robt. Dean 
of Exley, who departed this life the 19th day of September, 
1661. 

There is a God with whom 1 trust 

My soul shall triumph, when my body is dust." 

DOLLIFE. 

On a brass plate behind the Governor's pew ; " Here resteth 
the body of Mary, the wife of Richard Dollife, of Halifax, 
who was buried the 12th of August, Anno Dom. 1659. 

Reader, here lies intomb'd a virtuous wife. 
Whose sweet deportment whilst she had a life 
Procur'd her husband's love, her friends' delight, 
But th' grief of both since she hath bid good night. 

Also Richard Dollife, her husband, who departed this life 
the 14th of September, 1681, in the 64th year of his age." 



186 BIOGRAPHIA 

Tradition says, that the above four hues were composed 
by Archbishop Sharp, when a scholar at Bradford school, 
which is probable enough, as they seem to be the composition 
of a school-boy. 

DUN. 

On a marble monument upon the wall of the south side 
of the Chancel. 

M. S. 

Hie juxta conditur 

Quod reliquum est Joshua Dun, 

Filii Joshuie et Marine Dun, de Halifax, 

Collegii Christi dum apud Cantabrigienses floruit Alumni 

Quin et Collegii et Academise decoris et ornamenti. 

Nunc proh dolor ! tristis iisdem desiderii ; 
Juvenis erat, si setatem ; si spectas dotes, vir eximius ; 

Si quern eximium reddere valeant 
Probitas, summum ingenii acumen, acre judicium, 

Artium scientia, morum suavitas, urbanitas. 
Sese quantumvis ad omne literarum genus aptum natum^ 
In Medicina persertim excolenda, seu potius ornanda, 

Exercuit ; 
In qua tam mirificos fecit progressus, 
Ut brevi istius Facultatis peritus admodum prodierit : 

Summatim, 
Nisi quodtantum mortalibus fata invidissent virum. 
Ad morbos propulsandos, 
Et ad redintegrandas labefactatas hominum vires 
Plane natus videbatur : 
Ast heu ! buam aliis potuit sibi-metipsi non concessum est 
Opem afferre ; 
Variolis enim correptus, i3ost duodecem dies, 
Cum spes jam eum revaliturum effulserat. 

Inter seros nepotes vix ffiquiparandus, 
Haud certe unquam superandus, occubuit, 
Die 18 Sept. mdccix, annos natus xxv. 
Nee procul ab illo recumbit 
Pater ejus Joshua Dun, 
Qui obiit 7° Aug. A. D. 1715. ^Etatis sua) 80. 
Et mater ejus Maria Dun, 
Quae obiit Apr. 5o A. D. 1729. 
J^:tatis 87. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 157 

The above, Mr. Wright, page 180, says, he was told was 
drawn up by the ingenious Mr. Nicholas Sanderson, Professor 
of Mathematics in the University of Cambridge. 
In English.- 
Near this j)lace lie the remains of Joshua Dun, son of 
Joshua and Mary Dun, of Halifax, student of Christ College, 
shedding a lustre on it and the University while he lived at 
Cambridge, and at his death deservedly lamented : — In the 
flower of his age, he was endowed with those qualities which 
render a character truly respectable. Though born with a 
propensity for universal literature, he excelled chiefly in the 
healing art ; in which he made so amazing a progress as to 
become very skilful in that faculty. To sum up all, he 
seemed born to relieve the distresses of his fellow creatures, 
had not divine wisdom thought flt to release so great a man 
fi'om the ties of mortality at so early a period. 

Being taken with the small-pox, after an illness of 12 days, 
he finished life on the 13tli of September, 1709, aged 25, 
with a character hardly to be equalled by posterity. Near 
his grave rests his Father, Joshua Dun, who died August 17, 
1715, aged 80 ; as also his Mother, Mary Dun, who died 
April 5, 1729, aged 87. 

FAVOUR. 
On a gravestone in the chancel: "Hie Dormit Johannes 

Favour, Doctor sanctissmus hujus Ecclesia^ 

Occubuit seris, heu ! quod non serius, annis ; 

Nee longaeva magis quam bona vita fuit. 
Quam sacre velavit speciosum pectore corpus, 

Dignum equidem tumulo nobiliore tegi. 
Qui quidem extremam fldus permansit ad horam, 

Non illi tumulus, sed diadema decus. 
Theologus, Medicusq ; obiit, Jurisq ; peritus : 
I, sequere in coelos, qui modo salvus eris." 
In English. - 
Here sleeps John Favour, a pious Doctor of this Church. 
Loaded with honours, as with years, 
He mounts above the starry spheres ; 
Releas'd from earth by pitying fate, 
Tho' worthy of a longer date : 
* These translations do not appear in Watson. They were probably 
supplied to Jacob by the Rev. E. Nelson. 



158 BIOGEAPHIA 

How weak the monument we raise, 
To equal his deserved praise ! 

Whose soul was undismayed by death, 
And faithful to his latest breath. 

Reader, pursue him to the skies, 
Who shalt, like him, in glory rise. 

On a pillar on the south side of the quire is a monument, 
■erected to the memory of the above Dr. Favour, who is 
placed as in a pulpit, drest in his robes, and in an attitude 
of preaching, with one hand on his breast, and the other on 
a skull, which rests on the cushion before him. 

Jo. Favour, LL. Doct. Medici peritiss. et hujus 

Ecclesise Pastoris vigilantissimi. 
' ' Corpora et aegrotant animas ; fremit undiq ; rixa, 

Scilicet orba suo turba Favore jacet. 
En Pastor, Medicusq ; obiit, Jurisq ; peritus : 
I sequere in coelos, qui modo salvus eris." 
In English.- 
Jo. Favour, LL.D., practitioner in physic, and a most 
vigilant Pastor of this Church. 

'' With sick'ning heart and fainting breath. 
We hear the sound of Favour's death ; 
The pastor, friend, physician is no more. 
Pursue him. Reader, and with him adore." 

FAUCIT. 

On a brass plate near the font : " Here lieth the body of 
Hugh Faucit, of Halifax, buried the 8tli day of April, A.D. 
1641 ; and also Hugh Faucit, his son, was buried the 19th 
day of August, 1G68. Ut enim per Adamum omnes mori- 
untur, sic per Christum omnes reviviscent." 

FOURNIS. 

On a monument, upon the north wall of the chancel: 
*' Near this place is interred the body of Captain John 
FouRNis, who died the 10th, and was buried the 12th of 
November, 1717, aged 85 years." Several more of this 
family are mentioned here, and on a tablet on one of the 
pillars on the north side of the chancel, for which see Mr. 

* This translation does not appear in Watson. It was probably 
supplied to Jacob by the Rev. E. Nelson. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 159 

Wright, p. 180, 181. [After ''35 years," read ''and at a 
small distance are interred the bodies of two of his children ; 
Jane, his daughter, died the 25th, and was buried the 28th 
of July, 1720, aged 5 years 11 months; Susannah, his 
daughter, died the 20th, and Avas buried the 22d of July, 
1722, aged 5 years and 2 months." On a tablet on the 
north side of the chancel, on one of the i3illars : " Mr. Joseph 
FouRNEs departed this life the 3d day of March, 1676, aged 
73 years. Hannah Fournes, his daughter, born Aug. 7, 
1666, departed this life Apr. 27, 1680. John Fournes, his 
son, was born Jan. 8, 1664, departed this life Oct. 29, 1683. 
Samuel Fournes, his son, born Dec. 7, 1662, departed this 
life Feb. 20, 1687. Ph.ebe, daughter of Mr. S. Fournes, 
was born Oct. 14th, 1687, and died the 21st of March, 1699.] 
Capt. Fournis lived in Halifax. 

GAUKROGER. 

On a stone in the church-yard : " Here lieth the body of 
John Gaukroger, who faithfully discharged the office of 
Parish Clerk of Halifax for the space of 22 years. He de- 
parted this life the 6th day of May, 1707, in the 62d year of 
his age. He lived beloved, and died lamented of all that 
knew him." 

GREAME. 

On a grave-stone in the chancel : " Here lieth the body of 
Hannah, the wife of Henry Greame, of Shaw-Hill, in Skir- 
coate, who departed this life the 13th day of Sept., 1727, in 
the 67th year of her age. 

She, that does take her rest within this tomb. 
Had Rachael's face, and Leah's fruitful womb, 
Abigail's wisdom, Lydia's faithful heart, 
Martha's care, and Mary's better part." 

On a neat monument in the Quire, is the following in- 
scription : 

William Greame, 

of Heath, near this Town, 

died in April, 1739, aged 44. 

He married 

Mrs. Frances Kirke, of Alverthorpe, 

who died in October 1752, aged 57. 



IGO BIOGRAPHIA 

Their Children were 

John, William, James, Elizabeth, and Ann, 

who, with their Parents, 

are all buried in this Quire : 

where also is interred 

Mrs. Elizabeth Kirke, 

twin- sister of Mrs. Frances Kirke : 

She died in January, 1756. 

This monument was erected with every sentiment of 
gratitude and respect, by the executors of William Greame 
last mentioned, who was a Captain in Sir George Savile's 
Batalion of Militia. An amiable and benevolent temper, 
joined to an uncommon penetration, and a clear knowledge 
of men and things, rendered this gentleman a truly valuable 
member of the community, and of course universally be- 
loved and honoured. 

In December 1764, he married Elizabeth Dorothea Zouch, 
youngest daughter of Charles Zouch, late Vicar of Sandal- 
magna, and died on May the 27th, 1776, aged 36. 

Frances, his only child, who was born about three months 
after her Father's death, is now (1769) living. 

GIBSON. 

On a monument in the north west corner of the church : 
*' Near this place is interred Elizabeth Gibson, of Slead- 
Hall, who died A. M. S. 23. A.D. 1690. And Robert 
Gibson, of Slead-Hall, who died A. ^. S. 63. A. D. 1691. 
And Michael Gibson, the son of Michael Gibson, of Slead- 
Hall, who died A. ^. S. l^- A. D. 1711. And Rhenetta, 
the wife of Robert Gibson, who died A. M. S. 84. A.D. 1715. 
And Elizabeth, the wife of Michael Gibson, who died A. M. 
S. 52. A. D. 1722. And Michael Gibson, of Slead-Hall, son 
of Robert, who died A. M. S. 72. A. D. 1738. And Robert 
Gibson, of Slead-Hall, son of Michael, who died A. M. S. 43. 
A. D. 1746. Also William Gibson, M. D. Anat. Prof. Can- 
tabrigiae, who died Feb. 16, 1753, aged 39." 

HEALD. 

On a gi-ave-stone in the chancel : "Hie tecti jacent cineres 
Jeremi^, filii M" GuLiELMi Heald, nuper Vicarii de Donag- 
hadee, in Hibernia, qui 22^^ /Etatis anno animam Deo 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 161 

inspiranti retribuit, 5° die Augusti, 1685. Quern tiietur ac 
diligit Dens, Juvenis supremum mortis intrat limitem." 

On another stone in the chancel : " Qn^ris advena, quid 
hac abdita incarceratur iirna, leKquiie mortales immortaUs 
animae terrigenas mortalitatis sufe exuvias ad Dei judicis 
iisq ; adventnm hie deponentis, coelo jam triumphantis, si 
modo virtus pietatis patientia) virtus coelum animis leternitati 
maturis aperit. Nomen humati Lector ambis, Gratia est, 
Filia M" Gulielmi Heald, Uxor Francisci Priestley, quae 
geminam p»rolem fiecunditatis suse partem hie praemitteus, 
ipsa post pluscuhim dierum expiravit 16 die Novembris, 
Anno Dom. 1685. ^tatis 30. 

In English. 
Here lie the ashes of Jeremy, son of Mr. William Heald, 
late Vicar of Donaghadee, in Ireland, who yielded his soul 
up to God who gave it, August 5, 1685, aged 22. 

The youth whom God protects and loves, 
From earth, with pleasing hope removes. 

You ask, stranger, what this hidden Urn contains. 

Answer. — The frail remains of an immortal soul, putting 
off its earthly tabernacle till its Judge appear, — and now 
triumphing in glory, if piety and patience can open heaven 
to minds matured for eternity. 

Ask you the name of the inten-ed '? It is Grace, the 
daughter of Mr. William Heald, wife of Francis Priestley, 
who died a few days after the birth of her two children, viz. 
November 16, 1685, aged 30. 

HILL. 

On a tomb in the church-yard is an inscription to the 
memory of Mr. Edward Hill, late Rector of Crofton, aged 
79 years, and of Ann, his wife, who having been married 53 
years, died both on the same day, and were buried in that 
tomb, Jan. 29, 1668. 

The account which Calamy, in his list of the ejected 
Ministers, p. 793, gives of this Clergyman, is this: "That 
he was M. A. of Christ's College, Cambridge ; that he had 
been formerly a Nonconformist, but could not fall in with 
the new settlement in 1662 ; that he was a pious, gi-ave, 
ancient Divine, of an excellent temper ; that on the coming 



162 BIOGRAPHIA 

forth of the Five-mile Act he removed to Shibden, near 
Halifax ; and that he and his wife had lived together forty 
years, and died within two hours of one another in Jan. 
1668-9." Mr. Wright adds, that he had likewise been Vicar 
of Huddersfield, and died at Shipden-Hall. 

HOOKE. 

On a marble monument in the chancel : "P. M. Eichaedi 
HooKE, S. T. P. Eegimini tam ecclesiastico quam sseculari 
Anglicano fidelissimi, qui per viginti sex annos huic Ecelesise 
praefuit Vicarius, tribus Archiepiscopis Ebor^'^^ ^ sacris, 
Hospitiorum sancti Johannis beataeq. Mariae Magdelenensis 
sub agro Eipponensi Magister, Ecclesiae Ebor^^^ Southwell^^^ 
RippoNENSisQ. Canonicus. Obiit 1™° Jan. ^tatis su£e 6Q. 
Anno Domini 1688-9. 

On a gravestone in the chancel : *' Matilda, filia Richaedi 
HooKE, D. D. Vicar, de Halifax, obiit 9 Sept. A. D. 1667. 
^tatis suas 18." And below: "Samuel Hooke, filius 
Eichardi Hooke, M.A. Socius Coll. Jesu Cantabr. vir egregie 
doctus, et insigniter plus, a societate Jesu in terris exaltatus 
est ad societatem Jesu in coelis, Aug. 12, 1687. ^Etat. suae 
24." 

On a stone near the above : " Anna Hooke, Matildae soror, 
obiit Dec. 15. An. 20. A. D. 1667. In coelum tendentibus 
non est aetatis ratio, non gradus : Majorem natu praecessit 
minor, quam (sancte invidens) sequuta est, ah cito nimis ! 
Innuptae in terra Virgines in coelo nuptas : At semper 
Virgines aeternum cum Sponso gaudent. Eliz. Hooke, filia 
Ei. Hooke, Virgo pia et casta terrestre tabernaculum pro 
domo caelesti commutavit, Aug. 30. A. D. 1687. ^tat. suae 
26." 

In English. 

Erected to the memory of Eichard Hooke, S.T.P., equally 
faithful in his ecclesiastical and civil departments, who was 
Vicar of this church 26 years ; Master of the Seminaries of 
St. John and Mary Magdalen's, in the county of Eippon, 
Canon of Southwell, &c. He died January 1, 1688-9. On 
a gravestone: "Matilda, the daughter of Eichard Hooke, 
D.D., Vicar of Halifax, died Sept. 9, 1667, aged 18. And 
below, " Samuel Hooke, son of Eichard Hooke, M.A., Fellow 
of Jesus' College, Cambridge, a man remarkable for his 
learning and piety, being raised from the society of Jesus* 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 163" 

College on earth to that of Jesus in Heaven, Aug. V2, 1687, 
aged 24." Near the above. — "Ann Hooke, sister to Matilda, 
died Dec. 15, 1667, An. 20. The j'ounger died before the 
older, who (impelled by a sacred emulation) too quickly- 
followed. Unmarried on earth they are united above. In 
a state of lasting virginity they rejoice for ever with their 
God. Elizabeth Hooke, daughter of Ei. Hooke, a chaste 
and pious virgin, changed an eartbly habitation for a 
heavenly mansion, Aug. 30, 1687, aged 26. 

HOUGH. 

The following inscription was put over Vicar Hough, who 
was buried in the Chancel : " JSacrum memoriie Edmundi 
Hough, A M, e Coll. Jesu Cant, quondam Socii, Parochi^B 
de Thoknton postea Eectoris, tandemq ; hujus Ecclesia& 
Prsesidis ; qui concionandi perspicuus, disserendo facundus, 
pietate catholicus, post exiguum autem Olicanre temporis 
impensum morienti hanc desideratam requiem sibi dedit 
Deus. Obiit 1^° die Aprilis, 1691. Anno ajtatis 59." 

There is an English one to the memory of the same, on a 
stone in the Chancel, taken from part of the above. 

It was a great mistake in the writer of the above epitaph 
to call Halifax by the name of Olicana, for that was un- 
doubtedly the Koman station at Ilkley. 
In English. 

Sacred to the rtfemory of Edmund Hough, M. A., Fellow 
of Jesus' College, Cambridge, afterwards Eector of the parish 
of Thornton, and lastly Yicar of this Church, a perspicuous 
preacher, an able rhetorician, and of catholic piety. After 
a short residence at Halifax, he obtained his desired rest, 
April 1, 1691, aged 59. 

HOLDSWOETH. 

On the wall in the South Chapel : " Near this place lieth 
the body of Tno. Holdswoeth, of Ashday, in Southouram, 
Gentleman, who departed this life the 23d of June, 1709 ; 
and also the body of Mrs. Phebe Holdswoeth, his wife, the 
daughter of James Oats, of Landshead, in Northouram, who 
departed this life the 12th of October, 1709 : And also the 
body of Maey Holdswoeth, the daughter of William Midgley, 
of Halifax, Gentleman, and wife of Tho. Holds worth, son of 



164 BIOGKAPHIA 

the above mentioned Tho. Holdsworth, who departed this 
life the 25th of October, 1710." 

HOLDEN. 

On a stone in the Church-yard, near the sun door, round 
the border: ''Hicjacent Anna, Arthur, Johannes, Lionel, 
Tobias Holden, universa Gowaini et Annas Holden de Hali- 
fax, Anno Domini 1642." Within the border : 

*'Ne doleas Genetrix, toties ad funera i^regnans 

Horrida ne timeas mater ad arma ferax. 
Ante togam minor imi3ietas, cita sanctior urn a ; 
Plurimus ille x^arens solus ad astra parens." 
In English. 
" Here rest Ann, &c., the entire issue of Gowen and Ann 
Holden. 

Lament not, mother, oft the fruitful womb, 
Is but an ante-chamber to the tomb ; 
In tender love tli' inspirer of our breath, 
Prevents our sorrows by a speedy death." 

HOLLINGS. 

On the south wall in the Chancel: ''Near this place lye 
the remains of Jeremiah Hollings, late of Shipley, in this 
county, Esq; and also of Mary, his mother, widow and 
relict of Mr. Isaac Hollings, late of Shipley aforesaid. She 
was one of the daughters and coheirs of Mr. Jeremiah Ross- 
endale, formerly of Shaw-hill, in Skircoat. 

He ) -, ., J August 23d, 1738, aged 26. 
Shepy^^lMay 9th, 1744, aged 53." 
The above is cut on a very neat monument, at the foot of 
which are the heads of three cherubims, above the writing a 
Sarcophagus, the marble rises in the form of a pyramid, on 
which are the arms of Hollings impaled with those of 
Rossendale. 

KITCHINGHAM. 

In the Wall in the Nortli Chapel : William, son of Wm. 
KiTCHiNGHAM, of Slvircoat, buried the 26th of July, 1670. 
Martha, his daughter, was buried the 19th of June, 1695, 
and Sarah, his wife, was buried the 30tli day of July, 1704. 
Wrif/hty p. 187, omitted by Watson. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 165 

LACY. 

Dr. Johnson in liis MS. Collections for Yorkshire, sais, 
that in Halifax Church was the following, in antient 
characters : "Here lietli enclosed the body of John Lacye, of 
Brerely, Esq; who was buried the 19tli day of August, in 
the year of our Lord God . . . ." (This date should be 1585.) 
Part of this stone I saw in 1764 ; it had cut upon it the 
figure of a man in armor laid on his back, a cushion under 
his head, and a lion at his feet ; on one side hung a large 
sword, and a small one on the other ; his hands were joined 
on his breast in a praying posture ; on his left arm a shield, 
with the following coats of arms : 1. Arg6nt, six ogresses, 
three, two, one, for Lacy. 2. Gules, three crescents argent, 
on a chief of the second three garbs or. 8. Gules an eagle 
displayed argent, for Soothill, of Soothill. 4. Argent, three 
bendlets sable ; all these quarterly impaled with Argent, a 
chevron between three crosses formee, fitchee gules, for 
Woodrove, of WooUey. The above Dr. Johnson sais farther, 
that under the arms of Lacy were in old characters, *' Orate 
pro anima Magistri Joannis Lacye." It is not improper to 
mention here, that on a grave-stone in the Chancel is a 
large cross, on one side of which is a sword of lead laid in 
the stone, and on the other, in a shield, the ogresses as 
above. 

LISTER. 

In the south west comer of the Church, on a neat monu- 
ment : " H. S. E. Jacobus Lister, de Shibden-hall, Gen^- 
qui Nov. 14, A.D. 1729, yEt. 56, triste sui desiderium viduse 
liberisq ; decem reliquit. 

Prosiliunt lacrimne — sed adest spes certa salutis, 
Christus, qui mortis vincula rupta dedit. 
Hie jubet ut memores recolamus gaudia vit» 
Venturse, et cseli quae bona civis habet. 

In English. 
James Lister, Gent., who left a disconsolate widow and 
ten children. 

Nature will weep — but repress the tear. 
Since Christ and his salvation are so near. 



166 BIOGRAPHIA 

Tlie gospel loud invites us to rejoice, 
AVho wou'd not hearken to a Saviour's voice ? 
His dear requests witli pleasure we obey, 
And wait the morning of a happier day. 

In the same grave is interred the body of Mary, widow of 
the said James Lister. She died Jan. 5, 1756, aged 79. 
Bless'd are the dead proclaims the voice above 
Who die in Christ, abiding in his love. 
They rest from labor in the peacefull tomb, 
Shall rise to glory in the life to come. 
J. L. F. N. M. P. C. 
These last letters stand for Johannes Lister filius natu 
maximus X3oni curavit. He was a Clergyman, lived at 
Shibden-hall, and composed the above. 

HADDOCKS. 

Near the Font, in a neat gilted frame, is the following 
inscription : 

Near 

this place, lie the remains of 

Joseph Maddocks, 

of Cold-Blow, near 

Dublin, in Ireland, 

Who died the 22d and was buried 

the 24th of March, 1769, 

aged 74 Years. 

"Those who sleej) in Christ, will he bring with him." 

MAUD. 

On a grave-stone in the Chancel : " Hie situm est corpus 
Thom;e, filii Jonath. Maud, de Halyfax, M. A. qui obiit 
Decemb. 22, A. D. 1682. 

Si mea cum matris valuissent vota, dedisses 
Funus idem nobis, quod tibi, nate, damus. 
Sed quoniam votis nostris Deus obstitit aequus, 
Ante mea et matris funera, ftmus habe. 
In English. 
Here is deposited the remains of Thomas, son of Jonathan 
Maud. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 167 

Had Heav'n vouchsaf'd to hear thy parents' pray'r, 
Then- sad sepulchral rites had been thy care ; 
Impartial wisdom did the wish deny, 
And took thee earlier to a world on high. 

MIDGLEY. 

On the wall in the north chapel : " Near this place resteth 
the body of ^Iary, daughter of William Midgle^, Master of 
Arts, late of Headley, now of Sowerby, who was born March 
3, 1G06, and departed this hfe November 7, 1704. 

Mortal by birth, short my stay, here sleeps my dust, 
My better part joins consort with the just." 
Above this : "Exuviae GuLiEL:sri Midgley, A. M. Curat, dc 
Sowerby, juxta depositee Mail 10°, 1706. Anno yEtatis 31." 

MITCHELL. 

On a brass plate near the font. " Here resteth the body 
of James Mitchell, late of Crow-nest, in Hipperholm. He 
was buried the 1st day of October, A. D. 1679 ; and also 
three of his children. Ann was buried the 3d of April, 1668. 
Elisabeth was buried the 29th of May, 1676. Samuel, he 
was buried January the 30th, 1676. 

Non abiit, sed obiit, modo rediturus." 

NETTLETON. 

On a stone in the chancel: *' Hie recxuiescit Anna lilia 
Thomas Nettleton, M. D. nata 23 Octob. 1709. Obiit 23 
Jan. 1710-11. — In eodem tumulo conditur frater ejus 
Johannes Nettleton, nat. 25 Dec. 1715. Obiit 6 Apr. 1717. 
— Et eorum Amita Susanna Nettleton, qu;e obiit 12° Apr. 
A. D. 1718. ^tatis 23." 

In English. 

Here rests Ann . . . Nettleton, born Oct. 23, 1709. Died 
Jan. 23, 1710. In the same grave is interred her brother, 
and their aunt. 

PAREAT. 

On a stone in the chancel : " Here is inteiTed the body of 
the Rev. Mr. Francis Parrat, who was Lecturer of Halifax 
above fifty years, and died the 22d of December, in the 82d 
year of his age, 1741. 



168 BIOGRAPHIA 

PRE SCOT. . 

On a grave-stone in the north chapel : " Hie jacet Phebe, 
Uxor GuLiELMi Prescot, Chirurgo- Medici. Obiit 10° die 
Martii, 1704-5, iEtatis sucHb 36. Et cum ilia dormiunt una 
Nepotes duo, Nathanael, et Gulielmus Farrer. [In the 
same grave are interred two grand- children, Nathaniel and 
William Farrer.] 

In the south chapel, on a monument on the wall: *'Mary, 
the daughter of Mr. John Prescot, of Halifax, was buried 
near this place the 18th day of May, 1708. And in the 
same grave is interred the body of the above-named Mr. 
John Prescot, Practitioner in Physic and Chirurgery, who 
died the 11th day of November, 1728, in the .53d year of his 
age. Also Sarah, his wife, who died June 10, 1739, in the 
56th year of her age. 

RAMSDEN. 

On a pillar in the chancel: "Hie jacet Hugo Ramsden, 
filius Galfridi Ramsden, de Greetland, infra Vicariam de 
Halifax, Bacc. in S.S. Theol. olim Socius Collegii de Merton 
in Ac. Ox. postea Rector de Methley, in Comit. Ebor. demum 
Vicarius de Halifax. Yir dubium sanctior, an doctior, 
ingenii acris, judicii subacti, eruditionis multiplicis, qui 
omne tempus deperire existimabat quod non aut musjeo 
impertiabatur ; qui dum vixit toti circumjacenti Regioni 
doctrina sua praelucebat, et magis exemplo ; atq ; moriens 
triste sui apud omnes bonos, pacisq ; Ecclesiie cultores 
reliquit Desiderium. Inductus est Vicarius de Halifax Non. 
Octob. An. Salutis 1628, et decimo septimo Calend. Augusti 
sequentis vitam cum immortalitate commutavit. Hoc 
mcerens monumentum posuit Frater ejus natu minor, ejusq ; 
in Vicaria de Halifax impar successor, Henricus Ramsden." 

To the word " commutavit," there is the same on a tablet 
in Methley church, put there in 1680 by one Robert Nalson. 

On a pillar opposite to the above: ''Hie jacet Henricus 
Ramsden, filius natu secundus Galfridi Ramsden, de Greet- 
land, infra Vicariam de Halifax, Artium Magister, necnon 
Collegii Lincoln, in inclyt. Oxon Academ. quondam Socius, 
tandemq ; Vicarius de Halifax, ibidemq ; fratris sui Hugonis 
permagni. Licet multiq ; nominis decessoris hand impar 
successor, vir equidem multijugis eruditionis, et quod famili- 
am ducit, spectatne admodum probitatis, quo sane egregie 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 169 

viguit, quicqnid est, quod in aliis aut suspicimus eruditi, aiit 
quod veneramur sancti, literarum periude decus ]oietatisq ; 
exemplum per duo prteter propter annorum lustra memor 
stationis muiierisq; sui liuic summopere invigilabat Ecclesia^ 
ardens vita, verboq ; lucens, quo temporis decursu fidelis 
erat populi pastor, causie pauperum propuguator acerrimus, 
pacis EccIesifT) streuuus assertor, Justici^^ publicae, uti pro 
officio tenebatur, promptus licet cautus tamen et nequus 
dispensator, liujusce loci ordiiiis regimiuisq ; politici cum 
primis author, tandem lethali correj)tus victusq ; febri triste 
sui apud omnes relinquens desiderium, gratamque memorianl 
non sine justitio luctuque publico spiritum in manus Domini 
reddidit, placideq ; spe resurrectionis fultus obdormivit anno 
Salutis 1G37. septim. calend. Martii. Hoc moerens monu- 
mentum posuit frater ejus Gulielmus Ramsden natur minor, 
Eectorque Ecclesiie de Edgmund, in agro Salop. 

In English. 

Here lie the remains of Hugh Ramsden, son of G. R., of 
Greetland, B.A. ; formerly Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, 
afterwards Rector of Methley, and lastly Vicar of Halifax ; 
a pious learned man, of a penetrating judgment, who 
thought that time was lost which was not employed in the 
church or study. His example cast a lustre on this place 
and its environs, and at his death he was deservedly re- 
gretted by his parishioners. He was collated to this Vicar- 
age, October, 1G28, and put on immortality the 17th of 
August following. His younger brother and successor, 
Henry Ramsden, erected this testimony of affection to his 
memory. 

In memory of Henry Ramsden, second son of G. R., M.A., 
and Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford, afterwards Vicar of 
Halifax, which office his brother Hugh Ramsden had enjoyed 
before him ; a person well known for his learning and j)ro- 
bity, (the ornament of letters) and an exemplar of piety, 
faithful in the discharge of his function, and particularly 
attentive to the Church's interest for near eight years, ex- 
emplary in his life and conversation, a zealous defender of 
the poor, a strenuous asserter of peace, a ready yet impartial 
dispenser of public justice, and a principal promoter of the 
political order and good government of this place ; being 
arrested by a violent fever, to the unspeakable regret of all, 



170 BIOGRAPHIA 

lie rendered his soul into the hand of God, and calmly slept 
in Jesus, March 7, 1G37. His hrother William Kamsden, 
Rector of Edgmund, Shropshire, erected this monument to 
his memory. 

EICHARDSON. 

On a gravestone near the font: "P. M.-- Johaxnis Eich- 
ABDSON, obiit anno Salutis 1702^^", iEtatis suae 89^^. Sarah, 
daughter of the above John Richardson, and wife of the Rev. 
Mr. Stephen Carr, of Honley, died Easter Eve, 1755, aged 
00." 

ROSSENDALE. 

"Here lieth the body of Jeremiah Rossendale, of Shaw- 
hill, in Sldrcoat, who departed this life the 18th daj' of 
January, in the second year of his age. Anno Dom. 1694. 
And also the body of Mr. Jeremiah Rossendale, his father, 
who departed this life May 17th, and was interred May 27th ^ 
1(]96." 

ROBERTS. 

On a stone in the Church-yard, opposite the great door; 
" Here lieth the body of John Roberts, of Hipperholme, who 
departed this life the 10th of November, in the year of our 
Lord 1721, and in the hundred and fourteenth year of his 
age." [Also the body of Ann, wife to the abovesaid John 
Roberts, who departed this life the IGtli day of June, 1728. 
Wright, p. 196.] Tradition sais, that he wanted a month. 
He was a carrier by trade, and used to say, that he had 
never drank above half a pint of liquor of any kind, at one 
draught. 

ROKEBY. 

On a monument formerly in the Chapel on the north side 
of the Church, but now removed : " Orate pro anima Will- 
iKLMi RoKEiJY, Jur. Can. Profess, ac etiam Episcopi Medensis 
ct deinde Archiepisc. DubUn. Capelhe fundatoris istius, qui 
obiit 29 Novembris, An. Dom. 1521." 
In English. 

Pray for the soul of William Rokeby, Professor of Law at 
Cambridge, also Archbishop of Dublin and Founder of that 
College, who died Nov. 29, 1521. 

* To the memorj- of John. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. . 171 

SAYEE. 

Facing the Nortb-Isle in Halifax Clmrcli, on a very 

elegant monument, is the following inscription : 

Near this Place 

are clepositecl the remains 

of Mary, the Wife of Thomas Sayek, 

of Halifax, Gentleman, and Coheiress 

of William Cockcroft, of Mayroyd, Esquire. • 

She died the 12th of May, 1779, aged 36 years. 

This monument is erected to her memory, 
by an affectionate and afflicted husband, 
as a respectful token of his esteem for those virtues 
which adorned her heart, and endeared her to 
him, 
and to all who had the happiness of an acquaint- 
ance with her. 
Ask not, pensive Eeader, a recital of those virtues, 
which her humility Avished her to conceal ; 
This silent marble refers thee for information, 
to the tears and cries of the sick and needy, 
who lost in her a sympathetic attendant on their 
distress, 
and a generous reliever of their wants : 
And to the regret of that concourse of every age 

and rank, 
who paid an honourable and voluntary tribute to 

her merit, 

by accompanying her remains to their interment. 

If her amiable example excite thy imitation, 

forget not to adoi)t her noblest praise, 

by fulfilling every duty of nature and society, 

from a i)rinciple of affection and gratitude 

to God, the Friend, the Parent, 

the Redeemer of Mankind. 

SHARP. 

On a tablet in the Chancel, an angel in clouds, blowing a 
trumpet, and on a cloth hanging from it, these words : *' Jo- 
annes, Dominus Archiepiscopus Eborum, 1704." Arms of 
Sharp painted near the inscription, impaled with those of 
the See of York. 



172 BIOGRAPHIA 

This was put up in honour to his memory, as he was born 
in the neighboring parish of Bradford. 

SAVILE. 

In the Chancel, round the border of a stone, in antient 
characters : '* (Pray) for the (Sa)wl of Thomas Savile, of 
Coplay, Esquyer, the .... of July, (and) in the yeire of 
ewer Lord God mcccccxxxi." 

Dr. Johnson sais, the following was round a gravestone in 
the Chancel, in old characters: "(Pray) for the Sawl of 
Thomas Savile, of Copley, Esquyre . . . (d)ay of July, the 
year of our Lord God mcccccxxxi," which must, I think, be 
an imperfect copy of the above. He has given a drawing of 
this Thomas Savile, in armour, in a praying posture, with 
the Savile's arms on one side of his head, and those of 
Beaumont on the other. See Plate 1. 

SCARBROUGH. 

On a stone near the font : " Here lietli the body of Susan 
late wife of Richard Scarbrough, of Halifax, who was buried 
November 17, A. D. 1678. 

Spes prolis, Sponsi fulcrum, Matrisq ; Susanna 
Solamen, tumulo hoc, hei ! moribunda jacet. 
Non tollitur relatio, cui est Mariti melioratio. 
Tempus celerrime aufugit. 
Li English. 
Approach and drop the tribute of a tear, 
A faithful wife sleeps unmolested here. 
Prop of her sinking spouse while life remain'd, 
Who all a mother's tender cares sustained ; 
Such virtue dies not with the mould'ring tomb ; 
Heir to the glories of a life to come. 

STEAD. 

" Near this place is interred the body of Mr. Valentine 
Stead, Merchant, who died May the 16th, 1758, aged 70. 
Also Naomi, his wife, who died October the 9th, 1740, aged 
47. And seven of their children. Also two children of 
Valentine Stead the younger, who erected this monument." 

Near the font, on a grave-stone : " Here lieth the body of 
Mary, the wife of Samuel Stead, of Halifax, who was buried 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 173 

the 29th of May, 1734, aged 82 years and 6 months. She 
was wife of the abovesaid Samuel Stead, Salter, 58 years 
and 6 months." 

Also Samuel Stead, husband to the abovesaid Mary, who 
departed this life the 4th day of December, 1786, aged 80 
years, 10 months, and seven days. 

Mr. Wright, id. 195, remarks, that this Gentleman lived to 
see of his children, grand children, and great grand children 
sixty -one in number. 

SMITH. 

On a stone in the Church-yard : " Here lieth the body of 
Daniel Smith, the son of Matthew Smith, of Halifax, who 
departed this life the 28th day of February, Anno Domini 
1729, in the 18th year of his age. 

Under this stone here lies, as you may see, 
A lovely child, who once was dear to me, 
Dearer to God, who took him hence away, 
With whom I leave, until the final day. 
Methinks I hear my lovely child say here. 
Weep not for me, but for your children dear ; 
Make haste to follow me, and then you'll see, 
What is i^rovided in eternity." 

SOMEKSCALES. 

On a stone on the west wall of the Church: **Mr. Richard 
SoMERscALEs, of Halyfax, who died April the 8th, A.D. 1G18, 
and who, by his last will, gave all his lands in Halyfax and 
Ovenden, (after the decease of his sister,) to the poor of the 
said towns for ever, amongst whom he gave 40s. to his 
sister's husband, for the term of his life." 

SUNDERLAND. 

Dr. Johnson sais, that the following was in the south isle 
of the Chancel : " Here lieth the bodies of Robert, son of 
Richard Sunderland, of Coley, Esq : and Judith, his 
daughter, who died January 19th, 1(328. February 8th, 
1623." This was round a stone, on which were cut, in bad 
proportion, the figures of a man and woman kneeling down 
together ; over their heads, On a shield, three lions passant ; 
and for crest. On an helmet a goat's head. See Plate 2. 



174 BIOGBAPHIA 

TILLOTSON. 

In the Chancel, in letters of gold, on a tablet, with the 
arms of the Archiepiscopal See of Canterbury imi^aled with 
his own : 

JoHANES TiLLOTSON, Archiepus Cantuar. natus Sowerbitne, 
renatus Halyfaxie, 3*^° 8^"^, 1630. Denatus Lambethcne, 22<> 
Novebris, A. D. 1694. ^tatis sure 65." 
In English. 

Archbishop of Canterbury, born at Sowerbv, baptized at 
Halifax, Oct. 3, 1630, died at Lambeth, Nov. 22d, 1694. 
Aged 65. 

THURSTON. 

On a stone in the Chancel : •' John, the son of John 
Thurston, Gentleman, died the 6th of December, 1663. 
Orimur, morimur, oriemur.'"' 

Blest babe, who art so soon become 
A man in Christ, with him at home." 

WATERHOUSE. 

In the North Chapel, on a stone with a man in armor 
upon it, in old characters : " Here lyeth the body of Robert 
Waterhouse, of Halyfax, Esquyer, which departed this life 
the .... of June .... (hav)ying lyved, as one that should 
dye." 

Mr. Wright has called the above John, instead of Robert, 
and has put Gregory instead of Bryan, in the next epitaph. 
The wife of the above Robert was buried in St. Michael Bel- 
fray's Church in York. See Drake's Ebor. p. 839. She 
died may 1st, 1592. See Plate %. 

Near the above, but now destroyed (as supposed) was 
another figure of a man in armor, with this inscription 
round, in old characters : " Here lyeth the body of Bryan 
Waterhouse, of Halyfax, Gentleman, which departed tliis 
life the iv day of October, in the year of our Lord God, 1589. 
Humanius est deridere vitam quam deplorare." 

In Dr. Johnson's MS. Collections is the drawing of a 

tomb said to be removed out of the North Chapel when the 

stairs were made which lead to the north gallery there, at 

the head of which was a shield of arms, viz. Waterhouse,. 

* Wc rise, we fall, we ehall arise. 



HALIFAXIEXSIS. 175 

Or, a pile ingrailed sable, quartered with Savile, parted per 
pale quarterly, 1. Bosseville, of Guntliwaite. 2. Bendy of 
thirteen pieces, or and argent. 3 .... A lion rampant . . . 
over all a bend gules ; fourth as first. Under these a scroll 
and motto, "Virtus viucint omnia." On the top of the tomb 
lay the figure of a man in armor, holding on his breast a 
shield with the same arms as above. On one side of his 
head were, on a shield, the arms of Waterhouse, on the 
other the coats of Waterhouse and Savile, quartered; on one 
side of his feet, Waterhouse impaled with Bosseville, and on 
the other, Waterhouse impaled with the same quarterings 
as are impaled in the shield on his breast. The above stairs 
were made in 1700. See Plate S. 

In the middle isle of the Church, on brass plates, fixed to 
a seat near the pulpit, which are all torn oft' except the heads, 
a man kneeling, with a book in his hand, and opposite to 
him a woman kneeling, and a string of beads hanging down 
from her waist. On a label over the man, in old characters: 
*' Miserere mei Deus, et salva me." On another label near 
the woman, in like characters : *' Miserere mei Deus, secun- 
dum magnam misericordiam." On a brass plate over their 
heads : " I am the resurrection and the life, saith the Lord. 
He that belie vetli in me, though he were dead yet shall he 
live, and he that liveth and believeth in me shall never die." 
Underneath, in the above characters : " John Waterhows, of 
Halyfax, and Agnes, hys wyff, which John dep'ted from thys 
worlde the xxvii day of January, anno Dm. mcccccxxx. — 
Something wanting both at beginning and end. See Plate 1. 

On the north side of the Church, where the deceased 
particularly desired to be buried, is a tomb, on which is 
wrote : " Here lietli the body of Mr. John Waterhouse, of 
Lower Eanns, in Northowram, who died Axn'il 4th, 1759, 
aged 60." On the west end of the tomb : 

** Oh Christian Pteader ! often think 
Christ will appear, 
How shall I then in judgment stand ! " 

WATKINSON. 

On a pillar on the south side of the Chancel: "H. M. 
Memorial sacrum Mari-e, filife unica? Piev^^^ Dn^ Ei»wardi 
Watkinson, CapelloB de Luddenden in hac Yicaria Curat. 



176 BIOGKAPHIA 

Qiias nata vesperi praecedente Pascha, Anno 1723, febre per- 
quam maligna Correpta occidit (heu nimium fugax et multum 
flebilis) Augiisti 24*^, 1726." 

In English. 
This monument was erected to the memory of Mary, only- 
daughter of the Rev. Edward Watkinson, Curate of Ludden- 
den, in this Vicarage. She was born on Easter-Eve, 1723, 
and being taken ill of a violent fever, quitted this life August 
24, 1726. 

WAINHOUSE. 

On a brass plate near the font : " Here lieth the body of 
Michael Wainhouse, late of Binroyd, in Norland, buried the 
21"* day of October, A. D. 1684. Ut morions viveret, vixit 
ut moriturus." [That in dying he might live, he lived as 
one ready to die.] 

WILKINSON. 

On a grave-stone in the Chancel: ''Joseph Wilkinson, 
A. M. quondam Vicarius de Chapel -Izod, juxta Dublin, in 
Hibernia, et Prebendarius de Castroknock, Ecclesiae Cathe- 
dralis Sancti Patricii Dublin, postea Rector de Wigginton 
comitatu Ebor. et tandem huic Ecclesi® par viginti annos 
praefuit Vicarius. Obiit 28 die Decembris, Anno Dom. 1711. 
^tatis suae 60." 

Joseph Wilkinson, M.A., formerly Vicar of Chapel-Izod, 
near Dublin, Prebend of Castroknock, the Cathedral Church 
of St. Patrick, Dublin ; afterwards Rector of Wigginton, m 
the County of York, and lastly, Vicar of this Church for 
near 20 years. 

WILSON. 

At the bottom of the middle isle : *' Ann, the daughter of 
Mr. John Wilson, Curate of Honly, was buried the 4th day 
of November, 1725." 

At the south end of the West Walk, in the Church, on a 
stone fixed to the wall : ** Here lyeth the body of John 
Wilson, formerly Clark of the Parish Church of Halyfax, 
who was buried the 7*^ day of November, 1701." 

This man, who was Clark of Eland, was made Clark of 
Halifax by Dr. Hooke ; and Wilson, in the course of a dis- 
pute which happened between them, having arrested the 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 177 

Doctor, the latter persuaded the other to shew him his 
licence, and when he had got it in i^ossession would never 
suffer him to officiate any more. 



TESTAMENTARY BURIALS at HALIFAX. 

FROM MR. TORR'S MS. 

July 12, 1402, John del Burgh, of Halifax, made his will^ 
and left his soul to God Almighty, St. Mary, and All Saints, 
and ordered his body to be buried in the parish church of 
Halifax. 

Nov. 21, 1437, Henry Savyle, of Halifax, Esq; Soul and 
body as above. 

March 3, 1439, Kichard Pek, of Southouram. Soul as 
above, body in the quire of the parish church of Halifax. 

April 20, 1459, John Sayvell, of Copley, Esq ; Soul as 
above, body in the church, or church-yard of Halifax. 

June 1, 1481, Tho. Wilkinson, Vicar of Halifax, already 
mentioned. 

April 4, 1482, William Marshall, Eector of Kirk-SandaL 
Soul as above, body in Halifax church. 

Feb. 3, 1484, Kichard Waterhouse, of Warley. Soul as 
above, body in the church or church-yard of St. John. 
Baptist, Halifax. 

April 29, 1510, Henry Savile, of Copley. Soul as above, 
body in the New Warke of Halifax. 

Feb. 15, 1530, Tho. Savile, of Bladeroyd, in Southouram. — 
Jan. 5, 1533, Thomas Savile, of Copley, Esq; — 1533, John 
Waterhouse, of Skircoat. — 1535, Edward Waterhouse, buried 
in the church -yard at Halifax. — 1538, Eichard Waterhouse, 
of Shipden, body to be buried in the church of the holy 
prophet St. John Baptist, of Halifax. — 1541, John Hling- 
worth, of lUingworth. — 1543, Edward Waterhouse, of 
Skircoat. — 1543, William Illingworth. — 1545, Humphry 
Waterhouse, of Shelf. Soul to God Almighty, hoping 
through Jesus Christ to be saved. "Here Protestantism 
"began to shew itself, and mankind began to act more from 
" principles of reason, and common sense, than to bequeath 
" their souls to the Virgin Mary, and all the Saints, who are 



178 BIOGKAPHIA 

'' only in the same condition that all living Saints will 
''shortly he placed in, and who cannot help if they are 
" applied to." 

1545, John Waterhouse, of Skircoat. — 1554, Henry Savile, 
of Copley. — 1556, John AVaterhouse, of Thollinges, in War- 
ley.— 1556, Richard Midgiey, of Midgley.— 1569, Thomas 
Savile, of Copley. — 1570, Hugh Lacey, of Brearley, in Midg- 
ley, Esq ; — 1570, Thomas Savile, of Southouram, Gent. — 
1578, Anthony Waterhouse, of Warley, Gent. — 1586, Abra- 
ham Sunderland, of High Sunderland, Gent. — 1620, John 
Holdsworth, of Astey, Gent. 

THE PRINCIPAL 

EPITAPHS AT EALAND, 

AKE THESE I 

A S H E T N . 

On a grave-stone in the Chancel : " Hie in spe Christiana 
requiescit Petrus Asheton, A.M. Ecclesiie AnglicanoB Presby- 
ter, et Parochi^e de E aland in sacris Administer : Orthodoxic 
Fidei et DoctriniB san^e Theologus : Pietatis Exemplar : 
Pacis Cultor ! Qui per decursum annorum triginta et unius 
fideliter pastorali functus munere, et reciproco omnium 
amore remuneratus, placide gregem simul cum anima Deo 
vocanti resignavit 3 Omo Qctobris, A. D. 1691. iEtatis 55*0. 
Fil. Die Mensis A.D. 

Thomas, ] ( 22^0 \ Deci>ri« ( 1684 ) 13«o 

Johannaes, [ obiit -. 9°° [ Maii \ 1675 j- l^^o 
Petrus, J ( 9°o J Junii [ 1674 j 1"^° 

" Hie etiam (cum Infante) jacet Samuel filius Eich. Petty, 
Curati de Ealand, qui unicam P. Asheton filiam uxorem sibi 
adjunxit. Obiit Aug. 22, A.D. 1709. .Etatis sure 2^^. 

" Hie etiam jacet Susanna ejusdem E»^ Petty filia. 
Sepulta fuit 11™"' Aprilis, A. D. 1711.— .Etatis sure 8^°." 

On a grave-stone in the Chancel : *' Reliquiae hie repositse 
Petri Asheton, Curati de Milnraw, in com. Lancastri, (filii 
Petri Asheton ])ropiq ; tumulati) qui animam Deo resignavit 
5'° die Aug. 1718. ^tatis 42."^ 

"Atque Rich^ Petty, Curati de Ealand, qui animam 
efflavit vivacem 7°^° die Martii, 1728. — iEtatis suae 49." 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 179 

111 English. 

" Here rests in christian hoi3e, Peter Ashtox, A.M. pres- 
byter of the English church, and curate of E aland ; a divine 
of (an) orthodox faith, and sound doctrine ; an example of 
primeval piety, and a lover of peace : After having faithfully 
discharged the pastoral office 31 years ; being universally 
beloved, he caliiilv resigned his flock, together with his aoul, 
at the call of God"', October 30, 1691, aged 55. 

In this place (with an infant) sleeps Samuel, sou of 
Kichard Petty curate of Elland, who married the only 
daughter of P. Ashton. He died August 22d, A. D. 1709, 
aged 2 years. Also, Susanna, the daughter of llichard 
Petty, was interred here, April 11, A. D. 1711, aged 8 years. 

In this place are deposited the remains of Peter Ashton, 
curate of Milnraw, in the county of Lancaster, son of P. 
Ashton, deceased, who resigned his soul to God, August 5, 
1718, aged 42. Kichard Petty died March 7, 1723, aged 49." 

BOSWELL. 

In the North Quire, the figure of the greatest part of a 
woman, in a praying posture, and four children below, also 
X-raying, over the children's heads the names Elizabeth, 
Mary, Jane, Dorithy. On the right side of the woman's 
head the arms of Savile ; on the left, those of Boswell im- 
paled with .... a saltire ingrailed .... in a chief three 
roses . . . . — Inscription round the stone: ''Here sleepeth 
the body of Francis, daughter of Godfrey Boswell, Esq; wife 
of John Savile, of Newhall, Esquire, whose soul returned to 
God that gave it, February 20, 1009, aged 00 years." 

BAIESTOW. 

In the Chapel yard : " Keliquiie hie reponuntur Jeremet: 
Bairstow, Viri, si quid venerationis sibi vendicant. Liter- 
arum scientia, rerum sacrarum peritia, morum probitas, 
vitie sanctitas, reveri'i reverendi. Qui postquam per aiinos 
trigiuta et amplius, gregi quodam christiano Pastor fidelis 
invigilasset, officii rationem, animamq ; Deo reddidit 27 
Julii, 1731." This was composed by the Eev. Mr. Elston. 
See below. 

In English. 

*' Here is deposited the remains of Jeremy Bairstow, a 
a truly venerable man, if the science of letters, probity of 



180 BIOGRAPHIA 

manners, and sanctity of life have any claim to that 
character, during a term of more than 30 years. He was a 
faithful and vigilant Pastor over a christian congregation, 
and commended his soul to God July 27, 1731." 

CLAY. 

From Dr. Johnson's manuscript : " Hie jacet sepultus 
Johannes Clay, de Clayhouse, qui obiit decimo octavo die 
Junii, 1616." On the same stone: "Here lieth Captain 
John Clay, deceased, September 13, 1643." 
In English. 

" Near this place lies interred John Clay, of Clayhouse, 
who died June 18, 1616." 

ELSTON. 

In the Chapel-yard : " M. S. Hanani^ Elston, A. M. qui 
ingenio acri, limato, subacto, morum probitate, et aperto 
illo animi recte sibi conscii candore, veram pietatem, iidem, 
humanitatem, c^litusq; demissam Christianis libertatem, 
excolebat, tuebatur, promovebat : Qui magnas opes, famamve 
mortaleis inter neque quseritans, neque assecutus, suorum 
tamen amorem bonorum omnium, quotquot ilium norant, 
benevolentiam conciliaret, sib summi certe Judicis savorem 
adeptus est. Quis enim Viator meliore jure beatam speret 
immortalitem ? Obiit 22 Junii, 1738." 

This was composed by the Eev. Mr. Crowther, late Vicar 
of Otley. 

In English. 

" Sacred to the memory of Ananias Elston, M. A. who, 
with a penetrating, correct, yet well-go-verned judgment, by 
(a) probity of manners, and an open undisguised candour of 
mind, conscious of its integrity, cherished, defended, and 
promoted true piety, faith, humanity, and christian liberty ; 
who, without cither seeking or acquiring opulence and fame, 
conciliated the affections of his friends, and the kind regards 
of all good men who knew him. We trust he has obtained 

the favour of his Judge for what mortal traveller had 

better grounds to hope for a happy immortality ? He died 
22d June, 1738. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 181 

ELLISTONES. 

In the Chapel-yard, over Henry Ellistones, who died at 
Howroyde, 1697: " Ullamne in rebus humanis, Lector, 
certitudinem esse reris, cum ipsum hominen una dissolvat 
hora?" 

In English. 

*' Can you suppose, reader, there is any stability in human 
things, when a single hour can dissolve the man himself? " 

GRANTHAM. 

On a marble monument : " Heare lyes the body of Thomas 
Grantham, of Muxe, in the county of Yorke, Esq ; sonne of 
Thomas Grantham, late of Goltho, in the county of Liucolne, 
Esquire. He married Frances, the second daughter of Sir 
George Wentworth, of Wooley, and departed this life the 
first day of April, at Fixby, in the 35th year of his age, 
Anno Dom. 1668." 

" John Grantham, the youngest sonne of the saide 
Thomas Grantham, of Goltho, departed this life the seventh 
day of March, at Fixby, in the 17th year of his age, Anno 
Dom. 1667, and lyes in this Queare." 

" Heer lyes the body of Frances Grantham, wife to 
Thomas Grantham, Esquire, who died March 12, 1692, and 
lyes interred in her husband's grave. 

Beside them lyes Vincent Grantham, their only son, who 
died when he was 12 years of age, whose bodyes now rest in 
peace, waiting the resurrection of the just." 

HORTON. 

On a marble monument near the communion table : 
" Near this place below lies interred the body of William 
HoRTON, of Howroyde, Esq. who died in the 64th year of his 
age, 1715-16. 

He married Mary, the youngest daughter of Sir Richard 
Musgrave, of Heaton-Castle, in the county of Cumberland, 
Baronet, by whom he left two sons, William and Richard ; 
the eldest, William Horton, of Coley, Esq. died in the 38th 
year of his age, in 1739, and Richard Horton, the younger 
son, of Howroyde, Esq. who died a bachelor, in the 35th 
year of his age, in the year 1742. In memory of whom this 
monument was erected by the relict and mother of the 



182 BIOGRAPHIA 

deceased, and present possessor of Howroyde, Mrs. Mary 
Horton, who designedly omitted many deserved praises, lest 
some honour should thereby redound to herself," Arms, 
Horton impaling Musgrave. 

On a white marble monument near the Communion Table : 
**In memory of Thomas Horton, of Barkisland-hall, and 
Everilde, his wife, daughter of John Thornhill, Esq. of 
Fekisby, by whom he had six sons and five daughters, of 
which the only survivors were, Elizabeth, married to Richard 
Bold, Esq. of Bold, in Lancashire. Susanna, married to 
Richard Beaumont, Esq. of "Whitley- hall, and Anne Horton, 
here interred, Aj)ril the 22d, 1750. By whose order this 
monument was erected." 

Arms, Horton quartered with Gledhill, Barkisland, and 
Thornhill. 

There is a mistake made on the above monument, by 
misplacing the names of Elisabeth, and Susanna, but it is 
here corrected. 

HOILE. 

In the Chapel-yard over one John Hoile : Deo, ac conjugi 
pius, Justus ac propositi tenax, amicis certus, omnibus 
affabilis, ac si quid ultra est, sit tota vita pro epitaphio. 
Vade, et tu fac similiter." 

In English. 

Devout towards God, affectionate to his Wife, just and 
steady to his purpose, sincere to his friends, affable to all, 
and if aught remains, let his whole life be his Epitaph. — 
Go and do thou likewise. 

HANSON. 

From Dr. Johnson's Manuscripts: ''Here sleepeth the 
body of Nicholas Hanson, one of the Attornies of the 
Common Pleas, Servant to Sir John Savile, Baron of the 
Ch''. a favourer of religion, whose soul returned to his 
Saviour November 7, 1613." 

The oldest date upon the grave-stones at Ealand is this 
" John Hanson de Woodhouse, 1599. ^t. 82." 

There are also above twenty pieces of poetry in this 
Chapel-yard, but the composition is not worth recording; we 
shall, therefore, only take notice of a singularity on one of 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 183 

the grave-stones, which is an anagram upon one Maria 
Tailour, which it seems will make A mari alto rui, and then 
follows this observation, by way of allusion : 

" From seas of woes, which were due to my crimes 
Death snatcht me hence, to go to rest betimes." 
There is also a cou]3let over one Elizabeth Brooke, which 
has been a little admired : 

" She was — but room forbids to tell you what ; 
Think v/hat a wife should be, for she was that. 



CURATES OF E ALAND. 

It is impossible to give a perfect list of these ; the following 
is the best which I can make out : 

Thomas Stkenger, Chaplain of the Parochial Chapel of 
Elande, 1459. 

.Tames Butterfield, 1544 married to Elizabeth Gill. See 
Halifax Register. 

Michael Savile, July, 1561. 

Robert Milner, Curat, de Eland, sej)ult. December 22, 
1565. 

Richard Worral, entered to the Curacy, 1588. 

CoNSTANus Maud, was buried November 17, 1600. 

Edward Sunderland, A.M. of Clare-hall, Camb. entered 
to the Curacy in 1601, was buried February 1, 1632. 

John Thompson, entered in 1633. 

Robert Houldsworth, 1651. 

.... Abbot, in 1650, and 1652. 

Robert Towne, 1652, for whom see Calamy's account of 
ejected Ministers, page 809. 

R. Walker, 1656, and to March, 1661. 

JosiAH Brodeheade, Marcli 2, 1663 and 1664. 

Peter Asheton, A.M. March 4, 1667. Buried at Ealand, 
November 3, 1698. 

Richard Petty, March 5, 1699, and 1703. 

Jeremiah Bairstow, 1721, died July 28, 1731. 

George Smith, died December 4, 1733. 

Thomas Alderson, March 1734. 

Samuel Ogden, D. D. March, 1747. 

George Burnet. 

There was also one Hugh Gledhill, Curate here, but at 
what time uncertain. 



184 BIOGRAPHIA 

TESTAMENTARY BURIALS AT ELAND. 

FROM TORE'S MS. 

1399, John Satv^ill, of Eland Chevalier. 

1529, John Thornhill, of Fixby, to be buried within the 
chapel of our blessed Lady St. Mary, of Eland, in St. 
Nicholas Quire, or in the Chancel thereto adjoining. 

1545, John Sayvill, of Newhall, Gen. 1566, Henry Sayvil^ 
of Bradley. 

1567, John Thornhill, of Fixby. 

1580, Thomas Savile, of Eland. 

1583, Elizabeth, widow of John Thornhill, of Fixby, esq. 

1598, Bryan Thornhill, of Fixby. 

1607, John Thornhill, of Fixby, esq. 

1669, John Thornhill, of Fixby, esq. 



LIST OF CURATES 

AT HEPTONSTALL, 

FROM DIFFERENT AUTHORITIES. 

"T"rENEY VI, Thomas Marshall, of Heptonstall, Cap- 
^^ Xl ellanus.— 1572, WilHam Mitchell.— 1579, William 
Ireland. — 158G, John Hanley. — 1647, Eichard Coore. — 

1652, James Crouchley. — 1655, Daniel Towne. — 1656, 

Eagland.— 1660, Diglin.— July, 1662, Ferret.— 

July, 1663, and to 1665, Jeremy Hay.— 1668, and to 1703, 
Daniel Towne. — 1713, Thomas Greenwood. 

The list from Heptonstall Register is this; 1609, 

Booth.— 1615, Scholfeilde.— 1630 and 1631, William 

Smith.— 1632 and 1633, Leonard Burton.— 1636 and 1641, 
Eobt. Gilbodie.— 1644, Ma. Boothe.— 1645 and 1649, Eichard 
Coore.— 1654, James Chrichley.— 1661, Will. Aiglin.— 1662, 
Joseph Ferret. He was buried at Halifax. — 1663 and 1667, 
Jeremy Hey. — 1669 and 1712, Daniel Towne, who died May 
3, 1712. — 1712 and 1744, Thomas Greenwood, who had in 
this last year for his successor, Toby Sutcliffe, the present 
Curate. 

All the above I have found to be Curates in the years 
specified. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 185 

TESTAMENTARY BURIALS 

AT HEPTONSTALL. 

ROBERT SHAGH, buried in the church-yard of the 
chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr, of Heptonstall, 
1467, in the 7th year of the reign of Edward IV. 

This from a manuscript m the British Museum, Harleian 
Collection. No 797 ; and from hence may be seen, among 
numberless other instances which might be produced, what 
little distinction was formerly made in this parish, between 
the words church and chapel ; they sometimes were certainly 
meant to convey the same idea, as where Richard Waterhouse, 
of Shelf, ordered by will, in 1617, some legacies to be paid 
in the chapel church of Coley. 

Laurence Stansfeld, of Stansfeld's, Will, proved March 
10, 1534, his body to be buried in the church or chapel of 
Heptonstall. 

George Wheatley, of Heptonstall's, Will, proved August 
ii5, 1586, his body to be buried in the chancel at Heptonstall, 
amongst the bodies of other faithful people. Registers at 
York. 

In the chancel, near the communion table, is the following 
epitaph in capitals : " 1712. The Revd. Mr. Daniel Towne, 
who supplied the cure of souls in this church of Heptonstall 
44 years, died May 3, and was here buried the 8th, aged 81. 
His last Text was, Buye the truth and sell it not. Prov. xxiii. 
23." 

In one of the isles is an antient grave-stone, the in- 
scription round which is worn out, but a Calvary Cross is 
still visible thereon. 

On one of the windows are the arms of Stansfield, of 
Stansfield ; date in old numerals, 1508. 



CURATES OF RASTRICK. 

1411, Dom. Johannes Pip', as by deed. — 1630, or there- 
abouts, Roger Attey. — 1650, Waterhouse. — Feb. 26, 

1652, and to 1655, John Kaye, Pastor of Rastrick. — 1655 ... 

... Mitchel.— 1656 to 1658, Jones.— Feb. 1661, 

Eobinson.— Feb. 1664, Matthew Shirt.— Feb. 1666, John 
Baskervile.— Feb. 1674, Peter Bell.— Feb. 1676, Dennis 



186 BIOGRAPHIA 

Hayford.— June, 1688, Hanson.— March 5, 1689, 

Walker.— 1694 and, 1703, Kobert Laycock.— Feb. 1713, 
Edward Waring.— Feb. 1719, John Metcalf.— Feb. 1748, 
George Braithwaite. 

N. B. Mr. Eobinson abovementioned was one of the 
ejected Ministers. See Calamy, vol. ii page 818, where also 
a Mr. Ashley is said to have been a Preacher at Kastrick, 
though not a fixed one. — For him see Calamy, vol. ii. page 
183, 184, 818. 



EPITAPHS AT RIPPONDEN. 

AINSWOETH. 

The oldest stone in this Chapel-yard is over one Henry 
AiNSwoRTH, and is dated March 29th, 1657. 

HILL. 

On a handsome well cut tomb- stone erected over a vault : 
*' Here lies interred the body of Sarah, daughter of Samuel 
and Elisabeth Hill, of Sojdand, who departed this life the 
23d of July, 1729, aged 15 years. 

"Also the body of Ann, their daughter, who died the 3d 
of April, 1730, aged 5. 

'* Also of Joseph, their son, who died the 14tli of January, 
aged 3. 

" Also of Samuel, their son, who died the lltli of June, 
1732, aged 12. 

"Also the body of Deborah, the wife of James Hill, of 
Soyland, who died the 9th of October, 1741, aged 84. 

" Also of James, son of the aforesaid Samuel and Eliz. 
Hill, who died the 16th of January, 1753, aged 30. 

*' Also of Betty, wife of Eichard Hill, (daughter of Eoger 
Kay, neav Bury, in Lancashire), who lived unblameable 
thro' life, and died lamented, the 25th of October, 1747, 
aged 19. 

"Also the body of Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Hill, of 
Soyland. She died the 1st of July, 1756, aged 65 years. 

"Also of Samuel, son of Eichard (and grandson of Sam- 
uel Hill,) who died 22d of October, 1756, aged 10 years and 
8 months. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 187 

LIVE SAY. 

" Here was interred the body of John Livesay, A. B. of 
Brazen Nose College, Oxford, wlio died the 5*^ day of April, 
Anno Dom. 1730, in the 31*'' year of his age. Also the body 
of Hannah, his wife, relict of Mr. John Hoyle, late of Royde, 
in Soyland, who died the 13'^ day of March, 1729, aged 40 
years." 

SUNDERLAND. 

''Here was interred the body of John Sunderland, sen*" 
Curate of Ripponden, who departed this Ufe the 218* ^^y of 
April, Anno Dom. 1720." 

N. B. The stone on which this is cut, was laid down 
since the old Chapel was destroyed. There was a stone 
fixed in the wall of the old Chapel, with this inscription : 
" Juxta, Johannis Sunderland, hujus Sacelli nuper Pastoris, 
deposits) sunt exuviae, die Jnnii 23, Anno Dom. 1720." 

On another stone : " Here was interred the body of John 
Sunderland, jun. Curate of Sowerby Bridge, Sep. 15th, 
1715." And on the same : '* Here was interred the body of 
the Rev. Mr. William Sunderland, A. B. Curate of Rippon- 
den above 29 years, who died the 1st day of March, 1749, 
aged 73 years." 

WRIGHT. 

"Here lieth interred the body of the Rev. Mr. Tho. 
Wright, A. B. who was Curate of Halifax near 18 years, 
and of Ripponden 4. He died the 8*^ day of June, 1754, in 
the 47th year of his age." 



CURATES OF RIPPONDEN. 

1588 and 1593, Henry Sharrock— April 6, 1650 and 1655, 
Isaac Allen. — 1656, and to August 1663, Roger Kenion — 
April 6, 1664, Ralph Wood, who was buried at Ripponden, 
Feb. 16, 1696-7.— 1699, John Sunderland.— August 1720, 
William Sunderland, who died March 1, 1749-50. — May 17, 
1750, Thomas Wright took possession. — At Martinmass, 
1754, John Watson took possession, and after fifteen years 
resident there, removed to the Rectory of Stockport. 



188 BIOGRAPHIA 

The above Roger Kenion was turned out, (as Calaruy, 
page 837, informs us), by the Bartholomew Act, but after- 
wards conformed. 

We have copies of his two last sermons preached at 
Ripponden, August 17, 1663, wherein he advises his hearers 
*' not to neglect the first opportunity of closing with another, 
for he was persuaded that true spiritual bread would be 
more scarce and precious than it had been." 

In all probability they would not easily find one so curious 
at a simile as he; for in the latter sermon he says, "We 
are like unto a man that is in a pinakle of a church, and 
seeth out at a hoale, where he can see nothing but what is 
before the hoale, but God is like unto a man on the top of 
the pinakle, that seeth round about." 



CURATES AT LUDDENDEN. 

1526, John Robinson. — 1606, Marmaduke Farrar, buried 
in that year; see Halifax Register. — 1634, Nathaniel Welch. 
—1652 and 1662, Jonathan Fairbank.— June 1664 and 1665, 
Edward Doughty. — June 1666, Robert Dewhirst. — June 7, 

1671, Gregson.— June 1672, Hall.— March 3, 

1674, Robert Sutcliffe. — January 1676, Edward Dean. — 

June 1678, James Roberts. — June 1682, Sunderland. — 

June 1698 and 1702, David Hartley.— June 1706, Thomas 
Greenwood. — 1710 and 1713, Robert Laycock.— June 1720, 
John Earnshaw. — June 1722, George Smith. — June 6, 1724, 
came to be Curate Edward Watkinson, M. D. who staid 
there three years and seven months. — June 1728 Joshua 
Brooksbank, buried May 9, 1740. — June 174.0, Robert Bre- 
reton. — June 1743, John Grimshaw. — June 1749, John 
Welsh.— 1750, Benjamin Travis.— 1761, Thomas West. 



EPITAPHS AT COLEY. 
BRAMFIT. 

IN the Chapel-yard: "Here lieth interred the body of 
Joseph Bramfit, who departed this life July 10, 1733, 
in the 88d year of his age ; and also Susanna, his daughter, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 189 

who died the same day, in the 7th year of her age ; also 
Phebe, his daughter, who died the same day, in tlie 5th year 
of her age : 

Behold a loving husband, and his two daughters lay ; 

They smother'd were by smoke all on one day." 

HUDSON. 

Between the body of the ChajDel and the Chancel, on a 
plain stone monument : " Near the door of this seat lie the 
remains of John Hudson, sou of the Kevd. Mr. Thomas 
Hudson, and of Martha his wife, late of Hipperholm, who 
died July 21, 1739, aged 4 j^ears. 

SHARP. 

Within the Chapel, at the west end, on a stone monu- 
ment : " Near this place lie interred the body of Ann, late 
wife of Nathan Sharp, of Hipperholm, Clerk, who departed 
this life the 20*^, and was buried here the 22^^ of March, 
1727, aged 52 years and 7 months. 

*' As also the body of her husband, Nathan Sharp, who 
departed this life the 9*^, and was buried the 12*^^ of May, 
1733, aged 58 years and 10 months." 

Arms below, Sharpe, which, to the best of my remem- 
brance, were. Azure a pheon argent, within a bordure of the 
second, charged with eight torteauxes ; impaling, Priestley, 
viz. Gules on a chevron argent, three grappling irons sable, 
between three towers of the second, issuant out of each a 
demi lion rampant, or. 

This Mr. Sharpe was School-master at Hipperholme near 
thirty years. 

There are some other epitaphs, and a few of them in the 
poetic strain, but the composition is too low for the press. 



CURATES OF COLEY. 

1530, Richard Northend, Capellanus in capella de Coolay. 

— 1613, Gibson. — 1631, Richard Denton. — August, 

1649, Nicholas Cudworth. — 1652, Oliver Heywood, ejected 
from thence in 1662, (See Calamy, vol. ii. page 804, &c.) 



190 BIOGRAPHIA. 

He was succeeded by John Hool, who was also Curate here 

in 1670.— Nov. 1G71, Moore.— Nov. 1672, Ichabod 

Fournes. — Nov. 4, 1674, Andrew Louthian. — Dec. 1676, 
George Hovie.— 1682, and 1689, Timothy Elhson.— 1703, 
Nathan Sharpe. — November 1733, John Holdsworth. — Nov, 
1741, Samuel Ogden. — Nov. 1747, Henry Whitworth, who 
died July 15, 1768. 

A Mr, Marsden was Curate here before Oliver Heywood. 
See Calamy, vol. ii. page 810. 



CUEATES OF ILLINGWOETH. 

1578, John Best, buried at Halifax, February 22, 1578.— 
1650, Richard Clarkson. — 1652 to 1655, Nathaniel Heywood, 

(See Calamy, vol. ii. page 394). — 1656, Bradshaw. — 

1658 and 1664, Paul Greenwood.— Oct. 1668, Edward 
Wilkinson, who died Jan 4, 1704.— Oct. 1706, David Hart- 
ley.— Oct. 1717, Daniel Bentley.— Jan, 1748-9, J. Grimshaw. 



CUEATES OF SOWEEBY BEIDGE CHAPEL. 

1635 and 1646, Robert Booth.— 1651 and 1652, 

Ainsworth. — 1652 and 1653, Thompson. — 1655 and 

1658, Daniel Bentley,— Sept. 4, 1661, and Sept. 3, 1662, 
Timothy Eoot. He was turned out by the Bartholomew 
Act, (says Calamy, vol. ii. page 837), and afterwards con- 
formed. — September 1663, and 1664, Elnathan Bains. — 

1665, John Brotherton.— September 1670 and 1701, 

Berron. — 1703, John Sunderland, who died September 15, 
1717. — 1717, Thomas Dunn. — September 1718, John Lup- 
ton, buried March 25, 1730. — September, 1730, Abraham 
Sharpe, who died April 17, 1732. — September, 1732, William 
Stackhouse, — Eichard Fisher, who entered, July 1746. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 191 

EPITAPHS AT 
LIGHTCLIFFE CHAPEL. 

In the Chapel-yard : * ' Here is interred the body of Mary^ 
the mother of Colonel Guest, of Lidgate, in Lightcliffe, who 
departed this life Sept. 10, 1729, aged 88." 

At the east-end within the Chapel: "Here lies interred 
the Eevd. Mr. Joshua Hill, Curate of this chapel near 
thirty -two years, who was buried June the 11th, in the 79tli 
year of his age, A. D. 1739, of whom it has often been said, 
that he was neither poor, proud, nor covetous." 

With some others, not worth publishing. 



CURATES OF LIGHTCLIFFE. 

1630, John Peebles, Preacher at Lightclive, (Halifax 
Register.)— 1634, John Burtomood.— 1647, 1649, and 1650, 

Wilham Ainsworth. — 1650 Heald. — December 1, 1652, 

John Bell.— 1655, Hopkins.— 1656, and 1661, 

Seddon. — December 1668, and 1673, Alexander Bate. — 

1673, Paul Bairstow. — December, 1677, Walker, late 

Minister of Lightcliffe.— 1678, and 1700, Wilham Clifford.— 
1703, Thomas Greenwood. — December, 1706, Joshua Hill. 
(He was blind for some time.) — Jonathan Wright," Light- 
cliffe, died June 25, 1727.— October, 1739, Richard Fisher 
took possession. — December, 1746, Geo. Braithwaite. — Dec- 
ember, 1746, Benjamin Travis. — March, 1752, Richard 
Sutcliffe. 

In Mr. Dickenson's manuscript register at Northouram, it 
is said that the above William Clifford died in Northouram, 
April eighteen, 1732-3, and was buried at Halifax ; that he 
was many years Curate at Lightcliffe, afterwards at Haworth, 
and was very old, having not preached of many years. 



CURATES OF ST. ANN'S. 

1650, Richd. Core.— February, 1652, Christopher Taylor, 

Quaker. — 1653, Waterhouse. — 1656, Smethurst. — 

* A Dissenting Minister; never Ciu-ate. 



192 , BIOGEAPHIA 

January, 1661, Gamaliel Marsden, ejected by the Act of 
Uniformity. See Calamy, vol. ii. page 810. — 1663, Eicliard 
Boy. — January, 1665, Christopher Fisher.— 1666, Eichard 

Boyes again. — January, 1668, Brooke. — January, 1670, 

Clegg.— January, 1675 and 1689, Thomas Walker. — 

But 1676, in January, Nehemiah Feme occurs as Curate. 

N.B. There is no certainty who was the licensed Minister 
about this time, for the above Mr. Clegg received part of Mr. 
Waterhouse's annual legacy to the Curate of St. Ann's, in 
1679 and 1680, and afterwards when Thomas Walker is 
mentioned as Curate there. 

January, 1698 and 1703, Joshua Hill. — 1708, Stephen 
Carr. — January, 1714, John Sheffield. — January, 1716, John 
Godley, who signed "no graduate." — 1718, Thomas Lister. 
— January, 1731, Thomas Haldsworth. — September, 1746, 
entered Eichard Sutcliffe. — Martinmas, 1750, entered Thomas 
Meyrick. 



CUEATES OF SOWEEBY. 

1572 and 1583, Adam Morris, who went Chaplain to a 
regiment in Ireland, and was buried at Halifax, September 
24, 1591. 

John Broadley, who, during the building of the last 
chapel, preached thirteen Sundays on the dial- stone in the 
chapel-yard, without so much as a shower of rain to disturb 
him. He was buried at Halifax, February 14, 1625, and 
called in the Eegister there. Pastor dignissimus. 

1635, Nathaniel Eathband, M. A. also March 16, 1645. 

1646, Henry Eoote, also, May 8, 1662. Mr. Calamy, vol. 
ii. page 809, says that in 1645 (which must be soon after the 
death of Mr. Eathband,) he gathered a congregational 
church, and was Pastor to them till 1662 ; that he preached 
in his chapel for half a year after Bartholomew-day, but 
was, at length, dragged out of his chapel, and sent to York 
Castle, where he continued three months. He died October 
20, 1669, ap:ed about 80, and was buried at Sowerby. He 
was educated at Magdalen Coll. Camb. and was a consider- 
able traveller in his younger days. 

May 1064, Edward Wilkinson. — May 1665, Christopher 
Jackson.— May 6, 1668 to 1670, Bovile.— May 1672, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 193 

James Bowker, who was banished for criminal conversation 
with a daughter of Mr. Farrer, of Gatelands. — May 167G^ 
Christopher Etherington, who died suddenly, January, 4^ 
1678-9, and was buried at Sowerby.— May 1679 and 1682, 
John Witter, who was buried at Sowerby, December 27, 
1697, aged 66. — Benjamin Baron, or Berron, and son, held 
Sowerby and Sowerby Bridge. — The elder was afterwards 
Vicar of Bradford.— May 7, 1701, WilHam Midgley, who 
died of a palsy. May 7, 1706, and was buried in Halifax 
church, aged about 30. — 1708, Archibald Young, who was 
thrown out at York by the Inhabitants of Sowerby, and was 
afterwards Curate of Haslingden, in Lancashire. — 1710,. 
Richard Marsden, who left Sowerby that year. — 1711, 
Nicholas Jackson, who was buried at Sowerby, February 11, 
1729.— May, 1730, John Sheffield, who died November 23, 
1735, and was buried at Sowerby. — May 1736, Christopher 
Gunby, who was buried at Sowerby. — 1750, John Welsh,. 
M. A. 



CURATES OF CROSTONE. 

1650, Smethurst.— 1652 and 1662, George Stott.— 

August 1663 and 1665, Robert Dewhurst.— August, 1670, 

Gregson. — August, 1671, John Sunderland. — August, 

1682 and 1689, Richard Robinson, who died April 28, 1690. 
— 1703, Thomas Ferrand. — September, 1706, Archibald 
Young. — 1708, and 1711, and 1714, and 1716, Edward 
Metham.— August 1728, Michael Godley. — August 1732, 
Joshua Brooke. — December, 1734, entered John Grimshaw. 
— August, 1744, Tobit Sutcliffe. — August, 1745, John Welsh. 
— 1750, John Law, who died September 6, 1768. 



EXTRACT FKOM THE 

SURYEY Of the MANOR of WAKEFIELD, 
Made in 1314. 

AT the head of my copy of this record, is wrote, "E 
" libro vocato, JDomisday-booke ; " and then follows, 
*' Extenta redditus et servicii liberorum sokse de Wakefeild, 



194 BIOGRAPHIA 

"facta ad natal. Dni. anno Dni, 1314." What relates to 
Halifax parish is as follows : " Fekisbye, Will, son of Tho. 
4e Totehill, 4s. Peter, son of William, 3s. Jowortlie, relict of 
Eobert, 3d. Hen. son of Constan. 14d. Barnard, 18d. 
Tho. son of Adam, 2s. Eob. son of Eichard, 21d. Alan, 
son of Alan, 20d. John, son of Eobert, 3s. Eastricke, 
Will, son of Annabel, 5s. 3d. Will, son of Walter, Id. ob. 
Alexander de Eastricke, 2d. Staynelande, Iho. de Thorne- 
ion, 10s. Hen. de Frankyshe, 6d. foreign service from both, 
2s. 9d. Brighowse, Hugh de Totehill, 3s. 3d. Tho. del 
Eoods, 18d. Hipperholm, the tenants there, and in Priest- 
ley, 3s. Presteley, Hen. de Northend, 4s. 3d. Eic. del 
Eooks, 4s. Id. ob. Tho. del Brooke, 15d. Alice de Colde- 
ley, 15d. Tho. de Eooks, 3s. 6d. EHas del Brooke, 7d. ob. 
Hugh de Prestley, 6d. Hen. de Copley, 2s. Elias de Shelfe, 
4d. ob. Northourome, John de Birstall, Id. Shipden, 
Adam de Stancliffe, 8s. 6d. Eob. son of Christian, 13d. ob. 
Eob. de Eigge, 3d. John de Shipden, 8s. Margaret de 
Bentley, 12d. Shelffe ; the men of sir John de Thornhill, 
for foreign service, 4s. 6d. Midgley, Dns. Adam de Ever- 
ingham, for the vill of Midgley, 2s. Eastricke, John del 
Okes, for one tenement, and one bovate of land, 4d. Alex, 
del Okes, one ten. 8 acres, Id. Eichard, son of Maud, for 
five acres, 2s. ob. Skircoit and Norlande ; the men of Tho. 
de Langfeld, Matthew de Bosco and John de Lepton, for 
foreign service, 2s. The men of Tho. de Thorneton, for the 
same, 10s. The men of Tho. de Langfeld, for the same, 6s. 
And the men of Tho. de Thornehill, 12d. — And then follow 
the words, ''Finis terras liberie." 

Graveship of Fekisbye and Eastricke. — Peter, son of Will, 
one ten. 5 acres, called bordelands, for homage, fealty, and 
8s. yearly. John, son of Eob. one ten. two bovates, and 
three acres for homage, fealty, and 3s. Eob. son of Eic. 
one ten. and one bovate, for horn, fealty, and 21d. Tho. 
son of Adam, for hom. fealty, and 2s. Alan, son of Alan, 
one ten. two bovates for hom. fealty, and 20d. Bernard, 
one ten. one bovate for hom. fealty, and 18d. Henry, son 
of Constance, half a bovate for hom. fealty, and 13d. ob. 
Jowet, half a ten. and half a bovate, for hom. fealty, and 
8d. All these were due at Michaelmas, Purification, and 
Pentecost; and every one who held the aforesaid eight 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 195 

"bovates, was to give for a bovate, and take fourpence half- 
penny at the feast of St. Andrew. The said tenants paid 
yearly, for two ploughs to plough the said eight bovates, 
eight-pence in the time of spring, and if they had more, 
they paid four-pence for every plough, except Peter, son of 
Will, who paid nothing. And the above, and all other 
householders who kept fires in the moiety of the vill of 
Fekisby, gave each for reaping 3d. at the Assumption of the 
Virgin Mary, except the said Peter ; and there were then 
five houses which had fires ; if they increased, they were to 
pay more, at the will of the lord. 

Lands granted from the waste of the said vill. Piichard, 
son of Thomas, 4 acres, for 16d. Hen. son of Tho. -1 acres, 
for 12d. Hen. son of Will. 3 acres, for 12d. Eic. de Anne- 
ley, 4 acres and half for 18d. Tho. son of John, 5 acres for 
20d. Hen. de Totehill, 2 acres, for Bd. Will, son of 
Stephen, 2 acres, for 8d. Tho. at the wood, 2 acres, for 8d. 
Eve, wife of Hugh, 3 acres, for 12d. Beatrix, daughter of 
Tho. 3 acres, for 12d. Tho. de Yelitherigg, half an acre, 
for 3d. all due at the times above-mentioned. 

The nativi in Eastrick. Adam, son of Ynon, one tene- 
ment, half a bovate, and ten acres, for 6s. 4d. and repair of 
Wakefield mill dam. Eoger, son of Matthew, one ten. half 
a bovate, and six acres, for 3s. for tak. 14d. and repair of 
said dam. Will, de Wodehowses, one ten. half a bovate, for 
2s. for tak. 2d. and repair of said dam. The same person 
12 acres, for 4s. Eoger de Wodhous, one ten. 5 acres, for 
19d. and for tak. 5d. Beatrix, wife of Alan, one ten. half 
bov. 12 acr. for 7s. and repair of said dam. Matthew, son 
of Eichard, one ten. half bov. 10 acres, one rod, for 6s. 5d. 
for tak. 12d. and said repair. Matthew de Totehill, one ten. 
half bov. and 4th part of a bov. &c. for 9s. lid. and said 
repair. Will, de Totehill, one ten. 4tli part of a bov. 3 acres 
for 2s. Tho. del Okes, one ten. half bov. 12 acres and half, 
16s. 2d. and said repair. John Seele, one ten. half bov. 7 
acres, for 4s. 4d. Hen. son of Modest, one ten. 6 acres, 2s. 
John de Botherod, one ten. half bov. and 4th part of a bov. 
and 8 acres, for 6s. 8d. He was also to reap one day, and 
plow as he plowed his own land, or give 4d. for a whole 
plough, 2d. for half, and repair said dam. John Coward 
(one MS sais Crowder,) one ten. half bov. 6 acr. for 6s. shall 
reap to the value of a penny, and repair said dam. John, 



196 BIOGRAPHIA 

son of Alexander, one ten. half bov. 6 aer. for 5s. 5d. and 
said repair. Hen. son of John, one ten. half bov. and 
4th part of a bov. 17 acr. for 8s. 9d. ob. qa. and said repair. 
Adam . . . one ten. 9 acr. 1 rod and half, for 3s. 4d. Will, 
son of Hen. one ten. 8 acr. for 2s. 6d. qa. and one penny 
reaping. Tho. de Rodes, one ten. 4th part of a bov. 6 acr. 
for 3s. 4d. ob. one penny reaping, and said repair. Will, 
son of Hugh, 4 acr. for lod. John, son of Ric. one ten. half 
bov. 10 acr. and half, for 5s. 6d. one penny reaping, and 
said repair. Peter, son of Hen. one ten. 5 acr. and half, 
for 18d. and one penny reaping. Margery, d. of Ynon, one 
ten. half acr. 1 rod, for 4d. Hen. s. of Peter, one ten. half 
bov. 8 acr. for 4s. Id. and said repair. John, s. of Ric. one 
ten. 4th part of bov. and acre, for 3s. 6d. and said repair. 
Will. s. of Adam, 3 acr. for 9d. Roger, s. of Matthew, half 
of 9 acr. for Id. ob. Alex. Cissor, 2 acr. 4th part of a rod, 
for 9d. John, s. of Roger, 4 acr. for 13d. Hen. s. of Will. 
4 acr. for 12d. ob. Alex, de Brighouse, 1 acr. and half rod, 
for 7d. ob. John de Shepele, 10 acr. for 3s. 4d. Rog. de 
Brighowse, sen. 1 acr. and half, for 16d. Peter de Sowtcliff, 
4 acr. half rod, for 16d. ob. Symon de Shipden, 1 acr. for 4d. 

Free tenants. John del Okes holds freely one toft, one 
bov. for 4d. and for plowing 4d. if he have ale or plough, if 
not, he shall pay nothing, and for reaping 3d. Alex, de 
Okes holds freely one ten. 8 acr. for Id. and for reaping 3d. 
Ric. s. of Maud, holds freely 5 acr. for 2d. ob. "All the 
** nativi in this graveship shall make the mill dam of Wake, 
" and pay marchet money for the said bovates, which they 
"hold, and grind all their corn at the mill of Rastrick, and 
" pay for take 6s. 8d." 

This may serve as a specimen of the whole survey. What 
is farther worth remarking therein so far as it relates to the 
parish of Halifax, I shall here set down. 

Graveship of Hipperholm. One Tho. son of Tho. was to 
pay 8d. for the take of Hogs for one bovate ; and for grinding 
of malt 2s. and for other lands to plow with 4 oxen or pay 
2d. and reap or pay Id. Also to assist the grave in di'iving 
cattle taken in making distress throughout the whole grave- 
ship, to Wakefield, as often as he should be called upon by 
the said grave. Several others were bound in like manner, 
and, in case of refusal, were to be fined. Some of the free 
tenants of Hipperholm were tied to give to the lord for a 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 197 

whole plough 4d. and for as many beasts as they should 
plough with, two oxen in one yoke, one penny, and for 
reaping one penny. Under the free farm of Northouram. 
The men of John de Eland for foreign service 8s. The men 
of sir John Thornhill, for the same, 4s. 6d. The forinseca 
of Stainland, 2s. 9d. The pannage of Hipperholm, comuni- 
bus annis four pounds, and 4s. 6d. for take, and 3s. 8d. for 
plow work, 2s. for grinding, 3d. for Bak stones from one 
Tho. del Northend, 2s. 9d. for reaj)ing, and an hundred 
shillings for perquisites of court. The rents which sir John 
de Eland receiyed yearly in the graveship of Hipperholme 
were of Will, de Sunderlande 19s. Id. of John de Sunder- 
lande, 12s. lOd. of Symon de Supeden, 3s. and of Tho. 
Bland, 6d. 

Graveship of Sowerby. Here the lord has a manor in his 
chase. Will, de Townend for his lands bound to grind at 
the mill of Soland at the twentieth vessel, to assist in mak- 
ing the eldest son of the lord a knight, in marrying his 
eldest daughter, and shall go a hawking with the lord as 
often as he shall come thither, for the first day at his own 
charges, and if not, shall x>ay Id. Several others were 
bound to the same service. Each of the tenants in the 
manor of Sowerby having hogs, to give for every hog 2d. 
and for an hoggete Id. for take, worth yearly on an average 
in Sowerbye, Warluley, and Soland, in an hundred hogs, 
and as many hoggets, if the sows bred as usual, 30s. The 
hogs to be reckoned at Michaelmass, and the money to be 
paid at Martinmass. There is in the forest an iron forge, 
which may continue for ever, worth 91. 12s. yearly, viz. 4s. 
in each week, except fifteen -days at Christmas, and fifteen 
days at Easter and Whitsontide. The lord may have in the 
forest five score cows and bulls in three vaccaries, and eight 
score fat beasts may be in Baytinge, where may be agisted, 
besides the aforesaid beasts, an hundred great beasts between 
the feasts of St. Helen and St. Giles, worth yearly 40s. 
The pannage of the whole graveship worth yearly about 
100s. The herbage in Hadreschelfe 24s. HerJjage in Man- 
kanhulls 16s. Escape .of the cattle of Midgley and Ludding- 
den 10s. Escape at Eybume 5s. The mill at Soland 46s. 
8d. The mill of Warlulley 26s. 8d. Perquisites of court 
101. Escape of beasts out of Northland 2s. 6d. Agistments 



198 BIOGRAPHIA 

in the common pasture 36s. 8d. In Soland. John de Hole 
was bound in all things as Will, de Townend above- 
mentioned, as were several others in this district. All the 
rents arising from seventeen tenants here amounted to 69s. 
lid. ob. These paid to the lord for foreign service 2s. 
Rishworth paid foreign service to the same 12d. Out of 
which were paid to sir John Eland for his life 2d. yearly. 

Warley. Here the men of Tho. de Langfeild, Matthew 
de Bosco, and John de Lepton ; as also the men of Tho. de 
Thorneton, and Tho. de Thornhill, are said to pay the same 
foreign service money as already mentioned Jn this survey 
after Skircoit and Norlande ; and the tenants are said to 
hold their respective lands in this township, " per servicium 
de Sowerbye." In the margin is wrote " Skircotes & Northe- 
land." 

At the foot of this survey was wrote, *' The sum total of 
" the whole extent 3751. 16s. lid. ob. qa." The whole of 
earl Warren's rents in the north parts is also there made to 
amount to 6681. 3s. 6d. ob. qa. out of which there was paid 
yearly about 1001. to constables, watchmen, and gate keep- 
ers at castles. 



ACCOUNT OF THE 

EARL OF LEICESTER'S LAND 

IN HALIFAX PAKISH. 

QUEEN Eliz. did, by letters patents under the seal of 
the dutchy of Lancaster, bearing date at Westminster, 
9 Oct. in the 8th year of her reign, grant to the right hon. 
the earl of Leicester, 522 acres one rood and half of land, 
and a parcel of land containing by estimation eighty yards 
in length, and forty in breadth, four watercourses, and two 
parcels of land and waste within the gi*aveship of Sowerby. 
Also 221 acres, two roods and half of land, and certain 
pieces of land containing by estimation fifty yards in length, 
and twenty in breadth, with one watercourse, in the grave- 
sliip of Hipperholme. Also twelve acres and half a rood of 
land in the graveship of Rastrick, together with certain 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 199 

parcels of land (tlie whole being new improvement) in tlie 
gravesliips of Holmefritli, Wakefield, Stanley, Tliornes, and 
Alverthorp, all wliicli were parcel of the demesne lands of 
the lordship of Wakefield. He had also in the same letters 
patents, a grant of lands in the graveship of Bradford ; to 
hold of the said queen, &c. all the above premises in free 
and common soccage, and not in capite. These lands, &c. 
the said earl did, b}- indenture made Dec. 6, 9 Eliz. grant to 
sir Thomas Gargrave, of Kinsley, knt. and Henry Savile, 
of Lupset, esq; and their heirs for ever, to hold the same, 
together with the said letters patents, on the conditions in 
the said letters patents mentioned. The rent for the above 
lands to the crown was four pence for every acre ; and at the 
death of a principal tenant four pence, in the name of a fine 
or heriot ; also the like fine on every alienation, and suit of 
court. 




200 



BIOGRAPHIA 



NUMBER of INHABITANTS in tlie PAEISH 
of HALIFAX, in 1763 and 1764, &c. 



In Halifax division, 1764. 


Hei}tonstall division, 1764. 


,houses 

Halifax ...1312 


Empty 

40 


Fami- 
lies. 

1272 


Stansfield up- 


houses 


Empty 


Fami-I 
lies. 1 


Skircoat ...' 263 


12 


251 


per third ... 


129 


3 126 


Warley ... 


503 


16 


487 


Stansfield mid- 






Midgley ... 


224 


7 


217 


dle third ... 


207 


4 ! 203 


Sowerby ... 


618 


31 


587 


Stansfield low- 






Ovenden ... 


616 


19 1 


597 


er third ... 


140 


5 135 


Northom-am 660 


30 


630 


Langfield 


139 


2 [ 137 


Shelf 


186 


6 


180 


Eringden 


183 


6 1 177 


Hipperliolm 


367 


15 


352 


Heptonstall ... 


367 


15 1 352 


Southouram 


466 


18 
194 


448 


Wads worth ... 


396 


8 1 388 


; 


5215 


5021 


1561 


43 1518 


In Eland division, 1763. 


TOTALS. 




Brigliouse ... 


houses Empt 

77 3 


y Fami- 
lies 

74 


Eastrick ... 
Fixby 


Iftft' 11 \ t'7n 






56 2 


54 






Eland 
Greetland ... 


262, 23 

122' 6 

1 


239 
116 


Houses 


. 8579 


Old Linley... 
Stainland ... 


42' 2 

201' 6 

1 


40 
195 


Empty 


335 


Barkisland... 
Soyland 


267 17 
264' 9 

! 


250 
255 


Families 


. 8244 


Eisli worth ... 
Norland 


131i 2 

195 17 

i 


129 
178 


Population (?) .. 


. 41220 




1803 98 1705 








1 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 201 

The whole number of families in the above table, taken 
from the vicar's Easter books, is 8244, and if we allow but 
five to a family, the amount will be 41,220 ; an amazing in- 
crease, if Camden's information was any thing near the 
truth, which he received as he travelled through these i3arts, 
that the number of inhabitants in this parish was about 
twelve thousp.nd men ; in which yet I am apt to think he 
was not very much mistaken ; for in the certificate of the 
archbishop of York, and others, 2 Ed. VI. concerning 
chantries, &c. it is said, that "in the parrysh of ''Hallifaxe 
the nomber of houslyng people is eight thousand five hund- 
red, and is a great wide parrysh." And during the rebellion 
in the north, when every protestant, who could carry arms, 
was zealous to shew his attachment to his religion and the 
queen, archbishop Gryndall sais, in a letter to queen Eliza- 
beth, that the parish of Halifax was ready to bring three or 
four thousand able men into the field. But the most striking 
instance of the increase of inhabitants in this neighbourhood 
is from an old paper in my possession, which I shall here 
faithfully transcribe. " By this underwritten yow may 
" gather the great encrease of howsinge and people within 
^* the towne of Halifax in not many yeares by paste, written 
^' by John Waterhowse, of Shipden, and some time lorde of 
" the mannor of Halifax. 

" Note, there is in Halifax this yeare 1566, of housholders 
^' that keepes fires and answers Mr. vicar in his fermours of 
" dutyes as householders 20 and six score and noe more (as 
*' I am crediblye enfoiTaed ;) and in the time of John Water- 
" house, late of Halifax, deceased, who dyed at Candlemas, 
*' 26 yeares agoe, att his deathe beinge very neare 100 yeares 
" of age (I trow three yeares under,) and when he was but a 
*' childe there were but in Halifax in all 13 howses. God 
** be praysed for his encrease." 

There were but then in Halifax, about the year 1443, 
when Mr. Waterhouse was born, thirteen families ; these in 
about 123 years were increased to 520, and in less than 200 
years more to 1272 families, and they are at present, I think, 
increasing more than ever, ov/ing to the flourishing state of 
their trade, which is not confined to this town, and the 
precincts thereof, but extends its influence to the remotest 
corners of the parish, planting colonies in parts which, in 
former times, could scarce be said to be inhabited ; thus in 



202 BIOGRAPHIA 

Fixby are 54 families, where, in 1314, were only five houses 
which had fires, as appears from the extent above recited. 

As an addition to the above, it appears from the register 
book at Heptonstall, that there were baptised in the parochial 
chapel there for twenty years, beginning at 1741, 3714 
children, and for twenty years before that period only 2375, 
so that there was an increase of 1339. Buried there in 
twenty years, beginning at 1741, 2220, and for twenty years 
before that period, only 1792, so that there was an increase 
of 428 ; the country must therefore, of course, have many 
more inhabitants in it than formerly ; a truth which is often 
attested by living witnesses. And these improvements have 
been made in some of the most wild and mountainous parts 
of that parish, which Camden has described to be " solum 
*' sterile, in quo non modo commode vivi, sed vix vivi possit." 



BARKESEY, OR BARSEY, IN BARKISLAND. 

The family which it gave name to, had considerable 
possessions, and perhaps were the first improvers of the 
land hereabouts, which lies in a pleasant and tolerably 
fruitful valley. Some of their names I have met with in 
dated deeds, which shew thej^ were in being during a great 
part of the fourteenth century. At Oaks, in Rishworth, is a 
deed, wherein John, son of Alan de Barkesay, grants to John, 
son of Richard de Barkesay, certain lands, lying near the 
brook called Blakeborne, within the divisions of Stainland, 
Barkeslana, and Greteland. Dated at Barkesay, in 1326. 
At the same place is a deed of land, quit-claimed here, 
which for its conciseness is worth in-eserving. "^ciant 
*' l^resentes & futuri, quod ego Matild. de Eues, dedi, con- 
*' cessi, relaxavi, & omnino de me & heredibus meis quietum 
*' clamavi, Johanni filio Roberti de Clay, & heredibus suis, 
** vel suis assignatis, totam terram quam emi de Ada patre 
** meo in Barkesay, pro quadam summa pecunia3 mihi pro- 
" priis manibus data. In cujus rei testimonium sigilhmi 
"meum ai)posui. Hiis testibus Ric. de Schaye, Tho. Cler. 
**Rog. del Haye, Johe de Ponte, & aliis." 

A John de Barksey entered into possession of Clogh-houses 
in Barkisland, (which John de Clay had held,) at the court 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 203 

of the prior of tlie hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, in 
England, held at Batley, 41 Edw. Ill, 1367. 



BKISKO. 

Height [in Barkisland,] probably takes its name from its 
situation, standing high on the side of a steep hill. Dr. 
Johnson, in his MS collections for an History of Yorkshire, 
sais, this is a place of great antiquity. It was, some years 
ago, the residence of the family of the Firths, who bore 
for their arms. Or, a fess between three mallets, sable ; and 
afterwards of Musgrave Brisco, esq ; whose pedegree is as 
follows. 

The first lords of Byrkscaye, in the county of Cumberland, 
took their surname from the place of their habitation, which 
has been written Byrkscaye, Birkskeugh, Briskugh, Briskoo, 
Brisko, Brisco, and (as the families in Northamptonshire 
and Herefordshire write it,) Briscoe. Their arms are, Arg. 
three greyhounds current in pale, sab. 

Kobert de Brisko had Allan de Brisko, who had Jordan de 
Brisko, who had Kobert de Brisko, who was witness to a 
deed in 1292.- He married Matilda, daughter of sir John 
Crofton, knt. lord of Crofton, &c. She released her dower 
and feoffment to her eldest son John, in 1318. She had by 
the said Robert, another son Isold, who, as John died s. p. 
inherited the estate, and married Margaret, d. and h. of sir 
John Crofton, of Crofton, knt. by whom the manors of 
Crofton, Whinnow, and Dundraw. This Isold had Christopher 
Brisko, of Crofton, who kept fourteen soldiers in pay at 
Brisco Thorn upon Hesket. He had Robert (one MS. sais 
Richard) who married Isabel, d. of Will. Dikes, of Warthol, 
in Cumberland, by whom Robert, who married Katharine, 
d. and h. of Clement Skelton, of Pettrelwray, by whom 
John, who married Jennet, d. of Tho. Salkeld, of Corkby, by 
whom Richard, Roger, Simon, Christopher, and three 
daughters. Richard married Elizabeth, d. of John Leigh, 
of Frisington, by whom Robert, who married, 1st, Barbara, 
d. of John Coldale, of Haryngton. 2dly, Mabel, d. of Robert 
Carlisle, esq ; By his first wife he had John, who purchased 
the Leigh's part of Orton, from Wilfrid Lawson, and Maud, 
his wife, widow of Tho. Leigh, of Isal, to whom he had 
given his estate, and another third part thereof from Tho. 



204 BIOGRAPHIA 

Blenerliasset, of Carlisle. He took for his crest, a greyhound 
sab. bearing an hare proper. This John married Ann, d. of 
Will. Musgrave, of Hayton-castle, who died before his father 
sir Edward. By her he had William, who married Jane, d. 
of William Orfeur, of High-close. He purchased the advow- 
son of the rectory of Orton, and some remaining parts of 
the manor. He had John, who married Mary, d. of Tho. 
Braithwaite, of Burnside, in Westmoreland, esq ; about 
1582, by whom Wilham, who died in 1687-8. He was 
member of parliament for the city of Carlisle, as several of 
this family had been successively before. He married, 1. 
Susanna, d. of sir Kandolph Cranfield. 2dly. Susanna, d. 
of Francis Brown, inerchant and citizen of London. By his 
first v^^ife he had John, who died in 1690, having married 
Mercy, d. of Will. Johnson, of Eibblesworth, com. Durham, 
by whom, I.William, who died s. p. John, a justice of 
peace for the county of Cumberland, who married Catharine, 
d. of sir Richard Musgrave, of Hayton, in Cumb. hart, by 
whom, 1. Richard, who married Margaret, d. and h. of Tho. 
Lampleugh, of Lampleugh, esq. 2. John, of Crofton, D. D. 
who married Catharine, d. of John Hilton, of Hilton-castle, 
com. Durham, esq: by whom, 1. John; 2. Richard, killed in 
Germany; 3. Hilton, dead s. p. 4. Horton, 5. William Mus- 
grave, 6\ James, 7. Catharina Maria, dead s. p. 8. Dorothy, 
who married Jacob Morland, esq : 9. Margaret. William, 
3d son of John, was a clergyman, and M.A., he married 
Margaret Langstaff, by whom, 1. Richard, and 2. William 
Musgrave, also, 3. Catharine, 4. Mary Horton, and, 5. Ann. 
Musgrave, 4th son of John, married Mary Fletcher Dyne, d. 
and h. of Edw. Dyne, of Lankhurst, in Sussex, esq ; by 
whom, 1. Richard Horton, 2. John, 3. Edward Dyne, 4. 
Wastel; also a daughter, named Mary Horton, who died 
very young. James, 5th son of John, married, and had 
issue. Wastel, 6th sou of John, married, 1st, . . . Beckford, 
in Jamaica ; 2dly, . . . Campbell, no issue. Ralph, 7th sou 
of John, married Dorothy Rowland, by whom Dorothy, and 
Anna Maria. Thomas, 8th son of John, died an infant. 
The said John had also four daughters, viz. 1. Dorothy, who 
married, 1st, Richard Lampleugh ; 2dly, . . . Ward. 2. Ka- 
tharine, who died young ; 3. An-other Katharine, who mar- 
ried John Holmes, of Holme-hill, in Cumberland ; and 4. 
Ann, who died young. The last named Katharine had John, 
Edward, and Katharine, who married .... Somner, esq ; 
who, in 1766, was next in command to lord Clive. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 205 

COPLEY— See Savile. 
CROMWELLBOTHOM— See Lacy. 

PEDEGREE OF DEAN, OF EXLEY. 

William DeaD, of Exley, married Isabel, daughter of John 
Bairstow, by whom Robert, to whom his father gave Exley ; 
and William, who had the Spout-house and Yeat-house in 
Halifax, and who married Judith Hanson, who surviving 
him, married, secondly, Jasper Blythman. She was buried 
at Eland, March 7, 1633. Robert lived part of his time at 
Exley, but removed to Priestley, in Hipperholme, where he 

was living Jan. 12, 1651. He married Ann by whom 

Gilbert, William, and five daughters. Gilbert was a Lawyer, 
and belonged to the Six Clerks' Office ; he had William, and 
a daughter married to Bishop Lake, which daughter was 
buried at Halifax, Feb. 22, 1699-700, aged 71 ; he also had 

other daughters, one of which married Kirk, of Oller- 

thorp. The above William, as well as his father Gilbert, 
was a man of a melancholic temper. During their indispo- 
sition, the estate was much impaired, yet so intailed, that, 
for default of male issue, after the death of William, it came 
to Robert Dean, mentioned below, who enjoyed it several 
years, and at last sold it to Mr. Henry Greame, being at 
that time an hundred pounds per ann. 

William, son of Robert, above named, was apprentice to a 
Turkey Merchant, and being taken prisoner by the Turks, 
and losing all his effects, he returned to London, and having 
sold all his estate in Yorkshire, went a second voyage, and 
was taken by the Tartars, and confined several months in 
great misery. Being redeemed by exchange of prisoners, 
he returned to London, and died soon after ; he had Robert, 
and a daughter. Robert was sent down from London, a 
child of four years old, to one Mr. Savile, of Greetland, who 
was his father's agent, and with whom effects were left for 
the child's education, in case the father met with bad 
fortune. This Robert married, and had a numerous family. 
The daughter was left in London, but married, and had 
children. 



206 BIOGEAPHIA 

I know not whether this family ever laid claim to any 
coat of arms, but the Deans, of Dean-house, in this xmrish^ 
bore, Argent a fess dancy, in chief three crescents gules. 

DRAKE AND SHIBDEN. 

Shibden formerly gave name to a family, who on some 
account or other, changed their name to Drake. The 
following account of whom was drawn up from deeds and 
family papers by the late Mr. Drake, of York, author of the 
''Eboracum, &c." assisted by the late Dr. Burton, of York,, 
author of the " Monasticon Eboracense." 

William de Schepden, of Nether Schepden, lived temp. 
Edward I, as by charter dated at Schippedene in 130G, had 
John de Schipeden, alias Drake, and William. John had 
John, as by deed 36 Edw. III. He had also John Drake, of 
Schipeden, as by deed 2 Hen. IV. This John had likewise 
a son John, as by deed 9 Hen. VI. This last John had 
Eichard, who lived, as by deed, temp. Edw. IV. He had 
John, as by charters dated 1443, 1476, and 1483, as also by 
his marriage settlement deed : he married Cecilia, daughter 
of John Roper, of Thornton, in Bradford-dale, by whom 
William, Laurence, Robert, John, Elizabeth, Alice, and 
Ellen. William lived temp. Hen. VII, as by deed, and 

married Christobella, daughter of by whom John, who 

lived temp. Hen. VIII, as by deed. Ho had Thomas, of 
Horley-green, in the same township, as by deed temp. Phil. 
& Mar. (Mr. Drake sais nothing when the family sold 
Shibden, but it is plain that it had taken place at this time,, 
by this Thomas being removed to Horley-green ; I find also» 
in the Testamentary Burials at Halifax, extracted from Mr. 
Torr's MS. that Richard Waterhouse, of Shipden, was buried 
in 1538, 27 Hen. VIII; so that either this Thomas, or his 
father, disposed of the old family estate.) Thomas had, 1. 
William, commonly called William of the Lee, in Halifax 
parish ; 2. Gilbert ; 3. Humphry, of Pikeley ; 4. Sibilla, or 
Isabella, who married Mr. Robert Bentley, (and quasre if not 
a son called John.) William had, 1. Joseph, who married a 

daughter of Quously, of Lightclift'e, whose father and 

mother lived to be each an hundred years old. 2. Nathan 
of Godley ; 3. Jeremy ; 4. Timothy, of London, merchant ; 
5. Susan, who married Lister, of'- Shibden-hall ; 6. 

*Qu : Did not the Estate pass by this marriage into the Lister's family? 
Richd. Waterhouse might be merely a Tenant . 



HALIB'AXIENSIS. 207 

Pli^ebe, who married Hemingway, of Sliibden-mills ; 7. 

Esther, who married Humphry, sou of Humphry Drake ; 8. 
Grace. 

Nathan above named, second son of William, was a 
soldier in the civil wars, and served as one of the garrison of 
Pontefract-castle, for which he lost Godley, &c. He had 
Samuel, D.D. Eector of Hansworth, and Vicar of Ponte- 
fract, who was expelled from his Fellowship at St. John's, 
Cambridge, and afterwards served the King at the siege of 

Newark ; he married daughter of Abbot ; his 

sisters were, Elizabeth, married to Stables, of Ponte- 

fract; and Mary, to Knowles, of Pontefract. Jeremy 

above named had Timothy ; Abraham, a merchant at New- 
castle ; Jonathan ; Grace, and Esther. Timothy, the eldest, 
was brought up by his uncle Timothy, who left him a good 
estate. He married, and had Kichard, D.D. Precentor of 
Sarum, and the Publisher of Bishop Andrews's " Greek 
Devotions." Both he and his father were Benefactors to 
Pembroke-hall, in Cambridge, and their Arms are in the 
Catalogue in the Library. 

Josei)li, who married daughter of Quousley, had 

Joseph, Thomas, Susan, and Esther. Thomas had William, 
Elizabeth, and Esther. Joseph, last named, had, 1. Mar- 
maduke, 2. John, (who had William,) 3. William, 4. Thomas 
(who had Jeremy, Joseph, John, William and Elizabeth,) 5. 
Nathan, 6. Elizabeth, 7. Mary, 8. Maud, and 9. Esther. 
Nathan, last named, was Eector of Kir by Overblows, and 
had Eobert, Nat, Joseph, Mary, and Betty. 

Gilbert, second son of Thomas Drake, of Horley-green, 
above mentioned, married Alice, daughter of Christopher 
Booth, of Booth's-town, near Halifax, 1 Edw. VI, by wdiom 
John, Sibilla, and Isabella. N.B. — This is agreeable to the 
account drawn up by Drake and Burton ; but these Gentle- 
men seem to have made a mistake ; for in one of Mr. Drake's 
deeds, dated in 1494, there is mention made of John Drake, 
son, and heir apparent of this William. The question is, 
whether William, or Gilbert, married Alice Booth ; for I 
have copies of two other pedegrees of this family, which 
agree that John, who married Grace Bairstow, as below, was 
son of the said Alice. I rather think, that Alice Booth was- 
the wife of William, not Gilbert, and that this William was 
father of John, who married Grace, daughter of John 



BIOGRAPHTA 

Bairstow, of Northbridge, near Halifax, by whom, 1. John, 
2. Thomas, 3. Francis, M.A. of Christ's College, Cambridge, 
s. p. 4. Samuel, 5. Daniel, who married the daughter of 
Holdsworth, by whom John. John, the eldest, married 
Mary, daughter of John Hoyle, of Hoyle-house, in Hipper- 
holme, by whom Thomas, s. p. Thomas, second son of 
John, was Eector of Thornton in Craven, and married, about 
1625, Mary, daughter of Christopher Foster, of Leighbourn, 
in the Bishopric of Durham, by whom William, of Barn- 
oldswick Cotes, living in 1067, Justice of Peace for the 
West-riding, who married Mary, daughter of John Stilling- 
ton, of Kelfield, near York, by whom William, Thomas, 
Francis, John, Eobert, Mary, Ursula, who married Henry 
Gill, and Margaret. William married Abigail, daughter of 

Yates, a Merchant, at Blackburn, in Lancashire, by 

whom William, Francis, Mary, Ann, and Abigail. William 
died in 1758, and left his estate about Halifax to his kins- 
man, Mr. Francis Drake, of York. 

Humphry Drake above mentioned, son of Thomas, and 
brother to William, and Gilbert, lived at Pykeley, and had 
Humphry, who married Esther Drake, his uncle William's 
daughter, by whom 1. Nathaniel, s. p. who was a Fellow of 
a College in Oxford, and 2. John, Sub-dean of Kipon, Pre- 
bendary of York, and Piector of Dunnington, who married 
Grace Hey, relict of Foxley. This John had, 1. Hum- 
phry, 2. Gilbert, s. p. 8. Esther, 4. Susanna, who died 

unmarried, and 5. Frances, who married Eidsdal, of 

Kipon, by whom Edward. Humphry the eldest, married 
Catharine Rigby, of Cosgrave, in Northamptonshu-e, by 
whom, 1. John, 2. Christopher, 3. Montague. 4. Humphry, 
died young; 5. Humphry, 6. Catharine, 7. Susan, 8. Sarah, 
9. Elizabeth, and 10. Mary. 

Samuel Drake, D.D. born at Pontefract, made Vicar there 
at the Restoration, and wrote the life of his tutor and friend 

Mr. Cleveland, married daughter of Abbot, as above, 

had by her, 1. Francis, 2. Samuel, of Leeds, Clerk, who 

married daughter of Benson, but died s. p. 8. 

Nat, who had Thomas, Nat, Samuel, and Richard. 4. John, 

5. Edmund, 6. Ann, and 7. Elizabeth, who married 

Stapleton, D.D. Francis the eldest was M.A. and succeeded 
his father in the vicarage of Pontefract. He married, first, 
Hannah, daughter of Paylin, of York, merchant; 2dly, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 209 

Elizabeth, daughter of John Dixon, of Pontefract, by whom 
Francis and Margaret. This last Francis was Fellow of the 
Eoj^al Society, Author of the " History of York," the " Parlia- 
mentary History of England down to the Eestoration," and 
of several tracts in the " Philosophical Transactions." He 
married Mary, daughter of John Wodyear, of Crookhill, near 
Doncaster, by whom 1. Francis, Yicar of Womersley, 
Lecturer at Pontefract, and Fellow of Magdalene College, 
Oxford ; 2. William, first sent to be third master in West- 
minster school, and afterwards presented to the school of 
Felsted in Essex, by the right honourable the Earl of Win- 
chelsea and Nottingham. This William married Mary, 
daughter of Nat Drake, of Lincoln. He had two younger 
brothers, John and Henry, who both died young. The 
above Francis, by his first wife, Hannah Paylin, had 1. 
John, 2. Samuel, 3. William, 4. Frances who died young; 
6. Frances, who married Thomas Barnard, of Leeds, Clerk, 
and G. Hannah, who married Francis Lascells, of Pontefract, 
Clerk. John the eldest, B.D. Prebendary of York, succeeded 
his father in the Yicarage of Pontefract ; he had Elizabeth, 

who married Fenton ; Samuel, the second son, Avas 

D. D. Kector of Frecton and Holme, in Spaldingmore, 
Author of the life of Archbishop Parker, or, as another 
account sais, the publisher of a beautiful edition of Arch- 
bishop Parker's " Antiq. Britan. 1729." He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Darcy Dalton, Clerk, by whom Samuel, 
Elizabeth, and Frances. His younger brother William was 
captain of a man of war, and married Judith, daughter of 
Edward Langley, of Hipperholme, near Halifax, by v\^hom 
Samuel, s. p. and Edward, a Surgeon and Apothecary in 
Y^'ork, who married Elizabeth, daughter of George Coates, of 
York, by whom Judith, born 1752. 

The above pedegree is such as, for antiquity and authen- 
ticity, will not often, in private families, be exceeded; it 
begins before surnames were in use, and it is extracted from 
antient deeds, and other evidences, which are still preserved, 
and collected together. Concerning the family taking the 
name of Drake, there was an account of it in the writings 
belonging to the late Abraham Sunderland, esq ; but whether 
those writings are now in being I cannot say, so that proba- 
bly this anecdote is lost. Tradition sais, that this family 
came originally from Devonshire, where was lately an 



210 BIOGRAPHIA 

oi^ulent family of the name of Sir William Drake, which had 
been long settled there, and of which the famous sir Francis 
Drake was a branch. 

The arms which some of this family have used are, 
Argent, a wivern, his wings displayed and queue nowed 
gules, the same, except the addition of legged or, which an 
old manuscript collection of arms in my possession gives to 
a Devonshire family of this name, and which, viz. argent, a 
cockatrice gules, the said MS. sais was born by Francis 
Drake, of Buckland, esq ; in Devon. (Bart. 20 James I.) 
whose crest was, a rheine deer's head erased or, attired, and 
collared with a crown sable. 

ELLAND. 

The best account I can give of this once famous family is 
this : 

Leisingus de Eland, as by deed sans date, and who gave 
name to Lasing-croft, in Yorkshire, married, and had Henry 
de Eland, who married the daughter and coheir of Whit- 
worth, who bore, argent, a bend sable, in chief a garb gules. 
By her he had sir Hugh de Eland, as by deed sans date. 
He married and had sir John de Eland, who was living 30 
Hen. III. and also 3 Edw. I. for in this latter year a riot 
was presented at Brighouse Turne, upon John Eland and 
John Quermby, about a distress which Eland had taken 
from Quermby, for aid to make his son a knight, for lands 
in Stainland. This sir John married, and had sir Hugh de 
Eland, who married Joan, daughter and coheir of sir Richard 
Tankersley, knt. This sir Hugh is said to have died 3 Edw. 
II. He was witness to a deed of John earl Warren, dated 
at Koningsburgh, 5 Oct. 1 Edw. II. 1307, wherein the earl 
confirmed to the free burgesses of Wakefield and their heirs 
their privileges, viz. to each a toft of an acre in free burgage, 
for six-pence rent per ann. with liberty of free trade in all 
his lands in Yorkshire, and wood to burn; for which charter 
they gave to earl Hamelin, his countess, and son, seven 
pounds ; and amongst the witnesses was Hugh de Elond, 
the grandfather of this sir Hugh. Besides this confirmation, 
the said earl John, by the deed above-named, granted to the 
said burgesses to be toll free in all liis lands for all wares 
and merchandize of their own manufacture, and that they 
should not be obliged to answer at any court but his, called 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 211 

Burman-court, in Wakefield, unless for tresi}asses against 
himself; and that whatsoever goods should be bought of 
any burgess for him or his use, at certain rates, should be 
j)aid for withm forty days, and pawnage for every hog 2d. 
and pig Id. and to have commonage for all cattle but goats, 
in all woods, moors, &c. except New and Old Park, and the 
great meadow, (only not in fawning time,) and that they 
might inclose and hedge their corn ground, and fright away 
his deer from thence without horn. This Hugh also had re- 
leased, on the Monday next before the Feast of the Apostles 
Peter and Paul, (June 30,) 1306, by the name of Hugh, son 
of John de Eland, to Thomas de Langfeld, and Elen his 
wife, and others, ten marks of yearly payment, which see 
under the account of the manor of Barkisland. Sir Hugh 
had, by Joan his wife, 1. sir Thomas de Eland, 2. Bichard, 
3. Margaret, and, 4. Wymark. Of these, Margaret married 
to her first husband, John Lacy, to whom, and to his heirs 
by the said Margaret, her father gave, by deed, in 1293, all 
his land in Southouram, and all his tenants there, and their 
services, except his manor of Eland, and the service of his 
tenants in Eckisley, and the pasture in the Stony-bancke, 
for a rent of 26s. yearly, and suit to his mill. They had 
issue. The said Margaret married, to her second husband, 
AVilliam, the constable of Nottingham castle, when earl 
Mortimer was there taken prisoner. In a book, intitled 
" The Cronicles of Englonde, with the fruyte of tymes, im- 
"prynted at London by Wynkyn de Worde, in 1528," folio 
114 and 115, is the following account how this William de 
Eland betrayed earl Mortimer : " In haste came unto kyng 
''Edward syr Willyam of Mountagu, that than was in the 
" castell, and pryvely tolde him, that he nor none of his 
" company sholde not take Mortimer without counseyle and 
" helpe of Wyllyam of Eland, constable of the same castell. 
" Now truly sayd the king, I counseyle you that ye go to the 
" constable, and comaunde hym in my name, that he be 
"yourfrende, and your helpe for to take Mortimer. — Than 
" went forth the foresayd ^lountagu, and came to the con- 
" stable of the castell, and told him the kynge's will. And 
*' he answered and sayd, the kynge's wyll shold be done in 
" as moche as he myght — and so he swore and made his 
** othe. Than sayd syr Willyam of Mountagu to the con- 
" stable — Us behoveth to werke, and do by your advyse for 



212 BIOGKAPHIA 

" to take Mortymer, sytli that ye be keper of the castell, aud 
" have the keys in j^our warde. Syr, sayd the constable — 
*' the gates of the castell ben locked with the lockes that 
" dame Isabell sente hyther, and by nyght she hath the keys 
"therof, and layeth them under the levesell of the bedde 
" tyll on the morowe, and so ye may not come into the 
" castell by the gates in no maner of \Yyse ; but I knowe an 
'' aley that stretcheth out of the warde under the erth into 
''the foresayd castel, that goth into the west, whiche aley 
" dame Isabell, the quene, ne none of her men, nor Morty- 
''mer, ne none of his company, knoweth it not. And so I 
" shall lede you through that aley, and so ye shall come into 
"the castel without espyenge of ony men that be your 
" enemyes. — And Willy am Eland— prively lad syr William 
" of Mountagu and his company by the foresayd way, under 
"the erth, tyl they came into the castel, and went up into 
"the toure where as Mortymer was in. — Than toke they 
"Mortymer as he armed hym at the toure's dore." The 
existence of the other daughter is proved from a deed in the 
chartulary of Whalley Abbey, folio 234, wherein Eobert de 
Mitton grants to Gilbert de Notton, for his homage and 
service, and 20s. of silver, two bovats of land in Wordelword, 
and two bovats in Heleye, which Hugh de Elond, father of 
Eichard de Elond, gave with Wymark his daughter, in free 
marriage to Jordan de Mitton, grandfather to the said 
Eobert, paying yearly 4s. of silver at the feast of St. Oswald, 
of which 2s. was to be yearly paid at Martinmass to Hugh 
de Elond. From hence also I think it appears, that Eichard 
de Eland, by the manner of his being mentioned here, was 
the eldest son of sir Hugh, but dying i)erhaps in his minor- 
ity, without issue, in the life time of his father, the said sir 
Hugh was succeeded in title and estate by his son, sir 
Thomas de Eland, who married and had sir John de Eland, 
knight of the shire for Yorkshire, with sir William Gram- 
mary, 14 Edw. HI. and sheriff of Yorkshire, 15 Edw. HI. in 
which year it is said, that he marched privately in the night, 
at the head of a body of his tenants, and put to death three 
neighboring gentlemen in their own houses, an account of 
which will be given below. This sir John married three 
wives, 1. Alice, daughter of sir Eobert Lathom, who bore, 
or, on a chief dancette, az. three plates. 2dly. Ann, daughter 
of Eygate, s. p. 8dly. Olive By Alice, his first 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 213 

^fe, he had 1. Sh* John de Eland, who had a son, name 
unknown, and Isabel. 2. Thomas de Eland, esq ; 3. Henry, 
4. Margery, 5. Isabel, and, 6. Dionysia. In the account of 
the feodary of the honour of Pomfret, of the lands and tene- 
ments in Eland in the hands of the lord, by the minority of 
the heir of Thomas de Eland, is £G 18s. 2d. for the term of 
"Whitsontide, 1350. After the death of sir John de Eland, 
and his son and heir, sir John Savile, of Tankersley, pur- 
chased, in 1350, the wardship of Isabel Eland, daughtqj: of 
the said sir Jolm, from the lord of the honour of Pontefract, 
for £200. See "Comput. seneschall. honoris de Pontfrete," p. 
17. After this purchase he married her, and in her right 
became possessed of the estates belonging to that family. 

By tlie above-named Olive, sir John Eland had Eobert, 
and James, which last died s. p. Kobert married Alice, 
daughter of Fitz-Eustace, by whom, Thomas Eland, of 
Carlinghow, in Batley, who is mentioned as son and heir of 
Eobert Eland, of Carlinghow, in a fine, 1 Hen. VI. This 

Thomas married Alice, daughter and coheiress of Serfe, 

of Neway, by whom Eobert, who married Jane, daughter of 
Eobert Holme, of Beverley, by whom Eobert Eland, of Car- 
linghow, who married Eosamond, daughter of Humphry 
Littlebury, of Kelton, in Lincolnshire, by wdiom, Marma- 
duke Eland, of Carlinghow, who married Cecily Butler, of 
Hertfordshire, by whom William, Giles, Marmaduke, 
Francis, Isabel, Ann, and Margaret. 

The arms which Eland, of Eland, is said to have borne, 
are, Barry of six pieces, argent and gules, on the latter six 
martlets, or, three, two, and one ; but I find several vari- 
ations, particularly the charter of the manor of Brighouse 
(already mentioned) was sealed, 19 Edw. III. by sir John 
Eland, to Jolm his son, and Alice his wife, with an escallop 
shell, and Eland, of Essex, bears argent, on a bend gules, 
three escallops, or ; but the coat of Eobert Eland, esq ; in a 
MS. in the British Museum, No. 2118, is, gules, two bars 
argent, between eight martlets of the second, three, two, 
and three. 

EXLEY, OE ECCLESLEY. 

I have several copies of undated deeds, wherein the Ecqles- 
leys of Ecclesley, within Southouram, are mentioned, but 
they were never lords of a manor here. 
o 



214 BIOGRAPHIA 

In the 31st of Edward I. a royal pardon was granted, at 
Dunfermelyn, to Eicliard, son of Will, de Ekclesleye, for the 

death of William, son of William de eye (here was a 

flaw in the parchment,) the motive for which pardon was, 
the good service which the said Eichard had done the king- 
in Scotland. Another royal pardon, in general terms, was- 
granted, 38 Hen. VI. to Kobert Eklesley, late of Southouram,. 
Yoman. One Henry de Grene de Ecclesley granted by deed,, 
without date, land in the vill of Ecclesley, to Eichard, son 
of Eoger de Ecclesley. Test. John de Lascy, Hugh de 
Coppeley, Eichard de Hipperum, William de Ecclesley. — 
Elen, daughter of Henry, son of Hugh de Ecclisley, grants 
to Eichard, son of Eoger de Ecclisley, lands in Ecclisley, by 
deed without date. Test. John de Eland, William de Astay, 
son of William the Steward, Adam the Brewer, of Schircotes, 
Henry de Astay. — Eobert, brother of said Elen, grants the 
same. Test. John de Lascy, Hugh de Coppeley, William de 
Astay — William de Ecclisley grants, by deed without date, 
to said Eichard, son of Eoger, a place called Grenebawale,. 
on the north side of a way leading from Schircotes-bridge to 
Southouram, and a messuage, for exchange of the Pighill, 
in Ecclisley. Test. John de Eland, John de Lascy, Hugh 
de Eastrick, Hugh de Coppeley, Eichard de Hipperum, 
William, son of Henry de Haye, Henry, son of William the 
Steward, William, his brother. — Eobert, son of Henry, son of 
Hugh de Ecclisley, grants to said Eichard, son of Eoger, 
land in Ecclisley, for a rent of one arrow yearly. Test. 
John de Lascy, Hugh de Eastrick, Hugh de Coppeley, John 
de Greteland. — He also grants to him five acres and a half 
in Ecclisley. Test. Hugh de Eastrick, William, son of 
Simon de Northland, William, son of Henry de Haye, Helias, 
son of Walter de Schircotes. — Henry, son of Hugh de 
Ecclisley, gi-ants to said Eichard, half quarter of an acre 
there. Test. John de Lascy, Hugh de Eastrick, William de 
Ecclisley, William de Astay, Adam the Brewer, of Schir- 
cotes. — William, son of William de Dewisbyri, grants to 
said Eichard, a certain Pighill, within Ecclisley. Test. 
John de Eland, John de Lascy, Hugh de Eastrick, William 
de Astay, Alan de Fekisby, Eoger de Bradeley. All these 
deeds without date. 

Hugh de Eland, by deed, without date, grants to Hugh," 
son of Swain de Eclesley, all his demain lands there, except 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 215 

his park, mill, and assarts, in consideration of twelve-pence 
yearly rent, the homage and land of Ric. his hrother, and 
Basia, his sister, and receiving reasonable aid when he made 
his eldest son knight, or married his eldest daughter. Test. 
Hen. de Greetland, Henry de Crumwell, Eichard, son of 
Hugh, Roger de Rastrick, and Hugh, his son. 

Thomas Pek, Chaplain, and Henry del Scolefeld, confirm 
to John de Eckylslay, and heirs, lands, &c., which they had 
of the gift and feofiment of John de Eckylslay, in the vill 
and territory of Southouram ; for want of issue to said John, 
then to Richard de Eckylslay and heirs, remainder to 
Thomas, son of John de Waterhouse, and heirs, remainder 
to right heirs of said John de Eckylslay, 2 Hen. IV. — Roger, 
son of Richard de Eldisley, grants by deed, without date, to 
Richard, son of William, his brother, lands called Le 
Croftys, and another parcel lying near the Grene. Test. 
Thomas de Thornhyll, and Matthew de Bosco. — Isabel, 
relict of Richard Eckilslay, of Burton, quit claims to John 
Beamonte, of Murefeld, Gentilman, her right of dower in a 
messuage called Eckilslay, in the vill and territory of Eck- 
ilslcy and Southourome. Test. Richard Beamonte, Esq ; 
Alexander Paslew, esq ; John Wilkin sone, Thomas Eckil- 
slay. — John Beamonte regrants the same, 17 Hen. YII. to 
Alexander Paslew, of Redilsden, John Boswell, of Gunthwait, 
esqrs. and John Hall, Chaplain. Test. Thomas Sotill, 
Richard Beamonte, esqrs., John Rokes de Rokes, Richard 
Bairstow, of Brownhurst. — Henry, son and heir of Thomas 
de Ecclisley, grants to Richard, his brother, all his land in 
Ecclesley. Test. Robert de Hulton, John de Bairstow, 
Michael de Gretlond, William de Bradelee, Thomas de 
Hemingway, John de Nortcleve, sans date. Hugh, son of 
Robert, the clerk of Priestley, and Rose, his wife, daughter 
of William de Ecclisley, grant to John, son of William de 
Ecclisley, a sixth i^art of all the land in Ecclisley, which 
William de Ecclisley, father of said John, formerly held. 
Test. Ingolard Turbard, Vicar of Halifax, Hugh de Eland, 
John, his brother, Henry de Rissworth, Thomas de Coppeley, 
Richard de Ecclisley. 

EARRER. 

The following is the pedegree of the Farrers, who are the 
oldest family which appear to have been settled at Ewood. 



216 BIOGRAPHIA 

An Henry Farrer bad Henry, and John ; the former of 
these who wrote himself Henre Faror, was of Eawood and 
Brearley, and was a Justice of Peace, as Thoresby, p. 196. in 
a pedegree of the family, tells us, 32 Eliz. or 1590; but I 
meet with Henry Ferrer, of Ewwod, and John his brother, 
in a deed 28 H. VIII, or 1536. This Henry purchased 
Clubcliffe, in Methley, of sir Edward Dymock, knt. built a 
great part of that house, and also Eawood. He married 
Slary, daughter of John Lacy, of Brearley ; but having no 
issue, his estate came to his brother, John Farrer, of 
London, esq; according to Thoresby; but I find John Farrer, 
of Elfabrugh-hall, brother to Henry Farrer, of Eawood, 28 

Hen. VIII, as above. This John, by Isabel had Henry, 

John, Charles, and (Thoresby sais) Humphrj^ a Divine. 
Henry, the eldest of these, married Ann, daughter of William 
Barcroft, of Barcroft, 1 & 2 Phil, and Mar. He sold Ea- 
wood to his brother John, and having bought lands in 
Lincolnshire, he settled there, as did his posterity. John 
Farrer, of Eawood, esq; was Justice of Peace 14 Cha. I. and 
Treasurer for lame soldiers in the West-riding of Yorkshire, 
and is named in the corporation charter of Halifax. He 
married, first, Dorothy, daughter and heiress of Mr. Nicholas 
Hanson, of Eland, by whom John, Henry, s. p. and Mary, 
who married Mr. John Green, of Liversedge. John married, 
first, Ellen Banister, by whom, 1. Jonathan; 2. Dorothy, 
who married Mr. William Foxcroft ; and 3. Abigail. He 
married, 2dly, Dorothy West, s. p. and, 3dly, Judith, 
daughter of Mr. Edward Oldfield, by whom seven children. 
John Farrer, who married Dorothy Hanson, married to his 
second wife, Susan, daughter of Mr. Anthony Waterhouse, 
by whom, I.William; 2. Edward, first Fellow, and after- 
wards Master of University College, Oxford ; 3. Susan, who 
married Mynheer Isaac Van Ogarden, a Dutch man. 
William Farrer, of Ewood, the eldest, was a Justice of 
Peace thirty years, and died of a paralytic stroke at his 
son's in law, Mr. Greenwood, of Stapleton, Oct. 8, 1684 ; he 
married Frances, (see below) daughter of Richard James, of 
Portsmouth, by whom, 1. John, 2. William, 8. James, a 
soldier; 4. Henry, Rector of Hemsworth, who man-ied 
Mary Brearley, widow ; 6. Richard, a Physician ; 6. Mary, 
who died unmarried ; and, T.Frances, who married James 
Greenwood. John, the eldest, died March 22, 1722-3, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 217 

having married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of James 
Creswick, of Beghall (or Beal,) near Ferrybridge, B. D. by 
whom James, and Lydia, who died, and was buried at Hah- 
fax, Oct. 1719, having married Mr. Samuel Shaw, of Bristol, 
merchant. James, who died suddenly, Dec. 18, 1718, 
married, August 1696, Mary, daughter of Mr. John Brearley, 
of Eochdale, by whom James, lord of the manor of Wortley, 
in 1764, and William, who died s. j). 

Fan-er, of Eawood, bore. On a bend ingrailed sable, three 
horse shoes argent. 

The Epitaph of the above Henry Farrer, who removed 
into Lincolnshire, seems, by the time, to be that which Le 
Neve, in his Monumenta Anglicana, vol. i. j). 152. has given 
us out of Wisbich church, in the Isle of Ely, thus : " M, S. 
"Hie jacet Henricus Farrour, arm. una cum charissima 
" uxore Margareta, ex qua 56 annos Tori socia xvii liberos 
" genuit. Ha?c obiit Sept. 26. A° Dom. 1670, ^t. su.ne 72. 
*' Ille vero Aug. 22, A° Dom. 1672, ^tat. suae 82." 

I have followed Thoresby in mentioning Frances, daughter 
of Richard James, of Portsmouth; but in Drake's Eboracum, 
p. 341. is her epitaph, thus: "Here lyeth the body of Tho- 
"masin, wife to William Farrer, of Ewode, within the 
*' vicarage of Hallifax, and county of York, esquire, daughter 
" of Eichard James, of Portsmouth, esquire, who departed 
"this life Jan. 10, 1660." 



FIXBY— See Thornhill. 



GLEDHILL AND HORTON. 

At Howroyd is a beautiful pedegree on vellum of this 
family, &c., entitled "The pedegree of John Gledhill, of 
" Barkisland, collected out of antient deeds and evidences, 
" finished, perused, and confirmed by William Seager, knt. 
" alias Garter, principal king of arms, in 1632." The 
" following is an exact copy of it. Richard de Barkisland 
" had Thomas and Robert. Thomas had Peter and John. 
"Peter had two daughters, one of which married Henry 



218 BIOGEAPHIA 

*' Gledhill, who had William, who had Adam, as by deed, 
"1327, who had John, as by deed, 30 Edw. III. who had 
** Thomas, as by deed, 27 Hen. VI. who had John, as by 
*' deed, 16 Edw. IV. who had Thomas, as by deed, 18 Hen. 
*' VII. who had John, as by deed, 35 Hen. VIII. This John 
'' was twice married, as proved by deed, 37 Eliz. By his 
*' first wife he had Thomas and Michael. Thomas had 
''John, Thomas, Richard, Elizabeth and Judith." Wrote 
"under, " This pedegree, with the armes thus marshaled, I 
" doo ratifie, alowe, and conferme. Witnes my hand, this 
" 25th day of June, 1632. William Segar, Garter." Near 
the arms, (viz. for Barkisland, parted per pale, sab. and 
gules, on a bend, or, three martlets of the first ; and for 
Gledhill, azure, three lozenges in fess, argent,) are these 
words : " This peternall and ancient coate of Gledhill was 
" granted and alowed by pattine, with the hand and scale of 
" sir Richard St. George, knt. Norroy kinge at arms, unto 
" Thomas Gledhill, of Barkisland, in the county of Yorke, 
"Dec. 24, 1612." The arms of Gledhill, in a window at 
Barkisland Hall, and in other places, are, argent, three 
lozenges in fess, azure ; the reason of which difference I do 
not understand. 

John Gledhill, who, in the above pedegree, is said to have 
been twice married, had by his second wife a son John, who, 
I think, removed from Barkisland to Leedes ; by his first 
wife Cecily, daughter of John Thornhill, of Fixby, esq; he 
had Thomas and Michael. Thomas bought the manor 
house called Cromwelbottom, of John Lacy, for £700. 9 
James I. He married Edith, daughter of John Harrison, of 
Leedes, whose will is dated in 1636. By her he had John 
Gledhill, of Barkisland, Thomas, s. p. sir Richard, s. p. 
Elizabeth, and Judith. Of these, John married Sarah, 
daughter of William Horton, by whom Sarah, s. p. and 
another who died young. Sir Richard was knighted by the 
marquess of Newcastle, and slain at Hesssaymoor, near 
York, in 1644. He was captain of a troop of horse in the 
regiment of sir Marmaduke Langdale. Elizabeth married in 
1636, William Horton, esq ; who became in her right pos- 
sessed of this estate at Barkisland. The account of this 
family of Horton is as follows : 

Their original settlement seems to have been at Horton, 
in Bradford-dale, in Yorkshire. It appeareth that one 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 219 

Bobert de Horton maniimittecl a bondman or villain to his 
manor of Horton, long before the days of Henry Lacy, last 
of that name, earl of Lincoln, who died in 1310, for the 
deed is very antient, and of a Saxon character ; it is also 
certain that the Hortons had a manor house in Great 
Horton, and a mill, and certain demesne lands thereto be- 
longing, the scite of which house is known to this day, and 
some of the grounds bear the name of the Hall-lands. Hugh 
de Horton was lord of Horton in 1292, and one of the same 
name, probably the same person, had lands in Northouram 
in 1314. I have mentioned the earl of Lincoln here, 
because about the same time that he gave the honour of 
Pontefract to king Edward I. about 1293, and took the same 
honour in tail, this earl had inclosed three acres of the 
wastes or common of Horton, very near unto Bradford, for 
ihe attachment of his mill-dam, and for ease and liberty 
about his mill of Bradford ; but concerning this in closure, a 
dispute arose between him and Pugh de Horton, lord of the 
waste there, which was ended about 22 Edw. I. and it was 
agreed by writing indented, that the earl should have the 
three acres to him and his heirs, and should pay therefore 
to the said Hugh Horton and his heirs three shillings of 
rent, and that the said Hugh de Horton should warrant it 
against all his tenants of Horton. This parcel of land is 
known at present by the name of Tyrrels, and the 3s. are 
paid for the same to the lord of Horton. But when queen 
Philippa held the honour of Pontefract in dower, about 9 
Edw. III. this rent was detained ; whereupon Hugh Leven- 
thorpe, then lord of Horton, petitioned the queen for receipt 
of it, who referred the cause to Skergell and Neigham, her 
stewards of the honor, who charged a jury at Bradford to 
enquire of the right. These found that Henry Lacy did 
improve three acres of land in Little Horton, of the sale of 
Hugh Horton, then lord of Horton, which Hugh was grand- 
father to Hugh Leventhorpe, the petitioner. On this 
verdict, a warrant was made to the graves of Bradford to 
pay the rent to the lords of Horton, according to the first 
composition. In a MS. in my possession is the following 
entry relating to this subject: *'Etiam annualem firmam 
*' solutam Galfrido Leventhorpe pro placea in Horton ad- 
quisita de Hugone de Horton, antecessore ejusdem 



*i 



220 BIOGRAPHIA 

" Galfridi, & cui per successionem ipse est li?eres per Henri- 
" cum Lacy nuper comitem de Lincoln. Keddendo anuuatim 
"predicto Hugoni & lieredibus tres solidos ut in quadam 
"litera Eegis de warranto pr?e solutione ejusdem summas 
''receptori directa. Dat. apud Westm. 20 Jimii, 5 Hen. V." 

This lordship of Horton, which thus clearly belonged to a 
family who took their name from it, is divided into two 
hamlets, viz. Horton Magna and Horton Parva ; the first 
containing twenty-seven oxgangs and an half, the latter 
about eighteen oxgangs. It continued in the name of 
Horton, till the lands belonging to that family came to the 
Leventhorpes by marriage ; from the Leventhorpes it also 
went by marriage with Alice, sister and heir of one Oswald 
Leventhorpe, to John Lacy, esq ; a descendant of whom, 
called also John Lacy, sold it to Joshua Horton, of Sowerby, 
esq; a younger branch of the above family of Horton, of 
Horton, whose great great grandson, sir Watts Horton, of 
Chaderton, in Lancashire, bart. now enjoys it. 

I have not been able to procure, or make out an uninter- 
ruj)ted pedegree from the antient lords of Horton to the 
present owner of that manor, but I doubt not the truth of 
that descent, on account of its having been so satisfactorily 
proved to the Herald's office, as appears by the following 
authentic paper. 

Mrs. Ann Horton, of London, having her arms challenged 
by some of the officers belonging to the college of arms, she 
produced her proofs in support of her right to the same^ 
which caused the following grant to be made, which was 
entered in the college of arms, in a book marked Grants, 
vol. vii, p. 533, 534. '' To all and singular to whom these 
** presents shall come, John Anstis, esq ; garter principal 
" Idng of arms, and Peter le Neve, esq ; norroy king of arms, 
'* send greeting. Whereas Mrs. Ann Horton, youngest 
" daughter, and one of the three coheirs of Thomas Horton, 
" of Barkisland, in the west riding of the county of York^ 
" esq ; deceased, by Everilda his wife, daughter of John 
" Thornhill, of Fixby, esq ; and great grandchild of William 
*' Horton, of Barkisland aforesaid, gentleman, by Elizabeth, 
" daughter of Thomas Hanson, of Toothill, gentleman, all 
" in the aforesaid county of York, hath represented unto the 
** right honourable Talbot Yelverton, earl of Sussex, and 
*' knight of the most noble order of the bath, and deputy 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 221 

** (with the royal approbation) to the most noble Thomas, 
" duke of Norfolk, earl marshal, and hereditary marshal of 
*' England, that her ancestors having, for many generations, 
'* lived in the credit and reinitation of gentlemen, whose 
"father left her above eleven hundred pounds per annum, 
" did bear for their arms, gules, a lion rampant within a 
** border ingrailed, argent, charged on the shoulder with a 
*' boar's head, couped, azure ; and for the crest, on a wreath 
" of the colors, a rose gules, seeded, barbed, and surrounded 
** with two laurel branches j)roper, as descending from the 
** family of Horton, of Horton, within the parish of Brad- 
*'ford, in the said west riding, wlio flourished there in the 
''reign of Edw. I. as appears by an antient folio MS. now 
" remaining in the hands of Mr. Midgley, of Scolemore, in 
"the said parish of Bradford. And the said Mrs. Ann 
" Horton having farther represented unto his lordship, that 
" the coat arms above mentioned now remain, and are to be 
" seen in the several houses of Barkisland-hall, Howroyd- 
" house, and Sowerby, all within the parish of Halifax, 
" either in painted glass, stone, or plaister, as the same 
" doth appear by an affidavit made for that purpose, which 
" said houses were and are now possessed by several of the 
" Horton s, all of her family, for above four- score years ; as 
" also the same coat arms in several funeral and other 
*♦ escutcheons, some whereof are much above an hundred 
"years old, and agreeable to the draught in the margin 
" of her memorial : But in regard that the descent of the 
"family of Horton, of Barkisland, was certified in the Visit- 
" ation Book of Yorkshire, made by William Dugdale, esq; 
"Norroy king of arms, ann. 166G, by Edward Hanson, on 
"the behalf of Thomas Horton, (father of the said Ann 
"Horton,) then a minor, aged fifteen years, through whose 
"neglect no arms were then exhibited; the said Mrs. Ann 
" Horton hath therefore prayed his lordship's warrant for 
" our exemplifying and confirming the same coat of arms to 
"her, which, together with the crest, may be likewise law- 
" fully borne by all the descendants of her great grandfather 
"respectively, with their due differences, according to the 
"usage and custom of arms. And forasmuch as his lord- 
" ship, being well satisfied of the truth of the premises, by a 
" certificate annexed to the said memorial, did, by warrant 
"under his hand and seal, bearing date the 2d day of this 



222 BI06RAPHIA 

•"instant August, order and direct us to exemplify and con- 
^' firm the same coat arms and crest accordingly : Now know 
•''ye, that we the said Garter and Norroy, in pursuance of 
■** the consent of the said earl of Sussex, and by virtue of the 
■"letters patent of our offices to each of us respectively 
"granted under the great seal, have confirmed, and do each 
"of us confirm, exemplify, and confirm unto the said Mrs. 
"Ann Horton the same coat arms above expressed, to be 
*' borne and used by her, the said Ann Horton, which, 
"together with the crest above described, shall and may be 
^' likewise lawfully borne by all the descendants of her great 
•"grandfather respectively, with their proper differences, ac- 
•" cording to the law and practice of arms, without let or 
■" interruption of any person or persons whatsoever. In 
"witness whereof, we, the said Garter and Norroy king of 
" arms, have to these presents subscribed our names, and 
^' affixed the seals of our several offices, the tenth day of 
" August, in the 12th year of the reign of our sovereign lord, 
*' George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France, 
•" and Ireland, defender of the faith, annoq. Dom. 1725. 
" Signed and sealed by Anstis." 

At p. 535 of the said vol. of Grants, is a warrant from the 
«arl of Sussex, reciting, " That whereas he had, by warrant 
"under his hand and seal, dated 2 August, 1725, directed 
*'John Anstis, esq; Garter principal king of arms, and 
" Peter le Neve, esq ; Norroy king of arms, to exemplify and 
*' confirm to Mrs. Ann Horton the above arms and crest; 
** and the said Norroy did twice absolutely refuse to comply 
"with the same; in order to do justice to the family of 
*' Horton, he did thereby order and direct, that the said 
** exemplification and confirmation should be as effectual 
" according to the law of arms, as if the said Norroy had 
" also sealed and signed the same." This warrant was 
dated 10th Feb. 1720-7, and a memorandum is annexed 
thereto, dated 24 April, 1727, signed by James Green, blue 
mantle, importing, " that the reason why Norroy refused to 
" execute the above was, because the same proofs had not 
"been produced to him, as had been to Garter," which 
could not be done, as he was then, and for several months 
after, at his seat at Great Wickingham, in Norfolk, ninety 
miles from Loudon. Also it appeared to the said Blue 
Mantle, on a due examination of the several books in the 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 

herald's office,' that the above arms belonged to the name of 
Horton, in Grafton's alphabet, and he did not find the said 
arms to be claimed or borne by any other family of that 
name, amongst the different arms and families of the said 
name of Horton. 

To this account of the arms of the Hortons of Barkisland, 
Sowerby, Chaderton, and Howroyd, it may be added, that 
all others of the name have different coats, of which there 
are about seven ; that I have seen the same on a seal which 
belonged to Joshua Horton, of Sowerby, esq ; who died in 
1679 ; that Dr. Buckley, of Pontefract, in Yorkshire, is said 
to have known the collateral derivation of the families from 
Horton, of Horton, and also knew that the above coat 
belonged to Horton, of Horton, and was acquainted with the 
reason of the addition of the boar's head. The motto used 
by the present heir of this family under the above arms, is 
"Pro Kege et Lege." 

In 1603 lived William Horton, as appears by deed. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Hanson, of Toothill, 
in the parish of Halifax, which Elizabeth made her will 
July 16, 1660, and was then in her old age. By her the 
said William had, 1. William, 2. Joshua, (whose pedegree 
will be given under tbe article of Sowerby,) 8. Thomas, 
4. Sarah, and 5. Elizabeth. These are all mentioned in the 
will of Thomas Hanson, dated 27th July, 1673. Of these, 
Sarah married John Gledhill, as already mentioned. Eliza- 
beth had no issue. Thomas was brought up a merchant at 
Liverpool, and the following inscription is on a board, and 
fixed to a pillar under the east gallery of the parochial 
chapel of our Lady and St. Nicholas, at Liverpool : " Here 
*'lieth interred the body of Thomas Horton, of Liverpoole, 
*' merchant, sonne of William Horton, of Barkisland, in the 
*' county of Yorke, gentleman, who married Frances, eldest 
** daughter of Thomas Throppe, of the citty of Chester, 
*' alderman and justice of the peace. He dyed the 30th day 
*' of March, 1660." Over the inscription are the arms of 
Horton, (as above,) with a crescent for difference, impaled 
with cheeky arg. and sab. on a fess or, three martlets of the 
second, which also I have seen painted on a tablet at How- 
royd, with a martlet's wings displayed, or, for crest. This 
Thomas had no known descendants. 



224 BIOGRAPHIA 

William, eldest sou of William above named, bought 
Howroyd, in Barkisland, where he lived, his residence be- 
fore this XDurchase having been at Firth-house, in that 
neighborhood. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Gledhill, of Barkisland-hall, by whom, 1. Thomas, 2. William, 
3. Elizabeth, 4. Sarah, and 5. Judith ; of these, William 
married at Kipponden, Dec. 12, 1700, Mary, fourth daughter 
of sir Richard Musgrave, of Heyton-castle, in Cumberland, 
bart. and died Feb. 19, 1715-6, having had, by the said 
Mary, two sons, viz. William Horton, of Coley, esq ; justice 
of ]3eace, who was baptized at Eipponden-chapel, Feb. 11, 
1702, and died in 1739-40. Richard, baptized at Eipponden, 
Nov. 11, 1706, and died at Howroyd, s. p. William, last 
named, married Mary Chester, by whom Mary, who died 
unmarried, and was buried at Eland, in June, 1769 : and a 
son, who died young, of the small-pox, and was buried at 
Eland, in August, 1730. I have been well informed, that 
this child was a second time attacked by this disorder in the 
natural way, about a week after his recovery from the 
former, and died of it. Elizabeth, last named, married 
William Batt, of Oakwell, in Burstall parish, esq ; by whom 
William, Gledhill, and Judith. Sarah, second daughter of 
William, married Alexander Butterworth, of Belfield, near 
Rochdale, esq ; by whom William, Alexander, and Elizabeth. 
Judith, youngest daughter of William, married Joseph Finch, 
of Weston Hanger, in Kent, merchant. She died in child- 
bed, in Kent, (after her husband's decease,) Oct. 12, 1678, 
and the child and her were carried to London to be buried. 
She left six children. 

Thomas, eldest son of William, by Elizabeth Gledhill, was 
born April 2, 1651, and died Jan. 2, 1698-9, buried at 
Eland. His will is dated Dec. 20, 1698. He married, in 
1672, Everild, daughter of John Thornhill, of Fixby, esq ; 
by whom, 1. Elizabeth, who married Richard Bold, of Bold, 
in Lancashire, esq ; who lived some time at Crawstone, in 
Greetland, and whose descendants are now in possession of 
Barkisland-hall, and whose coat armor is, argent, a griffin 
passant, sab. but see Guillim, p. 189. 2. Susanna, who 
married Richard Beaumont, of Whitley, in Yorkshire, esq ; 
a descendant of whom was married to the rev. John Watson, 
author of this book. 8. Gledhill, baptized at Bipponden. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 225 

Dec. 31, 1G85, and died young. 4. Ann, baptized at Eippon- 
den, Nov. 3, 1687. 5. Thomas, baptized at Ripponden, May 
9, 1689, who also died young ; as also did, 6. Everild and 
William, two other of their children. Ann was interred at 
Eland, Aioril 22, 1750. Her father gave i^5000. a-piece to 
her two sisters, and settled his estate, of £1100. per annum, 
on her, and her issue male, obliging her, if she married, to 
take an Horton, or one who should assume the name. 

Barkisland-hall, above-mentioned, was probably built by ■ 
John Gledhill, who married Sarah, daughter of William 
Horton, for he lived there in the reign of K. Clia. I. and in 
the window of the hall part are the painted figures of a man 
and two children : under the first, a3tat. 36, 1641 ; under 
one of the children, astat. 4, 1641; under the other, jetat. 2|, 
1641. Over the back door is cut in stone, " Nunc mea, mox 
*'hujus, sed postea nescio cujus ; " which may be seen in 
Camden's Remains, p. 125, edit. 1636. H this was put 
there by the above John Gledhill, the observation was soon 
remarkably verified, when the estate passed into the name 
of Horton, and, after a very short possession, to that of 
Bold. 

HORTON. 

Sowerby Hall, once the seat of the eldest branch of the 
family of Horton, whose pedegree is as follows : 

Joshua Horton, esq ; second son of William Horton, of 
Barkisland, born in 1619, was Justice of the Peace in the 
West-riding, and purchased the manor of Horton, in Brad- 
ford-dale, Stansfield-Hall, &c. He died of the stone at 
Sowerby, 7 April, 1679, and was buried there, aged 60. He 
married Martha, daughter and coheiress of Thomas Binns, 
esq ; of Rushworth, in the parish of Bingley, who died July 
23, 1694, and was buried at Sowerby. By her he had, 1. 
Joshua, who only lived three months. 2. Sarah, born June 
22, 1654, and who died Sept. 4, 1670, 3. Martha, born April 
30, 1656, who married John Gill, esq; of Car-house, near 
Rotherham, by whom two sons and one daughter; 4. Joshua; 
5. Elkana, a Counsellor, born at Sowerby, Aug. 31, 1659, 
and buried s. p. at Sowerby, Jan. 28, 1728-9. He lived at 
Thornton, and left his estate to his nephew Thomas. 6. 
Thomas, M.D. born Nov. 26, 1660, and died in London, s. p. 
March 4, 1694, buried in St. Thomas's church, Southwark. 



226 BIOGRAPHIA 

He married daughter of Watmougb, of London, 

M. D. and left his estate in Halifax to his eldest brother. 
(N. B. Joshua, Elkana, and Thomas Horton, three brothers, 
were all Gentlemen Commoners of Brazen Nose College, 
Oxford.) 7. Elizabeth, who died young. Joshua, the eldest 
surviving son of Joshua, was born at Sowerby, Jan. 22, 
1657, and died Dec. 15, 1708, being buried in his chapel at 
Oldham church. He purchased Chaderton, and lived there. 
Feb. 27, 1678, he married Mary, daughter of Eobert Gregg, 
of Bradley, or Hapsford, in Cheshire, who died Dec. 27, 
1708, as it is said, of grief, for the loss of her husband, and 
was buried in the same place with him. By her he had 
thirteen children, of which I can only put down the follow- 
ing : 1. Thomas, who died young ; 2. Thomas, who succeeded 
to the estate ; 3. William, baptized Oct. 12, 1686 ; 4. Sarah, 
baptized Jan. 6, 1687, who married Thomas Williamson, of 
Liverpool, Merchant. 5. Ehzabeth, baptized May 28, 1689, 
who married William W^illiamson, of Liverpool, Merchant. 
6. Mary, baptized Feb. 4, 1690. 7. William, baptized Sept. 
27, 1692. 8. Joseph, s. p. baptized March 8, 1693. 9. 
James, baptized April 18, 1695, died unmarried. 10. Mary, 
s. p. baptized August 13, 1696. 11, Martha, who married 
Eichard Clayton, of Adlington, in Lancashire, esq; on the 
80th of Nov. 1697. 12. Jane, who married John Parr, of 
Liverpool, Merchant. 

Thomas Horton, son of Joshua, was born at Chester, May 
4, 1685, and died March 18, 1757, at Manchester, buried at 
Oldham. He was Justice of Peace for Lancashire, and 
Governor of the Isle of Man for the earl of Derby. He 
married Ann, daughter and coheiress of Eichard Mostyn, of 
London, Merchant, a younger branch of sir Eoger Mostyn's 
family, of Mostyn, in Wales. She died at Chaderton, June 
17, 1725, and was buried at Oldham, in the 39th year of 
her age. By her the s^id Thomas had, 1. Mary, living and 
unmarried in 1774. 2. Sir William Horton, High Sheriff 
for Lancashire, in 1764, and before that an acting Justice of 
Peace for the county of Lancaster, created Baronet by 
patent, dated Jan. 19, 1764, died in Feb. 1774. 3. Ann, 
living and unmarried in 1773. 4. Jane, who died Oct. 24, 
and was buried at Oldham, Oct. 29, 1768. 5. Susannah, 
who married, March 24, 1742, George Lloyd, of Holme, 
near Manchester, esq; by whom several children. 6. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 227 

Joshua, of Howroyd, in Yorkshire, who married, to his first 
■wife, Ann, daughter of George Clarice, esq ; sometime Gov- 
ernor of New York, who died, s. p. May 25, 1764. Arms of 
Clarke, Azure, three escallops in pale or, two flanches 
ermine. To his second wife, Mary Betliia, daughter of the 
Rev. John Woolin, Eector of Emley, in Y^orkshire, and Vicar 
of Blackhurn, in Lancashire, by whom, 1. Thomas, 2. 
Joshua Sidney, and others. 7. Thomas, seventh child of 
Thomas, died young, at Castletown, in the Isle of Man. 8. 
Sarah, the youngest, is living and unmarried in 1773. Sir 
William above-named married Susanna, daughter and heir- 
ess of Francis Watts, of Barnes-hall, in Yorkshire, esq ; by 
whom, 1. Sir Watts, 2. Thomas, and 3. William. 

N.B. The pedegrees of Horton, of Sowerby, and Horton, 
of Barkisland, which were drawn up by myself, I entered in 
the HerE^ld's office in London, March 1766, in a book intitled 
5th D 14, p. 237. For an account of this family, siee under 
Barkisland, as also for their arms. Sir William Horton's 
motto was. Pro rege et lege. 

There are at Chaderton two fine heads of Martha, wife of 
the above Joshua Horton, esq ; of Sowerby, and a portrait of 
her son Thomas, the Physician ; also another of William, 
grandson of the said Martha. One of Joshua Horton, esq; 
of Chaderton, in 1700, and Mary his wife, same date. Like- 
wise Thomas Horton, of Chaderton, esq ; drawn in the 
character of Governor of the Isle of Man, sir William 
Horton, and his Lady, all three half lengths, by Hamlet 
Winstanley. Watts, son of sir William, by Henry Pickering, 
who also drew, at Howroyd, the portraits of Joshua Horton, 
of Howroyd, and both his wives. 

HANSON AND EASTRICK. 

At Rastrick lived a considerable family, who took their name 
from this vill, and whose pedegree I have added, taken from 
a MS. pedegree at Fixby, another in my own possession, 
and a third mentioned in Wright's History, p. 135, intitled, 
" Observationes quaedam collectse tam ex antiquis chartis, & 
*' rotulis curiarum, & aliis scrip tis, & genealogiis, quam de 
" progenia & familia in Rastricke, olim vocata Rastricke, ac 
*'modo Hanson." 

Roger de Rastrick lived about 1251. His name is found 
in many Deeds in the time of Henry III, amongst the chief 



228 BIOGRAPHIA 

men of the weapontake of Morley. He held lands in 
Rastrick, Skircoat, and Clayton, in Bradford-dale. I have 
the copy of a Deed without date, wherein Henry de Eland, 
father of sir John de Eland, grants to this Roger, by the 
name of Roger, son of William de Bingley, and his heirs, 
for his homage and service, two bovats of land in Rastrick, 
one of which, Alexander, son of Alexander, held with the 
said Alexander, and all his sequel : the other held by Lei- 
singus, son of Herbert, with the said Leisingus, and all his 
sequel. This was confirmed by Emma, daughter of Hugh, 
son of Orme de Batelin, and Assulf her son and heir. He 
also grants to him Linlands, with other lands. It is probable 
that the above Roger, after this grant, removed to Rastrick, 
and settled there, having other estates, and the services of 
several villains, as appears by Deeds. He used a proper 
seal, with this inscription, sigill. rogeri de rastricke. He 
had, 1. Hugh, 2. John, the Chaplain, to whom his father 
gave a toft with a garden, in the vill of Rastrick, which one 
Alexander formerly held, and three acres of land in the 
fields of Rastrick, and fifteen pence of a yearly rent, and all 
the service thereto belonging, out of a farm which Simon, 
his son, and Adam the Smith, of Huddersfield, son of the 
said Simon held. His third son was, 3. Simon, who occurs 
by the name of Simon le Faber (or Smith) de Rastrick. 
This Simon had Adam, and Hugh. Adam lived at the 
Castle in Rastrick, and had Simon. Hugh, son of Simon, 
had William. 

Hugh de Rastrick, son of Roger, lived in the time of Hen. 
III. and Edw. I, and resided at Linlands. He is witness to 
a Deed, by the name of Hugh de Rastrick, mentioned in 
Burton's Monasticon, p. 313, along with Matthew de Shep- 
ley, and others, which Matthew was witness to a Deed in 
1257. He gave to Leisingus, son of Orme de Rastrick, the 
moiety of an assart in Rastrick, called Hee Hawkeswode ; 
confirmed to John the Chaplain, his brother, the yearly rent 
of fifteen pence above mentioned ; gave to his brother Simon 
an assart in Rastrick, containing four acres (super toftum 
Raveri) for six-pence yearly rent ; also to Adam, son of his 
brother Simon, the land which his father hel^ of him, viz. 
the moiety of three bovats, which Leisingus, son of Herbert, 
held of Roger, father of the said Hugh, in Rastrick, for two 
shillings yearly rent. Also to Hugh, son of his brother 



HAIilFAXIENSIS. 229 

Simon, all the laud in Eastrick, which Leisingus, son of 
Eve, held, with the building thereon, and a messuage and 

other lands in Eastrick. This Hugh married Agues by 

whom John de Eastrick and William de Eastrick. 

John gave by Deed without date, to Simon, son of Adam, 
at the Castle of Eastric, for his homage and service, &c. two 
acres in the lower field of Eastric. Eound the seal append- 
ant to the Deed, in capitals, s. johannis de rastric. He also 
gi*anted to John de Toothill, for his homage and service, two 
acres in Eastrick, by Deed without date. A MS. pedegree 
at Fixby sais, this John had an only daughter Helen, 
married to one Alan de Eastrick, who died i Edw. Ill, by 
whom John, who, it seems, when his mother became a 
widow, was called the son of Elen, or Elenson. This John 
married Margaret, daughter of Eoger le Teyler, by whom 
Isabel, who married John, surnamed Scot, by whom Helen 
and Alice. Here the above pedegree ends, and so far I find 
it confirmed by evidence, that one John, son of Elen de 
Eastrick, was witness to a Deed 32 Edw. III. And in one 
of the Plarleian MSS. N° 797, under the article of Eastrick, 
are these words: '*! Alice, daughter of John Scot, of 
*' Eastrick, and Isabel my mother, have given to Elen, 
** daughter of John Scot, for a certain sum of money, all 
*'that land and meadow called Linlands, in Eastrick." 
They were contemporaries with one Hugh de Eastrick, for 
they granted by Deed without date to John de Barne de 
Tothill, and heirs, three roods of land, abutting on one side 
on the garden of the said Hugh, and on the other, on Le 
OUerode : three of the witnesses to which Deed were living 
in the year 1287, viz. Eobert de Bosco, Matthew de Fekisby, 
and Alexander de Fekisby. However, notwithstanding these 
proofs, in a beautiful pedegree of this family, belonging to 
Mr. Eoger Hanson, of Halifax, but not authenticated by 
any of the Heralds at Anns, the above John de Eastrick is 
said to have had a son John, who had Henry de Eastrick, 
who had John de Eastrick, alias Hanson (a contraction of 
Henry's son,) and from hence the addition of de Eastrick 
was dropt by this branch of the family, and that of Hanson 
used in its room. Here the disagi-eements in the two 
pedegrees begin to disappear, for I find John, son of Henry 
de Eastrick, a party in a Deed dated in 1337, and one of the 
, witnesses was John, son of Elen aforesaid. This John 
p 



230 BIOGKAPHIA 

married Alice, daughter and heiress of Henry de Woodhouse, 
which Henry was son of Alexander de Woodhouse, who 
married Beatrice, daughter and heiress of Thomas de 
Totehill. By the said Alice the said John had a son, John 
Hanson, of Woodhouse, who married Cecily de Windebank, 
by whom John Hanson, of Woodhouse, who married Cecily, 
daughter of John Ravens [1] aw, by whom John Hanson, of 
Woodhouse, who married Catharine, daughter of John 
Brooke, by whom John Hanson, of Woodhouse, who married 
Agnes, eldest daughter of John Savile, of Newhall, esq; by 
whom John Hanson, of Woodhouse ; 2. Edward Hanson, of 
Nether- Woodhouse ; 3. Thomas Hanson, of Rastrick ; and 
4. Arthur Hanson. 

John, the eldest son, lived at Woodhouse, in Rastrick, 
and was buried at Eland in 1599, aged eighty- two, as 
appears from a grave-stone there, and which is said to be 
the oldest date they can shew. He married, first, Margaret, 
second daughter, and one of the three coheiresses of Thomas 
Woodhead, sometime of Howroyd, in Barkisland ; secondly, 
Margaret, daughter of Robert Wade. By his first wife, he 
had, 1. John Hanson, of Woodhouse; 2. Thomas, 3. Nicholas, 
who had Robert and Dorothy ; and, 4. Judith, married to 
Jasper Blythman. John, the eldest, died in the seventy- 
third year of his age; his will was dated Au^^ust 14, 1621. 
He married Joan, daughter and heiress of William Rayner, 
of Liversege, by whom, 1. John, who died an infant ; 2. Ag- 
nes, who married Richard Lawe, of Halifax ; 3. Mary, who 
married Walter Stanhope, of Horsforth ; 4. Grace, who died 
s. p. 5. Margaret, who married Thomas Brooke, of New- 
house ; and, 6. Katharine, who died s. p. Thomas, second 
son of John Hanson, by Margaret Woodhead, married 
Margaret, daughter and coheiress of John Royde, of Shaw, 
in Soyland, by whom, 1. John, who died an infant; 2. 
Thomas, of Brighouse, who died s. p. 3. Arthur, who 
married Sarah, daughter and coheiress of Thomas Bothom- 
ley, by wham John, Thomas, Joseph, Richard, Joshua, and 
Judith ; 4. Richard, who married Elizabeth Jenkinson ; 5. 
Robert, 6. Joseph, 7. Margaret, and, 8. Judith. Richard, 
last named, had Thomas Hanson, of Backhall, buried at 
Eland, Jan. 6, 1695, aged sixty-four; and John, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Brooke, of Huddersfield, by 
whom John, Richard, Elizabeth and Mary. Thomas, last 



HALIFAXIEXSIS. 231 

named, married Hester, daughter and heiress of John Farnel, 
by whom John, and Thomas, who married a daughter of 
Anthony Foxcroft, by whom Anthony. John, the elder 
brother, of Backhall, married a daughter of George Booth, 
of Snowden, by whom, 1, Thomas, 2. John, s. -p. 3. Dorothy, 
who married Abraham Dyson, of Sunnybank ; 4. George, of 
Backhall, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John 8tott, 
by whom John, Roger, Nathan, Esther, Robert, Rebecca, 
and Elizabeth ; 5. Mary, who married John Dawson ; 6. 
Esther; 7. Rebecca, who married Thomas, son of George 
Booth, of Snowden ; 8. Sarah, and 9. Eleanor. Thomas, 
eldest son of John, married Martha, daughter of Nathan 
Gledhill, by whom John, who died an infant, Thomas, 
Nathan, Arthur, George, Edward, Joshua, Richard, Joseph, 
Mary, Esther, and Agnes. 

Edward Hanson, of Nether Woodhouse, second son of 
John, by Agnes Savile, was buried at Eland, Dec. IG, 1601, 
in the eighty-second year of his age ; his will dated Nov. 
30, 1601. He married, first, Joan, daughter of Edward 
Kaye ; second and third wives unknown ; he married, 
fourthly, Nov. 2, 1590, to Margaret Malinson, widow, 
daughter of Edward Hoile, of Hoile-house, in Lightclifife. 
She died Feb. 23, 1614, and was buried the day following, 
ann. netat. 87. By his first wife he had Thomas Hanson, of 
Tothill, buried at Eland, Aug. 3, 1623, ann. let. 71 ; his will 
dated July 27, 1623. He married Katharine, daughter of 
Thomas Brooke, of Newhouse, who was buried at Eland, 
Feb. 4, 1621, in the 74th year of her age. By her he had 
1. Edward; 2. Elizabeth, who married William Horton, of 
Barkisland ; 3. Katharine, who married Thomas Sharp ; 
also Abraham Beaumont ; 4. Mary, who married William 
Mallinson ; and, 5. Agnes. 

Edward, the eldest, married Dorothy, daughter of John 
Gledhill, of Barkisland, and Cecily his wife, daughter of 
John Thornhill, esq. By the said Dorothy he had Edward, 
Dorothy, and Margaret. Edward Hanson, of Woodhouse, 
married Jane, daughter of Thomas Beaumont, by whom 
John, Edward, Dorothy, Margaret, Catharine, Mary, Jane, 
Elizabeth, Frances, and Cecily. 

Thomas Hanson, of Rastrick, third son of John, by Agnes 
Savile, married Jennet, daughter of John Gledhill, of Little- 
Even, in Barkisland, by whom, 1. Roger, 2. Thomas, of 



232 BIOGRAPHIA 

Eastrick, who married Martha, daughter of Edward Naylor,. 
by whom John, and Eoger. 8. John, of London, who 
married Frances, daughter of John Pritcliard, hy whom 
John, Thomas, and Edward. 4. Robert, of Rastrick, who 
married Sarah, daughter of Wilham Thor^De ; 5. Ehzabeth, 
and G. Judith. 

Arthur, fourth and youngest son of John, by Agnes 
Savile, had 1. John, of Norwood Green, who had Edward^ 
and John. 2. Edward, who had John, and Margaret, who 
married Richard Wilton. 

The following grant was in the hands of Mr. Roger 
Hanson, of Halifax ; " To all and singular unto whom these 
*' presents shall come. William Ryley, esq; Norroy King 
" of Armes, sendeth greeting. Whereas Edward Hanson, of 
*' Woodhouse, in the county of Yorke, gent, hath requested 
*' me to confirme and declare those Annes which have 
*' formerly been born by his Ancestors. I do therefore, by 
" these presents, confirme and allow the said Edward Han- 
*' son to bear the said Armes and Creast hereafter mentioned, 
**viz. Or, a cheveron counter componed, argent and azure, 
** between three martlets sable. And for his Creast, On a 
** helme a chapeau azure, lined argent, a martlet volant 
*' sable, mantled gules, doubled argent. Which coate and 
" creast I the said Norroy do by these presents allowe and 
" confirme unto the said Edward Hanson, and the heires of 
" his body lawfully begotten, to bee born and used by them 
** in banners, j)ennans, shieldes, and scales, in warr and 
** peace, with theire several respected differences for ever. 
«' In witness whereof I have hereunto affixed the seal of my 
*' office, and subscribed my name, the 17th day of July, 
** 1652. William Ryley, Norroy King of Armes." 

The Arms of Rastrick, of Rastrick, were. Argent, a chev- 
ron between three roses gules, and, as one account adds, 
barbed and seeded proper. 

Woodhouse, of Woodhouse, in Rastrick, according to Mr. 
Hanson's pedegree, bore, Azure, a chevron between three 
mullets or ; but in Hopkinson's Collections the mullets are 
pierced of the field. 

Windebank, (as in the above pedegi*ee,) bore, Vert, a 
chevron between three hawks standing, wings displayed, or. 

Ravens[l]aw (as above) bore, Sable, two fesses argent, 
■wavy, on a chief of the second three ravens proper. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 233 

Brooke, (as above,) bore, Argent, on a bend sable, a lure, 
^itli a line and ring or. This was borne by Joshua Brooke, 
of Newhouse, in the township of Huddersfield, as appears by 
a seal appendant to a Deed dated in 1647. 

Kay, (as above,) bore. Argent, two bendlets sable. . 

Prichard, (as above,) bore. Gules, a fess or, between three 
escallops argent. 

The following Certificate was granted to one Elias Ras- 
trick, said to be a descendant from the above ancient family. 

''Frater Andreas ab Arco, Ordinis Minorum, &c. in 
''partibus Orientalibus Apostolicus Commissarius totius 
** terrfE sanct^e Gustos, ac Sanct<^ Montis Sion Servus & 
Oardianus. 

*' Universis & singulis Christi fidelibus proBsentes nostras 
••'inspecturis, lecturis, pariter & audituris, salutem in Dom- 
*' ino sempiternam. Notum sacimus & attestamus, Domin- 
*' um Eliam Eastricke, Anglum, ad liauc sanctam, Jeruso- 
'* limorum urbem provenisse, necnon terram sanctam, nempe 
^'gloriosissimag resurrectionis Domini Christi sepulchrum ; 
^' sacratissimos montes, Calvariae scilicet, ubi Salvator noster 
•** propria morte nos redemit in cruce ; Oliveti, ubi in caelum 
"mirabiliter con seen dit ad Patrem; Sion, augustissim^ Eu- 
*' charistiffi sacramenti institutione, Spiritus Sanctie missione, 
•** compluriumque nostra salutis mysteriorum celebrations 
^' insignis ; Thabor, naturu, & gloriosa transfiguratione, 
" Patrum testimonio vetustorum, & beatitudinibus admirabili- 
*' ejusdem Domini sermone decorati. Pr^eterea, sanctissimum 
** nativitatis Domini Pr<nesepe in Bethlehem Judea; civitate 
*' David sacra. Item Nazareth Domum, Angcli annunti- 
" atione Deiparas, & etiam Verbi incarnatione celeberrimum; 
*' Vallemque Josapliat,pluribus Dominican passionis misteriis, 
** ac venerabilis Assumtionis Dei geuetricis MariiB monu- 
" mentis exornatum ; Bethaniam quoque hospitio Domini, 
** & Lazari suscitatione honestatum ; sed & montana Judea? 
*' sanctissimiB Genetricis Dei visitatione, ac Praecursoris 
*' Nativitatis ejus Deserta, nobilitata ; Theberiadis mare 
*' quorundem Apostolorum vocatione, Petrique in Ecclesia 
*' Capitis electione clarum ; necnon Emmaus Dominica 
"" Apparatione illustratum. Ac demum csBtera omnia sancta, 
■*' piaque loca quae tam in Judaea, quam in Galilaea, ac Sam- 
'** aria, a Fratribus, fidelibusque Peregrinis visitari solent, 
'^ visitasse. In quorum fidem, priesentes has manu nostror 



234 BIOGRAPHIA 

*' subscriptas, ac majori nostri officio sigillo mimitas, ex- 
"liediri mandavimus. Datum Jerusolymis, Id Conventu 
** nostro Sancti Salvatoris, die vicesimo nono mensis Octo- 
"bris, anno Dom. 1639." 

HAMERTON. 

Langfield was the estate of sir Stei^ben Hamerton, of 
Hamerton, knt. who being attainted of high treason in the 
reign of Henry YIII, and executed at Tyburn, it came into- 
the hands of the crown. Holhnshead, in his Chronicle, p. 
1569. sais, *' About the latter end of this 28th year, the lord 
** Darcy, Aske, sir Eobert Gonestable, sir John Bulmer, and 
*' his wife, sir Tho. Percye, brother to the earl of North- 
"umberlande, sir Stephen Hamilton, (it should be Hamer- 
" ton,) Nicholas Tempest, esq ; William Lomley, son to the lord 
"Lomley, began eftsoons to conspire, altho' every of them 
" before had received their pardons ; and now were they all 
'' taken, and brought to the tower of London as prisoners."" 
Sir Stephen, therefore, had been in Aske's first rising, called 
the Pilgrimage of Grace, and had been pardoned with the 
other ringleaders of that conspiracy. 

Of this family I find that Adam Hamerton, of Hamerton, 
in Boland, married about the time of Henry V, Katharine,, 
daughter and coheiress of Elias dc Knoll, who bore. Argent, 
a bend between two bendlets, sable ; in her right he was 
seized of the lordships of Wigglesworth and Hellifield Peel, 
in the parish of Long Preston, in Craven. By her he had 

Eichard Hamerton, of Hamerton, who married daughter 

of Underbill, who bore. Argent, on a chevron sable, be- 
tween three trefoils gules, a leopard's head of the first. By 
her he had Laurence, who married Isabel, daughter of sir 
John Tempest, of Bracewell, in Craven, by whom sir Kichard, 
James, from whom the Hamertons, of Munk Piode, near 
Pontefract, and others. Sir Richard Hamerton, of Hamerton^ 
knt. married the heiress of Langfeld, of Langfeld, and found- 
ed a chantry of our Lady and St. Ann, in the parish-church 
of Long Preston, valued, 87 H. VIH, at £5. 17s. 8d. Sir 
Eichard had sir Stephen Hamerton, of Hamerton, knt. who 
had John Hamerton, of Hamerton and the Peel, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Middleton, of Middleton, in 
Westmorland, who bore, Argent, a cross ingrailed, sable. 
By her he had sir Stephen, executed as above ; Thomas and 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 235 

Laurence, both slain in Ireland on one day ; also Eicliard, 
who bad Jobn Hamerton, of the Peel, wlio bad Laurence 
Hamerton, of the Peel, wlio bad Stepben, wbo bad Jobn, of 
the same place. It was eitber tbe above Laurence, or bis 
fatber Jobn, wbo being a servant in tbe court of king Hen. 
VIII, got a grant from tbe Crown to bimself and lieirs of 
Hellifield Peel. 

Sir Stepben last named bad a son Henry, wbo bad two 
daughters. Tbe arms of Hamerton, of Hamerton, in a folio 
collection of Pedegrees in my possession, are. Argent, tbree 
hammers sable, two and one. But another authority sais, 
Argent, a chevron between tbree hammers, sable. This last 
I take to have been born by Hamerton, of Munk-Eode. 

LACY AND CROMWELLBOTHOM. 

Cromwelbotbom was long tbe seat of the Lacys, as 
appears by the following pedegree : 

Jobn Lacy, Steward of Chester, bad Robert Lord Vice 
Chancellor of Chester, and John, of Fowton, or Faltou, 
com. Ebor. Robert married Eleanor, daughter of sir Robei-t 
Baskerville, who bore a chevron ingrailed, gules, between 
three hurts, (one MS. sais Clemence Baskervile,) by whom 
Brian Lacy, of Chester, who married Amicia, daughter of 
Richard Archdeacon, who lived at Warmicham, in Cheshire. 
By her he bad John Lacy, to whom the Office of Arms has 
allowed the Lacys of Cromwellbotbom, and Brearley, to 
ascend, but no farther. This John married Ellen (some say 
Eleanor) daughter and heiress of Robert de Cromwelbotbom, 
by whom John Lacy, of Cromwelbotbom, who married Ann 
(one MS. sais Alice) daughter of John de Eland, by whom 
John Lacy, of Cromwelbotbom, and Gilbert Lacy, of Brear- 
ley, near Halifax. John married Florence, daughter of 
Robert Molineux, of Lancashire, who bore. Azure, a cross 
sarcele, or. By her be bad William Lacy, of Cromwelbotbom, 
who married Joan, daughter of sir William Skargill, of 
Thorpe Stapleton, near Leeds, wbo bore. Ermine, a saltire, 
gules. By her he bad Thomas Lacy, of Cromwelbotbom, 
who married Eleanor, daughter of Robert Nevile, of Liver- 
sedge, by whom John Lacy, of Cromwelbotbom, who married 
first, Matilda, (some say Mary,) daughter of sir Nicholas 
Wortley, of Wortley, by whom no issue. Secondly, Joan, (one 
MS. sais Alice,) daughter and heiress of Leventborp, of 



286 BIOGRAPHIA 

Leventhorp, near Bradford, in Yorkshire, rsq; in whose right 
he was seized of Leventhorp. By her he had John, Leonard, 
and Ann, married to Edward Oldfield, of Halifax. John 
married, first, Ann, (one MS. sais Jane,) daughter of sir 
Richard Tempest, of Bracewell, knt. Secondly, Mary, 
daughter of Alveray Gascoign, of Garforth, near Leeds, s. p. 
By his first wife he had, 1. Richard, 2. John, who married 

Hole, by whom John and Ann ; 3. William, 4. Nicholas, 

who married Alice, daughter of Brian (Hopkinson sais Peter) 
Hardy, by whom Lucy, Alice, and Bridget ; 5. Peter, the 
youngest, had no issue. The said John had also three 
daughters, viz. 1. Dorothy, married to John Waterhouse, of 
Sowerby-bridge ; 2. Rosamond, to Thomas Wood ; 8. Ellen, 
to Walter Paslew, of Ridlesden ; secondly, to Thomas Lee. 
Richard, the eldest son of John was buried at Halifax, July, 
16, 1591. He married Ellen (some say Alice) daughter of 
Laurence Townley, of Barnside, according to Hopkinson, 
but as others say, of Townley, by whom 1. John, 2. Ellen, 
who married Philip Waterhouse, and 3. Ann. Concerning 
the elder of these two sisters and her husband, there is the 
following inscription, in brass, on a pillar in Thornhill 
church, in Yorkshire: "Here lyeth the body of Philip 
** Waterhouse, 3 sonne of John Waterhouse, of Halifax, 
**esq; Maister of Artes, and sometimes Felow of University 
'' Coll. Oxon. He dyed the IGth of Januari, 1614, the 57th 
"yere of his age. Hellen, daughter of Richard Lacye, of 
" Cromewelbotome, esq ; his beloved wife, dedicated this 
" monument to his memori." Arms of Lacy and Cromwel- 
bothom. 

John, eldest son of Richard, sold the manor house of 
Cromwelbothom to Thomas Gledhill, 9 James I. Also Old 
Syddall-hall to John Scolfield, of Coley, Nov. 20, 82 Eliz. 
He married, first, Alice, daughter of Martin Birkhead, 
Attorney to Queen Elizabeth's Council in the North, at York, 
by whom Sarah, who was aged five years in 1585, and 

Elizabeth; secondly, daughter of Michael Lister, of 

Frerehead in Craven, by whom John, s. p. 

Hopkinson's Collection of Lancashire Pedegrees makes the 
last mentioned John Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, to have, 
1. Thomas Lacy, of Longworth, esq ; com. Lane. 2. Bridget, 
married to Thomas Summerscales of Gisborn in Craven ; 
8. another daughter, married to Richard Monke, also of 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 287 

Oisborn : 4. John, s. p. and 5. Margaret, married to Kobert 
Bladen, of Himswortli, near Pontefract. Thomas is said to 
have married Ann, daughter of Roger Winckley, of Winckley, 
in Lancashire, by whom Thomas, who married, first, Ann, 
•daughter of Adam Hilton, of Hilton, in Lancashire ; secondly, 
"Winifred, daughter of sir Francis Armitage, of Kirldees, bart. 
By the first of these wives he had Eoger, born in 1654, 
Thomas, Adam, John, Ann, and Ellen. 

What I know of the family of Cromwelbothom is this, that 
Oliver de Cromwelbothom married Julian, daughter of sir 
John Eadcliif, of Ordfall, by whom John de Cromwelbothom, 

who had Robert de Cromwelbothom, who married 

•daughter of Henry Leyburne, by whom Ellen, daughter and 
heiress, married to John Lacy, as above. I find likewise a 
Richard de Cromwelbothom a witness to deeds with John de 
Lacy, in 1298 and 1307. 

There was also an Ann, daughter of John Cromwelbothom, 
knt. married to Hugh Copley ; possibly the John above- 
mentioned. 

Arms of Cromwelbothom, Argent, six ogresses, three, two, 
one. Of Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, Or, a lion rampant purpure, 
langued and armed, azure. But in the "Visitation of York- 
shire, in 1584," the Lacy's arms are, Sable, a chevron between 
three bucks lieads cabossed, argent, which i take to have 
been born by the Lacys of Dickering. They have been also 
allowed by the Heralds, to the Lacys, of Fowton, in the 
East-riding. It seems plain to me that the Lacys, of Crom- 
welbothom, descended from the earls of Lincoln of that 
name, and one proof arises from bearing the same arms ; for 
though the said earls bore sometimes Quarterly, or and gules, 
a bendlet sable, a labal of five points of the second, yet their 
proper coat was. Or, a lion rampant purpure, as above. 

In the Harleian Collection of MSS. N« 707, it is said that 
John Lacy, of Cromwelbotham, and Margaret his wife, passed 
a fine of the manor of Cromwelbothom to the heirs of said 
John, 30 Edw. 1. but I find not who this Margaret was. The 
said MS. sais, from Will. Booth's Register, fol. 4, that John 
Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, was buried in the parish church 
of Halifax, in 1474. 

The name of Cromwelbothom continued here after the 
match of John Lacy with the heiress of that name ; for in 
ihe Pleas, 82 Edw. III. I find a claim of Richard Lacv, son 



238 BIOGRAPHIA 

and heir of John, against John, son and heir of John Crom- 
welbothom, and Agnes his wife, for eighteen acres of land in 
Southouram, removed by certiorari. 

PEDEGEEE of LACY, of Brearley. 

Gilbert, second son of John Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, 
married Isabel, daughter and heiress of Gerard Soothill, of 
Brearley, in the township of Midgley, near Halifax, who 
bore, Gules, an eagle displayed argent. 

By her he had Gerard Lacy, of Brearley, who 
married Joan, eldest daughter of Richard Symms, who 
bore. Gules, a fess dancette between three crosses bottone 
fitche argent. By her he had, I.Hugh; 2. Dunstan, a. 
Priest ; 3. William, who married, and had two daughters ; 

4. Edward, a Priest; 5. Richard, who married Green. 

Hugh, the eldest, was buried at Halifax, April 13, 1573,. 
having married Agnes, daughter of Nicholas Savile, of New- 
hall, by whom, 1. John, 2. Thomas, 3. Leonard (one MS. 
calls him Edward, though there was a Leonard Lacy, of 
Southouram, gent. 29 Hen. VIII.) 4. Gilbert; 5. Alice, who 
married John Holdsworth ; G. Agnes, who married Chris- 
topher Deightou, of Lincolnshire; 7. Ellen, who married 
John Dean, of Deanhouse, in Wariey ; and, 8. Isabel, wha 
married Jasper Blythman. John, the eldest, was buried at 
Halifax, August 19, 1585, having married Ann, daughter of 
Thomas Woodrove, of Woolley, esq ; who bore, Argent, a 
chevron between three crosses formce fitche gules. By her 
he had, 1. John, witness to a deed in 1599; 2. Elizabeth, 
married to Francis Osborne ; 3. Ellen, married to John 
Oldfield ; 4. Isabel, to William Savile, of Copley, esq ; 5. 
Mary, 6. Susan, and, 7. Muriel, who married Rich. Wheat- 
ley, of Brearley, near Barnsley. John, the eldest, who sold 
Brearley, married Dorothy, daughter of Godfrey (one MS. 
sais Raph) Bosseville, of Gunthwaite, esq; who bore Argent,, 
five fusills in fess gules, in chief three bears heads erased, 
sable ; Guillim, p. 372, adds, muzzled or, for one of this 
family. By her he had, 1. John, 2. Hugh, both s. p. 8. 
Henry, of London ; 4. Ann, s. p. 5. Dorothy, who married 
John Payne, Rector of Sheiland, in Derbyshire ; 6. Jane,, 
who married Edward Revell, of Ogson, in Derbyshire ; and, 
7. Elizabeth, who married Arthur Dakin, of Stubbiu Edge, 
in Derbyshire. Henry, third son, had William, a merchant- 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 239 

in London ; and Jane, wlio married Eicliard Halliwell, of 
Mansfield, in 1641. 

A black's head, full faced and bearded, with a cap azure 
turned up or, on a wreath of his colors argent and sable, 
was granted for crest to Seth Lacy, of London, son and 
heir to Leonard Lacy, second son of Kichard Lacy, of 
Bryerley, gent, by Robert Cooke, esq ; Clarencieux. 

LISTEE. 

The next owners of Shibden-hall [after the Waterhouses 
and Hemingways] were the Listers, whose pedegree is as 
follows : 

Samuel Lister, of Shibden-hall, died in 1632, leaving, 1. 
Thomas, 2. John, 3. Joseph, who died Dec. 27, 1644, leaving 
two sons, who died s. p. and Mary, who married Moses 
Jenkins. 

Thomas married, first, Sibyl, daughter of Robert Hemm- 
ingway, of Upper Brea, by whom Samuel, John, Thomas, 
and Mary. Samuel married Hester Oats, Avho died in bed 
by her husband, Jan. 26, 1692-3, aged sixty, leaving 1. 
Thomas, who died s. p. and was buried April 5, 1690, aged 
thirty-four; 2. John, who died s. p. and was buried Aug. 9, 
1691 ; 3. Samuel, who died about 1702, having married, 
May 16, 1695, Dorothy Priestley, who married at Coley, 
Nov. 16, 1703, to her second husband, Richard Sterne, esq ; 
of Woodhouse ; 4. Mary, and 5. Elizabeth. Thomas Lister 
above named married a second wife, by whom Joseph, who 
had, 1. Joseph, who married a daughter of sir John Jordan; 
2. Catliarine, 3. Elizabeth, and 4. Martha, who married 
AVilliam Walsham, esq ; of London. None of these four had 
any issue. Thomas above named died in 1677, as appears 
from the following entry in Oliver Hey wood's Diary : " Jan. 
*'30, 1677, went to the funeral of Mr. Tho. Lister, of 
** Shipden-hall, at Halifax. Heard Dr. Hooke's commend- 
" ation of him, and censures of us." 

John, second son of Samuel first named in the above 
pedegree, married Phasbe, daughter of Robert Hemmingway, 
of Upperbrea, by whom Samuel, John, s. p. and Jeremy. 
Samuel married Mary Holdsworth, by whom, 1. John, who 
married Dorothy Hanson, by whom one child, which died 
young; 2. James, 3. Jeremy, 4. Thomas, 5. Susan, 6. Phnsbe, 
7. Mary, 8. Martha, 9. Elizabeth, and 10. Hester. James 



240 BIOGRAPHIA 

the second son was living in 1719, having married the 
daughter of William Issot, of Horbury, by whom, 1. Samuel, 
s. p. 2. John, 3. James, 4. Samuel, 5. Thomas, married in 
Virginia ; 6. WilHam, married in Virginia ; 7. Jeremy, who 
married Ann Hall, of Butterworth-end, in Norland, by whom 
John, James, Jose^Dh, Jeremy, Mary, and Phcnsbe. 8. Joseph, 
s. p. 9. Japhet, who married Elizabeth Wainhouse, of 
Broadgates, by whom, Ed^yard, Samuel, John, and Eliza- 
beth. 10. Martha, who married William Fawcet, of Halifax, 
by whom James, William, and Barbara. 11. Mary, married 
George "Rose, of Hamstead, s. p. and Phaebe, who married 
William Wilkinson, of Hull, s. p. 

Arms of Lister, of Shibden-hall, Ermine, on a fess sable, 
three mullets or, a canton gules. 



MARION — See Stansfeld. 



PRIESTLEY. 

Adjoining to White- Windows, is a large modern house, 
built by Mr. John Priestley, whose pedegree, collected as 
well as I could from family papers, is as follows : 

Henry Priestley, in 1608, married Helen who was a 

widow in 1628. He had by her Robert and Henry, which 
last was living in 1649. Robert had, 1. Jonatlian, of 
Sowerby, whose will was dated in 1662 ; 2. Henry, 3. Fran- 
cis, 4. Grace, and, 5. Robert. Of these, Henry had, 1. 
Jonathan, of Priestley-green, living in 1689, 2. Thomas, 

3. Francis, and, 4. Mary, who married Matthew Nicholson. 
Henry, second son of the first Henry, had, 1. John, a 

Merchant in London, who had Joseph, living in 1649 ; 2. 
Joseph, of Goodgreave, a Clothier, who died in 1689 ; 8. 
Thomas, of Quickstavers, who died about 1089, liaving had 
Thomas, s. p. and Joseph, slain at tlie battle of the Boyne ; 

4. Jonathan, of Winteredge, in Northouram, who married 

Mary by whom, Jonathan, s. p. Nathaniel, of Ovenden, 

and John, of Westercroft, in Northouram. Of these, 
Nathaniel had Jonathan, of Winteredge, who had Jonathan, 
of Leeds, and John. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 241 

Josej)!!, of Gooclgreave, above-named, married Hester 

by whom, 1. John, of York, born Oct. 14, 1645, and who- 
died May 9, 1697, having four children, viz. Jaques, Israel, 
Grace, s. p. and Sarah, s. p. 2. Hannah, born Nov. 21, 
1647, and who died Oct. 25, 1655. 3. Joseph, of White- 
Windows, born June 23, 1650. 4. Sarah, born June 29, 
1655, and who died May 19, 1656. 5. Israel, born June 8, 
1657. 6. Timothy, born January, 1660. Joseph, of White- 
Windows, above-named, had lived at Wat-ing, in Norland ; 
he married Mary Morvel, Feb. 1, 1674-5. She was born at 
Beckfoot, near Bingley, July 3, 1653. By her he had, 1. 
Hannah, born Sept. 23, 1676. 2. John, born Aug. 18, 1678. 
3. WiUiam, born Dec. 6, 1681. 4. Sarah, born Jan. 22, 
1683-4. 5. Joseph, born June 18, 1686, and who died of the 
small-pox, June 6, 1695. 6. Timothy, born May 30, 1688. 
7. Maiy, born Nov. 25, 1690. 8. Grace, born July 2, 1693, 
and who died Feb. 6, 1694-5. 

John, last-named, married Mary, daughter of Israel Wilde, 
of Ball-green, in Sowerby, by whom John, of White-windows, 
who built the new house there in 1767 and 1768. He 
married Susanna, daughter of Benjamin Holroyd, of Wood- 
lane, in Sowerby, Oct. 24, 1749, by whom, Joseph, John, 
and Mary, which last died young. Arms of Holroyd, Azure, 
five roses in saltire argent. 

Arms used by Priestley, of White-windows, Gules, on a 
chevron argent, three grapliug irons sable, between as many 
towers argent, issuing out of each a demi lion rampant or. 



RASTEICK— See Hanson. 



ROOKES, OF ROOKES. 

Here lived a considerable family of the name of Rookes, 
some of which resided at Rodes-hall, in Bradford parish ; 
their coat armor was. Argent, a fess between three rooks, 
sable, and their pedegree is as follows, copied from Mr, 
Hopkinson. William married Dorothy, daughter of John 
Pecke, of Wakefield and West Ardsley, esq ; by whom 
Richard, esq ; who lived in the time of Henry VII. and 



242 BIOGRAPHIA 

married Mary, claugliter of John Ramsclen, of Rawden, by 
whom Richard, esq ; who hved in the time of Hen. VIII. 
and married Ehzabeth, daughter of Robert Waterhoiise, of 
Hahfax, esq; by whom John, esq; who married Jennet, 
daughter and coheiress of Richard Watson, of Lofthouse, by 
whom WilHam, esq ; who married Ehzabeth, daughter of 
Richard Wilkinson, of Bradford, by whom, twelve children, 
viz. William, esq ; Jonas, Fellow of University College, Ox- 
ford; Richard, Robert, Tempest, Maximilian, John: Bridget, 
married to Mark Hoppey, of Esholt ; Barbara, to Richard 
Pearson; Grace, to Richard Rawlinson ; Susan, to Michael 
Holdsworth ; and Prudence, to John Ramsden. William, 
the eldest son, lived 20 Charles I, married, first, Jane, 
^daughter of John Thornhill, of Fixby, esq ; by whom William 
and Jane, who both died young ; to his second wife, Susan, 

daughter of Mr. Rosethorn, widow of Radcliffe, com. 

Lane, by whom William, esq ; who married Mary, daughter 
of George Hopkinson, of Lofthouse, by whom, 1. William, 
who died a student in University College, in Oxford, in 
1667 ; 2. George, who married Jane, daughter of Captain 
Henry Crossland, of Helmsley, in the North-riding, by whom 
Catharine, who died young; 3. John, esq; third son of 
William, inherited the estate as heir male to his brothers. 
The daughters were, Jane, who married Robert, second son 
of Edward Parker, of Browsholme, esq; and Mary, who 
died young. John, the third son of William, as above, died 
suddenly. May 31, 1713; he married, first, May 27, 1684, 
his own cousin, Ann, daughter and heiress of George 
Hopkinson, of Lofthouse, by whom William and George. 
WilHam, esq; married, Jan. 27, 1712, Mary, daughter of 
William Rodes, of Great Houghton, esq; by whom, 1. 
Edward, esq ; born March 23, 1714, who married, in 1740, 

the daughter and heiress of Leedes, of Milforth, esq; 

and took the name of Leedes ; 2. William, who died in 1732, 
and his widow in 1784; 3. John, who died young; 4. Mary; 
5. Jane ; 6. Ann, died young, and Elizabeth. John above 
named, third son of William, married to his second wife, 
Dec. 8, 1687, Ehzabeth, daughter of Marmaduke Cook, D.D. 
Vicar of Leeds and Prebendary of York, by whom Elizabeth, 
Mary, John, who died young ; and another John. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 243 

This estate called Eookes did once give name to a family, 
of wliicli we meet with Eichard de Rokes in 1313, and John 
del Rokis in 1362. Also John Rokes, do Rokes, in 1502. 

PEDEGREE of the Family of SALTONSTALL. 

Gilbert Salton stall, of Halifax, 8 Eliz. as by deed at 
Coley, purchased Rookes, and other lands, in Hii^perholme, 
and accordingly is mentioned as of Rookes, by deed 37 Eliz. 
He had Samuel and Sir Richard. Samuel, of Rookes and 
Huntwick, married Ann, daughter of John Ramsden, of 
Longley, esq ; by whom Sir Richard and Gilbert, which last 
died young. Sir Richard, knt. Justice of Peace, 1 Ch. I. 
married, first, Grace, daugliter of Robert Kay, of Woodsom, 
esq; by whom Richard, esq; born at Woodsom, 1610, and 
other children. After his wife's death this Sir Richard sold 
his lands, and went, with his children, into New England ; 
from whence he returned, and resided in London, marrying 
2dly, a daughter of Lord Delaware ; and, 3dly, one Wilford. 

Sir Richard, son of Gilbert, was Sheriff of London with 
Hugh Offley, in 1588, and Lord Mayor in 1597, when, as 
usual, he was knighted. He died in 1601, having married 
Susanna, daughter of Thomas Poyntz, of North Okyngdon, 
esq ; by whom sixteen children. From him are descended 
the Saltonstalls of Hertfordshire. This family was originally, 
in all probability, of Saltonstall, in Halifax parish ; for the 
wife of Ric, Saltonstall, of Hye Saltonstall, was buried at 
Halyfax, 20 Febr. 1582. 

Samuel Saltonstall above named, married, 2dly, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Ogden, by whom Samuel, John, Thomas, 
Ann, Elizabeth. Mary, Margaret, and Barbara. To his 
third wife, Elizabeth Armine, of Hull, by whom no issue. 
It is a question whether he was not knighted, because I find 
that sir Samuel Saltonstall, of London, held lands in 
Hipperholm in 1607. Also at a court held at Wakefield, 11 
Jan. 8 James I. Samuel Saltonstall, of London, knt. and 
Elizabeth his wife, surrendered lands in Hipperholm. 

Who was the father of Gilbert, first above named, is 
uncertain ; but a John Saltonstall, of Halifax, was buried 
there, Mar. 30, 1557, and a Robert Saltonstall, of Halifax, 
also buried there, 18 Oct. 1561, as had, the February pre- 
ceding, sir William Saltonstall, curate of Halifax. 



244 BIOGRAPHIA 

In a large MS. Collection of Arms, in my possession, sir 
Eichard Saltonstall, skinner, Lord Mayor of London in 
1597, is said to have born, Or, a bend between two eaglets- 
displayed, sable ; but in Thoresby, y. 236, they are, Argent, 
a bend gules, between two eaglets displayed, sable. 

It appears from various accounts, that several of the 
name of Saltonstall were officers of earl Warren for Salton- 
stall, and to them were divers parts thereof granted. 

In 1343, 17 Edw. Ill, John de Brownhirste surrendered 
in court two parts of a sixth part of Saltonstall, with the 
reversion of a third part of the said sixtli part, which Isabel^ 
mother of said John, held as dower; the moiety of which 
was granted to John, son of Thomas de Saltonstall, another 
moiety to Richard, son of Thomas de Saltonstall, and 
William de Saltonstall, and heirs. 

At Halifax, in 1370, John Cape surrendered a sixth part 
of Saltonstall to the use of Richard Saltonstall, and heirs. 

As the last earl of Warren and Surry died June 30, 1347, 
21 Edw. III. it is plain, from the first of the two instances 
above, that the vaccary of Saltonstall was demised by copy 
before the lordship of Wakefield came to the crown. 

6 Hen. IV. Ric. Saltonstall surrendered two sixth parts of 
Saltonstall, and half a sixth part, lying between Bhikebrook, 
Depeclough, the water of Luddingden, and Hoore Stones, in 
Sowerby, to the use of Richard Saltonstall and heirs. 15 
Edw. IV. this Richard surrendered the same to Gilbert 
Saltonstall his son, which Gilbert, 23 Hen. VII. surrendered 
the same to Richard Saltonstall, his son ; after the death of 
which Richard, son of Gilbert, Richard Saltonstall, son and 
heir of the same Richard, 30 Hen. VIII. made fine of heriot 
for the said lands. This last Richard had issue Gilbert, 
who died before his father, leaving a son Samuel, who, after 
the death of Richard his grandfather, made fine of heriot, 
40 Eliz. for the same lands. 

SAVILE AND COPLEY. 

Copley-Hall is famous for giving name to an antient re- 
spectable family, the first of which was Adam de Copley, 
slain when William the Conqueror laid siege to York, in the 
year 1070. He married Ann, daughter of Thomas Rish- 
worth, of Rishworth, near Halifax, according to a pedegree 
in Thoresby, p. 9, taken from Hopkiuson's MSS. but of 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 245 

Eichard, as in an old MS. pedegree in my own possession. 
By the said Ann he had Hugh de Copley, who married 
Margaret, daughter of Richard Liversedge, hy whom, 1. 
Eafe, 2. Richard, (as hy the MS. notes to a copy of Thoreshy, 
in the hands of Mr. Charles Barnard, of Leedes,) 8. Adam, 
<;alled by Thoreshy, Vicar of Halifax, but he should have 
said Rector, for that living was a rectory till the year 1273, 
iind two hundred years could hardly have passed between 
the above first mentioned Adam, and his grandson. Lastly, 
Margaret, married to William Lockwood. Rafe, the eldest, 
married Jane, daughter of John Stansfeld, of Stansfeld, esq ; 
by whom Thomas, who married Margaret, daughter of Hugh 
Eland, of Eland, esq; by whom Adam, Robert, and Ann, 
who married John Exley. Adam married Ann, daughter of 
John Leventhorpe, of Leventhorpe, esq ; by whom Thomas 
Copley, of Coi^ley, (not Batley, as in Thoresby,) who married 
Winifred, daughter of Thomas Mirfield, esq; (as in Thoresby, 
but my MS. sais Robert,) by whom, 1. Hugh, 2. Ralph, who 
had a place at court, and by his wife Mary, daughter and 
heiress of sir Richard Walsingham, of Suffolk, knt. had 
John, s. p. and Robert, commonly called Grosthead, or 
Greathead, the famous bishop of Lincoln. Jjastly, Cicely, who 
married WilUam Quarmby, of Quarmby. Hugh, the eldest, 
witness to a deed in 1324, married Ann, daughter of sir 
Robert Cromwelbothome, knt. (my MS. sais John,) by 
whom Thomas and Raphe, which last married, first, Ellen, 
daughter of John Rookes, of Rookes, esq ; by whom Raphe 

and John, both s. p. 2dly, daughter of Adam de Batley, 

from whom the Copleys, of Batley. Thomas, the eldest, 
married, and had a daughter, Helen, who married Henry, 
second son of John Savile, by Margery, youngest daughter, 
and coheiress of Henry Rishworth, of Rishworth ; and from 
this time this branch of the Saviles settled at Copley, which 
I take to have been about the year 1485, as in a will of that 
date at Howroyd, are mentioned Henry Savile, of Copley, 
and John, son of Henry Savile. The issues from this match 
are as follow : 

Henry Savile, above named, by the said Helen (or Ellen,) 
had John Savile, of Copley. Thomas, from whom the 
Saviles of Hollinedge, and Nicholas, from whom the Saviles 
of Bank, alias Blaidroid, in Southouram. John, the eldest, 
married Maud, daughter of Thomas Trafford, com. Lane, by 
Q 



246 BIOGRAPHIA 

whom Thomas, who married Margaret, daughter of Henry 
Eushworth, of Coley-hall, by whom, 1. Henry, 2. Thomas, 
3. Edward, parson of Adley, m Suffolk, 4. Humphry, chap- 
lain to lord De la Ware, 5. Leonard, s. p. 6. John, s. p. 7. 
Jane, unmarried, and 8. Margaret, married to William 
Milner. Henry, the eldest, married Sibill, daughter of 
Lionel Copley, of Batley, by whom Thomas, who married 
Alice, daughter of Eichard Beaumont, of Whitley, buried at 
Halifax, Dec. 8, 1552. By her he had, 1. Henry, 2. Thomas, 
s. p. 3. Eobert, 4. Gilbert, and 5. Humphry, which three 
last died young. Also five daughters, viz. Elizabeth, Ann, 
and Alice, who all died unmarried; Ellen, who married 
Thomas Savile, of Bank ; and Grace, who married Hugh 
Savile. There was an Henry Savile, of Skircoat, buried at 
Halifax, March 4, 1554, probably the last named. This 
Henry married Alice, daughter of Thomas Midhope, of 
Moreiaall, by whom Thomas, buried at HaHfax, Feb. 3, 

1569. 2. Nicholas, who married Alice, daughter of 

Birkhead, by whom Brian, Martin, Henry, Agnes, and 
Isabel. Also, 3. John, who had three sons. 4. William, 
parson of Cranhurst, in Sussex ; 5. Edward, who died young,, 
and, 6. Henry, who married Ann, daughter of Parkin- 
son, of Eichmondshire. The above Thomas married Ann, 
daughter of Thomas Danby, second son of sir James Danby, 
Imt. This Ann, as I take it, was buried at Halifax, Dec. 2y 
1588. By her the said Thomas had, 1. Eobert, 2. Anthony, 
w^ho married Sibil, daughter of Eobert Gates, of Halifax : 3, 

Joseph, 4. Thomas, who married Ursula, daughter of 

Brett, of Wales, in Yorkshire ; 5. John, 6. George ; and ten 
daughters, viz. 1. Esther, 2. Euth, 3. Dorothy, who married 
Henry Briggs, 4. Elizabeth, who married John Platts, 5. 
Ann, 6. Sarah, buried at Halifax, April 19, 1579, 7. Esther, 
8. Agatha, 9. Jane, and 10. Grace. Eobert, the eldest, was 
buried at Halifax, June 11, 1588, having married, 1. Jane, 
daughter of Eoger Ellis, 'of Eiddal, by whom no issue ; 2dly, 
Alice, daughter of William Moor, of Austhorpe, near Leedes, 
widow of William Hopey, by whom William; Mary, who 
married John Bentley, of Shipden ; and Bridget, who man-ied 
Eobert Crowder, of Sowerby. William, the eldest, was living 
in 1592, having an infant buried that year at Halifax. He 
married Isabel, daughter of John Lacy, of Brearley, near 
Halifax, by whom, 1. Henry; 2. Francis, s. p. buried at 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 247 

Halifax, Feb. 11, 1585; 3. Thomas, of York; 4. John, an 
attorney, who married Isabel Law, by whom Eobert. The 
above William had also three daughters, viz. 1, Jane, who 
died young, and was buried at Halifax, August 9, 1585 ; 2. 
Joan, and 3. Elizabeth. Henry, the eldest, was seven years 
old in 1585. He married Ann, daughter of Michael Darcy, 
and sister and heiress to John, lord Darcy, by whom, 1, 
Thomas ; 2. Henry, s. p. buried at Halifax, Jan. 16, 1642 ; 
3. Michael, s. ]). 4. John, 5. Anthony, and 6. Henry. Thomas, 
the eldest, married, 1. Frances Preyn, of London, s. p. 2. 
Frances, daughter of George Dawson, of Azetly, near Rippon, 
by whom William and Mary, both s. p. John, the fourth 
son, married Elizabeth, daughter of sir George Palmes, of 
Naburne, near York, by whom sir John Savile, of Copley, 
created a baronet by K. Cha. II. July 24, 1662, and William, 
who married two wives, and had several children. Sir John 
married Mary, daughter of Clement Paston, of Barningham, 
in Norfolk, esq ; She died in August 1710. By her he had 
a daughter, Elizabeth-Maria, who married lord Thomas 
Howard, brother to Henry, duke of Norfolk, who being sent 
ambassador to Rome, died at sea, either on the 8th or 9tli 
of December, 1689. They had Thomas, duke of Norfolk. 
(See the Peerage.) 

The above pedegree was compared with a number of painted 
pannels in an old wainscotted room in Copley-hall, down to 
WiUiam, who married Isabel Lacy, and they agree, except 
that after Thomas, who married Alice Beaumont, there is 
one Robert Savile, with the date 1575. 

With regard to the arms of the above two families, I have 
seen in Methley church, in Yorkshire, on a monument, the 
arms of Savile, viz. Argent, on a bend sable, three owls of 
the field, with a mullet for difference, and seven other bear- 
ings ; amongst which, for Copley, of Copley, Argent, a cross 
moline, sable. In the center, the bloody hand. For crest, 
On a wreath of his colors, an helmet, above all, an owl proper. 
Motto, '' Paciencia y. Basta." Another motto under the like 
eight coats, but without the bloody hand, '' Je veille." Three 
figures on the tomb, and two children on the side. 

The crest of Adam Copley first above named, is said to 
have been a cup covered, sable. 



248 BIOGRAPHIA 

SAVILE :— LORD HALIFAX. 

The following is a Genealogical Account of this part of 
the Family of Savile. Some think that the family of Savile 
came into England with the Conqueror, and that they are 
inserted in the roll of Battle Ahbey, by the name of Shevile ; 
but others suppose them to have come with Geoflry Plant- 
aginet, because there are two towns of this name on the 
frontiers of Anjou, both which were annexed to the crown of 
England, when the said Geoffry married Maud, daughter 
and heiress of Henry I. It is looked upon to be a family of 
very great antiquity, being even supposed to be descended 
from the Sabelli, or Savelli, of Kome, which Eichardson, in 
his Account of some of the Statues, &c. in Italy, printed in 
1722, sais, was the most antient family in Rome. It was, 
it seems, extinct there a few j^ears ago. The prince Savelli 
was, in 1747, guardian of the conclave of cardinals at Rome. 
Some of his ancestors w^ere consuls at Rome before our 
Savior's time. The family is even said to have existed 
three thousand years. The first I met with of this family 
in England, is sir John Savile, of Savile-hall, in Dodworth, 
near Barnsley, in Yorkshire, who married a daughter of sir 
Symon de Rockley, who bore lozengy, argent and gules, a 
fess, sable, Thoresby, p. 25. I have also met with argent, 
seven fusils, gules, three, three, and one, oppressed with a 
fess, sable. By her he bad sir Walter de Savile, and John 
de Savile. Sir Walter married a daughter of Adam Ever- 
ingham, of Stainbrough, by whom, an only daughter, 
Elizabeth, married to sir John Everingham, knt. John 
Savile, brother of sir Walter, married about 1240, Agnes, 
daughter and heiress of sir Roger Aldwark, knt. who bore 
gules, a fess between six fusils, or. By her he had Henry 
Savile, who married Agnes, daughter and heir of John 

Golcar, esq; by whom, Thomas, who married daughter 

and coheiress of sir Richard Tankersley, of Tankersley, knt. 
by whom, sir John Savile, of Tankersley, knt. (Some pede- 
grees make this Henry marry to Ellen de Copley.) Henry, 

s. p. and Alice, wife to Lockwood. Sir John married 

Agnes, daughter and coheiress of Rochdale, esq; who 

bore sable, an escutcheon, within eight martlets in orle, 
argent ; this I take to be the true coat of the father of this 
Agnes, because it was formerly put up in Eland chapel, as 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 249 

such : but I have seen another belonging to the family, viz. 
argent, a fleur de lis between eight martlets, sable. By 
Agnes, his wife, sir John had John Savile, of Tankerslej^ 
esq ; Elizabeth, married to Thomas Kay, and Margery, 
married to John Thornton. John Savile, esq ; married 
Isabel, daughter and coheiress of sir Eobert Latham, knt. 
who bore or, on a chief, azure, indented, three jDlates ; by 

her he had sir John Savile, and Jane, married to 

Ashton, in Lancashire. Sir John married Jane, daughter 
of Matthew de Bosco (or Wood) by whom, John, and 
Margaret, Prioress of Kirkless, 32 Edw. III. John married 
Margery, daughter and coheiress of Henry Eushworth, of 
Rushworth, in Halifax parish, esq ; who bore argent, a bend 
sable, an eagle displayed, vert, and a cross crosslet of the 
second, according to one MS. but I find to the name of 
Alexander Rushworth, in sir William Fairfax's " Book of 
Arms for Yorkshire," in the British Museum, argent, a 
cross crosslet, sable ; also argent, a cross botonc fitchc, 
sable ; by her he had sir John Savile, of Tankersley, knt. 
and Henry, who married Ellen, daughter and heiress of 
Thomas Copley, of Copley, in the parish of Halifax, esq ; 
Sir John was high sheriff of Yorkshire 3d and 11th of Rich. 
II. and knight of the shire for the said county, 7th and 8th 
of the said king ; he married Isabel, daughter and heiress of 
sir John de Eland, knt. (some pedegrees have it sir Thomas,) 
by whom, sir John Eland, knt. and Henry, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Simon Thornhill, of 
Thornhill, esq ; who bore gules, two bars gemells, and a 
chief, argent. Also a daughter Jane, married to John 
Wortley, esq ; Sir John last named married Isabel, daughter 
of Robert de Radcliffe, of the Tower, by whom, sir John 
Savile, knt. who married Isabel, daughter of sir William 
Fitzwilliams, knt. and a daughter Isabel, who married 
Thomas Darcy, second son to the lord Darcy; both these 
died s. p. 

Henry Savile above named had sir Thomas Savile, knt. in 
the time of Hen. VI. and a daughter Jennet, who manied 
William Leeds, of Leeds, esq ; s. p. Sir Thomas married 
Margaret, daughter of sir Thomas Pilkington, by whom, sir 
John Savile, of Thornhill, Eland, and Tankersley, who 
married Alice, daughter of sir William Gascoigne, of Gaw- 
thorp, knt. com. Ebor. and three daughters, viz. Margaret, 



250 BIOGRAPHIA 

married to John Hoptoii, of Swillington, esq; Alice, to sir 
John Harrington, of Brearley, knt. and EHzabeth, to 
Edmund Aske, of Aston, esq ; Sir John had three sons, viz. 
sir John, who married Jane, daughter of sir Thomas 
Harrington, of Brearley, knt. William, who died s. p. and 
Thomas Savile, of Lupset, esq ; Sir John, the eldest, had 
sir John, who married first, Alice, daughter of Henry- 
Vernon, esq ; hy whom no issue. Secondly, Elizabeth, 
daughter and coheiress (one account sais sister) of sir 
William Paston, of Woodnoth, by whom sir Henry, and 
three daughters, viz. 1. Ann, w4io married, first, sir Henry 
Thwaites ; secondly, William Thwaites. 2. Elizabeth, who 
married, first, sir Thomas Conyers, of Sackborn, knt. 
secondly, to Thomas Soothill. 3. Margaret, who married, 
first, Richard Corbet ; secondly, Thomas Wortley, of Wortley, 
esq ; Sir Henry, created knight of the Bath, 25 Hen. VIII. 
married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Soothill, of 
Soothill, esq; by whom, 1. Edward, who married Mary, 
daughter of sir Richard Lee, of St. Alban's, com. Hertf. 
from whom he was divorced " frigiditatis causa." 2. John, 
the second son, died young ; and 8, Dorothy, was married to 
John Kay, of Woodsam, esq ; 

Thomas Savile, of Lupset, above named^ married Margaret, 
daughter of Thomas Balforth, esq ; (or as one pedegree sais, 
Basford,) by whom, 1. John Savile, of Lupset. 2. Thomas 
Savile, of Wakefield, who married Catharine, daughter and 
heiress of John Chaloner, of Stanley, alias Midgley-hall, 
near Wakefield, from whom the Saviles of Stanley and 
Wakefield, now extinct. 8. George, of Cotham, in Notting- 
hamshire, and of Grantham, in Lincolnshire, who married 

according to one pedegree, a daughter and coheiress of 

Rooke, of Hipperholme, near Halifax ; but according to 
another, the daughter and heiress of Henry, son of Henry 
Shyrley, of Lumley, from whom the Saviles of Grantham 
and Homeby, in Lincolnshire. 

John Savile, of Lupset, esq ; above named, married, 12 
Hen. VIII. Ann, daughter of William Wiatt, and widow of 
John Spilman, esq ; by whom Henry Savile, of Lupset and 
Barrowby, com. Line, who married Joan, daugliter and 
heiress of William Vernon, of Barrowby aforesaid, by whom 
1. sir George Savile, the first baronet. 2. Francis, who 
married Catharine, daughter and coheiress of William, lord 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 261 

Conyers. 3. Cordell Savile, who married Mary, daughter 
and heh-ess of WilHam Welbeck, of Sutton, com. Nott. esq ; 
4. Bridget, married to Henry Nevile, of Grove. 5. Friswolde. 
Sir George abovenamed, created a baronet, 9 James I. 
mari'ied, first, Mary, daughter of George Talbot, earl of 
Shrewsbury ; secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of sir Edward 
Ascough, of South Kelsey, in Lincolnshire ; by his first 
lady he had sir George Savile, of Eufford, who, Dugdale, in 
his Baronage, Vol. II. p. 463. has omitted, but who married, 
first, Sarah, daughter and coheir of John Rede, of Cotes- 
brook, in Northamptonshire, s. p. Secondly, Ann, daughter 
of sk- William Wentworth, of Woodhouse, sister to the earl 
of Strafibrd ; by her he had sir George, who died unmarried ; 
and sir William, who married Ann, daughter of Thomas, 
lord Coventry, by whom, amongst others, George, earl of 
Halifax, as abovementioned, whose marriages and descend- 
ants the printed accounts will shew. 

Hullenedge, near Elland, perhaps from Hollin-hedge, was 
the seat of a branch of the Saviles, the first of whom was 
Thomas Savile, of Hullenedge, second son of Henry Savile, 
of Copley ; he married Ann, daughter of John Stansfeld, of 
Stansfeld, by whom John, Thomas, who married lady 
Elizabeth Waterton, s. p. Henry, a yeoman of the guards, 
and Nicholas, from whom the Saviles of Newhall. John, 
the eldest, married Alice, daughter of Ralph Lister, of 
Halifax, by whom John, Robert, William, Gilbert, and 
Leonard. Of these, John, the eldest, married Ann, daughter 
of John Hopton, of Armley, esq ; by whom Leonard, who 
^ied an infant. Robert and John. Robert married Elen, 
daughter of Robert Fulverley, of Fulverley, com. Line, esq ; 
by whom Thomas, who married, 1st, Elen, daughter of 

Arthur Pilkington, esq; 2dly, Sarah, daughter of 

Thornton, s. p. By said Elen he had Thomas, who married 
a daughter of Charles Radcliffe, of Todmorden, by whom 
Isabel, and Jane. Robert, 2d son of John Savile, by Alice 
Lister, married Jane Chaworth, of Warton, by whom 
Thomas, Leonard, D.D. and parson of Lewis, in Sussex, and 
three daughters, 1. Sibyl, married to Robert Waterhouse. 
2. Isabel, to John Deighton ; and 3. Grace, to Richard 
Briggs, of Warley. Thomas, the eldest, was seized of the 
rectory of Mirfield, and some lands there, as appears by a 
livery sued out by Cuthbert, his son, after his death, dated 



252 BIOGRAPHIA 

July 1, 1 Edw. VI. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
James Shaw, by whom Cuthbert and Elizabeth ; Cuthbert 
married Margaret, daughter of John Hardy, of Halifax, by 
whom Thomas, who married Mercy, daughter of George 
Kay, of Whitley, and two daughters, Sibyl and Dorothy. 

"William Savile, of Wakefield, third son of John, b}^ Alice 
Lister, married Phsebe Eishworth, by whom William, John, 
Gilbert, and Agnes. William married Agnes, daughter of 
James Simpson, by whom William, Michael, Gabril, Grace, 
and Ann. William, the eldest, was an attorney at law at 
Wakefield, and lived at the parsonage house there ; he married 
Jennet, daughter of John Fawcet, by whom William, Martin, 
Henry, a traveller, who died at Grand Cairo, Samuel, and 
others. William, the eldest, married Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas Harris, of Huntington, by whom William, s. p. and 
Gabriel, a captain of foot under king Charles I. who married 
the daughter and coheir of captain Ealph Eokeby, of Skiers, 
near Eotherham, by wiiom no issue. 

Newhall was the seat of a branch of the Saviles of Hul- 
lenedge, whose pedegree is this : Nicholas Savile, fourth son 
of Thomas Savile, of Hullenedge, married Margery, daughter 
of William Wilkinson, by whom John, Thomas of Welborne, 
Henry, Edward, Nicholas, Alice, married to Arthur Pilking- 
ton, of Bradley, Agnes to Hugh Lacy, Isabel to Eichard 
Waterhouse, of Hollings, and Jennet to John Thornhill, of 
Fixby, esq. John, the eldest son, married Margery, daughter 
of John Gledhill, by whom Nicholas, John, Henry Savile, of 
Bradley, Thomas, from whom the Saviles of Watergate. 
Agnes, married to John Hanson, of Woodhouse, Alice to 
Eichard Holt, of Stubley, Jane to Thomas Gledhill, of 
Barkisland, and Elizabeth to John Blythe, of Quarmby. 
Nicholas, the eldest, married Jennet, daughter of Thomas 
Foxcroft, by whom Thomas, who married a daughter of 
Trj'got, of South-Kirkby, esq ; by whom Nicholas, who 
married Jane, daughter of Thomas Burdet, by whom John, 
s. J). John, second son of Thomas, died at Newhall, having 
married Frances, daughter of Godfrey Bosseville, of Guutli- 
waite, esq ; by whom four daughters. The third son of 
Thomas was Thomas, who married a daughter of Thomas 
Burdet, by whom Thomas and Francis. The above Thoma& 
had also two daughters, Frances and Elizabeth. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 25 B 

Bradley-Hall, the i)resent owner of which is Savile, earl 
of Mexborough. It once was the seat of the Saviles, Y;liose 
pedegree I have subjoined, and in all i3robability was a very 
considerable building ; but only a small part of it now re- 
mains, sufficient for a farmer, but the ground about it shews, 
by its inequality, and by a number of stones lodged near the 
surface, that it has been more extensive. Over the gate are 
the figures 1577, and the letters I. S. John Savile. On the 
kitchen wall is 1598. The chapel, being re-edified, serves 
the tenant for a barn ; most of the tower also remains, and 
the w^hole has the appearance of a church to such as are 
travelling between Eland and Eipponden. The bells ai-e 
said to have been removed from hence to Methley church, 
near which this branch of the Savile family have a seat. 
The chapel here, as Dr. Johnson sais, in his MS. Collections, 
was pulled down hi the time of the civil wars, but the hall 
was burned down in 1629. There is a tradition in this 
neighbourhood about this fire, and it is likewise said, that it 
caused the famil}^ to remove to Methley. 

Henry Savile married Ellen, daughter and heiress of 
Thomas Copley, of Copley, by whom, 1. John, who married 
Maud, daughter of Thomas Trafibrd, of Traftbrd, com. Lane, 
esq ; from whom the Saviles of Copley ; 2. Thomas ; 3. 
Nicholas, who married Jennet Lacy. Thomas, second son, 
married Ann, daughter of John Stansfield, by whom, 1. 
John, from whom the Saviles of Hullenedge ; 2. Thomas, 
who married Elizabeth Lady Waterton ; 3. Henry, Yeoman 
of the Guards ; and 4. Nicholas, of Newhall, who married 
Margaret, daughter of William Wilkinson, by whom, 
amongst others, John, of Newhall, his eldest son, who married 
Margery, daughter of John Gledhill, of Barkisland, by whom 
amongst others, Henry of Bradley, his third son, living 8 
Eliz. who married Ellen, daughter of Robert Ramsden, by 
whom, 1. sir John Savile, of Medley, Baron of the Ex- 
chequer ; 2. sir Henry Savile, Warden of Merton College, 
Oxford ; 3. Thomas, and five daughters. Sir Henry married 
Margery, (Biogr. Brit. p. 3600. sais Elizabeth.) daughter of 
George Dacres, of Cheshunt, in Hertfordshire, esq; by whom 
Henry, who died s. p. and Elizabeth, who married sir John 
Sedley, bart. of Alisford, in Kent, or, as the author of 
Anglorum Speculum, p. 902, sais, sir William. 



264 BIOGRAPHIA 

Inquisition 19 Edw. IV. of Wasts committed in the lord- 
ship of Wakefield, Tho. Sayvell, knt. held lands and tene- 
ments in Stainland, Berksland, and Northland, by soccage, 
paying yearly 13s. 2d. 

Henry Saviie, knt. and bai-t. died seized of a messuage 
called Over Bradley Hall, in Stainland, as by inquisition 
post mort. at Shirburn com. Ebor. 6 Sept. 8 Charles, 1G32. 

Sir John Saviie, of Methley, Baron of the Exchequer, 
son of Henry by Ellen Kamsden, and who died in 1606, 
married, first, Jane, daughter of Kichard Garth, of Morden, 
in Surry, by whom, 1. sir Henry Saviie, of Methley, created 
a baronet in 1611 ; Elizabeth, who married sir John Jack- 
son; and Jane, who married sir Henry Goodrick, of Kibston, 
knt. Sir Henry Saviie above named died in 1632, having 
married Mary, daughter and coheiress of John Dent, of 
London, esq ; by whom, according to one epitaph in Methley 
church, he had no issue ; but according to another in the 
same church he had John, (who died on his travels' in 
France, in 1631, aged twenty-one, as by epitaph in Methley 
church;) Henry, and others, who all died s. p. Sir John 
Saviie, above named, married, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Wentworth, of North Empsall, esq ; relict of 
Richard Tempest, esq; 3dly, Dorothy, daughter of Lord 
Wentworth, and relict of sir W. Widmerpool and sir Martin 
Forbisher, knights, by whom no issue. By his second wife, 
Elizabeth, he had John Saviie, of Methley, esq; sheriff of 
York 24 Cha. I. who married, first, Mary, daughter of John 
Robinson, of Rither, esq ; by whom several children, who 
died s. p. 2dly, Margaret, daughter of sir Hen. Gareway, of 
London, knt. by whom John Saviie, of Methley, and six 

daughters. John married Sarah, daughter of Tryon, 

esq ; by whom John, Charles, James, s. p. Samuel, and four 
daughters. John Saviie, esq ; died in 1711, having married 
Mary, daughter of sir John Banks, knt. by whom John, 
Henry, and Elizabeth. Charles, above named, married 
Aletheia, daughter and coheiress of Gilbert Millington, of 
Felley Abbey, in the county of Nottingham, esq ; by whom 
John, created, first. Lord Pollington, afterwards Earl of 
Mexborough. 

There is in Methley church a marble monument to the 
memory of this Charles, the inscription on which sais, thro' 
mistake, that he was the fifth in a lineal descent from sir 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 255 

John, who was Baron of the Exchequer. This Charles died 
June 5, 1741, aged sixty-five. On the monument is his 
figure in a recHning ^Dosture, and his wife weeping over him. 
She died about Midsummer 1759. 

In Methley church, on the south side of a monument, is a 
long Latin inscription to Baron Savile above named, inti- 
mating, amongst other things, that he died Feb. 2, 1606, 
aged sixty-one, that his body was buried in the church of 
St. Dunstan in the west, London, and his heart at Methley, 
4imongst his ancestors. 

On the north side of the said monument is another Latin 
inscription to sir Henry Savile, son of the Baron ; but not 
relating immediately to Halifax parish men, I omit them all. 

Arms of Savile, Argent, on a bend sable, three owls proper. 
These Thoresby, p. 110, has put down as the general arms 
of the family; but in my MS. Alphabet are the following 
entries : " Ebor. Savile, of Howley, Baron Savile in England, 
'* and Viscount Castle Barre in Ireland, per K. Ch. Argent, 
*' on a bend sable, three owls proper. His Crest, an owl 
" argent." 

Savile, of Newhall, Argent, on a bend ingrailed between 
two cotises sable, three owls argent. 

Savile, sir George, of Thornhill, hart. 9 K. James, Argent, 
on a bend ingrailed sable, three owls proper. His Crest, a 
demi maid, full faced, proper, crowned or, adorned with pea- 
cock feathers stuck in the crown, proper, garments gules, 
hair disheveled, or. 

Savile, sir Henry, of Methley, bart. 9 K. James, Argent, 
on a bend sable, three owls prosier, a crescent sable for differ- 
ence. His Crest, On an owl argent, a crescent sable. 

To a Deed in 1601, the seal of Edward Savile, esq; son 
and heir of sir Henry Savile, knt. deceased, was an owl on a 
fess. 

Blaithroyd was the seat of a branch of the family of Savile, 
whose pedegree here follows, taken chiefly from a MS. in the 
Harleian Collection, No 1034, called Visitation of Yorkshire, 
by Glover, in 1585. Henry Savile, who married Ellen, 
•daughter and heiress of Thomas Copley, of Copley, had John, 
of Copley ; Thomas, of Hullenedge, and Nicholas, of Bank, 
who married Joan, daughter of John Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, 
hy whom, 1. John, wlio died young ; 2. Thomas, who married 
Euphemia, daughter of Soothill, of Soothill, (one copy 



256 BIOGRAPHIA 

sais Jennet, daughter of Thomas Soothill, of Brearley, near 
Hahfax ; ) 3. Joan, who married Thomas Whitley, of Whitley ; 

4. Elizabeth, who married Nettleton, of Thornton Lees ; 

5. Helena, who married Kobert Gibson, a Lawyer; 6. Alice^ 
who married Thomas Firth, of Dew^sbury ; and 7. Agnes, 
who married Richard Sandal, of Sandal. Thomas, last 
named, had 1. Thomas, of the Bank; 2. John, of Rothwell, 
who married Ann, daughter of George Cawthorn, of Carleton, 
near Skipton in Craven, by whom fifteen children ; 3. Miles, 
a Priest ; 4. Henry, 5. Brian, G. Isabel, who married Edward 
Saltonstall ; 7. Johanna, who married William Holme ; 
8. Jane, who married John Smith ; and 9. Alice, w^ho married 
William Cliffe. 

Thomas, of the Bank, w^as buried at Halifax, Sept. 22, 
1570 ; he married Alice, daughter of Thomas Savile, of 
Copley, by whom Henry, of Blaidroyd, living in 1585, and 
Thomas, who died young. Henry married Frances, daughter 
of Adam Moyser, of Farlington, widow of Edmund Greenbury, 
of York, by whom Henry, aged seventeen in 1585 ; and quere 
if not a daughter Bridget ? 



SHIBDEN.— See Drake. 

SIMPSON. 

The following pedegree of Simpson, of Hipperholme, I 
drew up from family deeds and papers. Thomas Sympson 
as by deed 1409. John Sympson, as by deed 1465. John 
Sympson as by deed from Robert Killyngbek, Abbat of Kirk- 
stall, to him, dated Oct. 27, 16 Hen. VIL (1500.) Henry 
Sympson, as by his will, dated in 1601, had William Symp- 
son, de Rawden, who married Alice His will dated 

Aug. 8, 12 James I. He had John Sympson, of Rawden, 
Mary, and Mercy. John's will was dated Febr. 26, 1667. 

He married Mary by whom .loseph, .Joshua, Mary, and 

Martha. Joseph was of Woodhouse, in Leedes parish. 
His will is dated May 29, 1706. He married, first, Hannah 
Ingram ; 2dly, Ann Marshal ; by the latter he had Hannah, 
Susanna, and Ann ; by the former, John, Joseph, and Mary, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 267 

John was of Hipperholme, his will dated July 12, 1721. He 

married Mary who died in childbed of her first child, 

John. This John was of Hipperholme, and married, first, 
(March 4, 1726-7,) Dorothy, daughter of the Kev. Mr. Nathan 
Sharp ; 2dly, Grace, daughter of John Brogden, of North- 
Bierley, by whom William and Richard, who both died 
young; also Sarah, Susan, and Grace. By his first wife, 
Dorothy, he had John, Ann, who died unmarried, Mary, 
Joseph, Elizabeth, and Dorothy, which three last died young. 
John Sj'mpson, of Hipperholme, married Mary, daughter of 

Schoifield, of Rochdale, by whom John, who died 

young, and others. 

STANSFELD. 

Stansfield-Hall. Here lived a family of considerable 
rej)ute, who took their name from their situation. The 
original of them was one Wyan Marions, probably of Nor- 
man extraction, and in all likelihood a follower of earl 
Warren, on whom this Lordship was bestowed ; he had 
Jordan de Stansfield, who married a daughter of John 
Townley, of Townley, knt. by whom, 1. John de Stansfield, 
2. Thomas, 3. Robert, and -1. Oliver, Constable of Ponte- 
fract-castle. John married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Entwisle, by whom Richard Stansfield, of Stansfield ; and 
Jane, married to Raphe Copley. Richard married Alice, 
daughter of sir Thomas Tunstall, knt. of Thurland-castle, in 
Lancashire, by whom, 1. Edmund Stansfield, of Stansfield, 
2. Robert, 3. Hugh, and 4. Roger. Edmund married a 
daughter of Tho. de Midgley, by whom Ralph, Bryan, and 
Gilbert. Ralph married Jane, daughter of Tho. Copley, of 
Copley, by whom, 1. Henry, (Thoresby, pag. 115, calls him, 
through mistake, William,) 2. Rai^he, 3. John, and 4. 
William. Henry married Dionis, daughter of Brian Thorn- 
hill, of Thornhill, esq ; by whom William, Richard, Mary, 
Jane, and Elizabeth. William married Joan, daughter of 
sir John Burton, of Kinsley, in Yorkshire, knt. by whom 
Thomas, (about the beginning of Henry VII,) Mabil, Jane, 
and Meryon. Thomas married Barbara, daughter of John 
de Lascels, of Lascel-hall, near Almondbury, com. Ebor. 
€sq ; by whom John, Robert, Anthony, and William. John 
married Mary, daughter of John Fleming, of Wath, com. 



258 BIOGRAPHIA 

Ebor. by whom Thomas, Henry, Ann, who married Thomas 
Savile, Isabel, Jane, EHzabeth, and Mary. Thomas married 
Ahce, daughter of John Savile, esq ; by whom William, 
Eobert, Kichard, Henry, Julian, and Mary. William married 
Elizabeth, daugiiter of John Duckenfield, of Duckenfield,. 
esq ; by whom James Stansfield, who removed to Hartshead, 

com. Ebor. in 1536, and married a daughter of Holden, 

in Lancashire, by whom Ashton Stansfield, Barrister at Law, 
who lived at Wakefield, and married a daughter of Philemon 
Speight, of Earls Heaton, near Dewsbury, by whom several 
children, who all died young. 

The Arms of Stansfeld, of Stansfeld, were. Sable, three 
goats trippant, argent, and were so painted in the chapel 
window at Heptonstall; but in Eland chapel they were 
collared and belled or. 

STERNE. 

Woodhouse was purchased for £1800. by Simon Sterne, 
third son of Dr. Richard Sterne, Archbishop of York. This 
Simon, who was Justice of Peace, vv^as buried at Halifax, 
April 17, 1703, and was resident here, as was his son 
Richard, both whom are mentioned in a short pedegree of 
the family, in Thoresby, -p. 215. Arms of Sterne are, in 
Thoresby, p. 214, and Guillim, p. 77. Or, a chevron between 
three crosses flory, sable. Their crest is, On a wreath of 
his colors, a starling proper. 

It may here be pardonable to remind the reader, that the 
Rev. Mr. Sterne, author of Tristram Shandy, &c. was of 
this family ; and that the above crest furnished him with the 
hint for that fine story of the Starling, in the second volume 
of Yorick's Sentimental Journey through France and Italy. 

The arms which I have noted to have been born by any 
inhabitants of this township, are, 1. Greame of Heath, viz. 
Or, on a chief sable, three escallops of the first. This name, 
no doubt, has been altered from Graham ; for Guillim, p. 
243, has attributed this very coat to sir Richard Graham, of 
Netherby, in Cumberland. 2. Laycock, of Shaw-hiU, Sable, 
a gauntlet, argent. 3. Lees, of Willow-hall, Argent, a 
chevron between three leopards heads, sable. 4. Rossendale, 
GjTony of six, argent and gules, six roses counterchanged. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 259" 

SUNDERLAND. 

High Sunderland, gave name to a family of wliicli the 
following is the pedegree. 

Eichard Sunderland, of High Sunderland, had Eichard, 
who married Agnes, daughter of Eushworth, of Coley, by 
whom 1. Eichard Sunderland, esq ; Justice of Peace, and 
Treasurer for lame soldiers in the West Eiding, buried at 
Halifax, June 25, 1634. 2. Abraham, of the Middle Tem]3le,. 
unmarried. 3. Jennet, married to Eobert Hemingway, and 
Agnes, to Eobert Dean. Eichard last named married Susan, 
daughter of sir Eichard Saltonstall, Lord Mayor of London 
in 1597, by whom 1. Abraham Sunderland, esq; of High 
Sunderland, Barrister at Law, and Justice of Peace in the 
West-riding. 2. Samuel, born in 1600, who died s. p. in 
1676, having married Ann, daughter of Edward Waterhouse, 
8. Eichard, 4. Eobert, both died young. 5. Peter, who died 
s. p. December 24, 1677, 6. Susan, who married William 
Beilby, and Mary, who married Edward Parker, of Brows- 
holme. 

Abraham the eldest married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter 
Langdale, of Santon, in Yorkshire, by whom Langdale, and 
Ann, who died unmarried. Langdale Sunderland, esq; 
sold High Sunderland, and purchased Aketon, near Ponte- 
fract, to which he removed. He was captain of a troop of 
horse for king Charles I. and was at Marston-moor fight. 
He gave, in Oliver's time, £878 composition money for his 
estate. He died in 1698, and lies buried in Fetherstone 
church ; his wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Thorn- 
hill, of Fixby, esq ; by whom 1. Eichard, and 2. Marmaduke, 
who both died young ; 3. Brian, of Aketon, and 4. Abraham. 

Brian married Ann, daughter of Apx)leyard, by whom 

1. Peter, 2. John, 8. Mary, 4. Elizabeth, and 5. Susanna. 
Peter sold Aketon to Edmund Winn, esq ; in 1714, having 
married Ann, daughter of George Thornhill, of Fixby, by 
whom Eichard, Peter, who died young, Ann, who married 
....Wordsworth, and Elizabeth, who married John Wormald, 
of Batley. 

There is a pedegree in Dr. Johnson's MS. Collections, 
which sais, that Abraham Sunderland, of High Sunderland, 
married Judith, daughter of Thomas Oldfield, of High 
Oldfield, in Luddenden Dean, by whom Eichard, Edward, 



2G0 BIOGRAPHIA 

and Bryan. Eichard married, first, Mary, daughter of 
Robert Moor, of Midgley, by whom Abraham, and three 
daughters. Abraham married Susan, daughter of Ralph 
Waterhouse, by whom a son, who died young, tlierefore the 
estate descended to Richard Sunderland, of Coley. The 
above Richard, son of Abraham, married, secondly, Ann, 
daughter of John Rishworth, of Ridlesden, by whom Richard, 
of Coley, who married Mary, daughter of Alderman Salton- 
stall, of London, by whom Abraham, who had Langdale, 
who had Abraham and Bryan. Utrum horum mavis, accipe. 

At the end of the third volume of Halifax Register is this 
Mem. " That I Henry Ramsden, Vicar of Halifax, did this 
" 15th day of March, A.D. 1632, give unto Richard Sunder- 
''land, of Coley, esq; in regard of his present weakness, 
*' and indisposition of body, a licence to eat flesh during the 
*' time of his sickness, as the laws of the land have in that 
" case provided." Signed Hen. Ramsden. The same licence 
was given to Abraham Sunderland, of High Sunderland, esq; 
March 18, 1632, and five other licences, to others. 

Arms belonging to the above pedegree, for Sunderland, 
Parted i)er pale, or and azure, three lioncells passant 
counterchanged : Thus it is in a window at High Sunder- 
land ; but the coat is generally depicted with the lioncells 
guardant. For Langdale, Sable, a chevron between three 
estoils argent. For Saltonstall, Or, a bend between two 
eaglets displayed, sable. Thus it is at High Sunderland, 
and thus I saw it born in 1766, by Samuel Saltonstall, esq ; 
Alderman of Pontefract ; but Thoresby, p. 236, has given us 
a coat of this family in which the bend is gules. 

THORNHILL AND FIXBY. 

It has been said, that the chief habitation in Fixby 
gave name to a family which had a good estate here, till 
William de Toothill married the daughter and heiress of 
Thomas Fixby, of Fixby. How considerable this family was 
I cannot say, as I have met with no pedegree of them, nor 
coat of arms, nor title of knight belonging to any of them. 
I have copies of many deeds wherein the name occurs, be- 
tween the years 1255, and 1812, as also deeds without date, 
but in the extent of all the lands within the soke of Wake- 
field, already said to have been made in 1814, there is no 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 261 

mention of this family at all, notwithstanding, two years 
before, John, son of Henry de Fekisby, had conveyed some 
lands here to Thomas, son of Eobert de Fekisby, and 
amongst the witnesses was William, son of Roger de Fekisby. 
The deed was dated at Fekisby, in 1312. It is far from 
clear that all who are said in the above deeds to be de 
Fekisby were of the same family ; it seems more probable 
that in some of them nothing more was meant than to dis- 
tinguish the parties from others of the same name, by putting 
down the township where they lived; for this might be 
necessary to prevent their being confounded with those of 
neighboring towns, who might attend when deeds were read 
over at public meetings, in order to be sealed before a com- 
petent number of witnesses. This is certain, that there are 
so many of the same date, that the persons said therein to 
be de Fekisby, could not live together at one particular 
house, or family seat, and therefore the whole township 
must sometimes be meant, and consequently such as had no 
relationship to one another. At all events it is wrong, with 
Mr. Thoresby, and others, to call them by the name of Fixby 
of Fixby, for this never occurs in any deed, the reason of 
which may be, because the family became extinct before 
surnames were fully settled. 

THOENHILL. 

Pedegree of Thornhill, of Thornhill and Fixby. 1. Askolf 
de Thornhill had, according to Thoresby, p. 115, John, who 
lived about 1165, and left no issue. 2. Jordan, who succeeded 
to the estate. 3. Thomas. He had also 4. Helie, to whom 
as at p. 87 of this book, this Jordan, son of Askolf, granted 
the fourth part of his inheritance in Sowerby shire, and 
other lands in that neighbourhood, which fourth part the 
said Helie, and his heirs, were to hold of the said Jordan, 
and his heirs, as of the first begotten ; it may therefore be 
questioned whether Thoresby (and Hopkinson, from whose 
collections Thoresby co^oied this account,) did not mistake 
in making John the elder brother of Jordan. It seems most 
likely that this estate in Sowerbyshire was divided equally 
amongst the four brothers, and that the three younger were 
to hold under the eldest, or first begotten. 



fi62 BIOGRAPHIA 

(2.) Jordan de Thornbill, son of Askolf, is said, in CoUins's 
Baronetage, vol. i. p. 157, to have had great possessions in 
Ovenden, Skircoat, Eishworth, Norland, Barkisland, &c. as 
by evidence, sans date, and that Hameline Plantaginet, earl 
Warren, owner of the manor of Wakefield, confirmed to him 
his inheritance in Sowerbyshire about 1169. This Jordan 
had 

(3.) Jordan de Thornbill, who lived about 1189, and was 
father of 

(4.) Sir John Thornbill, of Thornhill, knt. who (as I take 
it) was witness to a deed of Jordan de Scorchys, printed in 
the appendix to Stevens's Monasticon, p. 258, and dated 
1248. He is also mentioned in a deed at Kirklees in 1240. 
He married Olive de la Male, by whom, sir Eichard Thorn- 
hill, of Thornhill, knt. and John Thornhill, who married 
Marion, daughter of Mr. Eichard Heton, of Mirfield. This- 
sir John (as already mentioned, p. 87) seems to be the 
person who granted to William earl Warren, that the said 
earl and his heirs should keep their wild beasts, deer and 
fowls, in the ground of the said John, in Sowerbyshire, for 
the consideration (inter alia) of five stags of grease, and five 
hinds in winter. A John de Thornhill occurs in 1275, and 
1287, as by deeds of those dates. The above sir John had^ 
by the said Olive, 

(5.) Sir Eichard, who lived in 1279, and is mentioned in 
Burton's Monasticon, p. 303. He married Maud, daughter 
of by whom, sir John and Thomas, who had Eichard. 

(6.) Sir John was witness to a deed, along with his- 
brother Thomas, in 1313 ; and the year following (8 Edw. II.) 
he granted to the prior and convent of Lewes, in Sussex, 
and their successors, licence to attach their mill-dam of 
Heptonstall on his soil in Wadsworth, over the water called 
Hebden, where it should please the said prior and hi& 

successors. He married Beatrice, daughter of by whom 

sir Bryan, John, and Thomas, which last married Agnes^ 
daughter of Henry Smith, by whom, Margery. Between 
this sir John and Simon de Thornhill are three sir Bryans 
in a pedegree at Fixby, the last of which lived 34 Edw. III. 
but I think it is of little authority. 

(7.) Sir Bryan was one of the knights of the shire for 
Yorkshire, 29 and 31 Edw. III. He married, according to 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 268 

Thoresby, Joan, but Collins, in the supplement to his Peer- 
age, page 238, calls her Isabel, daughter of sir John Fitz 
Williams, knt. by whom, Simon, Thomas, Elizabeth, who 
married Henry Masters, of Kirkliugton, and another daughter, 
who married sir Henry Staunton, of Staunton, in Notting- 
hamshire. This sir Bryan, who stiled himself de Thornhill, 
knt. gave leave, by deed dated at Batley, in 1334, to Adam 
de Oxenhoppe, to assign over to "William de Carlinghou, the 
chaplain, one messuage, two bovates of land, and thirty 
shillings rent, which the said Adam held of the said Bryan 
as parcel of the manor of Batley ; and in consequence of 
this licence, and with the leave of the king, and William 
Melton, archbishop of York, the said Adam de Oxenhoppe 
founded a chantry in Batley church, for his soul, and the 
soul of Margery his wife, and for the souls of Eobert his 
father, and Maud his mother, William de Copley, John, 
William, and Thomas, his brothers, and the souls of sir 
John de Thornhill, and Bryan his son, Thomas de Thornton, 
and Elen his wife, and John de Maningham, for all whose 
goods he had ill-gotten, and for all the faithful departed. 
He also founded a chantry in Bedal church, in Yorkshire, as 
appears from the following, taken out of a MS. in the 
herald's office. "Bedale p. canter: in ecclesia S. Gregorii 
"ibid. 6 mess. 36 acr. ter. & dim. 4 acr. prati & 3s. red. in 
" Gilling iuxta Richmond concedend. p. Brian de Thornhill 
'' 2 pars pat. 16 Edw. III. m. 84." This sir Bryan was 
knighted on or before the 15th of Edw. III. 1341, for in that 
year he granted by deed to Henry, son of William Soothill, 
and his heirs, two acres of waste ground in the townshij) of 
Wadsworth, to be holden of him and his heirs, by the title 
of sir Bryan Thornhill. 

(8.) Simon, eldest son of sir Bryan, married, according to 
Thoresby, p. 115, and also Burton, in his Monasticon, p. 
436, Mary, daughter (and coheiress) of Edw^ard Babthorp, 
of Bapthorp, esq ; but in the British Museum is a MS. N^- 
797, wherein is the following entry under the title of Oven- 
den : "43 Edw. III. Simon de Thornhill, who held of the 
"lord in Stansfeld, Skircoat, Ovenden and Wadsworth, 
" certain tenements, and lands in soccage, died, and Eliza- 
"beth, daughter and heir, of the age of two years, and in 
" the custody of Elizabeth her mother, comes, and gives for 
" rehef ten shillings." Which words are repeated under the 



264 BIOGRAPHIA 

iitle of Wadsworth, in the said MS. but without any date 
prefixed. Also under Skircoat with the above date, but 
without any name of the mother. She is called, however, 
by the name of Elizabeth, in some manuscript additions to 
Magna Britannia, by the late Mr. Lucas, of Leeds. By this 
Elizabeth, or Mary, Simon de Thornhill, esq ; (called sir 
Simon in a MS. pedegree at Fixby, but query,) had Eliza- 
beth, as above, though in the pedegree at Babthorpe, in 
Burton's Monasticon, it is said, through mistake, that Mary, 
wife of Simon Thornhill, esq ; died without issue. 

(9.) Elizabeth, married Henry Savile, esq; and in right of 
this match, the Saviles lived at Thornhill till the time of 
king Charles I. when, during the civil wars. Sir William 
Savile having fortified his house there, and made it a 
garrison for the king, it was taken and burnt, on which 
account the family thought proper to remove to Rufford, in 
Nottinghamshire. 

Here was an end of the eldest branch of the Thornhills, 
but the family was continued by 

(1.) Thomas Thornhill, son of sir Bryan above-named. 
He was living in 1374, and married Margaret, daughter of 
Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, by whom, 

(2.) Richard, who married Margaret, daughter and heiress 
of WilUam Toothill, of Toothill, by Sibil, (or, as some say, 
Maud,) daughter and heiress of Thomas de Fekisby, in 
whose right he was seized of Fekisby and Toothill. She 
survived her husband, for by inquisition at a court held at 
Wakefield, on Friday next after the Feast of All Saints, 
4 Hen. IV. it appeared, that Margaret, late wife of Richard 
Thornhill, held in demesne, the day she died, lands, &c. in 
Fekisby, Rastrike, Hipperholm, Linley, and Northowrom, 
with moor, turbary, and wood of Old Linley, with Wards, 
marriages, reliefs, and escheats ; after whose death, William 
Thornhill, son and heir of said Margaret, entered &c. This 
Margaret, according to Thoresby, married to her second 
husband, Richard de Liley, but a MS. pedegree at Fixby 
calls him Riley, by whom, Catharine, who married John 
Leventhorp, of Leventhorp, esq ; by whom William, as by 
deed in 1439. The above Richard Thornhill had, by 
Margaret his wife, William, John, and Robert. John is 
called rector of Thornhill, in a deed, dated 1898, and rector 
of Thorsbye in another, dated 1411. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 265 

(3.) William Thornbill, of Fixby and Tootbill, esq; seems 
to have been at age in 1393, for Margaret, formerly wife of 
Eicbard de Tbornbill, in ber pure widowbood, and William 
de Tbornbill, ber son, joined in a deed for exchange of 
lands, dated at Feldsby, on Monday next after tbe Feast of 
St. Martin in winter, 17 Kic. II. I find liim also in a deed, 
dated 1438, called William Tbornbill de Fixby, esq; about 
wbicb time it is probable tbat be removed to Tootbill ; for 
in tbe year following, William Leventborp, son of Jobn, 
and Katharine bis wife, of Sabrige, in Hertfordshire, quit- 
claimed to him their right in the manor of Tootbill, by the 
name, &c. of William Tbornbill, late of Fixby, esq; He 
married Barbara, daughter of William Hopton, of Swilling- 
ton, by whom, Brian Tbornbill, of Fixby and Tootbill, esq*; 
Robert, Eicbard, Jobn, Laurence, Isabel, and Joan. 

(4.) Brian, married daughter of alderman of 

York, with whom he had lands at Akeham, near York. By 
her be bad Jobn, and a daughter named Dionis, who married 
William, or (according to a pedegree of tbe Stansfeld's in 
tbe British Museum, N^ 2118, fob 144,) Henry Stansfeld, of 
Stansfeld, esq ; 

(5.) Jobn de Tbornbill married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Eobert Mirfield, esq ; by whom, William. In an beraldical 
MS. in tbe British Museum, N^- 1052, fob 80, this John is 
said to have descended of a third brother of the bouse of 
Tbornbill ; but this is overthrown by tbe inquisition men- 
tioned below. Mr. Thoresby has made a greater mistake in 
copying Mr. Hopkinson too closely, for he has entirely left 
him out of tbe pedegree, makinfj William to be the son of 
Brian, and to marrv Elizabeth Mirfield; but against this I 
have met with tbe following authorities : 1st, In tbe British 
Museum is a MS. N«- 803, containing (inter alia) the sub- 
stance of an inquisition taken at York, 2 Eicb. III. (it is 
there said through mistake, 2 Eicb. II.) in these words : 
" Tbe jurors say that Brian de Thornbill died this year, and 
" William de Tbornbill his cousin and next heir, viz. son of 
*' John, son of the foresaid Brian, sixteen years of age, bad 
" lands in Fekisby, gave tbe manor of Fekisby to certain 
*'feoifees, 18 Edw. IV." 2dly, In a MS. pedegree of the 
family at Fixby is tbe following entry: " Yt appeareth by 
" covenants of marriage, tbat tbe eldest sonne of Brian was 
" called Jobn, for Jobn maryed Elizabeth, daughter of Eo. 



266 BIOGRAPHIA 

** Mirfeyld." 3dly, To put the matter out of all dispute, I 
have the copy of a deed, dated in 1459, wherein Brian 
Thornhill, of Fixby, esq : and others, feoffees to the use of 
the said Brian, give and confirm certain estates in Rastrick 
to this John, in these words: "Johanni Thornhill, filio et 
" heredi ipsius Briani, et Elizabethe uxori sue, filie Roberti 
** Mirfeilde." That John died in the life-time of his father, 
appears from a deed dated in 1477, wherein Elizabeth 
Thornhill, wife of John Thornhill, late of Fixby, deceased, 
makes a grant of land with the consent of Brian Thornhill. 

(6.) William Thornhill was sixteen years of age when his 
grandfather Brian died. He married according to a MS. 
pedegree at Fixby, Jen. daughter of John Ditton, esq; but 
this must either be a mistake, or he had two wives, for in 
the south quire of the parochial chapel of Eland was form- 
erly a Latin inscription to this purpose, ** Pray ye for the 
"prosperity of William Thornhill, and Elizabeth his wife, 
** and of John Thornhill, their son and heir, &c." which 
suits no other part of the pedegree but this. By the said 
Jen. or Elizabeth, the said William had 

(7.) John Thornhill, of Fixby and Toothill, esq; who 
married Jennet, daughter of Mr. Nicholas Savile, of New- 
hall, near Eland, by whom, John Thornhill, of Fixby and 
Toothill, esq ; Thomas, Richard, Brian, Alice, and Elen. 
Alice married William Priestley, of Stainland. Elen married 
Jo. Holdworth, of Selby, by whom, Isabel, who married 
George Helliwell, of Stainland, and Agnes, who married 
Thomas Clayton, of Clayton. In the register office for wills 
at York, in the time of T. Woolsey, it appears, that the will 
of one John Thornhill, of Fixby, was proved May 2, 1529, 
which, by the date, must be this. He ordered his body to 
be buried within the chapel of our Blessed Lady St. Mary of 
Eland, in St. Nicholas quire, or in the chancel thereto 
adjoining. 

(8.) John, son of John, was collector of the tenths and 
fifteenths, 37 Hen. VIII. in the wapontake of Staincliffe and 
Ewcross, as appears by his quietus out of the Exchequer. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Grice, of Sandal, 
near Wakefield, esq; by whom, 1. Brian Thornhill, of Fixby, 
esq ; 2. John, 8. Nicholas, 4. Richard, 5. William, a clergy- 
man, M. A. installed a prebendary of Worcester, in the 
eighth stall, May 4, 1584, and died' in 1626. For WiUiam 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 267 

Tliornhill, prebendary of Worcester, see Casley's Catalogue 
of Mss. in the King's Library, -p. 38, where, after the mention 
of *'Prox3hetfe xii minores & hber Job, cum Glossis," it is 
said, *' In fine manu recenti scribitur ; Liber Ecclesiae beatje 
*' Mariae Wigorne, teste scriptore Guil. Thoruhill, Eboracensi 
*' ejusdem Ecclesiaa prebendario octavo. Idem reperias 
scriptum in fine codicis 2 F I, & 3 A VIII, & in aUis." 6. 
Katharine; 7. EHzabeth, who married Roger Reyne, of 
Smerley; 8. Cecily, who married John Gledhill, of Barkis- 
land; and 9. Ann. See a MS. in the British Museum, 
No- 1052, fol. 80. Mr. Thoresby sais also, that one of the 
daughters of John married Richard Watkin; another Jo. 
Priestley, and another Longdale. 

(9.) Brian, the eldest, married Jane, daughter of John 
Kay, of Woodsome, esq; but died in 1598, without issue, 
and was succeeded in the estate by his next brother, John. 

(10.) John Tliornhill, of Fixby and Toothill, esq; (not 
Tliornhill, as in Thoresby,) married Jennet, daughter of Mr. 
Edmund Marsh, by whom, John Tliornhill, esq ; Thomas, 
and Jane, who married Mr. William Rookes, (not Rodes, as 
in Thoresby,) of Rhodes-hall, near Bradford. 

(11.) John, eldest son of John, was a justice of peace in 
the time of James I. and dying without issue, w^as succeeded 
in the estate by 

(12.) Thomas, his brother, who was also justice of peace 
2 Charles I. and treasurer for lame soldiers, with sir Thomas 
Wentworth, of North Emsal. He married Ann, daughter 
and heiress of Thomas Triggot, esq ; of South Kirby, by 
whom, John Tliornhill, of Fixby, esq; Brian, who died un- 
married; Elizabeth, who married Langdale Sunderland, of 
High Sunderland, esq ; and Margaret, who married sir John 
Armitage, of Kirklees, hart. 

(13.) John, son of Thomas, was justice of peace in the 
West Riding, and major of the foot regiment for Agbrig and 
Morley. He married to his first wife Dorothy, daughter arid 
heiress of George Collenbell, of Derbyshire, esq ; by whom, 
a daughter Ann, who died in her second year. To his 
second wife, Everild, eldest daughter and coheiress of sir 
George Wentworth, of Wooley, kiit. to whom he was married 
Sept. 7, 1650; by her he had Everild, who. married Thomas 
Horton, of Barkisland, esq ; Elizabeth, John, who both died 
young. George, who succeeded to the estate. Frances, 



^68 BIOGRAPHIA 

who printed a Catechism ; Thomas, and another married to 
one Grantham. It appears from the register at Hartshead, 
that the above Everild, daughter of John, was baptized Sept. 
11, 1651. Elizabeth, John, and George, are also registered 
there. This John was buried in 1G69. 

(14.) George Thornhill, of Fixby, esq ; who was baptized 
August 16, 1655, and died suddenly August 19, 1687, married 
Mary, daughter and heiress of Thomas Wyvill, of Constable 
Burton, in the North Biding of Yorkshire, esq ; by whom 
Brian Thornhill, of Fixby, esq ; Thomas, John, George, 
William, Michael, Marmaduke, Askolf, (these four last died 
young; ) Everild, who married sir Arthur Caley, hart. Mary 
and Ann, who both died unmarried. Of these, George, the 
father, was a justice of peace, and died in the 32d year of 
his age, being buried at Eland. Brian died July 26, 1701, 
aged twenty-four. Thomas died May 18, 1751, aged seventy- 
one. John died Feb. 25, 1756, aged seventy-seven. George 
died Dec. 30, 1754, aged seventy-three. 

(15.) Brian, eldest son of George, married 29 August, 
1699, Frances, daughter and heiress of Joshua Wilson, esq ; 
by whom one daughter, who died young. She survived, and 
married to her second husband, sir Francis Leicester, bart. 

(16.) Thomas Thornhill, of Fixby, esq ; second son of 
George, and brother of Brian, was high sheriff of Yorkshire 
in 1745, and died unmarried. At his death the estate came 
to his brother. 

(17.) John Thornhill, esq; of Gray's-inn, barrister at law, 
who also died unmarried, leaving the estate to his brother, 

(18.) George Thornhill, who lived at Diddington, in 
Huntingtonshire, and married Sarah, daughter of John 
Barne, esq; of Kirkby, in Lincolnslm-e, by whom, Mary, 
who .married Miles Barne, esq ; of Sotterley, in Suffolk. 
Thomas, the present owner of Fixby, who is unmarried. 
John, who died young. George, of Diddington aforesaid, 
now living, and unmarried. Sarah, who married sir John 
Blois, of Cockfield-hall, in Suffolk, bart. and Miles, who 
died young. Arms of Thornhill, of Fixby, gules, two bars 
gemells, and a chief, argent ; but in sir William Fairfax's 
Book of Arms of Yorkshire, p. 847, in the British Museum, 
Brian Thornhill • is said to have borne gules, two bars, 
ermine. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 269 

TOOTHILL. 

Near this hill lived a flourishing family who took the 
surname of Toothill, the first of whom was Kichard de 
Toothill, who had Thomas, Matthew, and Eichard. Matthew 
had lands in the graveship of Hipperholm, in 1314, and was 
witness to a deed in 1337. He had John, who lived at 
Silkeley, and who had Hugh, (a witness to deeds in 1438) 
and John de Toothill, which Hugh had Thomas. 

Thomas, eldest son of the first Richard, married Modesta 

and is said in a manuscript pedegree belonging to 

Thomas Thornhill, esq., of Fixby, to have hdd the lands of 
Isabel, relict of John Scot, and her daughters. Now it 
appears from several deeds Avithout date, but which, as the 
witnesses shew were wrote about 1287, that this Isabel and 
her daughters granted to one John de Toothill, certain lands 
in Rastrick, called Linlands ; this John, therefore is omitted 
in the above pedegree ; and it is no farther certain who he 
was, than that Thomas was his heir, and that he occurs in 
deeds before, and after the year 1300. Thomas, above 
named, had by Modesta, William, Hugh, John, and three 

daughters, the eldest of whom married Sanesmer, (or 

Sansmer,) the next de Hylc, and the youngest de 

Fleming, of Bradley. Most of these descents from Thomas, 
are proved from deeds belonging to the above Mr. Thornhill, 
in which William, son of Anabil de Rastrick, and Elen, his 
wife, daughter of John Scot, with Alice her sister, grant 
lands to Thomas de Toothill, for his life, and after his 
decease, to William, son of the said Thomas ; and if William 
died without issue, to John, son of the said Thomas ; and 
for default of issue in the said John, to all his sisters. As 
Hugh is not mentioned here, he probably was dead, but his 
existence is proved from the copy of a deed in 1331, wherein 
Thomas de Tothill, grants to William de Tothill, and his 
heirs, remainder to John, brother of said William, remainder 
to Hugh, brother of said John, remainder to the sisters of 
said Hugh. 

William de Toothill, son of Thomas, married Sibil, 
daughter and heiress of Thomas de Fekisby. Thoresby, p. 
115, calls her Maud, but in a MS. in the British Museum, 
No- 803, John de Schepley is said to have released to Sibil, 
late wife of William de Totehill, and her heirs, the claim he 



270 * BIOGEAPHIA 

had in the lands which lately were Thomas de Totehill's, in 
Fekisby, dated 1340. By this Sibil, he had Margaret, his 
daughter and heiress, who being in her minority at the time 
of her father's death, was in the custody, or wardship, of 
earl Warren. This Margaret married Richard de Thornhill, 
in the time of Edward III. and carried all her father's 
estates into that family, where they still continue. 

Arms of Toothill, of Toothill, were, Or, on a chevron 
sable, three crescents argent ; though, as I remember, the 
field is argent, on a monument in Eland church. 

TILLOTSON. 

Haugh-End is for ever rendered famous, on account of 
that excellent Prelate Archbishop Tillotson, who drew his 
first breath here, and whose pedegree is as follows : 

Nicholas de Tilston, Lord of Tilston, in Cheshire, had 
John de Tilston, who had Nicholas de Tilston, 9 Edward III. 
who had John Tilston, of Tilston, who married Johanna, 
third daughter of Thomas Danyers, of Bradley, in Cheshire, 
by whom Robert Tilston, of Tilston, who had Roger Tilston, 
of Tilston, esq; in the time of Henry V. who married 
Catharine, second daughter of sir John Leigh, of Baguly, in 
Cheshire, knt. by whom Thomas Tilston, of Tilston, esq ; 
who married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Hugh 
Heath, of Huxley, in Cheshire, by whom, 1. Hugh Tilston, of 
Huxley, esq ; (or, as one authority calls him, John,) and 2. 
Richard Tilston. This Richard married Maud, daughter of 
Richard Bostock, by whom, 1. Thomas, who had issue; 2. 
Richard, and others. This Richard Tilston was of Newport, 
in Shropshire, and, by an unaccountable mistake. Dr. Birch, 
in his Life of the Archbishop, calls him first Roger, and 
then Ralph. He married Elizabeth, second daughter of 
William Leighton, second son of sir Thomas Leighton, of 
Watlesborough, in Shropshire, knt. by whom, 1. Ralph 
Tilston, of Goldeston, 2. Tristram Tilston, 8. Thomas 
Tilston, of Wookliff, in the parish of Carlton, in Craven, 
4. William. This Thomas changed his name from Tilston 
to Tillotson, as I was informed by the late Rev. Mr. Tillotson, 
of St. Paul's school, who heard his father say that the name 
was altered as above. The said Mr. Tillotson's father was 
told so by his grandfather, who was father to the Archbishop, 
and who might remember his grandfather Thomas, who 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 271 

altered it. This Thomas Tilston, alias Tillotson, had George 
Tillotson, who married Eleanor, daughter of Ellis Nutter, of 
Pendle-forest, in Lancashire, by whom Robert Tillotson, of 
Sowerby, who was buried at Sowerby, Feb. 22, 1682-3, aged 
ninety-one, having married Mary, daughter of Thomas Dob- 
son, of the Stones, in Sowerby, by whom, 1. Robert, 2. eTohn, 
the Archbishop), 3. Joshua, of London, and 4. Israel. John, 
the Archbishop, married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter 
French, D.D. Canon of Christ-church, Oxford, by whom 
Mary, who married James Chadwick, esq ; Joshua, the 
younger brother of the Archbishop, had John, who died in 
the East-Indies, Elizabeth, who died in the East-Indies, 
and Robert, who was M.A. Fellow of Clare-hall, afterwards 
Rector of Elme cum Emneath, and who died s. p. at Cam- 
bridge, Nov. 12, 1738, aged sixty-two. Israel, the youngest, 
married Mary, daughter of Samuel Mawd, by whom Joshua 
and John. Joshua was of Sowerby, and died in 17-47, 
having married Martha, daughter of James Stansfeld, of 
Sowerby, by whom, 1. John, 2. Joshua, M.A. Sur-master of 
St. Paul's school, who died in August, 17G3. 3. Mary, 4. 
Elizabeth, 6. Hannah, and 6. Martha. John, second son of 
Israel, had Mary and Elizabeth ; Mary married Richard 
"Windsor, of London, by whom one son, and two daughters. 
The arms of Tilston, or Tillotson, are now, or lately were, 
on the walls of Wookliff- chapel, viz. Azure, a bend cotised, 
between two garbs, or. Crest, a bear's head issuing out of 
a mural crown. Motto, Jactor, non mergor. These are the 
arms of Tilston, of Tilston, in Cheshire, and were also con- 
firmed by William Flower, Norroy, Aug. 28, 1580, 22 Eliz. 
to Ralph Tilson, (or Tilston,) of Huxley, in Cheshire. See 
Guillim, p. 125. — Haugh-end belongs at present to a Mr. 
Lea, who has built a new house near it. He bears, Argent, 
a chevron ingrailed between two leopards heads sable. For 
crest, a bull's head cabossed, couped at the neck, or. 

WADE. 

But what makes this King Cross the most remarkable, is, 
that a little below it is an house where for some time resided 
the family of Wade, of which take the following account : 

Camden sais, y. 907, that the Wades derive their pedegree 
from Wada, a Saxon duke, who gave battle to king Ardnlph, 
at Whalley, in Lancashire, and died in 798, but of this I 



272 BIOGRAPHIA 

have seen no proof, any more than I have that Armigel 
Wade, esq ; who was clerk of the council to Hen. VIII. and 
Edw. VI. (as his son, sir William, was to queen Elizabeth,) 
and one of the first discoverers of America, was, as Thoresby, 
p. 155, has hinted, one of their ancestors. This Armigel 
Wade died in 1568, and was buried at Hampstead, in 
Middlesex, in the chancel belonging to which church, his 
son, sir William, erected a stately monument for him ; his 
arms thereon are. Azure, a saltire between four escallops, 
or, which are entirely different from those of Wade, of King 
Cross, as will appear below. 

John Wade, of the city of Coventry, married, and had 
Henry Wade, of King Cross, who married Elizabeth, 

daughter of Eamsden, by whom, 1. Anthony Wade, of 

King Cross. 2. William, of Ball-green, in Sowerby, near 
Halifax. 3. Judith, who married Robert Dene, of Exley. 

4. Mary, who married Longbothom, of Longbothom. 

Anthony, the eldest, died about 1G20, having married Judith 
daughter of Thomas Foxcroft, of New Grange ; married at 
Leedes, Nov. 3, 1590 : By her he had 1. Benjamin, 2. John, 
8. Ehzabeth, who married Cotton Home, of Wakefield ; 4. 
Sarah, who married John Hargreave, of Leedes ; 5. Judith, 
who married, first, Henry Power, Clerk ; secondly, Joseph 
Stock ; 6. Priscilla, who married William Favour, citizen of 
Loudon ; 7. Susan, who married Dr. Jennison, of Newcastle 
upon Tyne. Benjamin, esq ; the eldest, was of New Grange, 
married Edith, daughter of John Shanue, of Leedes, but died 
s. p. in 1671, in the eighty-first year of liis age. John, 
second son, lived at King Cross, and died about 1645, having 
married Mary, daughter of Anthony Waterhouse, of Wood- 
house, by whom, 1. Benjamin, s. p. 2. Anthony; 3. John, 
who married Hannah, daughter of John Milner, by whom, 
Benjamin, of Leedes and Burley, 1712, who married Dorothy, 
sister of William Jackson, by whom, Mary and Ann. 4. 
Judith, daughter of John, by Mary Waterhouse, died un- 
married. Anthony Wade, esq ; was Mayor of Leedes 1676, 
and died 14 Dec. 1683, in the forty-ninth year of his age, 
having married Mary, daughter of John More, of Greenhead, 
gent, by whom Benjamin Wade, of New Grange, in 1712, 
Justice of Peace for the West-riding, who was buried May 
19, 1716. He married Ann, eldest daughter of Walter 
Calverley, of Calverley, esq ; and sister to sir Walter Calverley, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 273 

of said place, bart. by whom, 1. Calverley, born Feb. 3, 
1684, who died before his father, in 1710. 2. Benjamin, s. p. 
S. Thompson, a captain, died s. p. at Brussels, Nov. 21,1709. 

4. Henry, s. p. 5. Walter; 6. Mary, who married 

Morehouse ; 7. Ann, who married Thomas Grosvenor ; and 
8. Frances, who married Croft Preston, of Leedes, merchant. 
Walter, fifth son of Benjamin, was Mayor of Leedes in 1757, 
he married Beatrix, daughter of Benjamin Killingbeck, of 
Moor Grange, alias Allerton Grange, by whom Benjamin, 
who died young, and Walter, of New Grange, who married 
Ann, daughter of Robert Allenson, of Royd, in Halifax parish, 
by whom Walter, who died young, Robert, who died young, 
Ann, Benjamin, William, and Thompson. 

The above pedegrce was taken chiefly from one drawn up 
by Mr. Segar, who stiles him, " Si. Segar fil. filii. a filio Gul. 
*' Segar Mil. Garterii Regis Armor." and by him extracted 
out of the last Visitation of Yorkshire, p. 174, and by him 
continued to the year 1715. The rest I have added by infor- 
mation from the family. The original is lodged at New 
Grange. 

For the arms of Wade, viz. Azure, within a bordure, argent 
on a bend or, two gillyflowers gules, slipt vert, we are refered 
in the above transcript to Guifts of arras among Vincent's 
(Rouge Croix) books in the College of Arms, No 76. p. 137. 
Also to Hawley's Grants, H. 5. fol. 37 B, in the said Office ; 
the crest being granted then, viz. Jan. 16, 34 Hen. VIII. 
unto John Wayd, (so the name was spelt,) of Coventry, by 
Thomas Hawley, Clarenceux King of Arms. 

The arms belonging to the above pedegree are thus 
marshalled : Quarterly of six, first and last. Wade, (as above.) 
2. Argent, a chevron sable frettc of the first, in chief a scythe 
blade azure, by the name of Thickness, of the county of 
Stafford. 3. Gules, a chevron between three foxes heads 
erased, or, by the name of Foxcroft. 4. Or, a pile ingrailed 
sable, by the name of Waterhouse, both of the county of 
York. 5. Sable, a swan rising, argent, bequed and membered, 
within a bordure ingrailed, or, by the name of More, com. 
Lane. The whole atchievement mantled, gules, doubled 
argent. And for Crest, Over an helmet proper, on a wreath, 
or and azure, a griffin's head erased, quarterly of the same, 
charged with four goutes counterchanged, holding in his 
beque a gillyflower of the field. Motto, '' Rien sans travail." 

/ 



274 BIOGRAPHIA 

In Thoresby's Topography, p. 151, are the epitaphs of 
Benjamin Wade, and his son Anthony, both of New Grange, 
who were interred in Hedingley chapel, where, on a monu- 
ment, as that writer informs us, are the arms of Moore, (or 
Mowre.) viz. Argent, a chevron sable, fretted of the first, in 
chief a scythe azure, which I apprehend to have been a 
mistake in the person who ordered it to be thus put up ; for 
the arms of this family of Moore (as I take it) were, sable, a 
swan, &c. as above. 

WATEEHOUSE. 

The most considerable family which hath been resident in 
the town of Halifax, 1 take to be that of Waterhouse, whose 
pedegree is thus put down in a MS. in the Harleian Col- 
lection in the British Museum, called the Visitation of 
Yorkshire, by Eobert Glover, Somerset herald, in 1584. 
No- 1394. 

Eichard had John, who married Agnes, daughter of John 
Eishworth, of Coley-hall, by whom, Eobert, who married 
Sibyl, daughter and coheiress of Eichard Wilkinson, of 
Bradford, by whom, 1. John, of Halifax and Shipden. 2. 
George, of Hearthill, who married, and had issue. 3. Greg- 
ory, of Syddal, who married, and had issue. John, the 
eldest, married Jane, daughter and heiress of Thomas 
Bosseville, of Conysburge, by whom, 1. Eobert, of Halifax, 
living in 1585, who married Jane, daughter of Thomas 
AVaterton, of Walton-hall, by whom, Edmund. The second 
son of John was, 2. Thomas, of Braithwell, who married 
Dorothy, daughter and heir of Thomas Vincent, of Braith- 
well, by whom several children. The other children of John 
were, 3. Philip, M.A. and fellow of University college, 
Oxford. 4. Stephen, M.A. 5. John. G. David. 7. Samuel. 
8. Sarah. 9. Grace. 10. Susan. And 11. Mary. More of 
this family may be seen in the account of the Waterhouses, 
of Shipden, in Southouram. 

After the Drakes, Shibden-hall became, by purchase, as I 
conceive, the property of the Waterhouses, of which family 
there is the following pedegree in a MS. late lord Oxford's, 
called "The Visitation of Yorkshire," by Eobert Glover, 
Somerset Herald, as Marshal to Norroy king of arms in 
1684 and 1585, No. 1394, p. 247. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 275 

Eicliard Waterhouse, had John, who married Agnes, 
daughter of John Eishworth, of Coley-hall, by whom Kobert, 
who married Sibil, daughter and coheiress of Richard Wilk- 
inson, of Bradford, by whom John, of Halifax and Shibden, 
George Harthill, and Gregory of Siddal. John the eldest 
married Jane, daughter and heiress of Thomas Bosseville, of 
Conysburgh, by whom, 1. Robert, of Halifax, living in 1585, 
who married Jane, daughter of Thomas Waterton, of Walton- 
hall, by whom Edmund. 2. Thomas, of Braithwell, who 
married Dorothy, daughter and heiress of Thomas Vincent, 
of Braithwell, by whom Vincent, Thomas, Mary, Penelope, 
and Edward. (Vincent, of Braithwell, bore. Argent, two 
bars and a canton gules, charged with a trefoil slipt, or.) 

8. Philip, M.A. and Fellow of University College, Oxford; 
4. Stephen, M.A., 5. John, G. David, 7. Samuel, 8. Sarah, 

9. Grace, 10. Susan, and 11. Mary. 

George, of Harthill, married Euphemia, daughter of 
Richard Wilkinson, of Bradford, by whom Robert, John, 
Francis, Ann, Prudence, Isabel, and Elizabeth. 

Gregory, of Syddal, married Margaret, daughter of Nicholas 
Tempest, of Bracewell, by whom Nicholas, Robert, Jonas, 
Lewis, Richard, Jeremy, Toby, Susan, Sibill, and Ann. 

No arms are annexed to the above, but the coat which the 
family bore was. Or, a pile ingrailed, sable. " This (sais 
Guillim, p. 47.) "was the paternal coat armor of Dr. Edward 
" Waterhouse, a great lover of Antiquities and Heraldry. 
" This was the Gentleman that wrote the octavo, entitled, 
" The defence of Arms and Armory, and he that was 
" supposed to have a chief hand in Morgan's Sphere of 
" Gentry." At p. 430, he also tells us, that the same was 
born by Edward Waterhouse, of Greenford, in Middlesex, 
esq. Their crest, according to my old Folio MS. Collection 
of Arms, was. An eagle's leg standing, couped close by the 
body, and upon the top a dexter wing adjoining displayed 
sable. These are over the Workhouse door at Halifax, built 
by Nathaniel Waterhouse. 

I cannot but observe, that I have the copy of a pedegree 
of this family of Waterhouse, which makes a Robert Water- 
house, of Shipden, to marry Sybil, daughter of Robert Savile, 
of Hullenedge, agreeable to what is said in the pedegree of 
Savile, of Hullenedge, already mentioned. Another calls him 
Robert, son of John, and makes him marry Sibil, daughter 



276 BIOGRAPHIA 

and heiress of Robert Savile, of Shipden, which, if true, 
would account for the manner in which the Waterhouses 
came by this estate. And so far is certain, that the arms of 
Waterhouse and Savile were reiDeatedly quartered on the 
old tomb belonging to the Waterhouses in Rokesby's chapel, 
in Halifax church, which shews a match between them, 
though the above j)edegree takes no notice of it. 

The Epitaph of Jane, wife of John Waterhouse above 
named, is in ''Drake's Eboracum" thus : " Here lyetli Jane, 
"wife to John Waterhouse, of Shibden, in the county of 
"Yorke, esquier, who dyed the first day of May, 1592." 
She was buried at St. Michael's Belfrays, York. 

Another Epitaph belonging to this family is cut in brass 
on a pillar in the chancel at Thornhill." "Here lyeth the 
"body of Phillip Waterhous, 3d sonne of John Waterhouse, 
" of Halifax, esq ; Maister of Artes, and sometimes Felow of 
" University Coll. Oxon. He dyed the 16th of Januari, 
"1614, the 57th yere of his age. Hellen, daughter of 
"Richard Lacye, of Cromewelbotome, esq; his beloved wife, 
" dedicated this monument to his memori." Arms of Water- 
house on this plate. Or, a pile engrailed, sable ; motto, 
Veritas liberabit ; alluding, perhaps, to John viii. 32. There 
are also the arms of Lacy and Cromwelbothom. 



CHAUNTRIES. 

In the Certificate of Robert, Archbishop of York, and 
others, authorized by commission to survey all chauntries, 
hospitals, colleges, free chapels, fraternities, brotherhoods, 
gilds, and salaries of stipendiary priests having perpetual 
salaries, &c. with the goods and ornaments to the same 
belonging, within the county of York, city of York, and 
Kingston upon Hull, with the yearly deductions going out of 
the same, it appears (from an old copy in my possession) that 
in Halifax Church were, 1. The Chauntry of the Trinity, 
founded by John WiUoughby, yearly value four pounds. 2. 
Hunter's Chauntry, yearly value four pounds thii'teen 
shillings. 8. The perpetual stipend or service at the rood 
altar there, yearly value three pounds eighteen shillings. 
4. Brigg's Chauntry, yearly value four pounds, thirteen 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 277 

shillings, and four-pence. 5. Firth's Chauntry, yearly- 
value three pounds, six shillings, and eight-pence. To 
which Stevens, in his Supplement, vol. i. p. f)8, adds, " The 
service of the Morrow Mass in the said Church, yearly value 
fifty-one shillings and ten-pence ; " differing in nothing else 
from the above, except making the yearly value of Brigge's 
Chauntry four-pence less, and that of Firth's eight-pence. 
As to the first of these, I find that Thomas Willehy founded 
a Chauntry on the south side of Halifax Church, and to 
endow it, feoffed Sir John Nevil, Knt. Thomas Nevil, Esq ; 
his son and heir, Thomas Willehy, his kinsman, and others, 
in lands in Priestley, in Hipperholm, to the yearly value .of 
six marks, in June, 9 Henry VII. In Halifax Register is 
the following entry: *'Dom. Thomas Gleydehyll Cantarist. 
" in Cantar. voc. Wylbe Chantre, ac quondam Vicarius de 
" Cunneshurghe, sepult. 12 Mail, 1541." The lands belong- 
ing to this Chauntry were granted by Edward VI. in the 
third year of his reign, to Thomas Gargrave, Knt. and 
William Adam, jun. In WiUis's History of Mitred Abbies, 
vol. ii. p. 292. in a list of pensions paid in 1553, to in- 
cumbents of Chauntries, under Wylby's, one Eichard North- 
end was then in possession thereof, but his annuity, on 
some account or other, is only put down at three pounds 
twelve shillings, which gives room to suspect that the rest 
are undervalued. 

The following is the original institution of tliis Chauntry, 
taken from an old Manuscrii:)t in my possession, transcribed 
verbatim, though it appears to be a little incorrect : 

"In nomine Patris, et Filii, et Spiritus Sancti, Amen. 
Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
ad quorum notitiam hoc presens scriptum indentatum et 
tripertitum pervenerit, Johannes Willebye, parochie de 
Halifax, Salutem in Domino sempiternam, et rei geste mem- 
oriam x^erpetuam. Cum inter cetera reperationis humane 
remedia, Missarum solemnia precipua tutissimaq ; ab omni- 
bus Christi cultoribus, condecet reputari, in quibus a malis 
retrahimur et confortamur in bono, ac ad virtutum et 
gratiarum proficimus incrementum ; ut igitur per frequentem 
missarum celebrationem presentium in ecclesia parochiali 
S. Johannis Baptiste de Halifax, in com. Ebor. divinus 
cultus augmentetur, et eo celebrior habeatur, quodq; ia 
eadem ecclesia, sive cemeterio ejusdem, corpus meum Deo 
s 



278 BIOGRAPHIA 

disponente recipiet sepulturam. Hinc est quod ego prefatus 
Johannes Willebye, per cartam meam indentatam et triper- 
titam, concessi, tradidi, feoffavi, et liberavi Johanni Nevil, 
Militi, Tho. Nevil, filio et heredi apparent! ipsius Johannis, 
Magistro Eicardo Symmes, Vicario Ecclesie parocliialis 
de Halifax, Willo. Symmes, filio et heredi Will^ Symmes, 
Johanni Lacy, filio et heredi apparent! Tho. Lacye, 
Armigeri, Magistro Tho. Savile, Vicario de Brayvell, Will^. 
Eookes, Johanni Stanclif, Law. Bairstowe, Tho. Smith, 
Tho. Willeby, Eobo. Otes, et Tho. Oldfeld, omnia messuagia, 
terras, tenementa, redditus, servicia, et reversiones mea, 
cijm pert, in Hipperhome, in parochia de Halifax predict, 
una cum omnibus aliis terris et tenementis meis in eadem 
parochia. Et similiter sursum reddidi in manus tenentium 
Manerii de Hipperhom, omnia terras et tenementa mea, 
cum pert, in Hipperhom et alibi, in parochia de Halifax 
predict, tent, per rotulam Curie, secundum consuetudinem 
ejusdem manerii, ad opus predictorum Johannis Nevil, etc. 
et heredum suorum, prout per predictam cartam indentatam, 
et similiter in predicta sursum redditione plenius liquet. 
Cujus quidem carte et simihter copie sursum redditionis pre- 
dict, cum una parte hujus script! indentati, una pars remanet 
cum predictis feoffatis meis, alia vero pars ejusdem Carte, cum 
copia predicta, et alia parte hujus script! indentat!,remanet cum 
Tho. Gledhill, primo Capellano per me prefatum Johannem 
Willeby ordinato administrandum in celebratione Missarum 
ad altare S. Trenitatis, in Ecclesia parochial! de Halifax, ex 
parte austral! ejusdem Ecclesie, et successoribus suis, im- 
perpetuum. Tertia vero pars ejusdem carte, simul cum 
copia predicta, et tertia parte hujus script! indentati, re- 
manet penes presatum Tho. Willeby, et heredes suos, imper- 
petuum. Que quidem omnia et singula predicta messuagia, 
terre, tenementa, redditus, servicia, et reversiones, cum suis 
pert, sunt annui valoris sex marcarum ultra reprisas. Hab. 
et ten. omnia et singula predicta terre, tenemente, redditus, 
servicia, et reversiones, cum suis pert, prefatis Johanni 
Nevil, &c. her. et assig. suis imperpetuum, modo et forma 
conditionibus subsequentibus, viz. quod iidem Johes, &c. et 
assignati sui, et eorum quilibet, permittent Tho. Willobye, 
consanguineum meum, et heredes suos, tenere et occupare 
omnia et singula predicta messuagia, terras, et tenementa, 
cum suis pert, imperpetuum, in forma sequente, viz, iidem 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 279 

Tho. et lieredes sui annuatim reddendo et solvendo de 
eisdem tenementis Tho. Gleedhill, in-imo Gapellano, per me 
prefatum Johem Willebye ordinandum ad ministrandum et 
celebrandum cotidie Missas, et alia divina servitia, in dicta 
ecclesia parocliiali S. Johis, Baptiste de Halifax, ad altare 
S. Trinitatis, in parte anstrali ejusdem Ecclesie, sex marcas, 
exeuntes de omnibus messuagiis, ten-is, et tenementis sup- 
radictis, ad duos anni terminos, viz. ad festum Pentecostes, 
et S. Martini in hyeme, per equales porciones annuatim 
solvendas. Et si contingat predictum redditum sex mar- 
carum aretro fore in parte, vel in toto, per aliquod festum 
quo solvi debeat, per spacium dimidii unius anni, prefato 
Tho. Gleedhill, primo Gapellano, vel suceessoribus suis, non 
solutum, ex tunc volo et ordino, quod predicti Johannes 
Nevile, etc. feoffati mei, intrabunt in omnia et singula 
predicta messuagia, terras, et tenementa, cum j^evt. imper- 
petuum, et predictum Thomam, et heredes sues, expellent 
et amovent, et dimittent eadem tenementa alicui alie 
persone, sive aliquibus personis, ad placitum et vohmtatem 
suam, ad usum et magis proficuum predicti Capellani, 
et successorum suorum : Ita semper, quod permittent Cap- 
ellanum Cantarie predicte, et successores suos, annuatim 
percipere exitus et proficua omnium et'singulorum messuagi- 
orum, terrarum, et tenementorum predictorum, ad susten- 
tationem suam, circa Missas et alia divina obsequia et 
servitia supradicta ministrand. et celebrand. Proviso 
semper, quod si contingat Johannam, uxorem mei prefati 
Joliis Willebye, me eundem Johem supervisere, quod tunc 
predicti feoffati mei permittant eandem Johannam habere et 
tenere tertiam partem omnium terrarum et tenementorum 
predictorum, durante vita sua,pro et nomine dotis sue,vel quod 
permitterent ipsam percipere et recipere exitus et proficua 
de tertia parte omnium et singulorum eorundem messuagi- 
orum, terrarum, et tenementorum j)redict. cum pert, durante 
vita sua, et post mortem suam, tunc predictus Capellanus, 
et successores sui, precipiant et habeant predictas sex mar- 
cas de exitibus et proficuis terrarum et tenementorum in 
forma predicta. Item volo et ordino, quod cum predicta 
Cantaria vacaverit, post mortem mei predicti Johis Willebye, 
quod predicti feoffati mei permittent unum idoneum'^Capell- 
anum, per predictum Tho. Willebye, seu per heredes ipsius 



BIOGRAPHIA 

Tho. juxta formam subscriptam ad dictum officium observau- 
dum, post quamlibet vacationem per imperpetuum nominan- 
dum, recipere sibi et successoribus suis imperpetuum, sex 
marcas, exeuntes de omnibus messuagiis, terris, et tene- 
mentis supradictis, ad duos anni terminos superius limitatos. 
Et ulterius ego prefatus Johes Willebye volo et ordino, quod 
predictus Capellanus modernus, et omnes alii Capellani per 
prefatum Tho. Willebye, et heredes suos, ac omnes alii 
Capellani, quacunq; forma ad dictum officium temporibus 
futuris ordinand. et nominand. sint personaliter residentes 
infra dictam ecclesiam singulis diebus dicendo matutinas, 
horas canonicas, vesperas, et completorias, ac missam, 

quotidie ad altare prenominatum in lionorem et 

laudem S. Trinitatis, et gloriosissime Virginis Marie, Matris 
Domini nostri Jesu Christi, et beati Petri Apostoli, et 
omnium Sanctorum, et quod oret i)ro anima mei prefati 
Johannis Willebye, cum ab liac luce migravero, ac pro 
animabus uxorum et omnium liberorum meorum, necnon 
parentum et omnium benefactorum meorum, et omnium 
fidelium defunctorum. Et quod idem Capellanus, et omnes 
alii poste se, qualibet die lune celebrent Missam de requie 
pro anima mei predicti Johannis, et animabus supradictis. 
Item volo et ordino, 'quod idem Capellanus modernus, et 
omnes alii Capellani post ipsum, ad missam suam quotidie 
ad primum lavatorium suum oret pro me in forma sequent^ : 
"Ye shall praye for the soule of John Willebye, founder of 
'* this Chauntrye and Service, and for the soules of his two 
" wives, his children, his fader, his moder soules, and all 
his elders soules;" et instanter ibidem dicat De profundis 
usq ; ad finem. Et quod dictus Capellanus modernus, nee 
aliquis Capellanus post ipsum, non se absentent a dicto 
servicio et ecclesia ultra spatium unius mensis ad unum 
tempus, aut vicibus interpolatis numerandis singulis annis 
ad majus, quin sit cum licentia predicti Tho. vel heredum 
suorum, sub pojna amotionis ab officio suo, revocationis, et 
adnullationis concessionis sue ejusdem officii per presens 
factum. Item volo et ordino, quod predictus Tho. Gledhill, 
Capellanus modernus, et omnes alii Capellani, post mortem, 
sessionem, seu amotionem ejusdem Tho. Gledhill, temporibus 
futuris nominandi, singulis diebus dominicis et festivis per- 
sonaliter sint presentes in choro ejusdem Ecclesie temporibus 
matutinarum missarum et vesperarum, suis suppeliciis 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 281 

induti, ut legant et psallent, prout Vicario ejusdem Ecclesie 
pro tempore existenti decenter et congrue videbitur expedire, 
ut in constitutionibus Ecclesie Metropolitane proinde con- 
stitiitis plenius liquet. Et predictus Capellanus modernus, 
et omnes alii Capellani, post mortem, sessionem, seu remo- 
tiouem dicti Capellani ab officio suo, temporibus futuris 
nominandi, singulis annis facient anniversaria predicti Joliis 
Willebj^e, ilia die qua contingat eundem Joliannem obire. 
Item volo et ordiuo, quod predictus Capellanus modernus, 
et omnes alii Capellani post ipsum, ad predictum officium 
aliquo modo ordinandi et nominandi, omnia res, libros,jocalia, 
et ornamenta dicto officio pertinentia, non alienabunt, impig- 
norabunt, nee elongabunt. Preterea volo et ordino, quod pre- 
dictus Tlio. Gledbill, Capellanus modernus, aut aliquis alius 
Capellanus post ipsum, ad dictum officium temporibus 
futuris quoquomcdo nominandus, aliqua bona, res, jocalia 
ad officium predictum pertinentes, consumpserit, delapida- 
verit, non sufficienter reparaverit, et conservaverit, seu si de 
incontinentia, furto, rapina, perjurio, seu aliquo alio nota- 
bili et famoso crimine convictus fuerit, vel si suspensionem, 
vel irregularitatem, seu alicujus membri mutelationem, 
quibus ab executione ordinis Sacerdotalis, et missarum 
celebrationem i3er imperpetuum impediatur, ex i-eatu suo 
proprio incurrat aut quod officio predicto deservire, seu 
ibidem moram traliere non poterit, extunc a dicto officio 
tanquam inbabilis per ipsum prefatum Tho. Willebye, aut 
per lieredes suos, seu alios ad hoc deputatos, amotus sit 
penitus et privatus. Et ulterius volo et ordino, quod 
quoties contingat predictum Tho. Willebye, et heredes suos, 
seu aliorum aliquem in hujusmodi nominationis et ordinat- 
ionis negotio, cum officium ministrationis in celebratione 
missarum ad altare predictum, in forma predicta, sessaverit, 
nee legentes, seu remissos existere. ita quod infra quadra- 
ginta dies tempore sessionis officii predicti continue numer- 
andos nullum idoneum Capellanum ad officium predictum 
exercendum, ut i)ermittitur per literas suas patentes sigill- 
atos, ordinet seu nominent, si notitiam inde habuerunt, 
totiens incontinenter vigore presentis ordinationis et volun- 
tatis mee, absq ; aliquo hujusmodi aut ministerio 

jure nominand. et ordinand. ea vice sicut al. consimiles 
casus defectus, vel negligentia predicti Tho. Willebye, et 
heredum suorum a se obtulerit, et non aliter ad Vicariam 



282 BIOGRAPHIA 

Ecclesie parochialis de Halifax, qui pro tempore suerit, hoc 
pacto et hac lege devolvatur, ut ipse Vicarius infra quadra- 
ginta dies post habitam ei notitiam de defectu, sive necli- 
gentia liujusmodi predicti Tlio. Willeby, aut lieredum 
suorum, aut alicujus eorundem consimiliter numerandos, 
liabilem et idoneum Capellanum ad dictum officium ordinet 
et nomiuet, in forma predicta. Quod si contingat negli- 
gentem vel remissum in liac joarte fore, et nequaquam infra 
quadraginta dies unum Labilem et idoneum Capellanum ad 
officium predictum nominare et ordinare, extunc transact© 
quadraginta dierum spatio jus plene providendi, ordinandi, 
et nominandi liabilem et idoneum Capellanum ad officium 
l^redictum, ad predictos feoffatos, seu ad majorem partem 
eorundem, si inde inter eos plane concordare nequiverint, 
devolvet et pertineat ut ipsi secundum Deum et sanam con- 
scientiam suam de idoneo Capellano ad predictum officium 
frequentandum in forma superius ordinata provideant. Et 
insuper ego prefatus Johannes Willebye volo et ordino, quod 
quotiens contingat predict. Johem Nevile, etc. feoffatos 
meos, in messuagiis, terris, et tenementis supradictis, ab 
hac luce migrare et obire, ita quod sint nisi quatuor persone 
viventes ad minus, totiens illi qui socios suos superavixerint, 
facient statum duobus senioribus et discretis Presbyteris in 
parochia de Halifax, vel prope eandem parochiam residenti- 
bus, in omnibus messuagiis, &c. cum pert, ita quod iidem 
Presbyteri instanter et incontinenter post dictum statum eis 
factum refeoffabunt predictis quatuor feoffatis superviventi- 
bus, una cum novem aliis personis de nobilioribus, valenci- 
oribus, dignioribus, et discretioribus resideutibus infra totam 
parochiam de Halifax predict, ita quod sint in toto ad 
numerum tredccem personarum, ad intention em et effectum 
ut hec mea voluntas robur perpetue firmitatis obtineat et 
j)erquireat. Ita volo et ordino, quod predictus Capellanus 
modernus, et omnes ahi Capellani, ad dictum officium im- 
posterum nominandi et ordinandi, in primo introitu suo ad 
dictum officium, antequam aliqua proficua dictarum sex 
marcarum recipient, Sacramentum prestabunt corporale 
coram Vicario Ecclesie de Halifax antedict. qui pro tempore 
fuerit, quod ipsi omnia et singula premissa eisdem Capellanis 
et successoribus suis qualitercunq ; incumbentia bene et 
inviolabiliter observabunt, custodiant, et perimplebuut. Ei 
vero qui premissa iuviolata illabefactaq ; servaverit, pax sit 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 288 

perpetua, salus eterna, scelerum venia, et iu bonis actibus 
perseverantia diuturna. Et qui eadem infringere presump- 
serit, sit anathema Christi, excommunicatio omnium Sancto- 
rum, et dies ejus sint pauci, nisi citius duxeret penitentiam. 
In quorum omnium et singulorum testimonium omnibus et 
singulis partibus predictis, ego prefatus Johannes Willeby, 
SigiUum apposui. Datum, &c. per me Johannem Willeby, 
decimo die Junii, anno Henrici septimi nono." 

As for Hunter's Chauntry, I know nothing more about it, 
than that in a list of the compositions for tythes paid in 
Halifax parish is the following entry: *' John Paslew, 
" Chauuter of the Chauntry called Hunter's, for five closes 
" in Halifax and Skircoat, near Shasike, to the said Chauntry 
" belonging, 18d." The burial of this John Paslew is thus 
entered in the parish register at Halifax: '*Doms. Johes 
Paslew, Cant, apud Halifax sepult. March 9th, 1538." 

The perpetual stipend, or service, at the rood altar, is 
thus described in the Certificate of the Archbishop of York 
and others, dated 14 Feb. in the secounde yeare of his 
Grace's reygne, (Edw. VI.) Hallifaxe Parrysh. " The Eode 
Obite, or perpetual stypend of a Preyst in the parish church 
there — John Waterhouse, incombent, 47 yeares of age, hath 
nothing else to live upon but the profitts of the said 
Chauntr3\ Goods, ornaments, and plate belonging to the 
said service, as appyth by the inventorye. Goods, £2. Plate, 
£2. The yerely value of the freehold land belonging to the 
said service, as particularlie appyth by the rentall, 5s. 
Coppiehold by yeare, 77s. whereof resolutes, viz. of the 
freehold by yeare, 4s. resolutes of the coppiehold by yeare, 
4s. So remains clere of the coppiehold yearly, 73s. and to 
the King's Majestic clere of freehold yerely, 12d." 

This, I apprehend, was founded to celebrate the death of 
Christ, as rode, or rood, signifies a Cross, and obit the time 
when any one died. 

In the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, N°. 
797, under Halifax, it is said, that in 1532, (24 Hen. VIII.) 
William Bri gg founded a Chantry in the north part of 
Halifax church, adjoining to Eokeby's chapel, which is all 
I know relating to this foundation. 

I have seen mention made of the Chaplain who celebrated 
or said divine service at the altar of St. George, in the parish 



284 BIOGRAPHIA 

church of St. John Bax3tist, of Hahfax, but which of the 
above Chantries it belonged to I cannot say. 



ACCOUNT OF LANDS, &c., IN HALIFAX 

PARISH, 

BELONGING TO RELIGIOUS HOUSES. 

THERE never was either abbey, monasteiy, or nunnery 
in the whole parish of Halifax, but lands in different 
parts thereof belonged to religious houses in other places, as 
appears from the following. 

FOUNTAINS ABBEY. 

Burton, in his Monasticon Eboracence, p. 148, sais, " That 
" Abulay-grange, in the chapelry of Eland, in Halifax parish, 
*' belonged to the Abbey of Fountains ; and that on July 12, 
" 1478, 18 Edward IV. Thomas de Swinton, the abbot 
" thereof, granted it to John Nesfield, prior of Nostel, for 
"life." This Abulay I take to be what is now called 
Aneley, contracted from Avenley ; and in the Ledger Book 
of Fountains, under the title of Yeland, it was said, '* That 
** by an indenture, 14 Edward IV. the Grange of Ainley, in 
" the chapelry of Eland, was divided equally between John 
*' Savile, of Hullenedge, esq ; and William, son of Robert 
" Wilkinson, by Sir John Savile, knt. and Thomas Savile, 
*• esq; his son." This, I apprehend, is mentioned again by 
Burton, at p. 152, under the name of Awndelay, when he 
sais, ** Roger de Thornhill gave all his land and wood in this 
" town, he also gave eight acres, called, Eleis juxta aquam, 
" with lands in Kildeker and Pihel, and common pasture in 
"Eland, with necessary wood for their own burning and 
"building; which were confirmed to them by Gilbert de 
" Whetelay, and AHcia his wife, relict of Roger de Thornton. 
" — William de Horbury gave what he had here, except the 
" chapel. — Thomas, son of William de Horbury, confirmed 
" what Roger de Thornton gave, granting also a free passage 
" through his fee every where." At p. 163, the same author 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 286 

informs ns, *' That Hugh de Eland gave pasture (to Fountains- 
** abbey) for two hundred sheep in Eceleslay and in Uncrum, 
'' and also gave Godwin Pighil." And under Eland, " That 
^' Henry de Heland confirmed ail that Gamel, son of Ulchel, 
''gave — that Thomas, son of William de Horbury, gave his 
"land there, lying in Sumerode, with another acre of land 
" — that Hugh de Eland gave ten acres here in Blacklaa, 
" lying between Haghebrock and Horsecroft, in Amendelay- 
"flat — that Henry de Horbiri gave one oxgang here in 
" Brain thik — that Lete, prioress of Kirkless, gave firmagium 
" of their pool, upon her ground, for the mill upon Kelder — 
" that John de Fekesby gave fourteen acres of land here." 
And at p. 164:, " That Hugh de Eland gave all his land, viz. 
" five acres and one half here, which Yvo Talvaz held of him, 
"lying between the essart of Henry de Prikestrike, and 
" Marfaldecloh, and between Gilder and Sidgate ; also that 
" John de Fekesby, son of Ivo Talvaz de Fekesby, gave one 
" oxgang, ten acres, and two essarts of land in Fixby, for 
** the use of those who came to the Gates, which was confirmed 
" by Ivo Talvaz ; and Roger, son of Jordan de Stanley, con- 
" firmed what they held of his fee in Fixby." 

This, I apprehend, is all which has yet been made public 
concerning the possessions of the monks of Fountains-abbey, 
within the parish of Halifax. I have farther observed, with 
regard to the gift of Roger de Thornton, that in one of the 
Harleian MSS. N^ 797, under the title of Eland, it is said, 
" That in Hilary term, 32 Edward I. it was commanded by 
the Sheriff that he should cause the abbot of Fountains to 
acknowledge by what services he held his tenements of 
Thomas de Thornton, in Eland, which services the said 
Thomas had granted to Hugh de Eland, by fine, &c. And 
the said abbot said, that he held one carucate of land, and 
twenty acres of wood, with the appurtenances, in the afore- 
said village of Eland, by fealty, and the service of twelve- 
pence by the year for all service, by a certain charter of one 
Roger de Thornton, ancestor of the foresaid Thomas." This 
charter I have not seen, but the following is in Hopkinson, 
vol. i. fol. 80, and in a very old M.S. in my own possession, 
fol. 330. 

"Omnibus sancte matris Ecclesie filiis, presentibus et 
futuris, Alicia, quondam uxor Rogeri de Thornton, salutem. 
Sciatis me in viduitate et ligittima potestate mea concessisse, 



BIOGRAPHIA 

relaxasse, et present! carta mea quietum clamasse, de me et 
heredibus meis imperpetuum, Deo et Monacliis Ecclesie 
saiicte Marie de Fontibus, totum jus et clameum quod unquam 
habui, aut habere potui, nomine dotis, jure hereditario, aut 
aliquo modo alio, in omnibus terris, possessionibus, redditibus, 
et rebus aliis, que fuerunt quondam Eogeri de Thorneton, 
viri mei, in villa et territorio de Eland. Tenend. et liabend. 
dictis Monacliis in perpetuam eleemosinam, soluta, libera, 
et quieta, sicut carta predict! Kogeri, viri mei, quam dicti 
Monachi liabent, inde confecta testatur. — Ita quod ego, vel 
heredes mei, vel aliquis alius per nos clameum vel calump- 
niam versus predictos Monachos de predictis omnibus movere 
non poterimus imperpetuum. In liuius rei testimonium 
j)resenti scripto Sigillum meum apposui. Dat. apud Ebor. 
die Mercurii proxime post festum Sancte Trenitatis, Itiner- 
antibus Justiciariis Domini Eegis, Domino Abbate de Burgo 
Sancti Petri, Eogero de Tburkelby, Petro de Percye, Nicliolao 
de Handelon, Johanne de Wywill, A^ R. R. Henr. quadrag- 
essimo primo. Hiis testibus Johanne de Eland, Matheo de 
Shepley, Ada de Whitewodd, Johanne de Lascy, Johanne 
Clerico, Fratre ejus, Michaele Talvas Willielmo de Alnaldlay, 
Eoberto de Povel, et aliis." 

In Hopkinson's MSS. vol. I. fol. 15, is the following entry: 
'* Donatio et confirmatio Monasterio de Fontibus, a Will- 
ielmo de Horbury, per cartam suam lactam Abbati et 
Monacliis, de omnibus edificiis et curt, et gardin. que 
fuerunt Henrici de Eland ad Awnleiam, in puram et perpet. 
Eleemos. Etiam donatio, et concessio, et confirmatio Tho. 
de Horbury, per cartam suam factam eisdem Abbati et 
Monachis, de omni quod habuit in Swinrode, in terra de 
Eland, in pur. et perpet. Eleemos. Donatio etiam et 
confirm. Thome fil. Will, de Horbury, per cart, suam 
fact, predict. Abb. et Mon. de tota terra et de bosco que 
ad ipsum, vel heredes suos i^ertinebant, in Aunley, in 
pur. et perpet. Eleemos. Donatio etiam que idem Tho. 
per cart, suam fecit eisdem Abb. et Mon. de omni quod ad 
ipsum pertiuebat in Kildercar, et in Pighill, cum toto prato 
quod iidem Abbas et Monachi prius habuerunt de Patre suo 
in Eland, et de comuni pastura totius Yille de Eland, neo 
non de libero transitu per feodum suum ubiq ; extra bladum 
et pratum ad ipsos, et ad omnes res suas, et de omnibus 
necessariis in boscis ejusd. Ville ardend. et edificand. in 



HAIilFAXIENSIS. 287 

predict, ter. de Annimdeley, in pur. et perpet. Eleemos. 
Donatio insuper que idem Tho. per cartam suam fecit pre- 
dict. Abbat. et Mon. de octo acris terre in territoria de 
Eland, in loco vocato Eleys, cum om. pert, suis in puram 
et perpet. Eleemos." 

In Hopkinson's MSS. vol. I. fol. 79, and in the old MS. in 
my own possession, fol. 330, are the following : 

** Omnibus sancte Ecclesie filiis, presentibus et futuris, 
Thomas, filius Willielmi de Horberj^ salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse, concessisse, et presenti carta mea confirmasse, Deo 
et Monachis Ecclesie Sancte Marie de Fontibus, homagium 
et totum servicium Helye, filii Eichardi de Wlfrunwell, et 
heredum suorum, que idem Helias, et heredes sui, mihi et 
heredibus meis facere debebant, pro tota terra de Wlfrunwell, 
[now called Wormald] quam Johannes, filius Ivonis de 
Fekisbye, eisdem Monachis contulit in Eleemosinam. Ten- 
end, et habend. in perpetuam eleemosinam, solutam, liberam 
et quietam ab omni servitio, cum omnibus libertatibus et 
easiamentis ad predictam tei-ram, infra villam de Rishword 
et extra pertinentibus. Et idem Monachi solvent mihi et 
her. meis xviii denarios ad festum Sancti Oswaldi annuatim, 
pro omni servitio et omni re ad eandem terram pertinente. 
Dedi etiam eisdem Monachis et confirmavi totum essartum 
de Prikescirckerode, cum pert, suis, quod est in divisis de 
Eland, quod jacet inter Biscopegate et Gildeker : Reddendo 
inde mihi et her. meis annuatim duodecim denarios, ad idem 
festum Sancti Oswaldi, pro omni servicio. Et ego et heredes 
mei omnia prenominata, cum omnibus pert, suis, eisdem 
Monachis contra omnes warrantizabimus, acquietabimus, et 
defendemus imperpetuum. Hiis testibus, Johanne de Playz, 
tunc Seneschallo Comitis Warren, Hugone de Eland, Johanne 
de Heton, Johanne de Thornhill, Hen. de Dicton, Hugone 
de Rastrych, Johanne de Wittelay, Rico de Dicton, et aliis. 

*' Omnibus Sancte Ecclesie filiis, presentibus et futuris, 
Thomas de Horbyre salutem. Sciatis me dedisse, et quietum 
clamasse, de me et heredibus meis, Deo et Monachis Ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Fontibus, redditum trium solidorum, scilicet 
decem et octo denarios quos solebam annuatim recipere de 
Elia de Rissewarde, pro tenemento quod idem Elias de me 
tenuit, scilicet Wulrumwell ; et decem et octo denarios quos 
predicti Monachi mihi annuatim reddere solebant, scilicet 
sex denarios pro terra Ade Purcell, et duodecim denarios pro 



"288 BIOGRAPHIA 

Prickstrickroode. Preterea dedi eisdem Monachis redditum 
duodecim denariorum in parte mea Molendini de Eland, re- 
cipiendum annuatim a Preposito meo, et heredum nostrorum, 
vel ab aliis quibuscnnq ; modo assignavimus partem predicti 
Molendini. Tenend. et habend. in puram et perpetuam 
Eleemosinam, solutam, liberam, et quietam ab omni seculari 
servicio et exactione, sine aliquo retinemento mei, vel here- 
dum meorum. Et ego et heredes mei predictum redditum 
quatuor solidorum j)refatis Monachis warrantizabimus et 
defendemus contra omnes imperpetuum. Hiis testibus 
Johanne Flandrensi, Johanne Thornill, Johanne de Heton, 
Johanne Sotyl, Jo. de Eland, Hen. de Dickton, Hugone de 
Eastrick, Radulpho Tagium, et aliis." 

In my old MS. above-mentioned, p. 381, is also the 
following : 

" Sciant omnes, tam presentes quam futuri, quod ego 
Henricus de Helanda dedi et concessi, et hac presenti carta 
confirmavi, Deo et Sancte Marie et Monachis de Fontibus, 
pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee, heredum, et omnium, 
antecessorum meorum, imperpetuum, totam terram et past- 
uram, cum omnibus aisiamentis, q. tenui de Gamielo filio 
Ulchel, et her. suis, per divisas et metas que continentur in 
carta quam liabui de predicto Gamello. Tenend. de me et 
her. meis in puram et perpetuam eleemosinam, liberam et 
quietam ab omni terreno servicio et seculari exactione. Et 
ego et her. mei warrantizabimus et acquietabimus et defend- 
emus predictam terram prenominatis Monachis. Hiis testi- 
bus, Gilberto, Capellano de Almonburye, Rob. Parson a de 
Sandala, Kado de Winnvilla, Hen. filio Roberti de Liversege." 

At p. 330 of my old MS. is the following deed, and also in 
Hopkinson : 

" Omnibus sancte Ecclesie filiis, presentibus et futuris, 
Johannes de Fekisbye salutem. Sciatis me dedisse, con- 
cessisse, et presenti carta mea confirmasse, Deo et Monachis 
Ecclesie sancte Marie de Fontibus, in liberam eleemosinam, 
tresdecem acras terre in territorio de Eland, que jacent inter 
essartum Henrici Prykscirc et Maresaldecloh, et inter Gilde- 
kier et Siddegate, Tenend. et habend. cum omnibus pert, 
libertatibus, et aisiamentis suis, infra prefatam villam de 
Eland et extra, libere, quiete, et pacifice. Reddendo inde 
annuatim Hugoni de Eland, et her. suis, tres solidos ai'genti 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 289 

ad festum S. Oswaldi, pro omni servicio et exactione. Et 
ego et her. mei totain prefatam terrain, cum pert, et aisia- 
mentis suis, prefatis Monaehis contra omnes warrantizabimus 
imperpet. Hiis testibus Tlio. de Horberye, Jolie de Heton, 
Hen. de Hyperum, Hen. de Yiiermn, Hen. de Digton, et 
aliis." 

At folio 331 is this, and also in Hopkinson : 
*' Sciant omnes presentes et futnri, quod ego Hugo de 
Eland dedi, concessi, et presenti carta mea coniirmavi, Deo 
et Monaehis Ecclesie sancte Marie de Fontibus, in puram et 
perpetuam Eleemosinam, pasturam ad ducentas oves in 
territorio de Vuerum et de Eccleslay ubiq ; extra pratum et 
bladum. Dedi etiam eis totam terram quam habui in God- 
winpighill, sicut sepe includitur, sine retenemento, ad 
Berchariam inde faciendam, et sufficientem materiam ad 
eandem Berchariam edificandam, et quociens necesse fuerit 
reparandam de Bosco de Yuerum et de Eccleslay. Et pre- 
terea totum pratum quod ipsi quondam habuerunt de me ad 
terminum, aut aliqualiter habere poterunt, apud Eland, de 
Asseranto meo, in Gildekar (Bosco quem Monachi inde 
essartari fecerint mihi et her. meis remanente.) Pro hac 
autem libera mea donatione, dicti Monachi concesserunt 
mihi, et her. meis, fimum provenientem ex ovibus, sive cum 
jacuerint in Bercharia, sive extra ; et nos [so in original] 
inveniens eis singulis annis decem carectas littorie. Ita, viz. 
quod Monachi eandam littoriam facient falcari et attorizari, 
et nos illam ad prenominatam Berchariam Monachorum per 
carectas nostras, vel hominum nostrorum [so in original] 
faciens carriari. Inveniens etiam eisdem Monaehis suf- 
ficientem materiam ad faldas faciend. dictis ducentis ovibus. 
— Sciendum etiam, quod si prenominati Monachi numerum 
dictarum ducentarum ovium aliquando excesserint, nihil a 
me, vel her. meis, inde [so in original] causabuntur, si eas 
que superfuerunt ad summonitionem nostram amoverint. 
Similiter etiam non causabunter si aliquo tempore predictum 
numerum in dicta pastura non habuerint. Et ego et her. 
mei omnia praenominata prefatis Monaehis sustinebimus, 
warrantizabimus, et defendemus contra omnes imperpetuum. 
Hiis testibus Johanne Flandrensi, Jo. Tilly, Eogero de 
Thorn eton, Jo. de Heton, Eoberto de Flaynesburgh, Henrico 
de Sayvill, et aliis." 



290 BIOGEAPHIA 

In a deed at Fixby, dated in 1255, being an Agreement 
between John, son of Hen. de Fekisby, and Hugh, son of 
Thomas, of the same place, concerning Hannerode, in 
Kastrick, this is said to he, " inter fossam Abbatis de Fonti- 
bus ex parte aquilonis, et terram Elene et Ysabele ex parte 
austrah." And in another Deed, at the same place, without 
date, is mention made of the " Boscus Fratrum de Fontibus 
in Eastrick." This Wood is also mentioned in another 
Deed at Fixby, dated 6 Edw. III. by the name of " Boscus 
Monachorum." 

St. JOHN of JEEUSALEM in ENGLAND. 

In the MS. collections which I purchased of the executors 
of the late Mr. Bayliffe, of Leeds, I found the following : 

" Curia Prioris Hospitalis S. Joh. de Jerusalem in Anglia, 
lent, apud Batley, die Jovis prox. ante fest. Ascens. A^ Eegis 
Edw. tertii 41°. Joh. de Barksey venit hie in Curiam, et 
ingressus est in omnibus terris et tenementis que vocantur 
Cloghhouses, cum pert, in Barkisland, que Joh. de Clay 
quondam tenuit. Tenend. sibi et her. suis secundum con- 
suetudinem Manerii, reddend, annuatim duodecim denarios, 
et duos adventus [attendance twice a year] ad Curiam de 
Batley. Finis Domino pro ingressu 6s. 8d." Called Clough- 
house to this day. 

In the old MS. in my own possession, fol. 332, is this : 

"Hec Indentura testatur, quod cum Henricus Milner, de 
parochia de Halifax, teneat de religiosis viris, Fratre Johanne 
Eadington, Priore, et fratribus Hospitalis Sancti Johannis 
Jerusalem, unum messuagium et decem acras terre, prati et 
bosci, cum pert, suis, jacent. in Shepiden, in villa de North- 
ouram, per certum redditum sex denariorum, reddendo 
annuatim Preceptori de Newland, qui pro tempore fuerit, 
incessu suo vel decessu, et cujuslibet heredum suorum, nom- 
ine obitus, sex solidos et octo denarios tantum. Ad cujus 
summe solutionem mcessu et decessu, dictus Henricus, et 
cujuslibet heredum suorum, fideliter, ut predicitur, facien- 
dum ; idem Henricus obligat se, heredes et executores suos, 
ac tenementa predicta, omnia bona sua et catalla districtioni 
dictorum Prioris et Fratrum, et successorum suorum, per 
presentes. In cujus rei testimonium, Sigillum dictorum 
Prioris et Fratrum commune, et SigiUum dicti Henrici, hiis 
Indentatis alternatim sunt appensa. Dat. apud Clerkonwell, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 291 

in celebracione Capituli dictovum Prions et Fratriim, die 
Martis prox. ante festum Sancti Baruabe Apostoli, A° E. R. 
Eicardi secundi post conquestimi undecimo." 

In the same MS. fol. 337, is the following : 

" Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Johannes, 
fiUus Henrici de Barkesland, dedi et coneessi, et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmavi, Domino et Beate Marie et Fratribus 
Milit. Templi Salomonis de Jerusalem, in liberam, puram, 
et perpetuam elimosinam, totam donationem Johannis fihi 
Gilberti de eadem, viz. de tota ten-a sua quam tenuit de me, 
et de feodo meo, infra divisas de Barkeslande et de Bothem- 
laye, cum omnibus pert, et libertatibus predicte terre pertin- 
entibus, sine retenemento, adeo liberam et solutam et quiet- 
am, melius, liberius, et quietius, prout aliqua Eleemosina 
aliquibus viris religiosis potest confirmari. Predictus vero 
Johannes, et heredes sui, totam donationem dicti Johannis 
filii Gilberti predictis Fratribus contra Thomam de Horburye, 
et Epgerum de Thornton, et heredes suos, per tres solidos 
argenti, sibi et heredibus suis annuatim persolvendos, pro 
omni servicio et exactione seculari, warrantizabunt, et con- 
tra omnes homines et feminas defendent et acquietabunt 
imperx)etuum, viz. pro omnibus serviciis que tenuit in eodem 
feodo, scilicet pro servicio Walteri filii Gilberti lOd. et Ada 
ejus fratris lOd. et 8d. pro servicio Ric. fil. Ric. et 9d. de 
servitio Rogeri filii Assolfi, et 4d. de servitio Roberti filii 
Gilberti de Bothumlay, et 3d. de servdtio Willielmi de Helis- 
tannes, et 2d. de servitio Ricardi filii Roberti ad fontem de 
Hippham. Et ut hec mea confirmatio et warrantizacio rata 
et inconcussa permaneat, j)resens scriptum Sigilli mei im- 
pressione corroboravi. Hiis testibus Domino Johanne de 
Thornhill, Dom. JohT de Heland, Rob. de Flamburge, 
Michaele Talface, Jolie" Clerico de Crumbholbothem, Petro 
Clerico de Birstall, et multis aliis." 

In the same MS. fol. 344, is hkewise this : 

" Sciant, etc. quod ego Johannes, filius Henrice de Bark- 
island, dedi, coneessi, et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi, 
Deo et Beate Marie, et Sancte domui Hospital. Jerusalem, 
et Fratribus ejusdem Domus Deo servientibus, duo asserta 
in territorio de Barkisland, illud scilicet assertum quod Arn- 
oldus quondam tenuit, et dicitur Arnoldrode, et illud assert- 
um quod vocatur Williamrode, quorum capita extendunt 



292 BIOGRAPHIA 

versus orientem super aquam que vocatur Blacborne, et 
versus occidentem super quoddam rivulum sicut continetur 
in latitudine inter Nortliclougli et Barcolclef, cum bosco, 
sine aliquo retenemento, infra predictas divisas, pro salute 
anime mee, et omnium antecessorum meorum, in liberam, 
et puram, et perpetuam eleemosinam, cum libera com- 
munione, et cum omnibus liberis aysiamentis ad j)redictam 
villam de Barldsland predict, in bosco, piano, pasturis, 
molendinis, aquis, et in omnibus aliis aysiamentis. Hanc 
autem donationem et confirmationem ego Johannes filius 
Henrici, et heredes mei, warrantizabimus predict. Domui 
et i)redict. Fratribus contra omnes homines imperpetuum." 

At Howroyd, in Barldsland, is the following rental of all 
the sums i3aid to St. John of Jerusalem in England, within 
the parish of Halifax, in 1533. 

" Johannes Kushworth de Coley, pro certis terris et tene- 
mentis in Coley, 5s. Eichardus Sunderland, pro certis 
terris et tenementis in Shibden, T^d. Henricus Batt, pro 
certis terris et tenementis vocat. Hayley Hill, 6d. Richardus 
Saltonstall, pro certis terris et tenementis in Shibden vocat. 
Godley, 2d. Johannes Northend, pro terris et ten. in Shib- 
den, Id. ob. Edwardus Kent, ]di'o certis terris et ten. in 
Whetley, infra Villat. de Ovenden, Id. Eobertus Northend, 
pro certis ter. et ten. in Shibden vocat. Horner's, 2Ad. 
Edw. Kent supradict. pro Shelve-park, 4d. Bob. Deane, 
pro Ekersley Hall, juxta Eland, 6d. Summa totalis 7s. Gr^d." 

PEIORY of LEWIS, in SUSSEX. 

The principal church ill this parish belonged to this 
Priory, but I shall defer the account of this till I come to 
speak of the places of worship within the parish, and there- 
fore shall only here take notice, that at Oaks (commonly 
called Slithero) in Eish worth, is a deed without date, of 
Adam de Eland, to John, son of William de Gretland, of an 
acre of land in Eland West Field, to hold of the Prior and 
Convent of Lewis, paying yearly to the said Prior and 
Convent two pence at Pentecost, and St. Martin in winter, 
for all services and demands. This land was conveyed by 
another deed without date (lodged with the above) by John, 
son of John, son of William de Gretland, to John del Clay, 
to hold of the Prior of Lewis, by services due and accustomed. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 293 

And again, (as by another deed at the same place,) John del 
Clay made a grant thereof to John his son, 18 Eclw. III. to 
hold as above. 

KIRKLEES. 

In the Monasticon, vol. I. p. 488, is an imperfect copy 
(like most of the rest in that Collection) of a confirmation 
charter of King Hen. III. of several gifts to the Nuns of 
Kirklees. The original deed is now at Ivirklees, where, by 
the favor of sir George Armitage, I took a copy of it, and 
that part of it which relates to Halifax parish runs thus : — 
*' Ex dono Johannis fiUo Aumundi quasdam partes terre in 
Shelf, scil. unam terram que vocatur Wetecroft, et aliam 
que vocatur Hallecroft, et culturam que vocatur Northcroft, 
et communam pasture que ad prefatam villam pertinet ad 
quadringentas oves per magnum centum, cum tot agnis, 
et ad decem vaccas cum tot vitulis, et ad octo boves, et ad 
imum equum." Part of the royal Seal remains at this deed. 

Besides the lands, &c. in Halifax parish which belonged 
to religious houses, the clergy of a few churches in other 
parts had some small claims within the limits thereof. 
Thus I find in a list of the tythes paid in the vicarage of 
Halifax, in the reign of King Henry VIII. that one John 
Lum, of Sowerby, paid 4d. yearly for lands there belonging 
to a chauntry in the church of Prestwich, in Lancashire. 
Also at Fixby is a deed of one John de Wridlesford to 
Michael Brertwisel, concerning the manor of Fekisby, in 
which is the following clause : ** Reddend. inde annuatim 
Capelle S. HeJene de Farnel unam libram cere ad unam 
ceream faciendam coram crucifixo ardendam, et ad sustin- 
endam imam lampidem coram altar, beate Virginis Marie in 
eadem Capella singulis annis ardend. ad missas et ad 
matitinas i^ro omnibus serviciis, etc." 




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HALIFAXIENSIS. 295 

I do not find that there was more than one Chantry at 
Ealaud, the history of which is this. By an inquisition 
taken at Pontefract, 19 Ric. II. the Jurors say, that it is not 
to the damage of the Lord the King, if the King grant to 
John Neele, Parson of Tankersley, John Wath, Vicar of the 
church of Huddresfeld, John de Dishford, Chaplain, and 
Will, de Heton, that they may of new make, establish, and 
found, a certain Chantry of one Chaplain in the chapel of 
Elande, annexed to the parish church of Halifax ; and may 
give and assign to a Chaplain of the Chantry aforesaid, one 
messuage with appurtenances in Elande, and a certain yearly 
rent of eight marks, to be perceived out of the manor of 
Wyke, near Okenshaw, and of one messuage, 200 acres of 
land, 20 acres of meadow, and six acres of wood, with the 
ai)purtenances, in Himsworth. In consequence of this, the 
above-named persons founded the said Chantry for one 
Chaplain, presentable by Sir John Savill, Knt. and Isabel 
his wife, and their heirs, within fifteen days from the time 
of any vacation, for the said Chaplain to celebrate therein, 
at the altar of St. John Baptist, for the good estate of John 
Duke of Acquitain and Lancaster, of John Sayvill, Knt. and 
Isabel his wife, and the children of the said John and Isabel, 
and for the souls of the said Duke, and said John and Isabel, 
and the souls of their children after death ; and for the souls 
of Henry late Earl of Lancaster, John Sayvill, and Margery 
his wife, parents of said John Sayvill, Knt. also of Thomas 
de Eland, and Joan his wife, parents of the said Isabel, of 
John Eylay, Thomas Cross, Chaplain, and Richard Schepard, 
of Eland, and the friends and benefactors of said John 
Sayvill, Knt. and Isabel, and for the souls of all the faithful 
deceased. 

It does not appear who was first appointed to this office, 
as the first person in the above table is one Broughton, 
nominated by Isabel, relict of Sir John Sayvill, between five 
and six years after the foundation of the Chantry. This 
Broughton is said to have resigned to one Ralph Pillay, but 
at what time is uncertain. I have copies of two deeds, 
dated Feb. 16, 1411, in both which he is called " Radulphus 
de Pillay, Capellanus Cantorie de Elande ;" and the same 
stile is given in another deed, dated 37 Hen. VI. 1459, to 
John Lister. 



296 BIOGRAPHIA 

The manner of the institution to this Chantry may be 
seen in Woolsey's Eegister at York, fol. 51. from which I 
took the following : 

"Decimo die mensis Novembris, Anno Dom. 1520, Jo- 
hannes Halywell, Capellanus ad Cantariam perpetuam S. 
Johannis Baptiste, in Capella de Eland, Ebor. Dioces. per 
mortem Dom^ Eob. Gledehill, ultimi Capellani eiusdem 
vacantem, ad presentationem Tho. Sayvill, Gen. dicte 
Cantarie hac vice patroni ratione cuiusdam donationis, sive 
concessionis, advocationis, sive iuris patronatus dicte Can- 
tarie, sibi et Eob". Waterhous, cum clausula ilia coniunctim 
et divisim per Hen. Sayvill, Arm. verum ipsius Cantarie 
patronum fact, admissus fuit, et canonice institutus in 
eadem, etc. et prestito obedientie iuramento mandatum erat 
directum Archidiacono Ebor. aut eius Officiali, ad inducen- 
dum eundem Dominum Johannem Halywell, aut eius Pro- 
curatorem, quemcuncq ; nomine suo in corporalem posses- 
sionem dicte Cantarie, etc." 

In the Certificate of the Archbishop of York, and others, 
concerning Colleges, Chantries, &c. in the order and survey 
of the King's court of the augmentations, and revenue of 
the crown, dated Feb. 14, in the 2d year (as I take it) of 
Edw. the Vlth, this Chantry is thus described : 

'♦ The Chuntrie in the Chapell of Heland, in the Poch of 
" Hallifaxe. John Sysson, incumbent of the foundacoii of 
" John Savyle, Knt. to the entent to pray for the sowle of 
"the Founder, and all Xpen sowles, and to do dyvyne 
*' service in the said chapell, and to mynystre Sacrements 
"in the same, havynge thereunto belonginge 1800 people." 
(N.B. This 1800 is wrote in a later hand, and something 
put out where it stands, in the attested copy on stampt 
paper, from whence this is taken.) 

" The same is in the Poch abovesaid, distunte from the 
" P'och Church two myles. The necitie is to have divyne 
" service and sacrements and sacrementalls done and myn- 
" ystred ther. Ther is no land alienate or sold sithence the 
" 4th day of Februarye, Anno E. E. Hen. 8^. 28^." 

"Goods, ornaments and plate perteynynge to the same, 
" as apperyth by the inventorye, viz. Goodes valued at 18s. 
" 8d. Plate at 52s. First, the Mancon-house of the said 
" Incumbent, rented at 2s. 6d. and one annuall rente, goynge 



HALTFAXIENSIS. 



29t 



"fiirth of the lands of Sir Henrie Savell, Kut. lienge in 
" Wyke, of 106s. 8d. Sum of the said Chuntrie 109s. 2d. 
" wherof payable to the King's Ma"®, for the tenths 10s. lid. 
*' And so remanyth £4 18s. 3d." In the list of pensions and 
annuities paid in 1553, to Incumbents of Chantries, published 
in Willis's History of Abbies, v. ii. p. 291. the pension to 
John Scisson, at Eland, is only called £5, but, from other 
authorities, I judge this to be a mistake. 

It is worth remarking, that from what has been said it 
evidently appears, that Eland chapel was not erected purely 
as a chantry chapel, since it was more than a century after 
its being first built that we hear of a chantry Priest there. 
The argument, therefore, made use of, to exclude the Vicar 
of Halifax from presenting to this, because it has been a 
chantry chapel, and privately endowed, is ill founded, both 
because it was set up merely as a chapel of ease to Halifax ; 
and supposing it had been otherwise, yet we find, that the 
Priory of Lewis first granted it to the Vicar of Halifax, and 
afterwards the King himself did the same, when, after the 
dissolution, he was impowered by statute to present to this 
living. 

There was a Light kept up here in former times, as I find 
by deed, but when founded I cannot say. The original 
deed I saw at Okes, in Eishworth, importing that Walter 
de Frith granted to John his son a moyety of his land in 
Arnaldelyes, and a moyety of the land which he bought of 
Tho. de Thornton, lying within Boynley (Bottomley) and 
Barkeslond, and a moyety of the land which he bought of 
Hugh, son of Julian, and others, paying yearly to Hugh de 
Eland a farthing and half farthing (quadrant, et dim. quad- 
rant.) to Tho. Thornton two pence of silver and one half- 
penny, to John de Barkislond one arrow feathered with a 
goose feather ; and also paying yearly to the said Walter 
three-pence and one halfpenny of silver at Martinmass, and 
after the death of the said Walter the same to go to the 
Light of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the church of Eland 
(debent reverti ad Lumen beate Marie Virginis ecclesie de 
Eland.) There is no date to this deed, but amongst the 
witnesses are Hugh de Eland, Hen. de Eisseworth, and 
Tho. de Coppeley, all whom I find about the year 1287. 



298 BIOGRAPHIA 

HEPTONSTALL. 

Tlie chantries which were founded therein were these, as 
inserted in the Archhishop's certificate mentioned under 
E aland : 1. A chantry there (no Founder's name mentioned) 
worth yearly five pounds. 2. The service of our Lady there, 
worth four pounds yearly. From this there is a variation in 
Willis's History of Abbies, v. ii. p. 292 ; for under the title 
of Heptonstall is this : ** Virgin Mary's Chantry. To Richard 
Michell, Incumbent, £3 12s." But I have an old MS. 
wherein the sums to both agree with the Archbishop's certi- 
ficate, as does Steven's Supplement to the Monasticon, vol. 
i. p. 68. In the list of the tythes paid in the vicarage of 
Halifax, in the reign of Hen. VIII. is the following entry : 
" For the lands in Stansfeld belonging to the Chauntry of 
** the blessed Virgin Mary in the church of Heptonstall, 12d." 



LONGEVITY. 

In Halifax Register is this entry, Roger Brook, of Halifax, 
sepult. 11th day of October, 1568, of the age of 6 score and 
13 years. One John Roberts, of Hipperholm, also died Nov. 
10, 1721, in the 114th year of his age. There was one 
Littleton, in Rishworth, in 1700, aged 100. Nathan Wood, 
near Baitings, in Soyland, was buried Dec. 25, 1704, aged 
108. Dec. 3, 1708, died Peter Ambler, of Shelf, aged about 
108. In the year 1757, there were seven sons and daughters 
of one John Firth, of Sowerby, then living and well, the 
eldest of which was 87 years old, and the youngest 69. 




HALIFAXIENSIS. 

GIBBET LAW. 

The following is a list, carefully collected from the Eegis- 
ter Books at Halifax, of such persons as have been 
beheaded there, since entries were made of such tran- 
sactions. 
" Eiciis Beverley [Bentley-] de Sowerby decollat. 20 die Martii, 
1541. — QuidamExtraneus capitalem subiit sententiam 1° die 
Jan. 1542. — JoEes Brygg, Capellanie de Heptonstal, capitalem 
subiit sententiam 16° Septembris, 1544. — Jolies Eco^Dpe, de 
Eland, capitalem subiit sententiam ultimo die Martii, 1545. 
— Thomas Waite, de Halifax, capitalem subiit sententiam, 
& suit sepultus 5° die Decemb. 1545. — Richard Sharpe, de 
North™, John Learoyd, de North"^, beheaded the 5th 
day of March, 1568, for a robbery done in Lancashire. 
— William Cokekere was headed the 9th day of Oct. 
1572. — John Atkinson, Nicholas Frear, Richard Garnet 
were headed at Halifax, the 9th day of January, 1572. 
— Richard Stopforthe was headed the 19th of May, 
1574. — James Smyth, de Sowerby, was headed at Halyfax, 
the 12th of Febr. 1574. — Henry Hunt was headed at Halyfax 
the 3d of Novemb. 1576. — Robert Bayrstall, alias Fernesyde, 
was headed the 6th of February, 1576. — John Dicconsone, 
de Bradford, was headed the 6th of January, 1578. — John 
Waters was headed at Halifax, March 16, 1578. — Bryan 
Cassone was headed at Halyfax, the 15th of October, 1580. 
— John Appleyard, de Halyfax, was headed the 19th of 
Febr. 1581. — John Sladen was headed at Halyfax, the 7th 
of Febr. 1582. — Arthur Firthe was headed the 17th of Jan. 
1585. — John Duckworthe was headed at Halifax, the 4th of 
Oct. 1586. — Nicholas Hewett, de North™, Thomas Masone, 
vagans, were headed the 27th of May, 1587. — Ux. Thorn. 
Robarts, de Halifax, was beheaded the 13th of July, 1588. — 
Robert AVilson, de Halifax, was headed the 5th of April, 
1589. — Decollatus Petrus Crabtrye, Sorby, 21 Decemb. 1591. 
— Decollatus Barnard Sutcliffe, North™, 6th of January, 
1591. — Abraham Stancliffe, Hal. capite truncatus, Sept. 23, 

* This has always been recorded as Bentley, but there is not the 
slightest doubt that it is Bcti-ley, i. e. Beverley. There is an earlier entry 
in Halifax Register which was discovered by the late Mr. E. J. Walker : 
" Carolus Hawworth capitalem subiit sentenciam Xmo die [January, 1539.] 
We should no doubt have had many other instances if the Registers had 
been commenced earlier. 



800 BIOGKAPHIA 

1602.— Ux. Peter Harison, Brad. decoU. Feb. 22, 1602.— 
Christopher Cosin decollatus Dec. 29, 1610. — Thomas Briggs 
decollatus, April 10, 1611. — George Fairbanke, preditissimus 
nebulo, viilgo vocatus Skoggin, ob nequitiam. Anna, 
ejusdem Georgii FiUa spuria, ambo meritissimt! ob furtum 
manifestum decollati, Dec. 23, 1628. — John Lacy, perditi- 
ssimus nebulo & latro, decollatus Jan. 29, 1623. — Edmund 
Ogden decollatus April 8, 1624. — Eichard Midgley, of Midg- 
ley, decollatus April 13, 1624. — Ux. Johan. Wilson decollata 
July 5, 1627.— Sara Lume, Hal. decollata Dec. 8, 1627.— 
John Sutcliffe, Sk. [Skircoat,] decollatus 14 May, 1629.— 
Eichard Hoile, Hept. decollatus Oct. 20, 1629. — Henry 
Hudson. Ux. Samuel. Ettai ob plurima furta decollati, 
Aug. 28, 1630. — Jeremy Bowcock, de Warley, decollatus 
April 14, 1632. — John Crabtree, de Sourby, decollatus Sept. 
22, 1632.— Abraham Clegg, Norland, decollatus May 21, 
1636. — Isaac Illingworth, Ovenden, decollatus Oct. 7, 1641. 
— John Wilkinson, Anthony Mitchell, Sowerby, decollati 
Aj)ril 30, 1650. In all forty-nine; of which five were 
executed in the six last years of king Henry VIII, twenty- 
five in the reign of queen Elizabeth, seven in that of king 
James I, ten in that of k. Charles I, and two during the 
inter-regnum. 



BENEFACTIONS : CONCLUDED. 
EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ISAAC BOWCOCK, 

OF TONGUE, [tONG.] 

Dated Feb. 11th, 1669. 

" "T" GIVE so much money as will buy so much land for the 

I preferring or putting forth of five poor men's sons to 
trades yearly, as are not to be put forth town j^rentices, or 
for the relief of such as are in necessity, and not through 
wastfull expences, nor such as have relief from the parish, 
or for setting in trade or stocking such young persons as are 
hopefull to make good use of it, at the discretion of my 
Feoffees hereafter named. — Item, I give to the townships of 



HALIFAXIENSIS. - 801 

Halifax and Ovenden my lands in Ossett, that the rents may 
be yearly bestowed after the same manner (alluding to the 
clause above) by my Feoffees chosen for that end, and that 
six pounds thereof be given to Ovenden. — For Halifax and 
Ovenden I chuse and ordain Mr. Fournes, John Illingworth, 
William Illingworth, John Hodgson, James Hodgson, his 
brother, Daniel Greenwood, and John Brearcliffe, Feoffees 
for both towns jointly; and my mind is, that if any of 
these die, the rest shall meet together and choose another 
before anything be acted ; and I give power to my said 
Feoffees to buy lands, to make out what I leave not in lands 
already purchased, to make leases, receive rents, give acquit- 
ances, and every such matter as may be necessary for the 
performance of my Will herein." 

In the Manuscript, from whence the above was taken, was 
wrote under : "A true copy, taken 8th of March, 1670, by 
me John Brearcliffe." 

This is one of the charities which Mr. Wright, p. 131, 
sais, he could procure no particular account of; he has told 
us, however, that the farm lies at Osset-yate. 

The last choice for this charity, which I know of, was by 
Deed, dated Dec. 22, 1710, and the Trustees then chosen 
neglected to convey, as the Will requires, for the late Mr. 
John Caygil was the only surviving Trustee, and whether he 
took care to fill up the trust before his death is uncertain. 
The farm, as I am informed, lets for eighteen pounds per 
annum, and is capable of being raised. It is also said that 
there are coals in it. 

Samuel Sunderland, Esq; of Harden, in the parish of 
Bingley, but of the family of the Sunderlands, of High 
Sunderland, near Halifax, gave, but whether by Will or 
Deed I have not seen, the sum of two hundred x^ounds, to 
purchase therewith ten pounds a year, for the use of the 
Vicars of Halifax Church for ever. With this money a 
purchase was made of a field adjoining to Southgate, in 
Halifax, and another in Southouram, called Haivkinijioid, 
See more of this Gentleman's benefactions, in the township 
of Hipperholme. He was buried Feb. 4, 1676. 



802 BIOGRAPHIA 

EXTKACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ALICE OROWTHER, Widow, 

Dated Oct. 12, 1722. 

'' T HEREBY give and devise all that cottage, and an 

I outhouse to the same belonging, scituate in the 
Dean Clough, now in my own occupation, and also all those 
four other cottages, or tenements, scituate and being in the 
Dean Clough aforesaid, (then follow the names of the oc- 
cupants,) with all and singular the appurtenances whatso- 
ever unto the said cottages, or any of them belonging, or in 
any wise appertaining, unto Joshua Marcer, of Halifax, 
Hardwareman, and Timothy Scholfield, of Halifax aforesaid, 
Hempheckler, and their heirs and assigns, and the survivor 
of them, and his heirs and assigns for ever, as my Feoffees 
or Trustees, in trust to the several uses hereafter mentioned 
(that is to say) that they the said Feoffees or Trustees, and 
the survivor of them, and his heirs and assigns shall for 
ever hereafter, after my decease, after paying of all my just 
debts, funeral expences, and probate of this my Will, 
legacies, and other incident charges, distribute and pay out 
of the rents, issues, and profits of all my said cottages, unto 
and amongst such poor, indigent and poor housekeepers, 
and other poor people, within the town and township of 
Halifax, as have not any allowance from the town and 
township of Halifax, the same to be given and distributed 
by my said Trustees, by such sums of money, and to such 
person and loersons, as they in their judgment shall think 
necessary and fit, and to be paid to the said poor people at 
Christmass yearly for ever." From an attested copy. 

N.B. A memorial of the above was registered at Wake- 
field, July 5, 1723, in Book S. p. 466, No. 634. 

The Trustees of this Charity, about thirty years ago, 
assigned over their power to the Churchwardens and Over- 
seers of the Poor of Halifax, who still execute the same. 



^?^- 




HALIFAXIENSIS. 808 

EXTKACT FKOM THE 

WILL OF WILLIAM CHAMBERLAIN. 

Dated Sept. 22, 1728. 

" "T" GIVE, devise, and bequeath the sum of twenty 

I shillings per annum of lawfull money of Great 
Britain, yeariy, from and after my decease, to be paid to the 
person that reads praj'ers twice every day in Halifax, and 
for want of such usage or reading prayers twice every day, 
ihen I hereby give, devise, and bequeath the said sum of 
twenty shillings yearly unto the Lecturer, or Afternoon 
Preacher in Halifax Church for ever. And I do hereby 
charge the same shall be paid forth out of the housing in 
Mr. James Ingham's occupation." 

This is all I was allowed to take out of the above Will, 
and it is sufficient to prove, that Mr. Wright, p. 129, was 
mistaken in sujoposing, that the Testator had limited the 
times of reading prayers, as above, to eleven o'clock and 
two. Probably that Author (any more than myself) had 
never a copy of this Will in his own possession ; for I am 
credibly informed, (though he is silent about it,) that Mr. 
Chamberlain left also six shillings yearly, for which the 
twelve widows in the alms-houses are to have each a dinner 
and a pint of ale every Christmas-day ; likewise twenty 
shillings yearly for ever, payable out of the whole estate 
given to his daughter Mary, for teaching the Blue-coat 
children in Mr. Waterhouse's Hospital to write, at the dis- 
cretion of the said Mr. Waterhouse's Feoffees. 

This Benefactor died May 15, 1729. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ELIZABETH BINGLEY, 

Dated May 12, 1729. 

" nr GIVE and devise all those my two cottages in or 

I near the lane leading to Mount Pellon, at the 
upper end of Halifax town, with their and every of their 
appurtenances, now in the several tenures or occupations of 
me the said Elizabeth Bingley, and John Morris, the rents, 



804 BIOGRAPHIA 

issues and profits thereof to go and be to and for the Header 
of Prayers twice every day in Halifax Church for ever ; and 
if Tjrayers reading twice every day shall cease from being 
read, then to the Lecturer or Afternoon man in Halifax 
Church for the time being, for ever." 

Her Executor was John Holt, of Halifax. This Bene- 
factress was born in 1684, died May 14, 1729, and was 
buried on the 16th following. These premises being copy- 
hold, were conveyed by Lord Irwin, by Deed, to Trustees^ 
for the uses mentioned in the AYill. 

Maky Drake, of Halifax, widow, who was buried, as Mr. 
Wright sais, in June, 1729, left twenty shillings yearly for 
ever, to the Lecturer at Halifax, and his successors, for 
preaching a Sermon every second Wednesday in June for 
ever. 

John Tenant, of Halifax, Grocer, left the interest of ten 
pounds yearly for ever, for reading prayers twice every day 
in the parish Church of Halifax. He died, as Mr. Wright 
sais, about the year 1729. A messuage or dwelling-house 
in Bury-lane is the security for this. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JOHN" SMYTH, of Heath, Esq.; 

WHEEL AS I built a school at Halifax, I do devise 
and give the same unto those persons called 
Governors of Mr.. Waterhouse's charity there, and to their 
successors for ever, for them from time to time to elect such 
a School-master as shall be approved of by my son, John 
Smyth, and his heirs, or such persons as shall hereafter for 
the time being for ever be owner or owners of my estate at 
Halifax, to be upon every vacancy nominated and put into 
the said school by him or them, to teach six poor boys or 
girls, whose parents pay no assessments therein, to read, 
and not elsewhere. And I give and bequeath to the said 
Governors, and to their successors for ever, all that my- 
house in Halifax aforesaid, let to John or Thomas Bairstow 
for eleven years, under the yearly rent of four pounds, and 
* This bouse is in Noi-tbgate. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 305 

the window money, in trust only for them and their succes- 
sors, to let, set, and dispose thereof as will he most advan- 
tageous for that purpose, to any person or persons, other 
than the School-master there, and his successors for the 
time being, and to receive the rents, issues and profits 
thereof for ever, and to pay the same over, by half yearly 
paj^ments, to such Master and Masters for ever, teaching six 
poor hoys or girls as aforesaid, there to be placed by the 
said Governors, or the major part of them, for ever, with 
the advice and assistance of the Churchwardens and Over- 
seers of the Poor there, if desired. And I do revoke and 
abrogate this my last request to the Governors of Mr. Water- 
house's charity, in case they or any of them, or any of their 
successors, shall ever suffer the said School-master or any 
of his successors, to live in the said Bairstow's house 
or School-house, for so long time as they shall permit him 
or them to inhabit in either of the said houses. Item, I 
give, devise and bequeath to my said son John Smyth, his 
Executors and Administrators, the farm in Reavey, in the 
parish of Bradford, and county of York, I hold by lease 
under William Eookes, Esq ; wherein there is yet above 
eighty years to come, and will so long subsist, and is of the 
clear yearly value of fifteen pounds per annum, and in the 
present tenures or occupations of George Kellet and Thomas 
Dewhirst, he and they yearly paying out of the issues, rents, 
and profits thei-eof, four pounds of lawful money, by four 
quarterly payments in every year, to Abigail Marshall, now 
of Halifax, an old widow, during her natural life only, and 
also in trust for the several charitable uses, intents and 
purposes herein after mentioned and appointed, that is to 
say, upon trust and confidence that my son John Smyth, 
his heirs and assigns, shall and do pay, or cause to be paid, 
given and disbursed, out of the rents and profits of my said 
farm at Ecavey, during the continuance of the said lease, 
the several gifts and disbursements, and to and for such 
uses, intents and purposes, and upon such terms, provisoes 
and conditions, subject to such limitations, devises, order 
and appointments as are herein after directed, devised, be- 
queathed, ordered and appointed, viz. the sum of forty 
shillings per annum to the Vicar of Halifax, and his success- 
or or successors, upon every twenty-ninth day of September 
and twenty-fifth day of March, by equal portions, in every 



806 BIOGRAPHIA 

year during the said term, for preaching, or procuring to 
be preached, two charity sermons, in Hahfax Church, in 
the afternoons of one Sunday in every month of June, 
and of one Sunday in every month of December year- 
ly, during the said term, the first sermon to be i^reached 
in June next after my decease ; and catechize or cause to be 
catechized all the poor boys or girls that shall from time to 
time be taught in the said school in the summer seasons 
every year ; and in default of any and every such catechiz- 
ing or preaching, it is my will and mind that nothing be 
paid or liable to be paid by my said son John, or his heirs 
or assigns, to the said Vicar or his successors that year, and 
every year any such default or neglect shall happen in ; and 
I give that year, and every such years, payment of forty 
shillings a year as aforesaid, wherein every or any such 
default shall happen, to my said son John, his Heirs, Ex- 
ecutors, and Administrators. And I desire the Church- 
wardens of the said town of Halifax for the time being, ta 
go about the Church when every such sermon is preached, 
there to collect the charity of well-disposed persons, for the 
benefit of such poor children as shall from time to time be 
taught in the said school, in the manner now used at Wake- 
field and Leeds. Also that my said son shall yearly pay 
unto the said Governors and their successors, on every 
twenty-fifth day of March, five shillings and six-pence, to 
be laid out as follows, (viz.) three shillings and six-pence for 
a good and well bound Bible, with the Common Prayers and 
Singing Psalms in it, and eighteen-pence for the Whole 
Duty of Man, and six-pence for putting these letters fol- 
lowing, /. i>. of Heathy Esq \ with the year of our Lord 
when so given on the back, and give the same so marked to 
one of the said six poor boys or girls, that shall yearly be 
put apprentice out of the said school (if any such there be,) 
if not, then to any other of the poor boys or girls aforesaid, 
to be yearly put out as herein mentioned. And I desire the ' 
Governors and their successors to take the trouble of exe- 
cuting this last request, and the Churchwardens and Over- 
seers to see it done, or else no money to be paid. And also 
it is my desire, that the said Governors or Feoft'ees, and the 
Churchwardens and Overseers for the poor of Halifax afore- 
said, will meet every first Monday in June in every year, at 
some convenient place in Halifax aforesaid, to enquire into 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 307 

the said trust, and regulate and settle the same as they shall 
see occasion ; and that my said son John Smyth, his Heirs, 
Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, shall, out of the 
rents and profits of my said estate at Eeavey, spend ten 
shillings at every such meeting or meetings." 

Mr. Smyth was living in the year 1730, but how long after 
I cannot tell. On the south end of this school is the fol- 
lowing inscription. " Hoc sedificium de fiindo extruxit pro- 
*' priis suis sumptibus Johannes Smyth, de Heath, in hoc 
** comitatu, armiger, quo pauperiorum pueribonis moribus 
** honestentur, idem ut exemplo fuo alios ad hujusmodi opera 
*' excitarat, annuam quandam stipem Ludi-Magistro in per- 
** petuum de suo solvendum addixit anno Salutis 1726." 
Importing, that Mr. Smyth erected that edifice at his own 
charge, for the education of poor men's children ; and that 
he might excite others by his example to the like good 
works, he had settled an annual stipend for ever on the 
School-master, in the year 1726. 

Jonathan Turner, of Halifax, Butcher, left by Will (but 
at what particular time I have not learned) forty shillings 
yearly to the poor prisoners in Halifax Jail, to be given 
them in bread. This annuity is charged on some housing 
in Cheapside, in Halifax, or the street leading from the 
north end of Southgate to Bull Green. 

These are all the perpetual Charities in the township of 
Halifax which I know of ; except three pounds a year to be 
lent to three poor Tradesmen of Halifax, from year to year, 
by the Churchwardens, given by William Whitaker ; but of 
this I can give no farther account, than that it is thus 
entered in the second volume of the Eegister-books belong- 
ing to Halifax Church. 

HEPTONSTALL. 

John Greenwood, of Cottingley, gave (as appeared by the 
copy of a Deed, dated Feb. 20, 1598, produced to the In- 
quirers after Charities at Halifax, Dec. 22, 1651) the sum of 
forty pounds, to be lent from year to year, for ever, to the 
Poor of Heptonstall parish, by the discretion of the Church- 
wardens for the time being of the said parish. 

The above is mentioned both in Mr. Brearchffe's manu- 
script, and in Halifax Register, vol. ii. 



308 BIOGRAPHIA 

For Paul Greenwood's legacy to the Preacher at Hepton- 
stall, see under Wadsworth. 



EXTKACT FROM THE 

WILL OF RICHAED NAYLOR, 

OF BURNT ACRES, IN ERINGDEN. 

Dated }hiy S9. 1609. 

''"T"TTHEEEAS I by one Indenture or Deed, bearing 

VV date the tenth day of February, which was in 
the year of our Lord 1604, have given, granted, and con- 
firmed unto George Halstead, Anthony Naylor, of High 
Hurst, in "Wadsworth, Eichard Naylor, of Heptonbrigg, 
Henry Naylor, of Eringden, and Kobert Halstead, one my 
annuity or yearly rent of three pounds five shillings yearly 
issuing forth of certain lands and tenements, with their 
appurtenances, in Ovenden, to have, hold, receive and take 
the same unto them the said George Halstead, Anthony 
Naylor, Eichard Naylor, Henry Naylor, and Eobert Halstead, 
their heirs and assigns, for ever, upon confidence and trust, 
and to the intent only that they should, within the space of 
six months next after my decease, lawfully convey and as- 
sure the said annuity or yearly rent of three pounds five 
shillings unto such person and persons as I shall, by my 
last Will, name and appoint, as in and by the same Deed 
more plainly may appear. My will and mind is, that they 
the said George Halstead, Anthony Naylor, Eichard Naylor, 
Henry Naylor, and Eobert Halstead, and their heirs, and 
the survivors or survivor of them, and his or their heirs, 
shall yearly and every year, from and after my decease, for 
ever, faithfully disburse the said annuity or yearly rent of 
three pounds five shillings to the uses hereafter following, 
and in such sort as is hereafter declared, viz. thirty-two 
shillings and six-pence, the one half hereof, for and towards 
the keeping and maintaining of a Preacher at Heptonstall 
for the time, so as he be a Master of Arts, yearly, from and 
after my decease for ever, to be paid at the Feast of St. Jolm 
Baptist, for all the year. Item, I give and bequeath the 
other thirty-two shillings and six-pence, together also with 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 309 

the other thirty-two shillings and six-pence, if it shall at 
any time fortune that there be no Preacher at Heptonstall 
for the time so leing, shall yearly and every year after my 
decease for ever, be bestowed and employed at the discretion 
of them the said George Halstead, Anthony Naylor, Eichard 
Naylor, Henry Naylor, and Kobert Halstead, upon and to- 
wards the maintaining of the poor children of and within 
the parish of Heptonstall." 

Taken from Heptonstall Kegister. 

By Deed, dated June 2, 1747, George Halstead, of 
Hougham, in Eringden, eldest son and heir of George Hal- 
stead, formerly of Hougham aforesaid, which last George 
was brother and heir of Eobert Halstead, late of Burnt 
Acres, in Eringden aforesaid, which Robert was eldest son 
and heir of Robert Halstead, of Height, in Eringden afore- 
said, and which last named Robert was the surviving Trustee 
of the Annuity left by the above Richard Naylor, conveyed 
the same to Henry Cockcroft the younger, of Burlees, in 
Wadsworth, Jonathan Greenwood, of Hanging Royd, in 
Heptonstall, Luke Crosley, of Great House, in Stansfield, 
and John Sutclifie, of Hoo-Hoyle, in Eringden aforesaid, 
in trust for the purposes contained in the grant of the said 
Richard Naylor; in which Deed of Conveyance it is declared, 
that the above annuity is issuing or payable out of three 
closes of laud, meadow, and pasture, called the Gould Pit, 
the Great Hay, and the south end of the Crag in Mixenden, 
within the township of Ovenden, containing, by estimation, 
seven acres. Also that, upon the death of two of the said 
Trustees, the survivors should elect two good, able, honest, 
and sufficient men, inhabitants of the parish of Heptonstall 
aforesaid, in their room ; and this rule and order to be for 
ever hereafter observed, to perpetuate, as much as possible, 
the charitable donation of Richard Naylor, the Testator, as 
aforesaid. 




010 BIOGRAPHIA 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ABRAHAM WALL. 

Dated Sept. 12, 1638. 

** nr GIVE and bequeath unto the Churchwardens, for 

JL the tune being, of the Church or Chapel of Hepton- 
stall, in the parish of Hahfax, in the county of York, where 
I was born, twenty shillings a year for ever, for to buy three 
Bibles, for the use of poor men's childi-en, where most need 
shall be, they being capable to read in them. And I give 
unto the said Church or Chapel of Heptonstall, for ever, 
four pounds, upon condition that they, the said Church- 
wardens, and other Antients of the same place, provide some 
one honest man to instruct or bring up poor honest men's 
children in learning. And I give unto the same Church or 
Chapel of Heptonstall, for ever, three pounds yearly, for the 
sending and placing of one of the same scholars up to 
London, to be apprentice, whom the Churchwardens of the 
time being shall think fittest, with the consent of a Vestry ; 
and if this my yearly gift to the said poor children of Hep- 
tonstall be not duly performed, then I wholly give it to the 
town of Halifax, to the same use, for so many poor children 
as the Churchwardens, and other of the Antients there, can 
get to be taught and brought up in learning, and the twenty 
shillings yearly for Bibles, and the three pounds yearly for 
the preferment of poor men's children to prentice." 

From the Eegister at Heptonstall. N.B. One copy of the 
above Will is dated Sept. 20, 1638, but is probably a mis- 
take, as he only died on that day. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF CHARLES GREENWOOD, Clerk, 

RECTOR OF THORNHILL. 

Dated July 14, 1642. 

" "VTOW for and touching the messuage and tenement, 

jj\ with appurtenances, in Heptonstall, situate near 

the Church-yard there — which I have now made into a 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 811 

School-house, and the two messuages, tenements, and farms, 
and all the lands, closes, and grounds therewith, now or 
commonly demised, used, or occupied, with aj^pui-tenances 
in Golden aforesaid, forasmuch as it hath pleased God to 
put me in mind to build a Free Grammar school within the 
township of Heptonstall aforesaid, and to make provision 
for some small maintenance of the annual rent or value of 
twenty pounds ten shillings for a School-master, who shall 
teach school of the children and inhabitants of the town 
and parish of Heptonstall aforesaid ; therefore, in the first 
place, my will and mind is, and I hereby devise, that the 
said John Greenwood, son of Robert Greenwood, John 
Greenwood, of Elfaburgh-hall, William Mitchell, Thomas 
Greenwood, of Learings, and Eichard Eobertshaw, and their 
heirs, and the survivors and survivor of them, and his and 
their heirs, shall, by force and virtue of these ]3resents, and 
of the Deed of Feoffment, stand and be Feoffees, and seised 
of the said messuage or tenement, with appurtenances, in 
Heptonstall aforesaid, now made into a School-house ; and 
my will and mind is, that the same shall remain and con- 
tinue for a School-house to succeeding ages for ever, unto 
which said John Greenwood, son of Robert, and other his 
co-feoffees, and their heirs, and the survivors and survivor 
of them, and his heirs, I hereby give, devise, and bequeath 
the same accordingly to the only use aforesaid : And also 
my will and mind is, and I do hereby devise, that the said 
John Greenwood, son of Robert, and other his co-feoffees, 
and their heirs, and survivors and survivor of them, and his 
and their heirs, shall, by force and virtue of these presents, 
and of the said Deed of Feoffment, stand and be Feoffees, 
and seised of the said two messuages, tenements, and farms, 
and all the lands therewith occupied, with appurten- 
ances in Golden aforesaid, to the use and for the main- 
tenance of a sufficient School-master, which hath well 
profited in learning, for teaching of children and inhabit- 
ants of the town and parish of Heptonstall aforesaid, 
within the said School-house to succeeding ages for ever, 
unto which said John Greenwood, son of Robert, and other 
his co-feoffees, and their heirs, and the survivors and sur- 
vivor of them, and his heirs, I hereby give, devise, and 
bequeath the same lands and tenements in Golden above- 
said, to the Feoffees abovesaid, and their heirs, for the only 



812 BIOGRAPHIA 

use and maintenance of such a School-master as aforesaid, 
to hold of the chief Lords of the fee thereof by the services 
therefore due and of right accustomed." 

The Testator also left rents for the founding two Fellow- 
ships and two Scholarships in University College, in Oxford, 
of which he had been Fellow, appointing Anthony Foxcroft, 
of Halifax, and Thomas Eadcliffe, his Executors, the latter 
of whom obtained a Decree in Chancery against the former, 
who, for nonperformance of the said Charles Greenwood's 
Will was imprisoned in the Fleet, and during the time of 
his imprisonment, the said Eadcliffe got a Sequestration of 
the said Foxcroft's estate in that Court, yet nothing was 
obtained so as to put the Testator's intentions in execution, 
so that the College was wronged of this benefaction, as also, 
(according to Groome, in his Dignity and Honor of the 
Clergy, p. 253,) it was of fifteen hundred pounds more, 
given by the said Mr. Greenwood tov/ards building a new 
quadrangle there. 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF CALEB COCKCKOFT, 

OF LONDON. 

Dated Nov. 2, 1643. 

*' "T" GIVE twenty pounds to the parish of He]3tonstall, 
JL whereof ten pounds of it for Wadsworth, and ten 
pounds for Heptonstall and Eringden, which money shall be 
lent to twenty poor men, to buy them bread corn, from two 
years to two years, and with one sufficient surety, and to be 
lent by the advice of the Minister, Churchwardens, and 
Overseers of the Poor, and to be lent where they see most 
need to lend, and to be lent to such men who have no relief 
from the parish at all, and this in the least not to be any 
hindrance to the charity of those townships, but a help to 
poor men to buy corn at best hand, and cheapest." 

The original of this Will is in the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury ; the above was copied from Heptonstall Eegis- 
ter. By an Inquisition at Halifax, Feb. 16, 1651, it 
appeared, that, in 1647, the Minister and Churchwardens 
distributed the money according to the donor's Will, but it 
was not found that they made any account thereof to their 
successors or others. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 818 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JOHN GEEEJSTWOOD, 

OF LEABINGS, IN HEPTONSTALL. 

Dated Feb. 10, 1687. 

" ~T~ GIVE, grant, and bequeath unto the owner or 

I inheritor of Learings, in Heptonstall, and to the 
Churchwardens and Overseer of the same for the time being, 
and to their heirs and successors for ever, one annuity, or 
yearly rent, of forty shilhngs a year, issuing out or forth of 
one messuage and tenement, with appurtenances, in Stans- 
field, commonly called Dovescout, with my full i^ower to 
distrain for non-payment thereof, in trust and confidence, 
and of intent and purpose that the said owner of Learings, 
Churchwardens and Overseer of Heptonstall, and their heirs 
and successors, shall yearly pay the one moiety or half part 
thereof unto Daniel Town, Curate at Heptonstall, for 
preaching every year a Sermon upon the first Wednesday in 
June yearly, at Heptonstall, during his natural life, if he be 
able in body, and can be admitted ; and after his decease, it 
is my will and mind that the owner of Learings, Church- 
wardens and Overseer, and their heirs and successors, shall 
pay the same to the Curate of Heptonstall for the time 
being, he performing as aforesaid for ever. And of intent 
and purpose also, that the said owner of Learings, Church- 
wardens and Overseer of the Poor, for the time being, and 
their heirs and successors, shall every two or three years, at 
their discretion, for ever, pay and distribute the other 
moiety, or half part of the said annuity, with a poor man's 
child, male or female, of the township of Heptonstall, where 
most need is, to place them apprentices to some trade or 
occupation to get their living without begging." 
From Heptonstall Register. 



314 BIOGRAPHIA 

EXTKACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JOHN OEEENWOOD, 

OF HIPPINGS, IN STANSFIELD, 

Dated Dec. 13, 1705. 

''"T" WILL that he who shall be lawfully admitted asParson 

I or Minister of Heptonstall, to officiate there, shall 
preach a Sermon upon the first Wednesday in August yearly, 
for ever, in lieu of which Sermon, and his yearly wages for Hip- 
pingsland, 1 give him and his successors twenty shillings 
yearly, for ever. Also I give unto the poor of Stansfield twenty 
shillings yearly for ever, to be bestowed on canvas cloth, by 
the Churchwardens of the same town, and their successors 
yearly, for ever, and to be by them distributed unto such 
poor persons as they, for the time being, shall think fit 
objects of charity, or have no relief; both which said two 
legacies I do hereby authorize both the same Minister and 
Churchwardens to have, perceive, and receive, and take out 
and forth of one messuage and tenement in Wadsworth, 
called Crimsworth, now in the possession of Joshua Dawson, 
or his Assigns. — And if it shall happen that the said sum of 
forty shillings shall be behind, and unpaid, on the said first 

Wednesday of August, as is said yearly for ever, that 

then it shall and may be lawful for the same Minister, and 
his assigns, and also the same Churchwardens, and their 
assigns, successively, for ever, to enter into the same mes- 
suages, and tenements, and premisses, and make distress 
according to law." 

From the Register at Heptonstall. 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL- OF THOMAS SUNDERLAND, 

OF HATHERSHELF, IN SOWERBY. 

Dated Nov. 13, 1721. 

_J' "T" GIVE and devise unto Henry Cockcroft and Abraham 

I Farrer, and their heirs, one annuity or yearly rent 

of twenty shillings, to be issuing and payable out and forth 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 815 

of one messuage and lands thereunto belonging, called New 
House, in Tui-vin, and all my estate, right, interest, title, 
claim, and demand, into or out of the same messuage or 
lands, or any x^art thereof, provided he or the}', pay yearly 
to such orthodox Curate, or Parson, of Heptonstall Church 
or Chapel, in this county, for the time being, as shall be 
conformable to the present Established Church of England, 
both in doctrine and discipline, and shall, on the second 
Wednesday in the month of March, for ever, preach one 
Commemoration Sermon, for, or on account of, my only son 
and child, Thomas Sunderland, whom it pleased Almighty 
God, in that month, to take to himself." 
From the Eegister at Heptonstall. 



HEPTONSTAL CHAPEL. 

The parochial Chapel of Heptonstall was, in 1747, aug- 
mented by lot, with two hundred pounds, part of Queen 
Ann's Bounty; in consequence of which, a purchase was 
made of a messuage and lands thereto belonging, called 
West-crnJt-Jtead, in the parish of Bradford, Chapelry of Ha- 
worth, and Township of Oxnop, yielding the clear yearly 
rent of eight pounds ten shillings. In 173G its clear yearly 
value was returned to have been ten pounds ten shillings, 
3d of Queen Anne. 



HIPPEEHOLME cum BEIGHOUSE. 
Original Endowment of Lightcliffe Chapel. 

EicHARD EooKES gavc by Indenture, dated 1 March, 20 
Henry VIII. one parcel of ground in the end of a close 
wherein the Chapel of Lightcliffe standeth, and also 13s. 4d. 
a-year for ever, out of the rest of the said close, towards the 
maintenance of a Priest there. The following yearly rents 
were also given to the said Chapel : , 

By John Smith, out of his chief messuage called] ^ o 

Eoyd House, . . . . ) 

— Eichard Waterhouse, out of his lands within the) g g 
hamlet of Priestley, - - - j 



3 


4 


3 


4 


3 


4 


3 


4 


3 


4 


1 


4 


1 





1 






816 BIOGRAPHIA 

— Edmund Fairbank, out of Lis two messuages, and) 

all his lands at Lidyate, in Liglitcliffe, - j 
—James Waterhouse, out of his lands and tene-] 

ments in Northwood, - - - j 

— John and Thomas Thorpe, out of three chief) 

messuages and lands in Liglitcliffe, - } 

— Eichard Cliffe, out of Cliffe house, and lands) 

thereto belonging, in Lightcliffe, - - j 

— Edward Hoyle, out of Hoyle House, and all the] 

lands, &c., thereto belonging in Lightcliffe, j 
— John Scolfield, out of his messuage and lands in ) 

Lightcliffe, - - - - j 

— Gilbert Saltonstall, out of his messuage and) 

lands in Lightcliffe, - - - j 

— Eichard Scolefield, out of Gibhouse, and lands) 

thereto belonging, - - - ) 

— William Whiteley, out of his New House, and] 

two acres of land called Eastfield Knowle, in i 

Lightcliffe. - - . . J 



Original Endowment of Coley-Chapel. 

John Eysshworth, of Coley, Esq; and his son John 
Eysshworth, of CoUyn, conveyed a parcel of land in Coley, 
within the vill of Hipperholm, held of the capital house or 
hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, in England, as it lay 
between Edwardrode on the east, the King's common, or 
waste ground, on the west, Coolay Slakke on the north, and 
a certain inclosure called Wynters, on the south, and a 
yearly rent of twenty shillings, payable out of a messuage, 
with lands, in Shelf. At the same time also, Matthew 
Oglethorp, of Thornton, conveyed a yearly rent of three 
shillings and four-pence out of all his lands and tenements 
in Hipperholm ; Eichard Eookes, of Eodeshall, a yearly rent 
of three shillings and four-pence, out of a messuage, with 
lands, in Shelf; Thomas Fournes, of Bothes, a yearly rent 
of three shillings and four-pence, out of a capital messuage, 
with lands, in Shelf; Eichard Haldeworth, of Hipperholm, 
a yearly rent of three shillings and four-pence, out of his 
capital messuage and lands lying on the north side of Hip- 
perholm; Henry Batte, of Haylay, a yearly rent of three 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 317 

shillings and four-pence, out of a messuage and lands in 
Noi-thouram ; William Cowper, of Kighley, a yearly rent of 
three shillings and four-pence, out of a messuage, with 
lands, called Deynehouse, in Shelf; John Boy, of Northou- 
ram, a yearly rent of three shillings and four-pence, out of 
lands and tenements in Shelf; Thomas Northend, of Hip- 
perholm, a yearly rent of twenty-pence, out of all his free 
lands and tenements in Hipperholm ; and William Salton- 
stall, of Shelf, a yearly rent of twenty-pence, out of a 
messuage and lands in Shelf, to certain Trustees named in a 
Deed, dated the 15th of November, 21 Hen. VIII. in trusty 
as appears by another Deed, dated the 14th of February, 21 
Hen. VIII. for the use of a chapel and cemitery, to be made^ 
founded, and built on the parcel of land above named ; the 
aforesaid yearly rents or annuities to be received yearly at 
Pentecost and St. Martin in winter, by equal portions, 
amongst other things to the use and sustentation of Kichard 
Northend, Capellane in the said chapel, and his successors, 
saying, singing, and celebrating Divine Offices therein for 
ever. 

This account is taken from two original Deeds belonging 
to the late Mrs. Horton, of Coley. 

William Thorpe gave, as appears by a Deed of Feoffment, 
dated the 9th of February, 28 Hen. VIII. the yearly sum of 
six shillings and eight pence, payable out of his messuages, 
lands, tenements, &c. in the town and fields of Shelf, to be 
for ever bestowed at the discretion of certain Feoffees there- 
in named, to and for the amending and repairing of highways, 
or helping of poor maidens towards marriage, or other things 
necessary; and after the death of Isabel his wife, the whole 
rent of the above messuages, &c. to the use of a Priest, to 
sing within the township of Hipperholm, and there to pray 
for the soul of the said William Thorpe, and others. 

The above Deed of Feoffment in Latin, with an English 
one of the same date, to declare the uses thereof, were in 
possession of the above Mrs. Horton, of Coley. 

Robert Hemingway, of Upperbrea, gave by Will, dated 
March 3, 1613, forty pounds, towards the maintenance of a 
Preacher at Coley Chapel, to be bestowed at the discretion 
of his Executors ; they were also given for the same purpose, 
by Isabel Maud, of Halifax, widow, twenty pounds ; by 



318 BIOGRAPHIA 

Agnes Koyde, of Northouram, five pounds ; by Matthew 
Wliiteley five pounds, by their several Wills ; eight pounds 
were likewise given to the same use, by Henry Northend and 
Joseph Wood ; with which sums, Richard Sunderland, of 
Coley-hall, Esq ; and seven others, as Trustees, did purchase 
of one William Kershaw, of Wike, a messuage or tenement 
in Wike, in the parish of Burstal, with a close of land and 
meadow called Mappleynge, divided into two parts, in one of 
which the said messuage standeth ; and also a house or 
cottage in Wike aforesaid, and a close of land called Far- 
hinging Royds, divided into three closes. This purchase 
was made with the approbation of all the inhabitants within 
the Chapelry of Coley ; and for the better explaining the 
true intent and meaning of the conveyance and assurance 
made of the premises to the said Richard Sunderland, and 
others, by the said William Kershaw, and to the end the 
rents, &c. might for ever afterwards be employed for the use 
aforesaid, it was covenanted and granted in an Indenture, 
bearing date Oct. 11, 17 James I. made between the said 
Richard Sunderland and others, of the one part ; and 
Abraham Sunderland, of the Middle Temple, Esq ; Joseph 
Midgley, of Overbrea, M.A. and others, of the other part, 
that the said Richard Sunderland, &c. should pay yearly the 
said rent, by equal portions, at Martinmass and Pentecost, 
to the preaching Minister at Coley aforesaid, for the time 
being, towards his maintenance, and in no other manner, 
nor to or for any other use. When only three Trustees sur- 
vive, they were to convey to others in three months. 

I have seen no Trust Deed relating to the above, of a later 
date than Jan. 3, 1658, which, with another made in the 
year 1687, were in the hands of Mr. Simpson, of Hipperholm. 

Richard Sunderland, Esq., of Coley-hall, gave by Will 
thirty shillings a-year, for ever, out of a tenement in Shelf, 
to the preaching Minister at Coley Chapel. His Executors 
were his three sons, Abraham, Samuel and Peter Sunderland. 
He was buried June 25, 1634. This estate was afterwards 
sold by his grandson, Langdale Sunderland, Esq., to John 
Lum, of Westercroft, in Northouram. He also gave tythe- 
rents within Hipperholme cum Brighouse, amounting to 
twenty two shillings and sixpence yearly, to the Chapel at 
Coley, which rents, as I take it, had been iDarcel of the 
Rectory of Dewsbury. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 819 

William Birkhead, of Brookfoot, in Southouram, e:ave by 
Will, dated Dec. 29, 1638, the sum of five pounds, to Samuel 
Hoyle, of Hoyle-liouse, in Lightcliff, and Eobert Hargreaves, 
of Hipperholme, in trust, and to the intent, that they should 
bestow the same on some parcel of land, or yearly rent of 
inheritance, the one half of the yearly profit whereof should 
be paid yearly to the Curate or Preacher of God's Word at 
Lightcliffe, and the other half to the poor people of Light- 
cliffe and Hipperholme, from time to time, to succeeding 
ages for ever. His Executor was his brother, John Birkhead, 
of Gomersal. In 1651, as appears from some minutes of an 
Inquisition taken in that year at Halifax, the above five 
pounds remained in the hands of Samuel, son of the above 
Samuel Hoyle, who paid the benefit thereof as directed. 

For William Birkhead's benefaction to the poor of Brig- 
house, see under Rastrick. 



EXTKACT FROM THE 

WILL OF MATTHEW BEOADLEY 

OF LONDON, 



Dated Ocr, 15, 104 



I 



GIVE to my brother Isaac Broadley, of Halifax, my 
tenements, with all the appurtenances, situate in 
the township of Hipperholme, to him and his heirs for ever, 
provided he pay out of the same yearly, the sum of five 
pounds per annum towards the maintenance of a Free 
School, to be erected near Hipperholme aforesaid, where my 
Executor shall appoint. Item, I give towards the erecting 
of the said Free ^)chool the sum of forty pounds. Also I do 
give unto Matthew Broadley, (he was sole Executor, and son 
of Samuel Broadley,) the sum of one thousand pounds, for 
which Sir William Waters, and Sir Thomas Chamberlain, 
Knt. and Richard Spencer, Esq ; stand bound, provided that 
upon receipt thereof he bestow five hundred pounds thereof, 
partly upon settling a convenient yearly means for the afore- 
said Free School, and partly in providing fifty-two shillings 
in bread yearly to be given by twelve-pence each Sunday, at 
Ooley Chapel, to the poor of Hipperholme town and the 
Lane-Ends." 



820 BIOGKAPHIA 

Mr. Brearcliife's manuscript, called Halifax Inquiries, sais, 
that the estate left to Isaac Broadley, was called Lane-Ends, 
in Hipperholme ; also that Matthew Broadley's Will was 
dated Sep. 6, 1648; in the first Settlement Deed of Hipper- 
holme school, described below, this Will is likewise said to 
have been dated August 31, 1648. These variations I men- 
tion, to make the discovery of the original more certain, 
though the first has the most authorities. 

May 22, 1661, an Indenture tripartite was made between 
Samuel Sunderland, of Harden, Esq ; of the first part ; 
Matthew Broadley, of London, Gent. Executor of Matthew 
Broadley, late of London, Esq; deceased, of the second part ; 
and William Farrer, of Midgley, Esq; John Lake, of South- 
ouram, Clerk, A-braham Mitchel, of Halifax, Stephen Ellis, 
Richard Langley, Nathan Whiteley, Joshua Whitley, Joseph 
Hargreaves, Henry Brighouse, Joshua Scolfield, and Joseph 
Lister, all of Hipperholme, of the third part, reciting, that 
whereas Matthew Broadley, party to these presents, had 
received one thousand pounds, and being willing to 
perform the will and good intention of Matthew Broadley, 
deceased, he had, with the advice and consent of 
some of the principal inhabitants of Hipperholme and 
Halifax, agreed with the above Samuel Sunderland for 
the purchase of certain lands and tenements, with the sum 
of five hundred pounds, agreeable to the Will of the above 
Testator : This Indenture therefore witnesseth, that the 
said Samuel Sunderland, for the said consideration, hath 
sold, &c. to the said Matthew Broadley, William Farrer, &c. 
their heirs and assigns, for ever, two messuages or tene- 
ments, two barns, two stables, two gardens, two folds, and 
all outhouses, orchards, lands, and all other appurtenances 
thereto belonging, in Hipperholme aforesaid ; and one close 
of land in Lightcliffe, within the said township of Hipper- 
holme, called Brookroyd, lately divided into three closes ; 
one other close of land, called Highroyd Ing, and one other 
close of land, in Lightcliffe aforesaid, called the Heyroyd 
Ing ; and also one annuity or yearly rent charge of eleven 
pounds, issuing out of a messuage or tenement, with lands, 
at Brookfoot, in Southouram, and also out of a water corn 
mill, called Brookfoot mill, at Brookfoot aforesaid ; and also 
one other annuity, or yearly rent charge of thirty shillings, 
issuing out of certain messuages and lands in Shelf, to have 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 321 

and to bold the said messuages, lands, rent charges, &c. to 
the said Matthew Broadley, William Farrer, &c. their heirs 
and assigns, for ever, in trust, to receive and apply the 
issues and profits thereof yearly, for ever, as well for the 
yearly payment of the said annual sum of fifty-two shillings 
at the Chapel of Coley aforesaid, by twelve pence to be laid 
out in bread every Sabbath-day, for the better maintenance 
and relief of the most poor, aged, maimed, needy, and im- 
potent people of Hipperholme, and the Lane Ends of Hipper- 
holme aforesaid, or to such, or so many of the said poor 
people of Hipperholme, and the Lane Ends of Hipperholme, 
and in such manner as the said Matthew Broadley, &c. and 
the survivor and survivors of them, their heirs and assigns, 
shall from time to time, find most necessitous and indigent, 
and in their discretion shall think most meet to be relieved 
therewith, so as at no one time there be under the number 
of four poor persons to share and have the said charitable 
allowance. And also for the support, and keeping in repair 
of the School-house for the said Free School, to be erected 
in or near the town of Hipperholme aforesaid, from time to 
time, for ever hereafter, as often as need shall require ; and 
to take and employ all the residue of the said yearly rents, 
profits, improvements, and advantages made, or to be made, 
of the said premises, (which they might let to the best 
yearly value and advantage, so ns no lease or leases thereof 
exceeded the term of twenty-one years, and to be made in 
possession, or at least not above two years before the expira- 
tion of the old lease, or leases thereof, the old accustomed 
rents of the premises, or more, being reserved,) together 
with the said annual rent of five i3ounds, for the mainte- 
nance, stipend, &c. of one learned, able, and sufficient 
person, being a Graduate of the Degree of Bachelor of Arts 
at the least, of and within one of the Universities of Cam- 
bridge or Oxford, to be School-master of the said Free 
School, to educate and instruct in Grammar, and other 
literature and learning, the scholars and children of the 
township and constablery of Hipperholme cum Brighouse 
only, gratis, and without any other reward, and allowance ; 
and the rents and profits of the said premises (such deduc- 
tions as aforesaid being made) to be paid to the said School- 
master half yearly by equal portions. If the rents became 



822 



BIOGEAPHIA 



raised to a greater yearly value, such increase and augment- 
ation was to be employed and disposed of, for the better 
maintenance of the said School-master for the time being, 
and to no other use, intent, or purpose ; except that any 
suits in law or equity, or other trouble or incumbrance 
concerning the said premises, or any part thereof, should 
happen ; in which case, the Trustees were impowered to 
deduct the expences attending the same, out of the yearly 
profits of the said premises, and pay the overplus to the said 
School-master. When the place or room of the said School- 
master shall happen to become void by death, resignation, 
deprivation, or otherwise, that then, and so often the Trus- 
tees for the time being, or the greater number of them, were 
impowered, within one month next after such avoidance, by 
writing under their hands and seals, to nominate and 
appoint one other learned and fit person, qualified as 
aforesaid, to be School-master of the said Free School : 
And if no School-master is by them within two months 
chosen as aforesaid, it shall and may be lawful to and 
for the Vicar of the Vicarage of Halifax aforesaid, for 
the time being, by writing under his hand and seal, 
to nominate and appoint a meet and fit person, qualified, 
and at the least of the Degree aforesaid, to be School-master 
of the said Free-school ; the said School-master to be allowed, 
ordered, directed, and placed, or displaced, by the Trustees, 
or the greater number of them, for the time being, according 
to such rules, orders, and allowances as shall be made by 
them, or the greater number of them, in writing under their 
hands and seals, for the rule, government, and well ordering 
of the said Free- school. School-master and poor people, and 
as to them, and the greater part of them shall seem meet and 
convenient ; which rules and orders were agreed to be con- 
clusive, and binding to the said School-master, poor people, 
and all others concerned therein, to all intents and purposes 
the same not being repugnant to the Laws and Statutes of 
this kingdom, nor contrary to any Ecclesiastical Canons or 
Constitutions of the Church of England which shall be then 
in force. And for the better ordering and government of 
the said Free- school, the Trustees for the time being were to 
have full power and authority for ever, to visit, order, place, 
or displace the said School-master for the time being, and 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 828 

to reform and redress all and every the disorders, misde- 
meanors, offences, and abuses in the said Free-school, 
School-master, or in any of the said poor people, or in, and 
touching their allowances, government, order, and disposing 
thereof, and for any lewdness, drunkenness, common swear- 
ing, profaneness, breaking the orders made for the regulating 
and government of the said Free-school, or for any other 
just cause whatsoever, as shall be, by the said Trustees for 
the time being, or the greater number of them, declared in 
writing, under their hands and seals, to be a sufficient cause 
of suspension, deprivation, and displacing, and by the same 
writing to deprive, suspend, turn out, and displace the said 
School-master, and to elect and place another qualified as 
above, in his room, to be intitled to the same benefits and 
advantages as the School-master so deprived, &c. When 
only three Trustees shall be living or resident within the 
township of Hipperholme, or vicarage of Halifax, they shall, 
together witli the non-residentiaries, convey and assure the 
above premises, with the profits thereof, to nine other 
sufficient persons inhabiting in Hipperholme, or the vicarage 
of Halifax, so always that there be at least six of the said 
Trustees inhabitants in Hipperholme aforesaid. 

It ought to be observed, that there are several defects in 
Matthew Broadley's Will, such as, no person appointed to 
build the School, nor, being built, by whom or how it should 
be kept in repair, nor who should put in or displace the 
School-master, nor what children (boys or girls) or of what 
towns or places they were to be, nor in what art or science 
they should be instructed, nor whether the yearly means to 
be settled for the School should be by the revenue of land 
to be purchased with the money, or with the interest of the 
money, or by some employment of the stock of money, or 
otherwise ; nor was any one appointed to distribute the 
bread to the poor, nor any number of poor mentioned to 
whom it was to be distributed : To remedy which defects, 
the above-mentioned Indenture tripartite was made ; yet, 
notwithstanding the agreements therein contained seem to 
be good and necessary, yet, in the eye of the law, they are 
no other than arbitrary proceedings amongst other parties 
than the Testator himself appointed, and because not 
warrantable by the Will, perhaps not altogether safe to those 
who put the same in execution. If also any breach of trust 



824 BIOGKAPHIA 

was to happen, or of the above agreements supposing them 
vaUd, no provision of remedy was directed for it, nor who 
should complain thereof if the Executor should die, or be 
absent out of the kingdom. Besides, the Testator's gift to 
his brother and his heirs, of his land in Hipperholme, pro- 
vided his said brother paid five pounds per annum to the 
School, was, in construction of law, void ; for as Isaac 
Broadley was brother and next heir to Matthew the Devisor, 
the law would say, that the said Isaac took the land by 
descent, and not by the Will. The same was also void in 
law, because there was no person extant who could, by 
taking advantage of the condition, compel the payment of 
the money ; for Isaac Broadley, who was to pay it, being 
also heir at law, none but himself could enter to the land 
for non-payment thereof, according to the provisoe. For 
these reasons, the said Isaac refused to pay the said annuity 
till the arrears amounted to sixty pounds, and the 
Trustees had no remedy till about the year 1661, when 
laying their grievances before Council, they were told, 
that notwithstanding the above gift of five pounds 
per annum could not be recovered by law, yet, as it was 
made to a charitable use, such as a Free-school, which is a 
gift within the Statute 43 Eliz. c. 4, of Charitable Uses, it 
might be made good by that Statute, on a Commission to be 
pursued out of the Chancery by virtue of that Statute, and 
an Inquisition thereupon to be found and taken, and a 
Decree to be made by the Commissioners, with a Decree of 
Confirmation in Court for payment, (viz.) as well of the 
arrearages since the Testator's death, as of the growing rent; 
and though part of the land was copyhold, which cannot by 
law be devised or charged by a Will, yet that it might be so 
charged to a charitable use ; however, that the Free-school 
might be so charged, and so the annuity decreed to be paid 
out of the whole. 

On this account, and for the greater security of the 
Trustees named in the above Indenture tripartite, application 
was made to a Commission for Pious Uses at Halifax, 
August 29, 1662, on which the Commissioners, after reciting 
the Will of Matthew Broadley, and that it was by Inquisition 
found that the said Will had been fulfilled according to the 
intentions of the Testator, except that Isaac Broadley had 
not paid the sum of five pounds per annum as directed, or 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 

any part thereof, in respect tlie Free-school was not erected 
and finished till Michaelmas last past before the date of the 
said Inquisition, did order, adjudge, and decree, that the 
several sums of forty pounds and five hundred pounds, 
received and disposed of according to the Will of the donor, 
should for ever stand firm and stable, for and towards the 
maintenance of a School-master to teach the said Free- 
school within and for the township of Hipperholme, whereof 
fifty-two shillings to be first taken out of the same, to be 
laid out and bestowed in bread, to be given by twelve-pence 
each Sunday, at Coley Chapel, to the poor people of Hipper- 
holme and the Lane Ends : And that the five pounds per 
annum, given by the said Matthew Broadley, should stand 
and be kept uj) for ever ; and the said Isaac Broadley, his 
heirs and assigns, were adjudged to pay to William Farrer, 
Esq; John Lake, D.D. Abraham Mitchel, Stephen Ellis, 
Richard Langley, Nathan Whiteley, Joshua Whiteley, John 
Scolfield, Henry Brighouse, Joseph Hargreaves, and Joseph 
Lister, Feoffees for the use of the said Free-school, nomin- 
ated and aj)proved of by the said Commissioners, the said 
sum of five pounds yearly for ever, towards the maintenance 
of the said Free-school erected in Hipperholme, to be paid 
out of the rents, issues, and profits of the lands and tene- 
ments in Hipperholme aforesaid, at one entire payment 
at or upon the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel. 

One Trust Deed relating to the above was Dated April 80, 
1697, another July 30, 1714. 

Samuel Sunderland, Esq ; of Harden, in Bingley parish, 
(already mentioned under Halifax) gave, by indenture, made 
June 30, 1671, to Richard Hooke, D.D. and Vicar of Halifax, 
Stephen Ellis, of Hipperholme ; Richard Langley, of 
Priestley -green ; Nathan Whitley, of Rookes ; Joshua Whit- 
ley, his brother ; William Brooke, of Ethercliffe ; and Joseph 
Lister, of Thornhill-briggs, and their heirs, all that messuage 
or tenement (part whereof had been converted into a School- 
house) and the lands, buildings, &c. thereto belonging in 
Hipperholme. And also all that other messuage or tene- 
ment, with lands, buildings, &c. thereto belonging, at 
Norwood-green, within the township of Hipperholme cum 
Brighouse, in trust, after the decease of the said Samuel 
Sunderland, to the use of the School-master for the time 
being of the Free Grammar School, for and in respect of the 

V 



826 BIOGRAPHIA 

township of Hipperholme cum Brighouse aforesaid, the same 
School-master being thereunto lawfully licensed, and being 
of a degree of Bachelor of Arts at least, upon condition that 
the same School-master, and his successors for the time 
being, shall well and truly satisfy and pay, or cause to 
be paid, forth of the rents and profits of the lands and 
tenements first mentioned, the yearly rent or sum of 
six pounds to an Usher Master of the same school, at 
the Feasts of Pentecost, and St. Martin the Bishop in 
winter, or St. Martin and Pentecost, as the same shall 
happen to fall next after the decease of the said Samuel 
Sunderland, by equal portions, for ever, the same Usher 
Master to be from time to time nominated and elected by 
the above Feoffees and their successors, or the major part 
of them, and to be lawfully licensed and admitted thereunto, 
with power of distress on the said premises to the said 
Usher Master, in case of non payment of the said 
yearly rent, or any part thereof, for twenty days after 
the same becomes due. And upon farther trust, that 
the yearly rents and profits of the other messuage or 
tenement, with its appurtenances, at Norwood-green, be 
paid to the most indigent and necessitous poor i)eople of 
and within the township of Hipperholme cum Brighouse 
aforesaid, for ever, on the Feast-days of St. Thomas the 
Apostle, and the Nativity of St. John Baptist, or St. John 
Baptist, and St. Thomas Days, or Feasts, as the same shall 
happen to fall next after the decease of the said Samuel 
Sunderland, by equal portions, in or at the aforesaid School- 
house, by the Ministers, Churchwardens, and Overseers for 
the- poor within the Chapelries of Coley and Lightcliffe, from 
time to time. When the seven Feoffees above-named be- 
came decreased by death to the number of two of them and 
no more, the survivors were, within three months, to elect 
and appoint the Vicar of Halifax for the time being, (in case 
he was not one of the surviving Feoffees,) and six of the 
most able and discreet Inhabitants of the township of Hip- 
perholme cum Brighouse, or seven, if the said Yicar be one 
of the two surviving Feoffees, the conveyance of the premises 
to be made at the reasonable request and costs of the said 
Master and Churchwardens, and this order, way, and course 
to be observed, and kept for ever. The Feoffees were also to 
take effectual care that the said buildings upon the Lands, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 827 

granted by this Deed, and the fences thereof, be from time 
to time kept in sufficient repair, that the charity might not 
be impaired. 

The Testator (as ah-eady observed) was buried Feb. 4, 
1676. Mr. Wright, p. 127, sais, that this Mr. Sunderland 
gave, amongst other benefactions, seventeen pounds a year 
for ever to the Free -school of Hipperholme ; to the use of 
the poor of Hipperholme eight i^ounds a year for ever ; and 
to the successive Curates of the Chapel of Coley five pounds 
a year for ever ; all which Mr. Kobert Parker, of Bingley, 
his Executor, saw rightly and truly performed; but Mr. 
Thoresby's account, in his Topography of Leedes, p. 583, 
differs from this, for according to this Author he left yearly 
to the poor of Norwood-green eight pounds, to Hipperholme 
school eighteen pounds, and to Coley Chapel twenty shillings. 

On the School porch at Hipperholme is this inscription : 
" Libera Schola Grammaticalis Hipperholmiae a Mattheo 
** Broadley, armigero, primitus fundata, post a Samuele 
" Sunderland aucta, qui ambo patri^ chari, et pauperibus 
"benefici, hoc legatum famre suae monumentum posteris 
"reliquere, 1661." Over the gateway leading to the School- 
master's house, " S^- Sunderland, Arm»- dedit, 1671." On 
the inside of the same, *' Sumptu N. Sharps, 1729." 

Thomas Whitley, of Sinder-hills, gave by Will (but of 
what date I know not) forty pounds, to be kept up as a stock, 
and the interest thereof to be distributed yearly amongst 
the poor people of Hipperholme, by his executors, with the 
assistance of the Churchwardens and Overseers of the said 
town, according to their several necessities. The Executors 
were James Oates, John Whitley, of Wheatley, Michael 
Whitley, of Shelf, and John Whitley, of Eookes, who seem 
not to have put this part of the Will in execution ; for at a 
commission of pious uses it was decreed, August 29, 1662, 
that Joseph Furness, and Phebe his wife. Executors of the 
above James Oates ; Judith Whitley, Eichard Law, and 
Hester his wife, Executors or Administrators of the above 
Michael Whitley ; Grace Wliitley, and Joshua Whitley her 
son. Executors or Administrators of the above John Whitley, 
of Eookes ; and Thomas Lister, Executor of Sibil Whitley, 
who was Executrix of the above John Whitley, of Wheatley, 
should pay to the poor of Hipperholme the said sum of 
forty pounds, with three years interest, and twenty shillings 



828 BIOGEAPHIA 

for the charges of prosecuting tlie Inquisition and Decree ; 
which monies not being paid as decreed, a subpojna in the 
nature of a Scire-Facias was awarded out of the Court of 
Chancery, against the parties concerned. 

Joshua Gates entered into a bond of one hundred x>ounds, 
in his Hfe-time, to secure forty shilhngs a-year to the 
Preacher at Coley Chapel for ever, out of a parcel of land 
in Shelf, to be paid at Martinmass and Pentecost, by equal 
j)ortions, which bond was found, in 1651, (as appears from 
Mr. Brearcliffe's Manuscript,) to be in the hands of one 
Eobert Birkhead, of Shelf. 

Susanna Danson was a benefactress to Coley Chapel, as 
appears from the following inscription on a stone erected on 
the right hand side of the way leading from Huddersfield to 
Bradford, at a place called Cockhill-clough : " Mrs. Susanna 
'' Danson gave the two adjoining Closes to Coley Chapel for 
*' ever, and they came into possession Oct. 1730." One 
account sais, she left fifty shillings yearly in lands within 
Sbelf, for a Sermon on Good-Friday. 

Bounties to Lightcliffe Chapel. 

This Chapel had Queen Anne's Bounty by lot, in 1749 ; 
the purchase was at Sheard-green, in Lightcliffe ; also by 
benefaction in 1759, when a farm called Barley Croft was 
bought, at Blackshaw head, in Stansfield ; lastly, in 1763, by 
benefaction, in consequence of which, a contract was made 
in 1764, for a farm in Northouram, called Oatsroyd. In 
1736, the clear yearly value of this Chapel was returned to 
have been, 3d of Queen Anne, ten pounds eleven shillings 
and six-i)ence ; and that of Coley, thirteen pounds twelve 
shillings and two-pence. 

MIDGLEY. 

EicHARD Deyne, of Dcyneliouse, son and heir of John 
Deyne, of Myggelay, gave to John Myggelay, son of Eobert 
Myggelay, Eichard Sladen, of Myggelay, the younger, 
Eichard Patchett, of the same, William Ferroure, son and 
heir apparent of Henry Ferroure, Eobert Shawe, son of 
James Shawe, and Eobert Thomas, of Myggelay aforesaid, 
one yearly rent of thirteen shillings and four-pence, issuing 
out of a messuage with lands and tenements, called Herre- 
bothlegh, in Luddyngden, within Myggelay aforesaid, to the 



HAIilFAXIENSIS. 

use of John Eobynson, Capel-lane, in the Chapel of St. 
Mary, of Luddyngden aforesaid, and his successors in the 
same Chapel, for the time being, for ever, and payable at 
the Feasts of Pentecost and St. Martin in winter, by equal 
portions, or within forty days after each of the said Feasts, 
with power of distress to the above Trustees, and their heirs, 
if the said yearly rent is unpaid for forty days after it be- 
comes due as aforesaid. 

This extract I took from the original Deed, in Latin, lent 
by the late Curate of Luddenden. It was dated at Mygge- 
lay, March 6, 17 Hen. VIII. and is in the form of a charter. 

It is said that Richard Deyne left the above, because he 
had IdUed in a duel one Brooksbank, of Bankhouse, in 
AVarley. 

John Crossley, of Kershawhouse, in Midgley, gave (as 
appears from a table in Luddenden Chapel) two pounds two 
shillings yearly, to the Curate of Luddenden, for preaching 
a Sermon every first Wednesday after the sixth day of 
March. One account makes this only forty shillings. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JOHN MIDOLEY, 

OF MIDGLEY. 



I 



GIVE to the Curate of the Chapel of Luddenden, 
for the time being, and his survivors. Curates 
there, for ever, one fulling mill, or paper-mill, with one 
holme or croft thereto belonging, to preach a Sermon yearly, 
and every year, for ever, upon every sixteenth day of Feb- 
ruary from and after my decease ; and also one loft in the 
said Chapel which was erected therein, (and is now standing,) 
by my deceased brother William Midgley, to and for the use 
and benefit of the said Curate for ever." 

In Luddenden Chapel is kept a Faculty obtained by the 
above William Midgley, for erecting the loft here mentioned, 
dated in 1703. 

The money arising from this benefaction, is said, in a 
table in Luddenden Chapel, to be two pounds ten shillings 
yearly ; but it now makes three pounds yearly, besides the 
loft, which raises about ten shillings more. 



830 BIOGRAPHIA 

Edward Watkinson, Clerk, (Eector of Little Chart, in 
Kent, and D.D. but formerly Curate of Luddenden,) con- 
veyed by Deed, dated June 2, 1732, to John Dearden, of 
Warley, Esq ; and Stephen Atkinson, of Midgley, Yeoman, 
a messuage, dwelling house, or tenement, with the ap- 
purtenances, in Leeds, in a place there called the Yicar- 
lane, of the clear yearly rent of four pounds, with two 
cottages or tenements, with the appurtenances belonging to 
the said messuage, and standing in the fold or back-side 
adjoining, of the clear yearly rent of one pound six shilhngs ; 
and also two cottages or tenements, with the appurtenances, 
at Hunslet, in the parish of Leeds aforesaid, of the clear 
yearly rent of one j)Ound ten shillings ; to hold to the said 
John Dearden and Stephen Atkinson, their heirs and assigns, 
for ever, in trust that they shall, with the rents and profits 
of the said premisses, purchase two shillings' worth of bread, 
viz. twelve two-penny loaves weekly, and every week, for 
the benefit of twelve poor widows, viz. six within the township 
of Midgley aforesaid, and six within the township of Warley 
aforesaid ; and in default of such number of widows there, 
then for the benefit of the most necessitous persons in the 
said townships, to be distributed to them by the Chapel 
Wardens of the Chapel of Luddenden, for the time being, 
upon every Sunday in the year, soon after Morning Service ; 
four of the said widows to be chose out of the said township 
of Midgley, by the Chapel Warden of that township for the 
time being, and other four of the said widows to be chose 
out of the said township of Warley, by the Chapel Warden 
of that township for the time being ; and the remaining four 
widows by the said John Dearden and Stephen Atkinson, 
viz. two out of each township; and for want of such widows, 
and to supply their places, other necessitous persons to be 
chose by them in like manner, out of the said townships, so 
as always to make up the number of twelve ; and after the 
death of the said John Dearden and Stephen Atkinson, the 
said twelve poor widows, or necessitous persons, in their stead, 
shall be chose by the said Chapel Wardens for the time 
being, for ever, viz. by the Chapel Warden of Midgley, six 
out of the said township of Midgley, and by the Chapel 
Warden of Warley, six out of the said township of Warley ; 
the said twelve poor widows, or necessitous persons, to be 



HAIilFAXIENSIS. 331 

personally present at the distribution of the said bread, un- 
less prevented by sickness, or some bodily infirmity ; the 
said Chapel Wardens, immediately after such distribution, 
to enter into the books, which were given them by the said 
Edward Watkinson for that purpose, the names of the said 
twelve poor widows, or necessitous persons, and the day of 
the month and year when the said bread was so distributed ; 
and in the absence of the said Chapel Wardens, that the 
said John Dearden and Stephen Atkinson shall distribute, 
or cause to be distributed, for so long as they shall live, the 
said loaves, and make choice of the said twelve j)oor widows, 
or necessitous persons, viz. six out of each township. Pro- 
vided nevertheless, that whenever it shall happen that the 
rents and profits of the said premises shall fall short to 
purchase so much bread, the Chapel Wardens for the time 
being shall only buy so much as the clear rents or iDrofits 
thereof will admit of, and make distribution thereof proportion- 
ably amongst such poor persons as aforesaid : But as at the 
time of this donation the rents of the said premises would pur- 
chase more, therefore so long as the same should so continue 
it was the desire of the said Edward Watkinson, that each 
such poor person should have, upon every Trinity Sunday, 
sixpence in money, and upon every Sunday next before 
Christmas Day, twelve-pence in money, and upon every 
Easter Sunday sixpence in money, over and besides the 
said bread, the remaining clear yearly rent to go and be de- 
tained by the person who shall take the trouble to collect 
the rents, and look after the said premises ; and if the rents 
shall fall short, the distribution thereof, both in bread and 
money, shall be proportioned thereto, so as the person who 
shall take the trouble of looking after the premises, and 
collecting the rents, and paying the same over to the said 
Chapel Wardens, shall have yearly five shillings for his or 
their trouble therein. 

N.B. The Deed signed by Edward Watkinson is to remain 
in the hands of the Vicar of Halifax, for the time being ; 
and that signed by the Trustees with the said Edward 
Watkinson, his heirs and assigns ; and a Memorial of the 
former was registered at Wakefield, August 18, 1732, in 
Book EE. p. 183, and number 269. 

The bread was first given on Trinity Sunday, 1732 ; and 
the Doctor gave two register books, one signed Midgley, and 



832 BIOGRAPHIA 

the other Warley, to enter the names of the widows in, and 
the time when they had bread given. 

Luddenden Chapel obtained Queen Anne's Bounty by lot, 
in 1732, with which, and with other contributions made in 
the Chapelry, a farm was bought in Midgley, called New- 
earthhead, of the yearly rent of eight pounds, as appears 
from a table in the said Chapel. Its clear yearly value in 
1736, was returned to have been, 3d of Queen Anne, three 
pounds thirteen shillings and four-pence. 



NOETHOUEAM. 
EXTEACT FKOM THE 

WILL OF KOBEET HEMINGWAY, 

OF OVERBREA, IN NORTHOURAM, 

Dated March 3, 1013. 

" T GIVE the sum of ten pounds, to be lent, from time 

I to time, to certain of the most religious and 
honest poor, or decayed tradesmen, of the township of 
Northouram, at the discretions of my Executors and Over- 
seer, and after their decease at the discretion of the Vicar 
of the parish church of Halifax, and the Churchwarden of 
the town of Northouram for the time being, with the assis- 
tance of one honest and sufficient man of the said town, 
whom I request to take, from time to time, sufficient security 
for the continuance thereof." 

In this Will he also gave ten pounds to the Free Grammar 
School near Halifax. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JEKEMIAH HALL, 

OF DUBLIN, DOCTOR OF PHYSIC, 

Dated March 1, 1687. 

" T GIVE and bequeath the sum of fifty pounds sterling, 

I to purchase as much ground in Booth-town as will 
be sufficient to build thereon an house for two old men and 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 333 

two old women, natives of Booth-town aforesaid, to live in, 
as also a little school-house ; and for the building of the 
said houses I also give fifty pounds more ; and in case a con- 
venient house can be found already built, then the said 
sums to go for the purchase of such an house ; this said 
hundred pounds to be paid out of the money in my cousin 
Jonathan Hall's hands. Item, I give and bequeath also out 
of the money in my cousin Jonathan Hall's hands, the sum 
of one hundred pounds sterling, together with the interest 
of a mortgage I have for two hundred and thirty pounds 
sterling, upon Mr. Thomas Hodkinson's estate, in and near 
the town of Wentworth, of which I am in possession — both 
which sums are towards the maintenance of the poor people, 
and the sum of five pounds per annum to those that shall 
teach in the school gratis ten poor boys and girls, those that 
are natives of Booth-town, or near it." 

Of this part of the abovementioned Will, Jonathan, 
Abraham, and Joseph Hall were Trustees and Overseers ; 
of these, Jonathan died in the life time of the Testator, and 
Abraham and Joseph, pursuant to the Will, purchased with 
the said sum of one hundred pounds, by surrender, three 
copyhold cottages, or dwelling houses, in Booth's-town 
aforesaid, with the appurtenances, to the use of themselves, 
their heirs and assigns, for ever, in trust, to be disposed of 
by them, and their heirs, according to the trust reposed in 
them, by the said AVill ; they also repaired, altered, and 
converted the said cottage houses into four dwellings and a 
school-house. After this the said Abraham died, and Joseph 
Hall, the surviving Trustee, by lease, release, and surrender 
dated May 1, 1695, conveyed all his interest in the estate at 
Wentworth, to the use of himself, and Joseph Wilkinson, 
James Oates, Nathaniel Priestley, John Longbottom, Tho- 
mas Hall, and William Bradley, and their heirs, in trust, 
that they and their heirs, and the survivors and survivor of 
them, and their and his heirs, should be Feoffees, and be 
seized of the said estate at Wentworth, and also of the said 
school-house and four cottages, and an annuity of twelve 
pounds ten shillings, to the uses mentioned in the above 
Will, with this additional clause, amongst others, that the 
Trustees, or the major part of them, might place or displace 
the said School-master, and four poor people, when they 



334 BIOGRAPHIA 

thought proper ; and that when only three of the said Trus- 
tees were living, they should convey to four others sufficient, 
and so in like manner conveyances to be ever made on the 
like trust and confidence. 

The above mortgage money being paid in, the Trustees 
last named j)urchased therewith, and with the annuity above- 
mentioned, an estate in Ovenden, called Brock-holes ; the 
purchase deed of which is dated the 9th day of September, 
1707 : and also one other estate at a place called Moorfalls, 
in Northouram, with five closes of land adjoining upon one 
another, and some or one of them adjoining to the messuage 
and buildings there, (excepting one coal-pit and pit -hill in 
the south-east corner of one of the said closes,) and one 
other close of land to the said messuage belonging, lying on 
the east side of the highway, leading from Halifax to Brad- 
ford (except the coals which can be gotten from under the 
same without digging or breaking any of the soil or ground 
thereof) the purchase deed of which is dated the 18th day of 
February, 1709. 

Of the above Trustees, all (except John Longbottom) died 
without transferring their trust to others, and the said John, 
about the year 1730, conveyed to Thomas Burton, Edmund 
Briggs, Jonathan Longbottom, John Bargh, Benjamin Wilk- 
inson, Joseph Hall, and Kobert Wood, on the same trust as 
in the former Deed, and under the same covenants. Of 
these also the said Joseph Hall became the surviving 
Trustee, who, in the year 1759, conveyed to George Legh, 
LL.D. Vicar of Halifax, John Lister, of Shibden-hall, Clerk, 
Cyril Jackson, of Halifax, Doctor of Physic, Jonathan 
Nicholl, and John Crabtree, both of Booth-town, Jeremy 
Lister, of Northouram, Samuel W^aterhouse, of the same 
place, Jonathan Hall, of Eland, Benjamin Wilkinson, of 
Northouram aforesaid, John Watkinson, the younger, of 
Ovenden, John Mitchell, of Holdworth, and James Carr, of 
Halifax, with a particular clause in the Deed, that when 
these shall, by death, or otherwise, be reduced to three in 
number, the survivors shall, in like manner, convey to - - 
others on the like trusts in those presents declared. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 335 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JOSEPH CKOWTHEE, 

OF WHITHILL, IN NORTHOURAM, 

Dated Oct. 30, 1711. 
Y virtue of one surrender of the same date with 



B 



this my Will thereby impowering me, I do hereby 
give, devise, and bequeath all that copyhold messuage, or 
tenement, with the appurtenances, situate and being in 
Northouram, and all barns, buildings, closes, lands, com- 
mons, easements, and hereditaments whatsoever to the same 
belonging, now in the tenure or occupation of Widow 
Bothomley, or her assigns, unto Joseph Wood, of Northou- 
ram aforesaid, Yeoman, his heirs and assigns, in trust only, 
that the said messuage and premises, and the rents and 
profits thereof, may at all times, for ever hereafter, be enjoyed 
and received by a School-master, duly chosen and lawfully 
licenced, who shall, from time to time, yearly for ever, teach 
twelve of the poorest childi-en, natives of Northouram, in 
the new erected school on Northouram-green, whose parents 
are least able to pay for them there." 
From an attested copy. 



NOKLAND. 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF EDWAKD WAINHOUSE, 

Dated September 18, 1680. 

" "T~ GIVE and bequeath to the old people and poor 

-JL persons of this town of Norland, two parts of the 
yearly rents and profits (the whole being divided into three) 
which shall arise and issue out of that messuage or tene- 
ment called Butterise, in Norland aforesaid, during the 
natural life of my said wife, and the third part also after her 
death, reserved to her before out of the same, to have and to 
hold the said messuage or tenement to the said poor people, 
and their successors, for ever, as aforesaid, and the rents of 



886 BIOGRAPHIA 

the aforesaid messuage or tenement to be paid at Mid- 
summer and Christmas, by equal portions, to the Overseers 
of the poor of this town, for the time being, yearly, and the 
Overseers to take one or two of the Heads of the town to the 
distribution of the said rents, and but a little thereof to 
those persons which have allowances, or nothing at all of it. 
And I do hereby authorize the Overseers of the poor, with 
one or two of the Heads of the said town, to sett and lett, 
or to farm lett, the said messuage or tenement, as often as 
need shall require." 

In a Terrier belonging to Sowerby-bridge Chapel, wrote in 
1727, it is said that Edward Wainhouse left yearly to the 
poor three pounds five shillings. 



OVENDEN. 
Original Endowment of Illingworth Chapel. 

Henry Savile, Lord of Ovenden, gave one acre of land 
out of the waste thereof, by a Deed bearing date January 
26, 17 Hen. VIII. to James Bawmeforth, and others, as 
Feoffees, in trust, that they should stand seized thereof to 
the use of a Chapel there, to be built to the honor of the 
Virgin Mary, paying therefore to the said Lord one red rose 
yearly. 

For this see the Kegister at Halifax, vol. ii. also the Old 
Church Book at Halifax. In Brearcliffe's manuscript, called 
Halifax Inquiries, &c. dated Dec. 22, 1651, are also these 
words : *' Item, we find by divers other Deeds, bearing date 
in the time of King Henry VIII. made from the said Henry 
Savile, Lord of Ovenden, that he gave divers parcels of 
lands in Ovenden to certain Feoffees and their heirs, and in 
the said Deeds mentioned no use ; but after we find by a 
Deed, made by the said several Feoff'ees, in the 8d year of 
Queen Elizabeth, with a schedule thereunto annexed, that 
he gave out of the said lands certain small rents to the 
Chapel of Illingworth ; but the townsmen do think that the 
whole lands were given to the said use, and not the rents 
only." 

An Inquisition taken at Halifax, Feb. 16, 1651, runs thus: 
** We find that one acre of land, long ago taken in from the 
wastes of Ovenden, in part whereof the Chapel of Illingworth 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 83T 

is built, and one house, called Chapel-house, and a barn there- 
unto belonging, are builded. And also one other acre of land, 
late taken from the wastes of Ovenden, and heretofore bought 
by one John Best, of George, late Earl of Shrewsbury, and 
others ; — And also one annuity of seven shillings yearly, issu- 
ing out of three acres and a half of laud in Bradshaw, in Oven- 
den ; — And one other annuity of five shillings yearly, issuing 
out of three acres of land, with the apjDurtenance, in Brad- 
shaw; — One other yearly rent of six shillings, yearly issuing 
(as we conceive) out of certain lands and tenements, with 
their appurtenances, in Ovenden ; — One other yearly rent of 
four shillings, yearly issuing out of one rood of land in 
Ovenden ; — One other yearly rent of two shillings, yearly 
issuing out of one acre of land in Bradshaw, in Ovenden ; — 
And one other annuity of fifteen shillings, yearly issuing 
out of one house or tenement, and the buildings thereupon 
built, and three roods of land, meadow, and pasture, by esti- 
mation, called Sawre Parke, in Ovenden, were by deed 
indented, bearing date Dec. 25, 1G40, granted and conveyed 
by Joseph Wood, of Old Laughton, in Ovenden, and Luke 
Crowther, the elder, of Holdsworth, in Ovenden, unto John 
Doughty, of the University of Oxford, and others, and their 
heirs for ever, as Feoffees in trust, to the use and behoof of, 
and for the maintenance of, the Preacher of God's Word for 
the time being, at the Chapel called lUingworth Chapel, and 
of such other person or persons after him as shall j)reach 
the Word of God at the said Chapel, and officiate the cure 
there successively from time to time to succeeding gener- 
ations for ever ; and for want of such Preacher at the said 
Chapel, then for and during such time of vacancy of a 
Preacher only, to the use and behoof of the poor people 
inhabiting within Ovenden aforesaid ; or of the Supervisors 
of the highways in Ovenden, for repairing and amending the 
highways there, at the discretion of the said John Doughty, 
and the rest of the said Co-feoffees, and their heirs. And 
we find, that the same hath been duly performed hitherto. 

"Also we find, that one house body in Ovenden, called 
Scausby, was leased by Mr. John Bairstow, and other 
Feoffees, for the Chapel of Illingworth, Oct. 11, 1647, to 
Isaac Walton, for 21 years, for one shilling and six-pence 
yearly, to be paid towards the maintenance of the Minister 
of the same Chapel." 



338 BIOGRAPHIA 

For the Benefactions of Kichard Somerscales, and Isaac 
Bowcock, in Ovenden, see under Halifax. 

Illingworth Chapel had only twelve pounds sixteen 
shillings j^early of a certain endowment, 3d of Queen Anne ; 
it was augmented Dec. 29, 1718, with the Queen's bounty 
by benefaction, through the contribution of Mr. John Wilk- 
inson, and others. The purchase deeds are dated Jan. 1, 
1721. The estates bought with the four hundred pounds 
are all in Ovenden. One is called Lower Scawsby, to which 
belong thirty-five days work of land ; another Upper Scaws- 
by, to which belong thirteen acres of land; and a third 
Ainsworth-house, with some cottages, and closes of land, 
but no particular quantity mentioned in the deed. 



EASTEICK. 
EXTBACT FKOM THE 

WILL OF JOHN HANSON, 

OF WOODHOUSE, 

Dated August 14, 1621. 

" "T" FREELY give, devise, and bequeath unto Walter 

I Stanhope, of Horsfirth, Thomas Brooke, of New- 
house, my sons in law, and to Richard Law, son and heir of 
Richard Law, late of lialifax, deceased, John Stanhope, and 
Thomas Brooke, and to Thomas Hanson, son and heir 
apparent of my brother Thomas Hanson, to Edward Hanson, 
of Netherwoodhouse, Thomas Hanson and Robert Hanson, 
of Rastrick, my cousins, one close of land and meadow in 
Rastrick, called the Little Southedge, which I late bought of 
John Goodheir, and so much of one other close, called the 
Wellclose, as is freehold land; and I intend to surrender 
the residue of the same close to the said persons, to the uses 
hereafter declared ; To have p,nd to hold, to them the said 
Walter Stanhope, &c. and to their heirs for ever, in trust 
and confidence, nevertheless, that they shall stand and be 
seized of the said two closes, to pay yearly forth of the same 
a rent-charge of twenty shillings towards the maintenance 
of Divine Service in the chapel of Rastrick, and for teaching 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 339 

of a school there. And whereas the trade of making of 
cloth is a great helj) to many poor persons, and would be 
much more if men would be advised in the fear of God to 
make true cloth, my meaning is, that sixteen pounds of my 
goods shall remain as a stock in the township of Rastrick, 
to set poor and honest workmen in labour, but the 
property of the said goods shall remain and be unto 
Alexander Stock, Clerk, Parson of Heaton, and Edward 
Sunderland, Clerk, Preacher of the Word of God at 
Eland, and with their successors. Parsons of Heaton, and 
Preachers of the Word of God at Eland, from time to time, 
to succeeding generations for ever. Also I devise to them, 
the said Alexander Stock and Edward Sunderland, and their 
said successors, four pounds more, by them to be employed, 
with the said sixteen pounds, to the use of the poor afore- 
said, according to such note of direction as I have left under 
mine own hand for the same, so there be no employment 
thereof made to any Clothier that useth either to flock or. 
strain their cloth deceitfully." 

Transcribed from an old manuscript in my own possession, 
formerly belonging to Edward Hanson, of Woodhouse. 

William Birkhead, of Brookfoot, in Southouram, as 
appears from an Inquisition taken at Hahfax, Feb. 16, 1651, 
and which belonged to the late Mr. Stead, of Nottingham, 
gave by Will, dated Dec. 29, 1638, out of his last third part 
of his personal estate, commonly called the '''Death's part, 
unto Edward Hanson, of Netherwoodhouse, in Rastrick, and 
Richard Law, of Shelf, the sum of five pounds, in trust, 
that they should bestow the same on some parcel of land, or 
yearly rent of inheritance, to be yearly paid to the poor 
people of Rastrick and Brighouse, from time to time, to 
succeeding generations for ever. 

This money was not come to the hands of the said 
Trustees at the time of taking the above Inquisition. 



* For the meaning of this expression, see Burn's Ecclesiastical Law, 
vol. ii, p. 782. 



840 BIOGRAPHIA 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF MAEY LAW, of Ealand, 

Dated Feb. 4, 1701. 

" ~r GIVE and bequeath all those lands, tenements, and 
_JL premises, with their appurtenances, ( at Lower 
Woodhouse, and in Rastrick,) which are in the tenure and 
occupation of John Bottomley, Jonas Preston, and John 
Malinson, unto Thomas Hanson, of Bothroyd, in Rastrick, 
and to his heirs and assigns, and to the Minister of Rastrick, 
and his successors for the time being, to the uses, j)urposes, 
and intents hereafter limited and expressed, and to none 
other use, intent and purpose whatsoever ; that is to say, 
all that messuage and tenement at Lower Woodhouse afore- 
said, in the tenure of the said John Bottomley, (being of 
the yearly value of six pounds or upwards) to the use and 
towards the maintenance of four poor widows, to be chosen 
within the town and township of Rastrick, at the discretion 
of the said Thomas Hanson, and his heirs, and the said 
Minister of Rastrick, and his successors for the time being, 
for ever. And all those messuages, lands, tenements, and 
premises in Rastrick aforesaid, in possession of Jonas 
Preston and John Mallinson aforesaid, to the use and be- 
hoof of endowing a School in Rastrick aforesaid, for the 
teaching and instructing twenty poor children to read and 
write, to be chosen within the town of Rastrick and Brig- 
house, at the discretion as abovementioned." 

The widows have each thirty shillings clear, and the 
School-master eleven pounds yearly. 

Rastrick Chapel received Queen Anne's bounty in 1720, 
by means of Sir John Armitage, and John Bedford, Esq ; 
before which the returned certainty was five pounds per 
annum. I have the copy of a Deed, dated June 11, 1605, 
reciting, that whereas John Thornhill, and others, had 
petitioned Sir John Fortescue, Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, shewing, that there had time immemorial been 
an antient Chapel within the township of Rastrick, called 
St. Matthew's Chapel, within which divine service had been 
celebrated, and also a school for the education of youth 
above fifty years ago, which Chapel, for want of due main- 
tenance for keeping a Curate there, had for the greatest part 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 341 

of fifty years last past been profaned, and converted to 
other uses, till it was reformed by the statute temp. Eliz. 
for reviving of things given to charitable uses ; since which 
time the said John Thornhill, and others, had bestowed 
great sums of money in repairing and enlarging the same, 
and maintaining divine service therein for a year last past ; 
and that every Sunday and holiday a great number of people 
did resort thereto, and were likely so to do if divine service 
were continued, for that a great part of the inhabitants of 
the said township were two miles distant from their Parish 
Church of Eland, the ways foul in winter, and the cause- 
ways decayed for want of repairing ; by reason whereof many 
who were willing to be present at divine service at Eland 
twice a day, were inforced in the afternoons to be absent ; 
and many of the younger sort had taken occasion thereby to 
occupy themselves on Sundays and holidays in the after- 
noons at unlawful games ; which abuses had been greatly 
reformed the last year, and were likely to continue so, if 
divine service might be provided for. And for that the said 
township of Rastrick was very small, consisting of not above 
twenty-four families, and the greatest part thereof poor 
cottagers, and the whole township not containing above 
twelve oxgangs of land, and therefore unable to bear the 
charges of celebrating divine service, or instructing youth in 
the said Chapel, and therefore humbly intreated his Honour 
to grant licence to the said Petitioners, &c. to inclose and 
improve from the waste and commons within the said town- 
ship, some few acres of ground, as might be least hurtful to 
the inhabitants there, and to convert the same to the use 
and benefit of those who should celebrate divine service, and 
keep a School in the said Chapel ; for which grounds they 
were willing to pay yearly to his Majesty four-pence of new 
rent for every acre. On perusal of which petition, and con- 
ference had with Sir John Savile, one of the Barons of the 
Court of Exchequer, who lived within two miles of the said 
Chapel, and affirmed the contents of the said Petition to be 
true, and that by means thereof the inhabitants of the 
manor of Brighouse, which are more remote from the Church 
than the inhabitants of Rastrick, may likewise resort to the 
said Chapel ; also that none had right of common in the 
said inclosures to be made, except the said Petitioners, and 



842 BIOGRAPHIA 

others the inhabitants of Kastrick aforesaid : It is, there- 
fore, this 11th day of June, 3d James, ordered and decreed 
by the said Chancellor, that the Steward of the Manor of 
Wakefield should grant, by Copy of Court-roll, ten acres of 
said wastes and commons to said Petitioners and their heirs 
according to the custom of said manor, to be inclosed and 
improved, for the maintenance of some honest person, from 
time to time, who shall say divine service in the said Chapel 
as aforesaid, the said Petitioners paying yearly four -pence 
for every acre so inclosed, at the Feast of St. Michael, to 
the Grave of the said township of Eastrick. 



EISHWORTH. 
EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JOHN WHEELWEIGHT, 

OF NORTH SHIELDS, 

Dated October 14, 1724. 

<' T GIVE, devise and bequeath all and singular my 
_|_ messuages, houses, lands, tenements, and here- 
ditaments whatsoever, situate and being in the county of 
York and elsewhere, unto John Wheelwright, of Norland, 
in the county of York, Miller ; Ely Dyson, of Clay-house, 
in the county of York, Merchant ; and Abraham Thomas, 
of Dewsbury, in the said county of York, Clothier; upon 
trust, for the building a School at Dewsbury : And upon this 
farther trust also, that the said John Wheelwright, Ely 
Dyson, and Abraham Thomas, do and shall, with all conve- 
nient speed after my decease, out of my personal estate 
herein after devised to them, pay and apply the sum of one 
hundred and fifty pounds for the building of a School at 
Kushworth, in the said county of York, and that my said 
Trustees for the time being do and shall also out of my real 
estate pay the yearly sum of ten pounds to a School-master 
for ever, at four equal quarterly payments, to wit, at Candle - 
mass, May-day, Lammas, and Martinmass, in every year, 
for the teaching and instructing of twenty boys and girls, to 
be chosen by my said Trustees, from time to time, out of 



HALTFAXIENSIS. 843 

the poorest tenants children, living on any of my estates ; 
and so many of the boys and girls as shall not be elected 
out of my said tenants children, shall be chosen by my 
Trustees, for the time being, out of the poor of the parish 
where the said School stands, the said Master to teach them 
to read and to write, and to prepare as many boys for the 
Latin tongue as my said Trustees shall judge to have 
capacity to learn the same : And I do hereby order that the 
said twenty children do always consist of more boys than 
girls. And my will further is, that my said Trustees do 
and shall, out of my said estate, pay, at four equal quarterly 
payments, to wit, Candlemas, May-day, Lammas, and Martin- 
mass, in every year, the clear yearly sum of forty 
pounds to a School-master for ever, sufficiently in- 
structed and skilled in the Latin and Greek languages, 
and of sound principles, according to the doctrine of the 
Church of England by law established, who shall teach and 
instruct as many of the aforesaid poor boys as shall from to 
time to time become fit to learn the Latin and Greek tongues ; 
and that the said number of twenty boys and girls to be 
taught by the said two Masters as aforesaid, be from time to 
time kept up, and still to consist of a majority of boys. And 
I give full power to my said Trustees for the time being, or 
any two of them, to choose such School-master and School- 
masters, and from time to time to place, and for any misde- 
meanour, neglect, or other just cause, to displace them, or 
any of them, according to their discretion. And my will 
further is, and I do hereby order, direct, and appoint, that 
my dwelling-house, commonly called by the name of Goat- 
house, in Rushworth aforesaid, be fitted up and made con- 
venient, and so continued by my said Trustees, for the lodging 
of the said two Masters, and also for the lodging, boarding, 
and entertaining of the twenty boys and girls beforemen- 
tioned, for ever. And I also order, will, and direct, that my 
said Trustees, and such other person and persons as shall be 
duly elected in their or any of their steads and places, after 
their, any, or every of their deaths and deceases, do, and 
shall yearly, for ever, pay and apply out of my said estate, 
the sum of five pounds for the maintenance of each of the 
said twenty boys and girls at the said Goat-house, the same 
to be paid at equal payments, to such person and persons as 
shall from time to time have the care and management of 



844 BIOGRAPHIA 

the said boys and girls, at the end of every week : And also 
that my said Trustees do, and shall yearly for ever, pay to a 
sober, discreet, and careful woman, to be employed in the 
dressing of victuals, washing, bed-making, and other the 
necessary looking after the twenty boys and girls aforesaid, 
the sum of ten pounds, at four equal quarterly payments, 
(to wit,) at Candlemass, May-day, Lammas, and Martinmass, 
in every year, such woman to be chosen and displaced, 
from time to time, by my said Trustees, as they shall see 
cause. And my will also is, that the said Goat-house shall 
be sufficiently furnished, and kept furnished, by my said 
Trustees, with beds, bedding, and all other necessary furni- 
ture, for the entertainment and intent aforesaid, out of my 
said estate. And I do also hereby will, order, and direct, 
that each and every of the said boys shall, at his age of six- 
teen years, or thereabouts, have the sum of five pounds paid 
or applied by my said Trustees, out of my said estate, for 
and towards the fitting him for, or putting him an apprentice 
to some trade, occupation, or business, such trade or occu- 
pation to be in the choice of the boy and his parents, or 
relations, except only one of the said boys, that shall be best 
capable of University education, which I do hereby order 
shall, at the age of eighteen years, or so soon as he shall 
have school learning sufficient, be sent to Cambridge or 
Oxford, and shall be there maintained by my said Trustees, 
out of my said estate, at the rate of forty pounds per annum 
for four years, and no longer ; after the expiration of which 
four years, another boy shall be sent upon the same footing 
as the former, and so to be continued one after another for 
ever ; all and every such boy and boys to be from time to 
time chosen and elected by the said Trustees, or the majority 
of them, with advice of the Head School-master for the time 
being. Item, I give all my houshold goods whatsoever, with 
all my books that belong to me, either at North Shields, or 
any where in Yorkshire, towards the furnishing the aforesaid 
Goat-house, the said books to be catalogued, and carefully 
placed in some fit room, towards the foundation of a library, 
for the use of the twenty boys and girls aforesaid, and the 
said two School-masters. Item, my will is, and I do hereby 
direct, that in case the said John Wheelwright shall die 
without heir male, that then it shall be in the power of my 
other two Trustees, or their successors, to elect and appoint 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 845 

another person of the sir-name of Wheelwright, who shall 
be invested with, and entitled unto, the same powers, profits, 
and privileges, as the said John Wheelwright is by this Will, 
in all respects whatsoever. And I do also order, that upon 
the deaths of the other two Trustees, Ely Dyson and 
Abraham Thomas, the survivor of them, and the said John 
Wheelwright, or his heir male, or such other person of the 
name of Wheelwright as shall be appointed as aforesaid, do 
and shall elect and appoint other Trustees, whom I desire 
may be honest, able, and faithful persons, living in the 
tenements wherein the said Ely Dyson and Abraham 
Thomas now dwell, in case there be any such, and for default 
of such, the two surviving Trustees to choose such other 
person and persons as they shall think fit to be Trustees 
from time to time, as often as occasion shall require. Item, 
I hereby order, will, and declare, that in case of any neglect 
or defaults happening by my said Trustees, or their succes- 
sors, to be elected as aforesaid, in not making of such 
elections of Trustees as aforesaid, or in the not duly per- 
forming the several trusts hereby in them reposed, or the 
non-payment of any of the bequests and charges hereby 
made by me upon my said estates, or any misapplication 
thereof, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this my 
Will, that then, and upon any such complaint made, and 
not otherwise, I do hereby authorise and impower the Arch- 
bishop of York, for the time being, to enquire into, and 
rectify all and every such abuse or default, and to put the 
same again upon the footing hereby intended, but without 
further power to intermeddle therein. Item, I do hereby 
will, order, and appoint, that the clear yearly sum of one 
hundred pounds per annum shall be, from time to time, 
paid out of my said estate, to such person and persons who 
shall more immediately be concerned in the managing and 
looking after the several trusts aforesaid, the said sum to be 
paid at four equal quarterly payments in every year. And 
I do hereby appoint the said John Wheelwright, during his 
natural life, to manage and look after the same ; and after 
the death of the said John Wheelwright, it is my mind that 
the said other Trustees shall choose the son of the said John 
Wheelwright to manage the several trusts aforesaid, and 
after his decease, shall choose of the issue male of the body 
of the said John Wheelwright, and for default of such issue, 



848 BIOGEAPHIA 

shall choose and elect another person of the sirname of 
Wheelwright, to manage and look after the trust aforesaid. 
And my will is, that all my estate, both real and personal, 
shall be chargeable with, and subject to, the several uses, 
trusts, legacies, devices, and charges, herein before mention- 
ed ; and whatsoever surplus may arise out of and from my 
said real and personal estate, over and above the discharge 
of the several trusts, legacies, orders, directions, and devices 
aforesaid, the same shall go and be applied by my said 
Trustees to the purchasing of lands. And it is my will, 
that the profits thereof shall always be applied to and for 
the better maintenance and support of the said twenty 
children, or to the enlarging of the number of scholars there, 
or for the sending of more of them to the University, 
as the said augmentation may allow of, in such manner 
as my said Trustees shall think fit. And I also hereby will 
and desire, that constant prayers may be read in the said 
Schools every morning and evening, by the Masters thereof, 
and that the said children be religiously and virtuously 
brought up and educated, according to the Doctrine of the 
Church of England as by Law established. Item, I will, 
and hereby order, that my said Executor and Trustees, or 
any of them, shall not demise or grant any part of my 
several estates, for any term or terms exceeding twenty- one 
years, nor shall they, or any of them, receive any greater or 
other rents upon any such lease or demise, than the same 
are now actually rented at, or let for." 

John Wheelwright, above-named, was appointed sole 
Executor of this Will. 

The above extract was made from a copy of the Will, lent 
by one of the Trustees. 



STANSFIELD. 

For John Greenwood's Benefaction to the poor of Stans- 
field, see under Heptonstall. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 347 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF MAKY HUTTON, of Pudsay, 

Dated July QO, 1720. 

'' T GIVE and devise to Eobert Milnes, of Wakefield, 

JL William Lupton, of the same place, Eobert Holds- 
worth, of Fetherston parish, Jonathan Priestley, of Winter- 
edge, in Hipperholm, Eichard Northorp, of Kirkheaton 
parish, Anthony Ehodes, of Barnsley, and Joseph Armitage, 
of Heckmondwike, and their heirs and assigns, all and 
singular my tenements situate at Horton, Bowling, or either 
of them, in the tenures or occupations of William Booth 
and John Thornton, or their respective assigns, but upon 
special trust and confidence nevertheless, that my said 
Trustees shall, at all times after my decease, receive and 
take the rents, issues, and profits of the same so to them 
devised premises, and having thereout first deducted such 
sums of money as they, or any of them, shall have respec- 
tively disbursed in or about the reparation or improvement 
of the said to them devised j)remises, or otherwise touching 
the same, or in or about the execution or defence of the 
trusts thereby to them reposed, or any of such trusts, or the 
title of the said to them devised premises, or any part there- 
of, shall yearly, and every year, pay over the clear re- 
mainder of such rents and profits, after such deductions as 
aforesaid, to such Preaching Protestant Dissenting Ministers 
as are herein above described, (i. e.) of the Presbyterian 
or Congregational Persuasion,) who shall be respectively the 
settled Preachers or Teachers at the several and respective 
Chapels or Meeting-houses now used, and duly recorded, at 
the General or Quarter Sessions, as places of Eeligious 
Worship hereinafter mentioned, (then follows the names, 
<fec. of seven Chapels, amongst which is Eastwood Chapel, 
in the townshij) of Stansfield, and parish of Halifax,) and 
their respective successors, who shall respectively reside 
every of them within the parish in which such Chapel or 
Meeting-house, at which he shall so officiate as Preacher or 
Teacher, is situate, to and for the benefit, better mainten- 
ance and support of such Preachers or Teachers, and their 
respective successors as aforesaid, and equally to be divided 
amongst them, share and share alike. Provided always, 



848 BIOGBAPHIA 

and my will and mind is, that in case the said seven Chapels 
or Meeting-houses last mentioned, or any of them, shall 
cease to be made use of as places of Keligious Worship by 
Protestant Dissenters from the Church of England, having 
such Teachers and Preachers as aforesaid, by the space of 
four years, either through the restraint and prohibition of 
the Civil Government, or otherwise, that then, from and im- 
mediately after such discontinuance of Eeligious Worship 
there, my said Trustees, their heirs and assigns, upon 
request, and at the proper costs of such person and persons 
as, at the time of such discontinuance of Eeligious Worship 
there, shall be or shall have last been Teacher or Teachers, 
or Preacher or Preachers, at such of the said seven Chapels 
or Meeting-houses last mentioned as aforesaid, where such 
discontinuance of Religious Worship shall be, or of the re- 
spective heirs of such Preacher or Preachers, Teacher or 
Teachers, in case such discontinuance of Religious Worship 
as aforesaid, shall be at the same seven Chapels or Meeting- 
houses, shall convey over all the same tenements, so to my 
said Trustees devised, to the use and behoof of such seven 
Preachers or Teachers last mentioned, and their heirs, 
equally to be divided amongst them as tenants in common 
and not as joint tenants ; and in case such discontinuance 
of Religious Service as aforesaid shall have been only at 
some or one of such Chapels or Meeting-houses last men- 
tioned, then that my said Trustees shall so convey over one 
undivided seventh part of the same tenements so to them 
devised as aforesaid, to every such Preachers or Teachers of 
such of the said Chapels or Meeting-houses last mentioned, 
where such discontinuance of Religious Worship shall have 
so been, and his heirs, and to his and their use and uses, 
and to every of such Preachers or Teachers last mentioned, 
his Executors, or Administrators, my said Trustees shall 
pay over one full seventh part of the whole in seven equal 
parts to be divided, of the clear rents and profits of the said 
tenements last mentioned, which shall be or have been by 
my said Trustees received and raised from and after such 
discontinuance of Religious Worship at the said Chapels or 
Meeting-houses last mentioned." — 

On the decease of four Trustees, the survivors are, within 
three calender months, to choose four honest able persons, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 849 

Protestant Dissenters from the Church of England as now 
by law established, and so on from time to time. 



CKOSTONE CHAPEL. 

There is 10s. paid annually to the Curate of this Chapel, 
for preaching a Sermon yearly in the said Chapel, on Whit- 
sunday, from a farm in Harley-wood, in Stansfield, called 
the Jumps. 

The inhabitants of Stansfield and Langfield, as it is said, 
did at the first building of this Chapel, charge their estates 
therein with the annual payment of twenty pounds to the 
Curate, which, as appears from an old Chapel rental, was 
paid in 1572, and is continued to this day. 



SKIRCOAT. 

The first School-master here was one Eichard Wilkinson, 
whose presentation, (as preserved in the Kegister Book at 
Halifax Church, vol. ii.) was in the following words : 

" Reverendissimo in Christo Patri ac Domino, Domino 
Mattheo, Archiepiscopo Eborum, Anglie Primati et Metro- 
politano, vestri humiles filii, Gubernatores possessionum, 
revenconum, et bonorum, Libere Grammaticalis Schole 
Domiue Regine Elizabethe, in parochia et vicariatu de Hali- 
fax, in Com. Ebor. vestreque Ebor. dieces. salutem in 
Domino sempiternam. Ad Scholam Grammaticalem 
predictam, jam vacantem, Richardum Wilkinson, in Arti- 
bus Baccalaureum, per nos electum ad officium Magistri 
informatoris ejusdem Schole, Dominationi vestri presen- 
tamus, humiliter rogantes, ut predictum Richardum 
in Magistrum informatorem Schole predicte admittatis, 
ceteraque omnia et singula perficere et perimplere que vestro 
in hac parte incumbunt officio pastorali velitis cum favore. 
Datum apud Bradley, in vicariatu predicto, vicesimo nono 
die Augusti, anno predicte Domine nostre Elizabethe, Dei 
gratia, Anglie, Francie, et Hibernie Regine, Fidei Defensoris, 
quadragesimo secundo. In cujus rei testimonium, Sigillum 
nostrum commune apposuimus, die et anno supradictis." 



S50 BIOGRAPHIA 

The second Master was Kobert Birron, who was buried 
April 28, 1629. The third, (though omitted by Mr. Wright,) 
Marsh. This Gentleman, as appears from the book be- 
longing to Mr. Waterhouse's Trustees, was Master in 1649, 
&c. The fourth was Paul Greenwood, afterwards Vicar of 
Dewsbury, who was Master from 1652 to 1664, when he 
resigned. The fifth was John Doughty, who continued 
Master from 1664 till his death, which happened in October, 
1688. The sixth was Thomas Lister, Batchelor in Physic, 
of Jesus College, Cambridge, who died about 1727. The 
seventh was Christopher Jackson, A.B. who resigned in 
1731. The eighth was Edward Topham, A.B. afterwards 
A.M. and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ; he resigned 
in 1733. The ninth was John Holdsworth, A.M. The 
tenth, Samuel Ogden, D.D. who resigned, and was suc- 
ceeded by Thomas West, who resigned to 

The following inscription (wrote probably by Dr. Favour) 
is cut in stone over the School-house door : 

In favorem Keipublicae. 
Terra mala, et sterilis, dumetis obsita, saxis 
Horrida, quae nullis inventa est frugibus apta : 
Sed bona genfe, populus sanctus, pietatis et ardens, 
Eeligionis opus tantum produxit, ut inde 
Terra bona, et possit bona gens bene dicier : ecce 
Sic domini terram, dominos non terra beavit ! 
Elizabetha diu vivat quag talia nobis 
Indulsit monumenta : Deus, sic, summe, secundes 
Hoc opus, ut vigeat, perque omnia secula duret : 
Sic nos, Christe, tuo sic nostra dicamus honori. 
Jacta sunt Fundam. 8 Junii, Anno Dom. 1598. Elizab. 
EeginsB, 40. 
Also on a i3illar within the School, 
*' In memory of the Eeverend Mr. Samuel Stancliff, 
** descended from the antient family of Stancliff, in the 
*' parish of Halifax, in the west riding of this county of 
" York, sometime of St. John's College, in Cambridge, and 
** Minister of Stanmore Magna, in the county of Middlesex, 
** who departed this hfe the 12th day of December, Anno 
D'ni, 1705, aged 75 years." 

This benefactor gave an hundred pounds towards the 
adorning and improving of this School. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 351 

In the 2d vol. of Halifax Eegister is a list of the Contri- 
butions towards the building of this School, much more 
compleat than that in Wright, p. 20. And in vol. iii. is an 
account of money collected in 1634, towards purchasing 
lands for the same. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF BEIAN CKOWTHEE, 

OF HALIFAX, 

Dated SejH. 9, 160G. 

" 1\ /TY will and mind is, and I do, by this my present 
IVI Will and Testament, give, devise, and bequeath 
to the Governors of the Free Grammar School of Queen 
Elizabeth, within the vicarage of Halifax, and to their 
successors, for ever, to the use and behoof of the said Free 
Grammar School, one annuity or yearly rent of twenty 
pounds of lawful English money, yearly issuing, and to be 
received of, in, and forth of all and singular my messuages, 
lands, tenenements, rents, reversions, possessions, and 
hereditaments, with their appurtenances, lying and being 
within the manor, lordship, town, or territories of Armyn, 
in the county of York, in the Feast of St. Martin, the 
Bishop, in winter, and Pentecost, yearly, for ever, by even 
portions, or contrariwise, in the same Feasts, as it shall 
happen by and after the death of me, the said Brian 
Crowther. — With power of distress to the said Governors, if 
the above rent is unpaid, in part, or in all, by the space of 
twenty days after it becomes due as aforesaid." See the 
Eegister at Halifax Church, vol. ii. 

Thomas Milner, Clerk, formerly Fellow of St. Mary 
Magdalen College, in Cambridge, by Will and Codicil, bear- 
ing date 1722, made over to the said College, a reversionary 
grant, of one thousand pounds, for the maintenance of three 
Scholars, to be chosen from the Schools of Haversham, 
Halifax and Leedes. And in the year 1736, Mrs Mary 
Milner, sister to the said Mr. Milner, added two hundred 
pounds to the above-mentioned benefaction, to be applied 
by the College to the same uses. 



352 BIOGRAPHIA 



SOWERBY. 



John Fourness, as appeared to the Inquirers after Cliari- 
ties at Halifax, in 1651, did, by Roll of Court, dated Oct. 9, 
13 James I, assure to George Holgate, William Greenwood, 
George Fourness, and Richard Brigg, and their heirs, two 
cottages in Sowerby, to the use of three poor men of the 
said town, for ever. 

Also the said John Fourness did surrender, as appeared 
by a Copy of the Roll, one messuage, one garden, and four 
closes of land, in Sowerby, to the use and behoof of John 
Broadley, Clerk, and Master of Arts, for term of his life, 
and after to the use and behoof of George Holgate, and 
others, and their heirs, for ever, as Feoffees, to the ude of 
such persons as shall be Masters of Arts, and a Preacher at 
the Chapel of Sowerby, for and during their times, and for 
want of a Master of Arts being a Preacher there, then to 
the use and behoof of Richard Brigg and his heirs. 

The above from Mr. Brearcliflfe's manuscript. 

George Foxcroft (as appears from the above manuscript) 
gave by Will, dated May 20, 17 James I. ten pounds to the 
poor of the Chapelry of Sowerby, to be lent from year to 
year, by the Minister, Churchwarden, and Swornmen of the 
said Chapel for the time being, to the poor of Sowerby 
Quarter, Westfield Quarter, and Blackwood Quarter, taking 
security for the same, and nothing to be paid for the same» 



EXTEACT FROM THE 

WILL OF THOMAS MITCHELL, 

OF SOWERBY, 

Dated April 1, 1021. 

'* T DO hereby give and bequeath the sum of twenty 

J. pounds to mine Executor hereafter named, to be 
disposed of and bestowed as followeth, viz. It is my will 
and mind, that the said sum of twenty pounds shall remain 
in the hands of my Executor hereafter named, for, during^ 
and until my said Executor, together with the advice, 
assent, and consent of Mr. Broadley, now Preacher at 
Sowerby aforesaid, and if George Holgate and Edward 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 363 

Banister can conveniently, and as speedily as may be, at 
after my death, bestow the sum upon one annuity or yearly 
rent of as great a value as possibly can be therewith pur- 
chased.And it is my will and mind, that the said annuity or 
yearly rent so therewith shall be purchased and yearly paid 
unto the said Mr. Broadley, immediately from and after the 
purchasing thereof, for during the term of his natural life ; 
and from and after the death and decease of the said Mr. 
Broadley, then it is my will and mind, that the said annuity 
or yearly rent shall remain to the Churchwardens, Over- 
seers, and Swornmen of Sowerby, for the time being, and 
to my Executor hereafter named, to be by them yearly be- 
stowed for ever upon a Preacher at Sowerby aforesaid for the 
time being hereafter, so that he be a Master of Arts ; for 
it is my will and mind, that if at any time or times here- 
after there happen to be a Preacher at Sowerby aforesaid, 
which shall not be a Master of Arts, lawfully allowed and 
proved, that then or so often as it shall so happen such a 
Preacher or Preachers not being Master of Arts, shall have 
no benefit by this my present gift, but that the said annuity 
or yearly rent, for want of a Preacher being Master of Arts, 
shall remain to the said Churchwardens, and Overseers, and 
Swornmen of Sowerby aforesaid for the time being, and to 
my Executor hereafter named, to be by them bestowed (and 
at their discretions) upon and amongst the poor people in- 
habiting within the township of Sowerby aforesaid, yearly, 
for and until a Preacher, being a Master of Arts, shall serve 
and preach at Sowerby aforesaid. Item, it is my will and 
mind, and I do hereby give and bequeath the sum of ten 
pounds, to be disposed and bestowed by the Minister, 
Churchwarden, Overseer, and Swornmen of Sowerby afore- 
said, and by mine Executor hereafter named during his life, 
as followeth, that is to say, it is my will and mind, that 
they, the said Minister, Churchwarden, Overseer, and 
Swornmen for the time being, shall bestow and lend the 
same sum of ten pounds, gratis and freely, to such three 
poor handy craftsmen inhabiting within Blackwood Quarter, 
as they shall, in their discretions, think most convenient 
and meet, and do most stand in need of the same ; that is 
to say, every man to have the sum of three pounds six 
shillings and eight-pence a-piece lent to him, upon good 
surety by them, and by their costs and charges to be made, 



354 BIOGRAPHIA 

that they will well and truly pay the same back again to the 
Minister, Churchwarden, Overseer, andSwornmen for the time 
being, and that they may lend the said sum of ten ^Dounds 
to some other three poor handycraftsmen, inhabiting within 
Blackwood Quarter as aforesaid, as they shall think most 
meet. And it is my full will and mind, that no poor handy- 
craftsmen shall have any benefit by this my present gift, 
except they do inhabit and dwell within Blackwood Quarter ; 
and that the said sum of ten pounds shall not be distributed 
or lent to no more persons but only to three in any one 
year, equally inhabiting within the circuit aforesaid." 

N.B. The inaccuracies in the above were in the copy 
from whence this was taken. One account makes the above 
Will to be dated in 1613. The twenty pounds left to the 
Minister were laid out on some copyhold land, lying beneath 
Sowerby, bought of one James Dobson. 



EXTRACT FEOM THE 

WILL OF HENKY HAIGH, of Sowerby, 

Dated July 13, 1634. 

" "VXTHEEEAS I have, by surrender, dated with these 

V V presents, surrendered, according to the custom 
of the manor of Wakefield, one messuage or tenement, and 
five closes, clausures, or parcels of land, meadow and pas- 
ture, to the said messuage or tenement belonging — called by 
the several names of the Great Ing, Narr Croft, Little Croft 
on the Backside, and two townfields, parcel of ten acres of 
land, meadow and pasture, by estimation to the said mes- 
suage or tenement belonging — And two other closes of land 
lymg together — of the yearly rent to the King's Majesty of 
five shillings two-pence, and for which composition is made 
for certainty of the fine thereof: And also one other mes- 
suage or tenement — and three closes, now made into two 
closes of land and pasture, with one house or cottage there- 
upon, with appurtenances, (all which above demised premises 
are in the Will said to be in the Graveship of Sowerby, but 
are not otherwise described than by the names of the then 
occupants) which said last mentioned premises and cottages, 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 355 

with appurtenances, are of tlie yearly rent to the Kmg's 
Majesty of five shillings two-pence, and for which Composi- 
tion is also made with the Lord, for certainty of the fine 
thereof ; all which premises contain, by estimation, thirty 
acres and an half ; and all rents and yearly profits reserved 
upon all, or any surrender, demise, or lease, heretofore made 
of the premises, or of any part thereof ; and all other my 
customary messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, and here- 
ditaments, with appurtenances, in the Graveshij) of Sowerby 
abovesaid, in whose tenures soever the same be, to the use 
and behoof of my dear and right trusty friends, Robert 
Priestley and Richard Brigge, of Sowerby abovesaid. Yeo- 
men, their heirs and assigns, for ever, by service, according 
to the custom of the said manor, therein to stand seized, as 
Feoffees in trust, to such uses, intents, purposes, limitations, 
and provisoes, as I by my last Will and Testament should 
mention, limit, and declare, with a proviso for revocation, and 
making void the said surrender,by payment or tender of twelve 
pence, to such persons, and in such sort, as in the said surrender 
is specified, as further by the tenure thereof (reference being 
thereunto made) more plainly may appear : Now therefore 
I, the said Henry Haigh, do hereby mention, limit, and de- 
clare, that it is my full will and mind, that they the said 
Robert Priestley and Richard Brigge, and their heirs, and 
the survivor of them, and his heirs, shall be, and stand 
Feoffees, and courted and admitted tenants of all the said 
premises surrendered as aforesaid, to all the uses, intents, 
limitations, purposes, and provisoes herein hereafter ex- 
pressed, limited and declared thereupon, (that is to say,) of 
intent and purpose that the Preacher of God's Word, for the 
time being, at the Chapel of Sowerby aforesaid, being a 
Master of Arts, and preaching one Sermon upon every second 
Wednesday in these four months of the year, for ever, (viz. 
May, June, July, and August) shall have and receive, and take 
for his pains, twenty- six shillings eight-pence yearly, (viz.) six 
shillings eight-pence for each Sermon, to be paid monthly 
upon the same day wherein such Sermon shall be so made 
as aforesaid, forth of the rents, issues, and profits of the said 
two closes— in the occupation of John Bates, &c. Provided 
always, and it is my will and mind, that during so longtime 
as the Minister or Preacher of God's Word at Sowerby 
Chapel abovesaid, shall either not be a Master of Arts, or 



866 BIOGEAPHIA 

not preach as aforesaid, the said monthly payment of six 
shilUngs eight-pence shall be paid to my loving sister Sibill, 
wife of John Hide, and her heirs and assigns. If unpaid for 
ten days, the persons to whom the rents belong may make 
distress." 

At Chaderton is an attested copy of this Will, from whence 
the above was taken ; also a copy of the above-named sur- 
render, and others of later dates ; the estate which has gone 
by the name of Haigh's Farm, is the property of Sir Watts 
Horton, of Chaderton, Bart. 

This money was once withheld for three years, on which 
Mr. Nathaniel Eathband, Curate of Sowerby, and M.A. pe- 
titioned Lord Keeper Littleton. Mr. Brearcliffe's MS. sais, 
that it was detained in 1651, by Samuel Foxcroft. 



EXTEACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JOHN BENTLEY, 

OF SOWERBY. 

" T GIVE and bequeath unto the township of Sowerby 

1 twenty pounds, to be employed for ever in manner 
and form following, (viz.) to be lent unto four poor inhabit- 
ants of the said town, for four years, by equal portions or 
parts, that is to say, to each of the said four inhabitants 
five pounds (gratis, or without paying of any loan or other 
consideration for the same) the said inhabitants putting in 
sufficient sureties to the Supervisors hereafter named for the 
repaying of the same at the end of the said four years ; and 
after those four years, to four other poor inhabitants of the 
said town for four years more, in the same manner ; and so 
from four years to four years, to several men, for ever ; pro- 
vided always that the said money, nor any part thereof, be 
not lent to any Clothier, Indico-seller, or any that belongs 
to Clothing. And I do desire, nominate, and appoint, 
Thomas Dobson, of the Stones, and Henry Priestley, of 
Baytings, and their heirs, and the Ministers or Priests of 
Sowerby and Bipponden, for the time being, my Supervisors 
in trust, to see that the same twenty pounds be imployed in 
manner and form aforesaid. And if the same shall not be 
imployed as is aforesaid, then mine Executor and Overseers 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 357 

of this my last Will and Testament shall recover and receive 
the same of the said Supervisors, and shall divide the same 
amongst those unto whom I have given legacies, and their 
children." 

This Trust is at present managed by Mr. John Priestley, 
of White-windows, in Sowerby, and the Ministers of Sowerby 
and Eipponden, no heir to the above Thomas Dobson being 
to be found. The date of this Will I have not seen, but it 
is older than 1651, as it is mentioned in Mr. Brearcliffe's 
MS. of that date. 



EXTKACT FROM THE 

WILL OF DANIEL GKEENWOOD, D.D. 

Dated March 11, 1675. 

** T GIVE to my dear brother, John Greenwood, and to 
J_ his heirs and assigns, all my lands in Crowellshaws, 
in the county of York, upon trust, that he do yearly pay to 
the Minister of Sowerby Chapel, who hath officiated there 
by the space of one >vhole year, the sum of forty shillings, 
and to the poor of Sowerby chapelry forty shilHngs, and 
these payments to continue for ever, and to be paid on the 
first day of June, and first day of December, or within 
twenty days after each day, by equal portions ; but if my 
said brother, or his heirs and assigns, shall neglect or 
refuse to pay the said payments, or either of them, 
then I give and bequeath my said lands in Crowellshaws 
aforesaid, to Edmond Tattersall and Timothy Bentley, and 
to their heirs, for ever, upon trust, to pay the said several 
yearly payments for ever ; and my will is, that the first pay- 
ments be made on such of the said days as shall first happen 
within twelve months after my decease." 

Taken from an attested copy at Whitewindows, in Sowerby. 

Edward Wainhouse, of Butterisse, in Norland, gave, by 
Will, dated Sept. 18, 1686, to the old people and poor 
persons of the town of Sowerby, such as did not receive 
allowance from the town, two parts of the yearly rents and 
profits of an house in Sowerby-dean, during the life of his 
wife, and after her decease, the whole for ever to the said 
poor people, for the time being, and ordered that the rent 



858 BIOGRAPHIA 

should be paid at Christmas, by one entire payment, to the 
Overseers of the poor of Sowerby, for the time being ; and 
that the Overseers should take one or two of tlie Heads of 
Sowerby, to see the distribution of the rents ; and also im- 
powered the Overseers, and one or two of the Heads of 
the town, to let the said house to farm, for the use of the 
said poor persons, so oft as there should be occasion ; but 
the Executor, Josiah Stansfield, never made the inhabitants 
of the town of Sowerby acquainted with the said charitable 
bequest, letting the house to whom, and for what he pleased, 
and receiving the rents thereof to his own use, for about 
twenty years ; on which the Overseers of the poor for the 
town of Sowerby petitioned the Justices of Peace at the 
Quarter Sessions, in 1708, but what relief was obtained I 
have not seen. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF PAUL BAIKSTOW, Clerk, 

OF ROCHESTER, 

Doled March 31, 1711. 

" A FTER leaving a messuage, or tenement, with lands, 
/A,, in the j^arish of Meopham, in Kent, to his sister- 
in-law, Mary Goodwin, of Trottescliffe, for life, and after her 
decease, to John Tillotson, of London, James Stansfeld, of 
Bowood, and Henry Barrell, of Eochester, their heirs and 
assigns for ever, in trust, after the death of his said sister-in- 
law, to sell the same, and with the money arising from the 
sale thereof, to purchase a freehold or copyhold estate of 
inheritance, in or near the parish of Halifax, the Will pro- 
ceeds thus ; *' In trust, that they, my said Trustees, shall 
and do, by and out of the rents and profits of the said 
premises, so to be purchased in or near Halifax aforesaid, 
pay unto the School-master, for the time being, of the 
School of Sowerby, in the parish of Halifax, &c. the yearly 
sum of sixteen pounds, for and in consideration of his 
teaching twelve poor children, living within the chapelry of 
Sowerby, whose parents, at the time of such childreus being 
elected to the said School, are not worth in real or personal 
estate above fifty pounds, and to be nominated and chosen 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 359 

by the Minister and Churchwardens, or Chapelwardens, of 
the said parish or chapeh-y, for the time being ; and also in 
trust that they, ray said Trustees, shall and do, out of the 
residue of the said rents and profits, from time to time, 
repair the tomb of my father, Michael Bairstow, and Ann, 
his wife, in Sowerby Church or Chapel yard, and pay the 
yearly sum of twenty shillings to the Minister of Sowerby, 
for the time being, for preaching a Sermon upon every Feast 
day of St. Michael the Archangel ; and shall distribute the 
remainder of the said rents and profits, if any be. to and 
amongst such poor persons of the said parish or chapelry of 
Sowerby, who do not receive alms of the said parish or 
chapelry, in such manner as the said Minister and Church- 
wardens or Chapelwardens shall direct ; and that my said 
Trustees shall take care to transmit the estate and premises, 
so to be purchased in or near Hali-fax aforesaid, to posterity, 
subject to the trusts aforesaid, in such legal and proper 
manner as they shall be advised by Counsel ; and that my 
said Trustees shall be paid all such reasonable and necessary 
charges out of the said estates as they shall be at in the due 
execution of this their trust : And in case a purchase cannot 
be had and made by my said Trustees of an estate in or near 
Halifax, for the purposes aforesaid, in a short time after the 
sale of my farm and lands in Meopham aforesaid, then my 
mind and will is, that all interest that shall or can be made 
by my said Trustees of the principal moneys arising by the 
sale of my said farm and lands in Meopham aforesaid, shall 
be added to the said principal moneys, and be all laid out 
and invested in the purchase of an estate in or near Halifax 
aforesaid, for the uses, intents, and purposes aforesaid, as 
soon as a purchase can be had." 

After the death of the above Mary Goodwin, Henry 
Barrell, the only surviving Trustee, sold the estate in Meop- 
ham for six hundred and thirty pounds, which he soon after 
laid out, together with fifteen pounds fifteen shillings more, 
in the purchase of six hundred pounds South Sea Annuity 
Stock, till a purchase of an estate in or near Halifax could 
be met with ; after which, he bought, for the use of the 
above Charity, an estate in Thornton, in Bradford parish, 
called Nether Headley, or Heathley, for which he paid six 
hundred and sixty pounds. The purchase deeds were regis- 
tered at Wakefield, May 5, 1735, in Book G.G. page 554. 



860 BIOGRAPHIA 

No. 779. The present overplus, after paying the School- 
master sixteen pounds, is thirteen pounds per annum. 



Bounty to Sowerby Chapel. 

It appears by an Indenture at Chaderton, in Lancashire, 
dated March 9, 1722, that Elkana Horton, of Gray's Inn, 
Esq ; in consideration of two hundred pounds from the 
Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty, and one hundred pounds 
left by Edward Colston, of Mortlack, in Surry, Esq ; sold to 
Nicholas Jackson, Clerk, Curate of Sowerby, and his success- 
ors, for ever. Lower Langley, alias Nether Langley, in Nor- 
land, containmg eighteen acres, or thereabouts, of the yearly 
rent of seven pounds ten shillings ; also a farm, called Birch 
Farm, in Sowerby, of the pearly rent of seven i)ounds ; like- 
wise the Lane Ends. The bounty was obtained in 1719. 

N.B. Edward Colston left a large sum for the augment- 
ation of small livings, and his Executors, at the request of 
the said Elkana Horton, allowed an hundred pounds to Sow- 
erby Chapel, and Mr. Horton himself allowed another 
hundred pounds in the purchase. The certainty at this 
Chapel, 3d of Queen Anne, was seven pounds yearly, accord- 
ing to the return already mentioned ; but in Ecton's Thes- 
aurus, twelve pounds two shillings and eight-pence. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ELKANA HOETON, 

OF THORNTON, IN BRADFORD PARISH, 

Dated Sept. 19, 1728. 

" "T TAVING observed that the worst case of the poor 
I I is a sordid habitation, I have erected six apart- 
ments at Sowerby, in the parish of Halifax, and county of 
York, for the habitation of three men, and three women, all 
born in the chapelry of Sowerby aforesaid, and inclosed 
some ground before the same, to be divided into six gardens, 
for their several uses ; also a middle room, or Oratory, for 
their daily assembling in for prayers, all which I give to the 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 361 

six men and women I have already put into the said apart- 
ment, and successors, for ever, as shall be chosen by my 
said Trustees, and such others as their learned Counsel shall 
advise. I will that all the said three men and three women 
be of the age of sixty, and unmarried, and remain so during 
their continuing in their apartments, or be removed, or 
changed that condition, for this reason only, because the 
said apartments are not sufficient for more than one. I give 
unto each of the said six, two shillings and six pence a 
month, to be paid them at the end of each calendar month ; 
I will that one of the six (1) men be capable of reading dis- 
tinctly, and that twice every day, at nine o'clock in the fore- 
noon, and three in the afternoon, (excepting Sundays in the 
afternooD, on which day at the hour of five in the afternoon,) 
he assemble the other five persons, by ringiug a bell, and at 
those hours he read a chapter out of the New Testament, 
and a proper Prayer out of Bishop Parker's Book of Devo- 
tions, or some other, to which Reader I give five shilHngs 
quarterly for doing it ; and I require that all decently and 
punctually be present thereat, and that such Reader take an 
account of abseuters, and mark them down as often as they 
are so, and shew the same to such Trustees as shall be ap- 
pointed to pay them their allowances, to the end they shall 
deduct a halfpenny a time for every omission, and give the 
same to the Reader, excepting a reasonable cause of absence 
be given ; I will that regard be had to the virtue and good 
nature of the x)ersons chosen in, and they be such as have 
kept off the parish by their own industry, which I expect 
they continue to make out my allowance a competency, 
which will be better for their health and virtue, than a pro- 
vision that would have kept them in entire idleness, my 
design being to reward past, and encourage future industry, 
that others observing the regard I pay thereto, may qualify 
them to be successors in the said apartments upon vacancies 
therein ; and I hope I may well expect that if any of the six 
persons shall, in a more advanced age, become incapable to 
work, and thereby my allowance become insufficient for 
their maintenance, that such addition be made by the parish 
as will do it, but in case of refusal, they cannot but expect 
such refused be turned out to their entire care, and accord- 
ingly it shall be done, and others chose to succeed. I will, 
(1) So in the original. 



862 BIOGRAPHIA 

that so mucli of my real estate, or as much other estate he 
purchased, as will raise yearly sufficiently for paying the said 
allowances clear, and also keep the huildings in good repair 
for ever, and if more he set out than will do it, the overiDlus 
to be divided equally amongst the said six, and be settled in 
trust as Councel shall advise." 

From an attested copy at Chaderton, in Lancashire. 

Robert Brooke left an house, at Hunslet, near Leedes, 
to the poor of Sowerby, the rents to be paid yearly. This 
house was sold about thirty years ago, for ten pounds, and 
the money put out to interest. 



SOYLAND. 

At Chaderton, in Lancashire, is an original indenture 
tripartite, made Nov. 7, 35 Eliz. witnessing that one Thomas 
Priestley had surrendered at the same time into the hands 
of the Lord of the Manor, one parcel of ground, the east side 
thereof containing in length twenty- one yards and half, the 
west nineteen yards and half, the north nineteen yards, and 
the south thirteen yards and half, as the same abutted on 
the lands of the said Thomas Priestley on the west and north 
parts, and on the highway leading from Ripponden to Soy- 
land on the east part, and the highway leading from Rippon- 
den to the Baitings on the south part, as the same lay 
inclosed, with the buildings, &c. thereon, in the occupation 
of Henry Sharrock, Clerk, Minister of Ripponden, to the use 
and behoof of certain Feoffees therein named, their heirs 
and assigns, for ever ; paying therefore yearly to the said 
Thomas Priestley, his heirs and assigns, for ever, the rent 
of six shillings and eight-pence on every first day of May, 
with penalty of twenty shillings if the said rent be unpaid 
for a year, and lawfully demanded, as by the said surrender 
more at large will appear. This indenture also farther 
witnesseth, that the said surrender was to the use and behoof 
of the Preacher or Minister of the said Chapel of Ripponden, 
for the time being, and his successors, or such as shall do and 
celebrate Divine Service in the said Chapel ; the Feoffees 
and their heirs to receive the profits arising from the premises, 
and to apply the same only for the public use and behoof of 
the whole Chapelry of Ripponden, for the maintenance of 



HALIFAXEENSIS. 863 

Divine Service there for ever, as is aforesaid. When only 
four of the said Feoffees remained, the surviving four Feoffees 
were to assure, surrender, and convey the said premises to 
the use and behoof of them the said four survivors, and 
their heirs, and to the use and behoof of the heirs of 
the said Feoffees that then shall be deceased, and their 
heirs, for ever, to the uses, intents, and purposes above- 
said, and no other ; and this course, in re-assuring and sur- 
rendering, to be observed for ever, as often as the interest 
and estate of the premises shall be in the hands of four 
Feoffees only. And lastly, all the parties to this indenture, 
and all the inhabitants of the Chapelry of Eipponden, 
j)rayed the Lord President of the Council then established 
in the North, and, in his absence or default, the Chancellor 
of the Dutchy of Lancaster, the Lord Chancellor of England, 
Lord Keeper for the time being, that in case of any suit or 
controversy concerning the premises, they would vouchsafe 
to see the true intent and meaning of those presents exe- 
cuted, and performed. 

The copy of the Surrender, said to be of the same date 
with the above presents, is by mistake dated Nov. 7, 80 
Elizabeth ; the dimensions also of the ground are mistaken 
in the said surrender, which is at Chaderton, and which 
ought to be corrected by the deed above quoted. 

The Feoffees named in the above indenture were. Sir 
George Savile, Knt. John Savile, of Bradley, Esq; Thomas 
Gledhill, son of John Gledhill, of Barkisland, George Firth, 
of Firth-house, John Kamsden, of Bowers, Ellis Wormall, 
of Hill-house, Thomas Bothomley, of Bothomley, Michael 
Foxcroft, of Kebroide, Henry Priestley, of Baitings, Thomas 
Foxcroft, of Soyland, Nathan Hole, of Lighthasels, 
Michael Hole, of Blackshayclough, Richard Royde, of 
Beestonhirste, John Crosley, of Smalees, John Firth, of 
Eoyde, John Crosley, of Moor, younger, Richard Hole, 
of Burntmoor, Michael Godley, of Godley, John Firth, 
of Gootehouse, John Holroyd, of Scolecar, William Holroyd, 
of Cowcrofte, and Gilbert Holroyd, of the same, Yeomen ; 
but who were the four survivors of these, or whether they 
conveyed as directed, is uncertain. 

The Curates of Ripponden have generally, since this time, 
lived in the above house; but in the year 1754, when I took 
possession of this Curacy, the building was so ruinous and 



864 BIOGRAPHIA 

incoiiveDient, that it was found necessary to rebuild it, 
which I did at my own expence, to the amount of more than 
four hundred pounds, the inhabitants not giving the least 
assistance ; and the present Curate, Mr. Thomas West, 
■obliged me farther to allow him the sum of ten pounds, to 
repair the barn there, which was not to his liking. Such, it 
seems, is the law relating to Dilapidations ! 

John Kiley, of Brigroyd, in Soyland, (as appears by the 
cop3^ of a court-roll in my possession, diited at Wakefield, at 
the Court Baron of William Craven, Knt. and Edwin 
Wiatt, Esq; Lords of the Manor of Wakefield, in trust, for 
the use of Elizabeth Clapham, widow, held there Feb. 24, 
34 Car. II.) surrendered, on the 25th of January, 34 
Car. II. into the hands of the Lords of the Manor, the 
reversion, (after the death of the said John,) of a messuage 
or tenement called Field-end, in Soyland, with appurtenan- 
ances, and also of a mansion-house at Farrow-height, with 
two inclosures lately taken from Soyland-moor, containing, 
by estimation, six acres and half, to the use of John Gawk- 
roger, of Flathead, in Soyland, and Jeremy Biley, of War- 
ley, and their heirs, in trust, for the use of Martha Riley, of 
Brigroyd, and her lawful heirs ; and for want of such, in 
trust, to pay the rents and profits thereof to the Overseer of 
the poor of Soyland, for the use of the poor of the said town, 
for ever : to be paid and distributed to the said poor, at the 
discretion of the said John Gawkroger and Jeremy Kyley, 
and their heirs, and the Overseer of the said poor, for the 
time being, for ever. 

This Charity is withheld, and has bean so for some time, 
I cannot even find that ever it was paid. A com.plaint was 
lodged at the last Commission for Pious Uses in the West 
Riding, but was offered too late to have proper notice taken 
of it. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF ELKANA HOYLE, of Soyland, 

Dated March 28, 1718. 

** T GIVE and devise unto the Curate of Ripponden for 

_!_ the time being, for ever, one annuity or yearly sum 
of three pounds, of lawful money of Great Britain, to be 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 365 

for ever issning, going forth, and yearly paid out of my 
messuage, farm, or tenement, lands, tenements, heredita- 
ments, and premises, with appurtenances, at or near Light- 
hazels, called Lower Hoyle Heads, in the possession of 
Abraham Platts or his assigns, to be yearly paid to such 
Curate as aforesaid for ever, on the Ascension-day of our 
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, commonly called Holy 
Thursday, provided such Curate preach a Sermon on that 
day in Eipponden Chapel aforesaid, and provided such 
Curate be a sound orthodox Preacher and Divine, according 
to the usage of tlie present Church of England as by law 
established, and shall have had University education, and 
come to be Curate there with the consent and good liking of 
the Owners of Upper Swift Place ; or else, in default of 
such Sermon to be preached, or for want of such Curate so 
qualified, or good liking and consent as aforesaid, I do give 
the said three pounds per annum to the poor people of Soy- 
land aforesaid, for the time of such neglect, disqualification, 
or dissent." 

The above was taken from an attested copy of the Will. 
The money has generally, if not always, been paid to the 
Curate of Ripponden for the time being, except from the 
year 1755 to the year 1701 inclusive, when it was given to 
the poor people of Soylami, my principles not corresponding 
with those of the Owner of Upper Swift Place. 



EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF JAMES KILEY, of Kirklees, Clerk, 

Dated May 6, 1723. 

" A FTER giving to his brother, Joseph Riley, an estate 

ix in trust, to pay out of the same live pounds 
yearly to several persons and purposes, amongst other be- 
quests is the following: — " Item, I will that one pound, 
further part of the said five pounds, be paid by the said 
Joseph Riley, and his heirs, yearly, and every year for ever, 
upon the second day of February, to the Overseer or Over- 
seers of the poor of the township of Soyland for the time being, 
and to their successors. Overseers of the poor of the same 



866 BIOGRAPHIA 

township, for tlie use of, and to be distributed to seven poor 
widowers or widows, and for want of such, to the most 
necessitous persons of the saiti town of Soyland, at the 
discretion of the Master or Owner of Kirkchffe, and of the 
Overseers, and one or more of the chief inhabitants of Soy- 
land aforesaid. 

This charity is regularly distributed. See another part of 
this "Will under Barldsland. 



SOUTHOUEAM. 

Original Endowment of St. Anne's Chapel. 

In Mr. Brearcliffe's MS. and also in the 2\ volume of the 
Eegister belonging to Halifax Church, is the following entry. 
"We find, that by a Deed, bearing date the 21st day of 
February, 21 Hen. VIII. John Lacy, of Cromwellbothom, 
Esq ; doth give to Thomas Savile, of Exley, with others, as 
Feoffees in trust, four closes of land in Southouram, (in one 
of the which a Chapel of St. Anne, by him the said John 
Lacy, with his neighbours, is built,) of intent that they the 
said Feoffees shall be seized thereof to the use of the said 
John Lacy and his heirs for ever, paying out of the same 
thirteen shillings and four-pence yearly for ever, to him that 
shall celebrate Divine Service in the said Chapel ; and if it 
happen there be no Chaplain there by the space of forty 
days, then for all that time of the vacation the said rents 
shall be paid to the Chaplain that celebrateth or saith 
Divine Service at the Altar of St. George, in the Parish 
Church of St. John Baptist, of Halifax." 

St. Anne's Chapel had but a certain endowment of three 
pounds per annum, before the Rev. Mr. Thomas Burton, 
Vicar of Halifax, Thomas Holdsworth, and John Smith, 
Gent, raised, in 1720, two hundred pounds, in order to ob- 
tain the Queen's Bounty. It had also a lot in 17*56, and 
the whole six hundred pounds were laid out, in 1762, in the 
purchase of an estate in Sutcliffe Wood, of the clear yearly 
value of twenty-four pounds. 



HALIFAXIENSIS. 367 

WAKLEY. 

Benefactions to Sowerby Beidge Chapel. 

In a terrier, belonging to Sowerby Bridge Chapel, wrote 
in 1727, are the following particulars. One Chapel-house 
worth one pound eight shillings per annum. One cottage- 
house, given to the Chapel by Mr. Samuel King, eighteen 
shillings per annum. The title-deeds belonging to the 
Queen's Bounty are dated Nov. 2, 1724. The estates bought 
with this money are, the Lower Brig Bottom Farm, contain- 
ing nineteen days work of land, then let for twelve pounds 
ten shilliugs a year; a farm called Earoyd, containing thir- 
teen days work, rent seven pounds eight shillings a year ; 
and a Farm called Gate Head, containing nine days work, 
rent four pounds a year ; but these rents are considerably 
raised since that time. 

The Certainty, 2d and 3d of Queen Anne, was six pounds 
a year. A MS. in my possession sais, the Bounty was ob- 
tained for this Chapel Dec. 1, 1719, by Mr. Joseph Taylor, 
and others. 



WADSWORTH. 

EXTRACT FROM THE 

WILL OF PAUL GKEENWOOD, 

OF OLD TOWN, IN WADSWORTH, 

Dated April 4, 1600. 

" T GIVE unto my brother, John Greenwood, and his 

1 heirs for ever, all that my tenement called Raw- 
holme, which my will is, that my said brother and his heirs 
shall demise for the rent of forty shillings only, and shall 
for ever pay twenty shillings thereof yearly unto the poor 
people of Wadsworth, and the other twenty shillings yearly 
for ever towards the maintenance of a Preacher, being a 
Master of Arts at Heptonstall." 



368 BIOGRAPHIA 

COPLEY. 

[I cannot find that this Parish has given to the Church of 
England any more than four Bishops, yet all men of real 
worth and primitive piety. The first of these to be mentioned 
in the order of time is Kobert Copley, vulgo Grosthead, 
sprung from the old family of Copley's, of Copley, whose 
pedigree Mr. Thoresby runs as high as the Norman Advent. 
He was first Arch-Deacon of Leicester, and was consecrated 
Bishop of Lincoln in 1235, at Beading : A very severe man 
in his Visitations of the Clergy, and had several quarrels 
with the Pope, which occasioned his suspension in 1252, as 
Isaackson tells us in his Chronological Tables. He was, 
(says Mr. Cambden in his Britan, p. 352, Lond. Edit. 1587), 
considering the age he liv'd in, incredibly learned both in 
Letters and Languages ; a terrible Reprover of the Pope ; 
an Adviser of his King, and a Lover of Truth. He died in 
1253. Wright's Halifax, p. 139.] 




869 



PEIl^CIPAL FAMILIES AND 
PEESONS, TOL. I. 



--$- 



AiNSWORTH, 73, 186 

Aked, 139, 140 
Alderson, 153 
Allenson, 153 
ASHBURN, 145, 146 
ASHETON, 178 

At WELL, 42 

AuMUND, 293 

Bairstow, 179, 358 

Barkesland, 291 

Barksey, 202, 290 

Batley, 154 

Bentley, 75, 76, 77, 149, 162, 

154, 356 
Bingley, 303 
Birkhead, 319, 339 
Bois, 79, see Boyse 
Booth, 80, 149, 152 
Bosco, 78 

BOSWELL, 179 

BowcocK, 300 
BoYEs, 53, 79 
Bramfit, 183 
Brearcliffe, 74, 154 
Brearton, 77 
Brent, 143 
Brigg, 77, 283 
Brisko, 203-4 
Broadley, 153, 319—25 
Brooke, 362 
Brooksbank, 24, 36, 80 
Brown, 78 
Burton, 81, 151 



Caygill, 155 
Chamberlain, 28, 303 
Charlesworth, 152 
Clarke, 42 
Clay, 147, 180, 290 
Clayton, 6 
COCKCROFT, 82, 312 
Colston, 360 
Copley, 244, 368 
Crabtree, 82 
Cromwellbothom, 235 
Crossley, 329 

Crowther, 43, 49, 83, 155, 
302, 335, 351 

Curates : — 

— Abbot, 183 

W. Aiglin, 184 bis 

(W.) Ainsworth, 190, 191 

T. Alderson, 183 

I. Allen, 187 

P. Asheton, 183 

— Ashley, 186 
E. Attey, 185 
E. Bains, 190 

J. Bairstow, 183 
P. Bairstow, 191 
J. Baskervile, 185 
A. Bate, 191 
J. Bell, 191 
P. Bell, 185 

D. Bentley, 190 bis 

E. Bentley, 152 



870 



Principal Faihilies and Persons. 



Curates : 

B. Berron, or Barron, 190, 

193 
J. Best, 190 
R. Birron, 350 

— Booth, 184 
J. Booth, 152 
R. Booth, 190 

M. Boothe, 184 - 

— Bovile, 192 ' 
T. Bower, 294 

J. Bowker, 193 
R. Boyes, 192 bis 

— Bradshaw, 190 

G. Braithwaite, 186, 191 
R. Brereton, 188 
I. Broadhead, 183 
J. Broadley, 192 

— Brooke, 192 
J. Brooke, 193 

J. Brooksbank, 188 
J. Brotherton, 190 
J. Broiighton, 294 
(x. Burnet, 183 
J. Burtomood, 191 
L. Burton, 184 
J. Butterfield, 183 
S. Carr, 192 

— Charlesworth, 152 
R. Ckrkson, 190 

— Clegg, 192 bis 
W. Clifford, 191 bis 
R. Coore, 184 bis, 191 

J. Crouchley, Critchley, 

184 bis 
N. Cudworth, 189 
E. Dean, 188 
R. Denton, 189 
R. Dewhirst, 188, 193 

— Diglin, 184, see Aiglin 
E. Doughty, 188 

J. Doughty, 850 



T. Dun, 190 

— Eagland, 184 
J. Earnshaw, 188 
T. ElUson, 190 

C. Etherington, 193 
J. Fairbank, 188 
M. Farrar, 188 
N. Fern, 192 
T. Ferrand, 193 
J. Ferret, 184 bis 
C. Fisher, 192 
R. Fisher, 190, 191 
I. Fourness, 190 

— Gibson, 189 
R. Gilbodie, 184 
H. Gledhill, 183 
R. Gledhill, 294 
J. Godley, 192 
M. Godley, 193 

P. Greenwood, 190, 350 
T. Greenwood, 184 bis, 
188, 191 

— Gregson, 188, 193 

J. Grimshaw, 188, 190, 
193 

C. Gunby, 103 

— Hall,'l88 

J. Halywell, 294 
J. Hanley, 184 

— Hanson, 186 
T. Hanson, 152 

D. Hartley, 188, 190 
J. Hay, 184 bis 

D. Hayford, 186 

— Heald, 191 
N. Heywood, 190 
0. Heywood, 189 
J. Hill, 191, 192 

J. Holdsworth, 152, 190, 

350 
R. Holdsworth, 188 
T. Holdsworth, 192 



Principal Families and Persons. 



371 



Curates : 

J. Hoole, 190 

— Hopkins, 191 
G. Hovie, 190 
W. Ireland, 181 

C. Jackson, 192, 350 

N. Jackson, 193 

— Jones, 185 

J. Kaye, 185 

R. Kenyon, 187, 188 

J. Lake, 152 

— Lambert, 152 
J. Law, 193 

R. Laycock, 186, 188 

T. Lister, 192, 350 

J. Lister, 291 

A. Louthian, 190 

J. Liipton, 190 

G. Marsden, 192 

Pt. Marsden, 190, 193 

— Marsh, 350 
T. Marshall, 184 
C. Maud, 183 

J. Metcalf, 186 

E. Metham, 193 

— Meyrick, 152 
T. Meyrick, 192 
W. Midgley, 193 
R. Milner, 183 

— Mitchell, 152, 153, 185 
W. Mitchell, 184 

~ Moore, 190 

A. Morris, 192 

R. Northend, 189 

S. Ogden, 183, 190, 350 

F. Parrot, 152 
J. Peebles, 191 
R. Petty, 183 
R. Pillay, 294 
J. Piper, 185 

N. Rathband, 192 
J. Roberts, 188 



— Robinson, 185, 186 
I. Robinson, 188 
Ric. Robinson, 193 
H. Roote, 192 

T. Roote, 190 
S. Sandford, 152 
M. Savile, 183 

— Scholfield, 184 

— Seddon, 191 

A. Sharpe, 190 
N Sharpe, 190 
H. Sharrock, 187 

J. Sheffield, 192, 193 
M. Shirt, 185 

— Smethurst, 191, 193 
G. Smith, 183, 188 
W. Smith, 184 

W. Stackhouse, 190 
R. Stoke, 294 
G. Stott, 193 
T. Strenger, 183 

— Sunderland, 188 
E. Sunderland, 183 

J. Sunderland, 187, 190, 

193 
W. Sunderland, 187 
Ric. Sutcliffe, 191, 192 
Robt. Sutcliffe, 188 
T. Sutcliffe, 184, 193 
J. Sysson, 294 

C. Taylor, 191 

— Thompson, 190 
J. Thompson, 183 
E. Topham, 350 

D. Towne, 184 pass 
R. Towne. 183 

B. Travis, 188, 191 

— Walker, 186, 191 
R. Walker, 183 

T. Walker, 192 bis 

E. Waring, 186 

— Waterhouse, 185, 191 



372 



Principal Families and Persons. 



Curates : 

E. Watkinson, 188 

J. Watson, 187 

N. Welch, 188 

I. Welsh, 188, 193 bis 

T. West, 188, 350 

H. Whitworth, 190 

E.Wilkinson, 190, 192 

E. Wilkinson, 349 

J. Witter, 193 

E. Wood, 187 

E. Worral, 183 

J. Wright, 191 

T. Wright, 187 

A. Young, 193 bis 
Danson, 328 
Dean, 5, 83 bis, 155, 205-6, 

328 
De Foe, see Foe 
dolliffe, 5, 155 
Drake, 83, 206—210, 304 
Dun, 156 
Ealand, Elland, 142, 210 — 

213, 288-9 
Ellistone, 181 
Elston, 180 
ExLEY, 6, 213—215 
Farrer, 85, 215—217 
Faucit, 158 
Favour, 84, 146, 157 
Firth, 19, 277 
FixBY, 260 
Fletcher, 88 
Foe, 88 

FouRNis, 158, 352 
Foxcroft, 352 
Gamel, 288 
Gawkroger, 159 
Gaytington, 141 
Gibson, 160 

Gledhill, 8, 9, 10, 217—225 
Graeme, 89, 159 



Graham, 89 
Grantham, 24, 181 
Greenwood, 89, 90, 307, 

310-2, 313, 314, 357, 367 
Greetland, 292 
Grydington, 141 
Guest, 90, 191 
Haigh, 354 
Hall, 332-4 
Halstead, 309 
Hamerton, 234-5 
Hanson, 152, 182, 227—233, 

338 
Harrison, 144 
Hartley, 91 
Hawarth, 53 
Heald, 160 
Heaton, 142 
Hemingway, 317, 332 
Heywood, 93, 97 
Hill, 161, 186, 191 

HOLDEN, 164 

Holdsworth, 144, 152, 163 
hollings, 164 

HOLROYD, 16 

HooKE, 98, 150, 162 

HOPKINSON, 46 
HORBURY, 284-8 

HoRTON, 11, 12, 17, 18, 181, 
217—225, 225—227, 360-1 
Hough, 150, 163 
HoYLE, 99, 182, 364 
Hudson, 189 

HULME, 100 
Hunter, 283 
HuTTON, 347-8 
Inman, 20 

KiTCHINGMAN, 164 

Knight, 100 
Krabtree, see C. 
Kyng, 142, 367 



Pbincipal Families and Persons. 



373 



Lacy, 165, 285—237, 238-9, 

366 
Lake, 100, 149, 152 
Lambert, 152 
Law, 340 
Learoyd, 5 
Ledsham, 146 
Legh, 151 

Leicester, Earl, 198 
Lister, 165, 239—240 

LiVESEY, 187 

Haddocks, 166 
Marsden, 107 
Marsh, 104, 149 
Maud, 52, 166 
Meyrick, 152 
MiDGLEY, 108, 167, 329 
MiLNEfe, 108, 290, 351 
Mitchell, 152-3, 167, 352-4 

MiTTON, 111 

Montagu, 7 
Nabb, 111 
Nalson, 111 
Naylor, 308 
Nettleton, 112, 167 

NiCALL, 53 

Noble, 5 

Gates, 328 

Ogden, 114 

Olearoyd, 6 

Otes, 39 

Ovenden, 141 

Parker, 6 

Parrat, Parrot, 152, 167 

Patchit, 115 

Power, 115 

Prescot, 168 

Priestley, 240-1, 362 

Eamsden, 6, 29, 116, 148, 149, 

168, 169 
Kastrick, 227 
Rhodes, 6 



Kichardson, 170 

Eichie, 116 

Riley, 14, 364, 365 

Rishworth, 316 

Roberts, 170 

RoKEBY, 117, 143, 170 

RooKEs, 241-3, 315 

RooTE, 118, 149 

Saltonstall, 42, 243-4 

Sandford, 152 

Savile, 7-8, 119, 120, 126 bis, 

127, 172, 244-7, 248—251, 

251—256, 294, 336 
Sayer, 171 

SCARBRO', 172 

Sharp, 171, 189 

Shibden, 206 

Simpson, 256-7 

Sims, 143 

Sladdin, 128 

Slater. 6 

Smith, 178, 173 

Smyth, 304 

Snydall, 55 

somerscales, 47, 173 

Stamford, 141 

Stancliffe, 350 

Stansfield, 128, 257-8 

Stead, 172 

Sterne, 258 

Stocks, 139 

Sunderland, 173, 187, 259 — 

260, 301, 314, 318, 325 
Taylor, 129, 143 
Tenant, 304 

Testmientary Burials : — 
Burgh, 177 
Holdsworth, 178 
IlliDgworth, 177 bis 
Lacy, 178 
Marshall, 177 



874 



Peincipal Families and Persons. 



Testamentary Burials : — 

Midgley, 178 

Pek, 177 

Savile, 177 pass, 178 pass, 
184 pass 

Shagh, 185 

Stansfeld, 185 

Sunderland, 178 

Thornhill, 184 x>ass 

Waterhouse, 177 pass, 178 
X)ass 

Wheatley, 185 

Wilkinson, 177 
Thornhill, 27, 260-1, 261-8, 

340 
Thornton, 284-6 
Thorpe, 317 
Thurston, 174 
TiLLOTsoN, 130, 174, 270-1 
TiLsoN, 133 
TooTHiLL, 269, 270 

TOPHAM, 135 

TowNE, 185 



TURBARD, 141 

Turner, 307 

Wade, 271—274 

Wainhouse, 176, 335, 357 

Walker, 55 

Wall, 310 

Waterhouse, 56, 174-5, 201, 

274—276 
Watkinson, 135, 175, 830 
Watmough, 6 
Watson, 136 
Wayte, 149 
Wheelwright, 342-6 
Whitaker, 307 
Whitley, 327 
Whittel, 38 
Wilkinson, 138 bis, 142, 150, 

176, 349 
Willoughby, 276—283 
Wilson, 21, 176 
Wood, 152 
Wright, 139, 187 




Thomas Harrison, Printer, Bookbinder, &o., Qaeen Street Mill, Bingley. 



Enral !B00ks. 



Hawokth, Past and Peesent : A History of Haworth, 
Stanbury, and Oxenhope. 20 Illustrations. 3s. 

"Mr. J. Horsfall Turner has here given us a delightful little 
history of a place which will always have an interest for the student 
of English literature. We have not space to deal ^dth it as lengthily 
as it deserves, but we can say that aU should read it who care to 
know anything of the little village made memorable by the Bronte's 
fame. It may be obtained of the author, Idel, Bradford, and is 
ridiculously cheap." — Graphic, Jan. 31, 1880. 

Nonconformist Kegister of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 
1644-1750, by the Pevs. 0. Heywood and T. Dickenson, 
from the MS. in the Congregational Memorial Hall, 
London, comprehending numerous notices of Puritans 
and Anti-Puritans in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire, 
London, &c., with Lists of Popish Recusants, Quakers, &c. 
Five illustrations, 380 pages, 6s. 

The Eev. 0. Heywood, B.A., 1630-1702: His Autobio- 
graphy, Diaries, Anecdote and Event Books, illustrating 
the General and Family History of Yorkshire and Lanca- 
shire. Three volumes, 380 pages each, illustrated, bound 
in cloth, 6s. each. 

A List of Suljscribers will appear in Vol. III., now in the press. 

A partial idea of their genealogical and historical interest may be 
formed from the "Lives" of Heywood, by Dr. Fawcett, Rev. R. 
Slate, and Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A. 

Independency at Brighouse : Pastors and Peojile, 4 Illus- 
trations. 3s. 

Nonconformity in Idel, and History of Airedale College, 
10 illustrations, (autotype portraits of Eev. J. Dawson, 
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S.T.P.), &c. 3s. 



$0Kal =§O0h» — continued. 

BioGRAPHiA Halifaxiensis : A Biographical and Genealogical 
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Vol. I. is a reprint of half of Mr. Watson's "Halifax." 
Vol. IT. will be an original compilation, noting the 
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Life of Captain John Hodgson, 1640-83. Illustrated, Is. 3d. 

This is a reprint of tlie 1806 publication, said to have been edited 
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his imprisonment in York Castle, &c. 

The Antiquities of Halifax : By the Kevt. Thomas Wright. 
A Literatim Eeprint. Is. 6d. 

I have no sympathy Avith that form of Bibliomania that hoards up 
a book because it is scarce. Wright's " Halifax " is here offered for 
one-twelfth the selling price of the 1738 volume. 

Ready for the press : — 

Ilkley, Ancient and Modern : By Eev. E. Collyer, D.D., 
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t^" Also, 

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Mysteries. By the late Fairless Barber, Esq., F.S.A., 
and J. Horsfall Turner. 



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